• 제목/요약/키워드: height growth

검색결과 214건 처리시간 0.083초

피음이 층층나무 1년생 유묘의 생장에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Shading on Growth of 1-year-old Cornus controversa H$_{EMSL}$, Seedlings)

  • 최재형;홍성각;김종진
    • 임산에너지
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    • 제19권1호
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구는 피음이 층층나무 1년생 유묘의 생장에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위하여 수행되었다. 실험은 자연전광의 100, 50, 30, 17, 9, 및 1%로 조절된 야외피음 포지에서 이루어졌으며 다음과 같은 결과를 얻을 수 있었다. 묘고생장은 상대광도 100%와 50%에서 가장 높았으며 상대생장율에서는 100%구보다는 50%구에서 높게 나타났다. 상대광도 9%구 이하에서는 생장을 하지 못했다. 근원경생장은 묘고생장과 유사한 결과를 보였다. 엽면적은 상대광도 50%구에서 가장 높았으며 그이하의 광도에서는 대구조에 비해 작게 나타났다. SLA와 LAI는 광도가 감소함에 따라 증가하였다. LAR과 LWR은 광도가 감소함에 따라 증가하였으나 상대광도 9%이하의 광도에서 LWR은 다시 감소하였다. 상대광도가 낮아짐에 따라 유묘의 뿌리, 줄기, 잎의 biomass 생산 및 가지와 잎 수는 감소되었다. T/R율은 17%와 30%구에서 가장 높았다. 또한 측근은 50%구를 제외하고 광도가 감소함에 따라 감소하였다.

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석탄폐광지에서의 식생기반재 처리별 수목 초기 생육상황 비교 (Comparison of Seedling Growth by Treatments of Vegetation Basis in an Abandoned Coal Mine Area)

  • 정용호;이임균;임주훈;서경원;이충화
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • 제13권6호
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to select environmentally-friendly and low-cost mulching material that could replace soil molding which can be used to restore vegetation in an abandoned coal mine area. To this end, we established 20 experimental plots (4m ${\times}$ 10m in size) on the steep, south west-facing slope of the abandoned coal mine area in Hwangji-Dong, Taebaek City, Gangwon Province in April 2006. We planted two-year-old 1,600 seedlings (at intervals of 0.6m ${\times}$ 0.8m) of drought-resistant tree species including Betula schmidtii, Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Amorpha fruticosa, and Quercus mongolica in the plots. After planting seedlings, mulching was applied by using five different kinds of material such as HWAP (Teracotem), peat moss, straw mats, wood chips, and control (no-mulching) and the effects of different mulching material on the survival rate and growth performance were compared. Three years after planting, the survival rate was the highest in wood chip mulching, followed by straw-mat, peat moss, HWAP, and control. The survival rate was the highest in Quercus mongolica, followed by Betula schmidtii, Betula platyphylla var. japonica, and Amorpha fruticosa. Meanwhile the height growth was the best in Betula platyphylla var. japonica, followed by Betula schmidtii, Quercus mongolica, and Amorpha fruticosa. The height growth of seedlings was the best in HWAP mulching, followed by peat moss, woody chips, straw mat, and control. From an economic point of view, wood chips are considered to be the best mulching material. The results showed that mulching without soil molding and/or mixing applications would be effective for restoring vegetation in an abandoned coal mine areas.

총백추출물의 어린이 키 성장에 대한 유효성 및 안전성을 평가하기 위한 무작위배정, 이중눈가림, 위약 대조 인체적용시험: 인체적용시험 프로토콜 (Randomized, Double-blind, and Placebo-controlled Human Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Allium Fistulosum L. Root Extract on Improvement of Child Height Growth: Study Protocol)

  • 심수보;고병섭;육진아;이정한;이호봉;하기찬;김영미;이혜림
    • 대한한방소아과학회지
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    • 제35권2호
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2021
  • Objectives The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety of the Allium Fistulosum extract in children and its effectiveness in height growth. Methods This study is randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The participants are children between the 3rd and 25th percentiles in height, and between the ages of 5 and 12 years. They are randomly assigned to treatment group or control group. The treatment group will take 5 g (1 g as Allium Fistulosum extract) for 24 weeks, 1 time a day. The control group will take the 5 g (0 g as Allium Fistulosum extract) of placebo for 24 weeks, 1 time a day. The primary outcome is change in height, and the secondary outcomes are growth rate, height standard deviations, Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), IGF1-1/IGFBP-3 ratio, growth hormone, bone age, osteocalcin, and Z-score for growth. Results This protocol has been approved by the institutional review board (IRB) of Daejeon Korean Medicine Hospital of Daejeon University (IRB No. DJDSKH-20-BM-15), and registered in the Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS) (Registry No. KCT0005981). Conclusions This study will provide clinical information about the effectiveness and safety of Allium Fistulosum extract in children for their growth.

