• Title, Summary, Keyword: heavy metals

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A Study on the Effect of Heavy Metals on Embryos Formation of Sea Urchins (중금속이 성게의 배아형성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 유춘만
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 1998
  • This study was attempted to carry out the effects of heavy metals when sea urchins (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Anthocidaris crassispina, Scahhechinus brevis) formed early embryos. Results of the experiment for the effects of heavy metals on the development of sea urchins, in most sea urchins, the ranking of heavy metals according to decreasing effects upon fertilization and development of urchin eggs was follows: Hg, Cu, Zn, CA, Ni, Cr, Pb, As,and Fe. In addition, in most heavy metals, the ranking of experimental animals according to decreasing effects upon fertilization and development of urchin eggs in the same concentration of heaw metals was follows: H. pulcherrimus, A. crassispina, and S. brevis.

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Management Strategies for Heavy Metals to Secure the Crop Safety in Korea

  • Yang, J.E.;Kim, W.I.;Ok, Y.S.;Lee, J.S.
    • 한국환경농학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.93-115
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    • 2009
  • There are growing public concerns over crop and food safeties due to the elevated levels of heavy metals grown in contaminated soil. Heavy metals are classified as the chemical harmful risks for crop and food safety. With implementation of GAP, crop safety is controlled by many regulatory options for soil, irrigation water and fertilizers. Any attempt to retard the metal uptake by crops may be the best protocol to secure crop and food safety. This article reviews the management strategies for heavy metals in view of crop safety in Korea and demonstrates results from the field experiments to retard metal translocation from soil to crops by using chemical amendments and soil layer management methods. Major source of soil pollution by heavy metals has been related with mining activities. Risk assessment revealed that rice consumption and groundwater ingestion in the abandoned mining areas were the major exposure pathways for metals to human and the heavy metal showed the toxic effects on human health. Chemical amendments such as lime and slag retarded Cd uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) by increasing soil pH, lowering the phytoavailable Cd concentration in soil solution, immobilizing Cd in soil and converting the available Cd fractions into non-available fractions. The soil layer management methods decreased the Cd uptake by 76% and Pb by 60%. Either reversing the surface layer with subsurface layer or immobilization of metals with layer mixing with lime was considered to be the practical option for the in-situ remediation of the contaminated paddy soils. Combination of chemical soil amendments and layer management methods was efficient to retard the metal bioavailability and thus to secure crop safety for heavy metals. This protocol seems to be cheap, relatively easy to practice and practical in the agricultural fields. However, a long term monitoring work should be followed to verify the efficiency of this protocol.

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Effect of Rotary Drum on the Speciation of Heavy Metals during Water Hyacinth Composting

  • Singh, Jiwan;Kalamdhad, Ajay S.
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2013
  • Studies were carried out on the speciation of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd, and Cr) during rotary drum composting of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) for a period of 20 days. Five different proportions of cattle manure, water hyacinth and sawdust were prepared for composting. This study concluded that, rotary drum was very efficient for the degradation of organic matter as well as for the reduction of mobility and bioavailability of heavy metals during water hyacinth composting. The results from the sequential extraction procedure of heavy metals shows that rotary drum composting changed the distribution of five fractions of Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd, and Cr. The highest reduction in the bioavailability factors of Pb and Cd was observed during the process. The total concentration of Cu, Cr, and Cd was very low compared to the other metals (Zn, Mn, Fe, Ni, and Pb); however, the percentage of exchangeable and carbonate fractions of these metals was similar to other metals. These results confirmed that the bioavailability of metals does not depend on the total concentration of metals. From this study, it can be concluded that the addition of an appropriate proportion of cattle manure significantly reduced the mobile and easily available fractions (exchangeable and carbonate fractions) during water hyacinth composting in rotary drum.

Evaluation of Electrokinetic Removal of Heavy Metals from Tailing Soils

  • Kim, Soon-Oh;Kim, Kyoung-Woong;Yun, Seong-Taek
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.40-43
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    • 2002
  • Electrokinetic remediation was studied for the removal of toxic heavy metals from tailing soils. This study emphasized the dependency of removal efficiency upon heavy metal speciation, as demonstrated by different extraction methods (sequential extraction, total digestion, and 0.1 N HC1 extraction). The tailing soils examined showed different physicochemical characteristics, in view of initial pH, particle size distribution, and major mineral constituents, and contained high concentrations of target metal contaminants in various forms. The electrokinetic removal efficiency of heavy metals was significantly influenced by their partitioning prior to treatment, and by the pHs of the tailing soils. The mobile and weakly bound fractions of heavy metals, such as exchangeable fraction, were easily removed by electrokinetic treatment (more than 90% in removal efficiency), whereas immobile and strongly bound fractions, such as organically bound and residual fractions, were not effectively removed (less than 20% in removal efficiency).

