• 제목/요약/키워드: height growth

검색결과 213건 처리시간 0.084초

Trends of Post-fire Forest Recovery in the South Sikhote-Alin Mountains, Russian Far East

  • Komarova, Tatiana A.;Sibirina, L.A.;Papaik, M.J.;Park, J.H.;Kang, HoSang
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • 제16권3호
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    • pp.83-95
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    • 2013
  • To understand natural regeneration and stand development after fire in mixed broadleaved-coniferous forests of Sikhote-Alin Mountains, ten sample plots of $50m{\times}50m$ size were established in 1975 and 1983 at the stands burned by wildfires in 1973 and 1982, respectively. And, the number of naturally regenerated seedlings were monitored in two $50m{\times}4m$ subplots in each plot. The most fire-sensitive conifer species is Abies nephrolepis, while Betula costata is the most fire-sensitive broadleaved tree species. The most fire-resistant species were Q. mongolica, T. taquetii and A. mono. The results of 20 and 30 years after the fire showed that pioneer tree species, e.g. Populus, Salix, and Betula, were regenerated immediately at the early stage of stand development and grew where there is a mono canopy layer with high density. On the other hand, the densities of successors, e.g. Pinus koraiensis, Picea jezoensis, Abies nephrolepis, Acer mono and Tilia taquetii, which were present in the study plots before the fire, increased gradually. Naturally regenerated tree species after forest fire by the growth rate were divided into three groups according to their annual height growth. The seral tree species (Betula costata, Betula platyphylla, Padus maackii, Populus tremula and Sarix caprea) belong to the first group and have the highest growth rate (from 40 to 96 cm per year). The late successional broad-leaved trees (Tilia taquetii, Acer mono and Quercus mongolica) belong to the second group and have intermediate annual height growth (from 3.7 to 13.5 cm per year). The late successional coniferous species (Picea jezoensis, Pinus koraiensis and Abies nephrolepis) form the third group and have the least annual height growth (from 1.4 to 3.5 cm per year).

Schnute 생장함수를 이용한 오서산지역 소나무림의 지위지수 추정 (Estimation of Site Index Equation for Pinus densiflora at Mt. Osu Region using Schnute Growth Function)

  • 표정기;이영진;손영모;이경학;문현식
    • 농업생명과학연구
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    • 제43권4호
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구의 목적은 충남 오서산지역 소나무림을 대상으로 전반적인 수고생장 패턴과 지위지수식을 추정하고자 한다. 조사대상 지역은 충남 보령시와 청양군 일대의 소나무림을 대상으로 총 7개소의 조사지를 선정하여 매목조사를 실사하였으며, 이 중에서 총 21본의 표본목을 벌도하여 원판을 채취하였다. 채취한 원판들은 1/100mm의 정밀도를 가진 정밀연륜분석기(Model: DTRS-2000)를 사용하여 1년 단위의 수고, 직경, 재적 등의 생장량을 계산하였다 본 연구에서는 총 181개의 수고-수령 관측치를 사용하여 Schnute의 생장함수식에 적용하였고 일반적인 수고생장의 패턴을 추정하였으며, 또한 이를 이용하여 기준임령을 30년으로 한 동형의 지위지수 추정식을 유도하였다. 본 연구에서 제시된 수고 및 지위지수 추정식은 충남지역에서 소나무림이 가장 많이 분포하고 있는 오서산지역 소나무림의 생장을 파악하는데 중요한 정보를 제시해 줄 것으로 사료된다.

지리산 세석지역 구상나무 임분의 생태적 특성 (Ecological Characteristics of Abies koreana Forest on Seseok in Mt. Jiri)

  • 조민기;정재민;김태운;김충열;노일;문현식
    • 한국기후변화학회지
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    • 제6권4호
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    • pp.379-388
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the this study was to provide basic data on reasonable management for Abies koreana in Mt. Jiri through analysis the ecological characteristics of Abies koreana forests on Seseok. Due to low soil pH (4.26), high organic matter (10.5%) and total N (0.32%), the soil properties of A. koreana forest on Seseok are different from those of other forest soil in Korea. According to the result of importance value analysis, A. koreana (70.5) for tree layer, A. koreana (37.6) and Rhododendron schlippenbachii (20.8) for subtree layer and A. koreana (12.6), Sasa borealis (11.5) and Acer pseudosieboldianum (11.2) for shrub layer were high, respectively. The species diversity of Shannon was 0.425 for tree layer, 0.869 for subtree layer and 1.320 for shrub layer. Evenness and dominance for all layers ranged from 0.365 to 0.894 and 0.187 to 0.635, respectively. Height growth according to DBH of A. koreana on Seseok was relative high. Annual mean tree ring growth of A. koreana showed up 1.372, 1.557 and 1.483 mm/yr for small, middle and large diameter tree, respectively. Considering the importance value, distribution of seedling, height growth and ring growth, A. koreana forest on Seseok in Mt. Jiri will be maintained as the major population from now on.

소아기에 있어 키성장과 비만도, 골성숙도와의 상관성 연구 (A Study on Correlation between Height Growth, Obesity and Bone maturity in Childhood)

  • 최상락;김윤영;장은진;구진숙
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • 제40권1호
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the causes of short stature through a clinical review of factors related to childhood height growth. So we can find the way to meet the needs of the heightism which is widely spread among modern people. Methods: Among 160 patients who came to Andong B oriental clinic for the purpose of growth therapy, 112 children whose height was smaller than other normal children were analyzed. When the children first came to the clinic, we checked their height and weight. The parents' height was recorded through a questionnaire. The relationship between obesity index and height growth was examined through growth plate test and Inbody test. We want to identify the genetic factors related to parental factors based on the data of the parent height. Results: For short stature children, weight was often normal or low. When we examined the relationship between parental genetic factors and child growth, we found that they were more influenced by father's height rather than mother's. We investigated the correlation between skeletal maturity and the five viscera. There was no apparent correlation between skeletal maturity and the five viscera but we found that there was some degree of relevance. Conclusions: For short stature children, the weight was often normal or low and parental genetic factors were more influenced by father than by mother. In the case of bone maturity it did not show a direct correlation between the five viscera.