층층나무와 말채나무 양묘(養苗)시 적정(適正) 차광율(遮光率)에 관한 연구(硏究) (Studies on Optimum Shading for Seedling Cultivation of Cornus controversa and C. walteri)

  • 김종진
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • 제89권5호
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    • pp.591-597
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    • 2000
  • 본 실험은 층층나무(Cornus controversa Hemsl)와 말채나무(Cornus walteri Wanger)의 양묘시 적정 차광율을 구명하고자 상대광도가 100%(대조구), 50%, 30%, 10% 및 2%로 조절된 피음포지에서 실시하였다. 두 수종의 수고생장은 상대광도 50%에서 가장 높은 생장을 보였고, 근원경생장은 대조구와 50%구에서 서로 비슷하게 높은 생장을 기록하였다. 물질생산량을 보면 층층나무의 전체 생산량의 경우 50%에서 자연전광의 대조구보다 높은 생산량을 보였으나 지하부의 생산량은 다소 낮았다. 말채나무는 50%에서 전체 생산량은 대조구보다 낮았으나 지상부 생산량은 다소 높은 생산량을 보였다. 30%이하의 상대광도에서는 수고생장, 근원경생장 및 물질생산량이 급격히 감소하였다. 두 수종 모두 30%에서 가장 높은 T/R율을 기록하였으며 전체적으로 말채나무의 T/R율이 층층나무의 T/R율 보다 높았다. 잎의 엽록소 a와 b 및 전체엽록소 함량은 상대광도가 낮을수록 높아지는 경향을 나타내었다.

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Postdischarge growth assessment in very low birth weight infants

  • Park, Joon-Sik;Han, Jungho;Shin, Jeong Eun;Lee, Soon Min;Eun, Ho Seon;Park, Min-Soo;Park, Kook-In;Namgung, Ran
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • 제60권3호
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The goal of nutritional support for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants from birth to term is to match the in utero growth rates; however, this is rarely achieved. Methods: We evaluated postdischarge growth patterns and growth failure in 81 Korean VLBW infants through a retrospective study. Weight and height were measured and calculated based on age percentile distribution every 3 months until age 24 months. Growth failure was defined as weight and height below the 10th percentile at 24 months. For the subgroup analysis, small-for-gestational age (SGA) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants were evaluated. The growth patterns based on the Korean, World Health Organization (WHO), or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) standard were serially compared over time. Results: At postconception age (PCA) 40 weeks, 47 (58%) and 45 infants (55%) showed growth failure in terms of weight and height, respectively. At PCA 24 months, 20 infants (24%) showed growth failure for weight and 14 (18%) for height. Growth failure rates were higher for the SGA infants than for the appropriate-weight-for-gestational age infants at PCA 24 months (P=0.045 for weight and P=0.038 for height). Growth failure rates were higher for the ELBW infants than for the non-ELBW infants at PCA 24 months (P<0.001 for weight and P=0.003 for height). Significant differences were found among the WHO, CDC, and Korean standards (P<0.001). Conclusion: Advancements in neonatal care have improved the catch-up growth of VLBW infants, but this is insufficient. Careful observation and aggressive interventions, especially in SGA and ELBW infants, are needed.

국내주요수종의 수고생장에 대하여 (On the Height Growth of Several Species growing in the Middle Korea)

  • 마상규
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • 제21권1호
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 1974
  • 지위지수추정시 발생되는 오차를 감소시키기 위하여 수고생장과정에 적합한 실험식과 기타 정보를 얻고자 이 연구를 착수한 것이다. 11개 실험식으로 물오리나무, 일본잎갈나무, 잎갈나무, 잣나무, 젓나무, 리기다소나무, 상수리나무와 갈참나무의 수고생장 추정식을 계산하였다. 계산결과에 의하면 수종간에는 적합실험식의 종류가 서로 다르며 지위지수는 임령에 따라 항상 일정한 것이 아니고 변동하는 경우가 있으므로 지위지수추정시 수간석해 또는 다변형지위지수 곡선을 이용함이 합리적인 것으로 생각된다.

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무복토 직파에 의한 석탄 폐광지의 생태적 복원 기술 개발 (Development of the Ecological Restoration Technique using Direct Seeding without Soil Molding in Abandoned Coal Mine Areas)

  • 정용호;임주훈;이임균;김혜수
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • 제12권6호
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried to select the proper vegetation base materials which improve soil quality in abandoned coal mine areas. Also, we aimed at the feasibility of the direct seeding method without soil molding for the ecological restoration in those areas. We set total eight plots within the study site established on an abandoned coal mine area near Taebaek city, Gangwon province in April 2006. The plots were classified as two groups(straw mats mulching and no mulching), and the four treatments (C; control, MI; microbial innoculation, WC; wood chip, OF; organic fertilizer) were applied in each two groups for the soil conditioning. The survival of Pinus densiflora was highest among other species(Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Amorpha fruticosa and Arundinella hirta). For the non straw mat, the survival rate of Pinus densiflora seedlings was highest in the WC treatment($1,756trees/m^2$). For the straw mat, survival rate of Pinus densiflora seedlings was also highest in the WC treatment ($1,622trees/m^2$). In addition, for the non straw mat, the height growth of Pinus densiflora seedling was highest in the OF treatment($12.4{\pm}3.9cm$). For the straw mat, the height growth of Pinus densiflora seedling was also highest in the OF treatment($18.7{\pm}5.3cm$). In general, organic fertilizer treatment with the straw mat was most effective for seedling growth. Also, we suggested that the direct seeding method without soil molding could be sufficiently possible for revegetating abandoned coal mine, Korea.