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Monitoring Research for Heavy Metals as Endocrine Disruptors in Sibjeonaebotang and Its Ingredients Herbal Medicines(II) (한약재와 탕액(십전대보탕) 중 내분비계 장애물질로서의 개별 중금속 함량분석(II))

  • 김진숙;황성원;김종문;마진열
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.448-454
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    • 2001
  • The contents of heavy metals in boiled Sibjeonaebotang with those in its herbal ingredients are compared. The herbal medicines of Sibjeonaebotang were bought at 10 defferent markets. The contents of 14 heavy metals (Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Cr Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sn, Zn) were analysed using ICP It was found out that 5 heavy metals (Pb, As, Ba, Fe, Sb) were detected in only one boiled Sibjeonaebotang But they were detectable in all Sibjeonaebotang and its herbal before boiling. For example the content of Hg in one pack of Sibjeonaebotang before boiling was 0.064$\pm$0.016 me and Hg in boiled one was 0.002$\pm$0.005mg. These results suggest that boiled Sibjeonaebotang which we take is less harmful than herbal medicine itself by heavy metals.

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Heavy Metals in Leaves of Roadside Trees in Daegu City (대구지역 가로수잎의 중금속)

  • 이찬형;윤현숙;박연준;권종대;노기철;장성환
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.1189-1193
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to determine the contents of heavy metals in leaves of roadside trees according to different growth stages in Daegu city. The orders of heavy metal contents in leaves of roadside tree and soil were Fe>Mn>Zn>Pb>Cu>Cr>Cd and Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Pb>Cr>Cd, respectively. The contents of heavy metals in leaves of roadside trees and soil showed an increasing tendency as the levels of traffic volume increased. The contents of heavy metals in loaves on October were higher than those on May. Zelkova serrate and Ginkgo biloba showed high contents of Cr, Cd and Pb.

A Study on the Leachability of Heavy Metals from Steel Mill Slags (제철소 Slag의 중금속 용출특성에 관한 연구)

  • 유재형;이한철
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 1992
  • In this study , we have investigated leaching characteristics of heavy metals and alkalinity centering around steel mill slags by several extraction methods, for the purpose of risk assessment that exert influence on environment and offer of the foundation data of reuse by slags. Korean standard method, U.S.EPA Extraction Procedure, alkalinity extraction test and 9 step sequential fractionation experiment by Miller et al. were carried out for investigating teachability of steel mill slags. As a result of this experiment, heavy metals were little detected and it was considered that alkalinity does not exert a bad effect around environment in slabs with large particle size. By the result of 9 step fractionation experiment, heavy metal contents in slags were not plentiful, in addition, even comparatively plentiful contended heavy metals, for the most part, were likely to detained or bonded in silica matrix. Therefore, in case of slags with large particle size, it seems that teachability of heavy metals were next to impossible that is existed as a safety condition.

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The analysis of heavy metal total contents In milt of Han river (한강유역 저니층의 중금속 함량 전분석)

  • 정일현;김세진
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 1994
  • An analytic and comparative study on the level of concentration on heavy metals in silt of Han- River was described. The Paldang lake supplies tap water resources for the 20 million residents in the metropolitan zone. It is composed that three steps for water works by the water volume in all 35,072 thousand tons : the first section is 7,251 thousand tons, the second is 15,980 thousand tons and the third is 11,841 thousand tons. However, recently it has becoming a serious social issue for water contamination on Paldang by heavy metals due to gathering of silt. It has concentrated on analysis and comparison study on the level of heavy metals between contamination- estimated zone and the other zones. After all, Concentration on heavy metals of expected none pollute's zone and expected pollute's zone indicate almost similar results. In the end, heavy metals within silt of Han- River consider not to effect on pollution but quantity of natural condition.

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Removal of Heavy Metals in Wastewater Using Glycine max Merr (콩을 이용한 식물filter에 의한 중금속 제거에 관한 연구)

  • 나규환;김순진;신정식;최한영;이장훈
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.105-108
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    • 1997
  • For the removal of heavy metals, Cd, Cu and Cr were used. The initial concentration of Cd and Cu were 1-10 ppm, the removal efficiency of Cd and Cu was 76.2-89.0% and 69.0-79.0%, respectively. The initial concentration of Cr were 1~5 ppm, and the-removal efficiency was low especially at high concentration. In general, the initial concentrations of heavy metals had no relation to the removal efficiency. At the beginning, the removal efficiency was very high, but it was maintained at constant concentration. The trends of accumulations of heavy metals in the stem increased in proportion to the initial concentration. The removal efficiency of heavy metals increased a little bit when nutrients existed in the solution. So that, the initial concentration of Cd and Cu were 1-10 ppm, the removal efficiency of Cd and Cu was 84.8-91.0% and 75.9-82.0%. The initial concentration of Cr were 1-5 ppm, the removal efficiency was 25.0-67.0%.

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The importance of assessing heavy metals in medicinal herbs: a quantitative study

  • Behera, Bhagyashree;Bhattacharya, Sanjib
    • CELLMED
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.3.1-3.4
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    • 2016
  • Consumption of herbal products from the medicinal plants contaminated with heavy metals can cause serious consequences on human health. This is a major concern for traditional and herbal medicine. The present study was carried out to analyze and quantify the levels of six potentially toxic heavy metals namely arsenic, lead, cadmium, mercury, chromium and nickel in ten important Indian medicinal herbs. The air dried raw herbs were processed by microwave assisted wet digestion and analyzed by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with graphite tube atomizer. Except the chromium content in three plants, all the levels of six heavy metals analyzed were found to be quite below the permissible limits in all the ten raw medicinal herbs analyzed. The present work implies that, regular and systematic screening of raw medicinal herbs is necessary to check the levels of the heavy metal contaminants before using them for consumption or preparation of herbal formulations so that the possible contamination cannot cumulate up to the finished products.