한약 투여가 사춘기 전 소아의 신장성장에 미치는 영향에 대한 예비 연구 (Pilot Study of Effect to the Growth after the Administration of Herbal Medicine to the Prepuberty Children)

  • 정민정;곡수영;이승연
    • 대한한방소아과학회지
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    • 제22권3호
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect to the height-growth after the administration of herbal medicine to the prepuberty children Methods : This clinical study has been carried out with 18 children, who visited to the Department of Pediatrics, Dong-eui oriental medical center from January 2005 to August 2008. They had been treated for height-growth with herbal medicine more than 6 months. This study has been carried out by chart-review to see the effectiveness. Height percentile, BMI and GV(Growth Velocity) after medication was compared with the ones before medication. Results : 1. This clinical study has been carried out with 18 children, 12 boys(66.7%) and six girls(23.3%). Their average age was 10.30 years old. 2. Generally total children's average height percentile was increased compared to after medication. Especially eight of them has significantly increasd height percentile(44.4%). 3. Total children's average GV/6months was also increased after medication. Especially ten of them has significantly increasd GV/6months (55.6%). 4. Total children's average BMI also increased (17.01 to 17.85) after medication. Conclusions : Herbal medicine affects to the growth of pre-puberty children.

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서울 지역 학생의 신장 및 체중에 관한 연구 (A STUDY ON THE BODY HEIGHT AND WEIGHT OF STUDENTS IN SEOUL)

  • 전기환
    • 대한치과교정학회지
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    • 제4권1호
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1974
  • The age of maximum growth increments-the adolescent spurt-is not only of developmental interest but is used as a marker for timing other growth events. And the mandibular growth rate follows the general growth curve, it is essential for an orthodontist to take the current and exact information about physical growth of patients. The author measured and studied the body height and weight of 11,694 children living in Seoul, and calculated out the mean, standard deviation, coefficient value, annual increments, percentage increments of each value, and made diagram to compare it with others. 1. The growth curve shows linear increment tendency until 17 years of age in male, 15 years in female. 2. The annual increment curves of body height and weight reveals the most peak value in 14-16 years in male and 11-14 years in female. 3. During 11-14 years of age, female growth exceed the male growth in the body height growth. And in weight growth, female growth exceed the male growth during 6-7 years and 11-12 years to show twice crossing. 4. It seemed that until 11-12 years in male and until 9-10 years in female the height growth show the priority to weight growth. And from 17 years in male and 15 years in female the body growth reveals the balanced growth pattern. 5. The time of changes of standard deviation curves of body height and weight coincided with that of annual increments. 6. The prominent high value of body height and weight in the comparison with other data may be due to the secioeconomical and nutritional, environmental influence. 7. The growth accerlation phenomena was detectable.

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침염수 조림지에서의 잔존임분밀도에 따른 임목생장 비교에 관한 연구 (The Comparison of Tree Growth by the Residual Stand Density in Artificial Coniferous Forests)

  • 강성기;김완수;이원섭;김지홍
    • 임산에너지
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    • 제20권2호
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 2001
  • 이 연구는 강송, 리기다소나무, 낙엽송 인공조림지를 대상으로 간벌 시업후 잔존임분밀도에 따른 임목생장 비교를 퉁해 침엽수 인공림을 적절히 관리하기 위한 보육 정보를 제공하고자 수행되었다. 연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 잔존임분밀도별 임목의 직경생장은 강송림과 리기다소나무림, 낙엽송림 (가), (나)소반의 경우, 임분밀도가 감소할수록 직경생장이 증가하는 것으로 파악되었으며, 잔존임분밀도에 따른 임목의 생장은 통계적으로 유의적인 차이가 있는 것으로 분석되었다. 2. 잔존임분밀도별 임목의 수고생장 양상에서는 처리구별로 수고생장이 다소 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났으나 간벌의 직접적인 영향보다는 입지조건과 같은 환경요소의 차이에 의한 것으로 나타났다. 3. 각 임분밀도 조절 처리구별로 평균에 해당되는 직경급의 목편을 추출하여 최근 6개년간의 직경생장량을 실측한 결과는 전구간에서 직경급이 클수록, 잔존임분밀도가 낮을수록 직경생장량이 큰 것으로 파악되었다.

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