국립공원 내 전국 우수 산림생태 복원지역 식생 회복 평가 (Vegetation Changes in Forest Restoration Areas in National Parks)

  • 정태준;김영선;김영진;김연경;조은숙;조동길
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • 제31권5호
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    • pp.389-404
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    • 2022
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the vegetation recovery status of Mudeungsan National Park Jungmeorijae, Jeungsimsa district restoration site, and the Shimwon Valley ecological landscape restoration site in Jirisan National Park. Compared to the control plots, the Jungmeorijae restoration site was analyzed to have height growth of about 73.5%, the average species diversity index of about 75.2%. and the average similarity index was recovered to 7.75%. In the case of the restoration site in Jeungsimsa district, the height growth compared to the control plots was about 69.2%, the average species diversity index was about 55.0%. and the average similarity index was recovered to 25.65%. In the case of the Shimwon Valley ecological landscape restoration area, the height growth compared to the control plots was about 32.6%, the average species diversity index about 176.7%. and the average similarity index was recovered to 0.85%. The restoration site of the Jeungsimsa district was planted with relatively large trees during restoration work, and it took a relatively long time(20 years). Also, the site had less limiting factors due to the low elevation, allowing the degree of vegetation recovery to be higher than that of other sites.

맹종죽(孟宗竹)의 성장(成長) (On the growth of Phyllostachys edulis A. et. Riviere)

  • 임경빈;권오복
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • 제2권1호
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    • pp.48-51
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    • 1962
  • 한국(韓國)의 원산죽(原産竹)으로서 중요(重要)한 것은 솜대, 왕 대, 이대 등이나, 중국원산(中國原産)으로서 알려져 있는 맹종죽(孟宗竹)(Phyllostachys edulis Riv.)은 지금으로부터 약(約) 220년전(年前)에 유구(琉球)를 지나 일본(日本)으로 전파(傳播)되고 다시 우리나라에도 수입(輸入)되어 남부지방(南部地方) 일부(一部)에는 그 재배(栽培)가 되고 있다. 재질(材質)이 연(軟)하고 공예적성질(工藝的性質)은 참대, 솜대등만 못하나 줄기가 굵고 또 아름다운 광택(光澤)도 가지고 있어서 실내(室內)의 장식품(裝飾品)으로 쓰이며 죽순(竹筍)은 이름 높다. 일반삼림수목(一般森林樹木)에 대(對)한 수고(樹高), 직경(直徑), 재적성장(材積成長)에 대(對)한 내용(內容)은 어느정도(程度) 밝혀져 있으나 우리나라의 죽성장(竹成長)의 내용(內容)에 대해서는 알려진 것이 거의 없다. 대나무는 단자엽식물(單子葉植物)로서 일반(一般)의 다른 수목(樹木)과는 형태적(形態的)으로나 생리(生理) 생태면(生態面)으로 특이(特異)한 점(點)을 구유(具有)하고 있어서 이러한 내용(內容)의 분석(分析)은 죽림경영기술(竹林經營技術)에 또 순생물학적면(純生生物學的面)에 이바지하는 바가 있다고 믿는다. 이곳에서는 이리시(裡里市) 농과대학소속(農科大學所屬)의 맹종죽림(孟宗竹林)에서 관측(觀測)된 것을 자료(資料)로해서 검토(檢討)하였다.

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사춘기 여학생의 비만도에 따른 신체발육의 특성에 관한 연구 (Study on the Characteristics of Physical By Obesity Level of Adolescent Girls)

  • 김영복;김명
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • 제9권1호
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    • pp.88-102
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    • 1992
  • The exact estimation of physical growth by Obesity level has important meaning to the health care and evaluation on adolescent girls. So this study tried to clear the relationship between weight and body fat by using data for the height, weight of 124 elementary school children and high school student in Seoul. Then this study tried to show the physical growth pattern and various characteristics by Obesity level by using longitudinal for the height, weight of 1113 high school students in Seoul, and it also tried to show what influencing factors on the physical growth of this aged population. The result could be summarized as follows. 1. The relationship between weight and body fat(%) has 0.81475(r) at age 9 and 0.69361(r) at age 18. Also the relationship between weight and lean body muscle(LBM %) has -0.81470(r) at age 9 and -0.64729(r) at age 18. 2. The weakness, normal and obesity groups were classified by Obesity level. In case of weakness group showed the very low Obesity level at age 8 to 11, in case of obesity group showed the high Obesity level at age 15 to 18. Also Rohrer index was decreasing tendency up to age 12 in weakness group and increasing tendency over age 14 in obesity group. 3. When the height and weight growth pattern was compared, height growth was superior to weight growth at age 9 to 14.5 in normal group. But weight growth was inferior to height growth at age 9 to 14.5 in normal group. In obesity group, weight growth was superior to height growth at age 7 to 18. On the other hand the height growth of weakness group was superior to the normal group and the obesity group except age 11 to 12. 4. On height velocity curve by PHV age obesity group showed the most growth amount per year(9.00Cm/yr), and the next is normal group(8.77Cm/yr), weakness group(8.70Cm/yr). Then the difference between PHV age and PWV age was within 1 year in these three groups. 5. In these three groups, height velocity curve by menarcheal age showed the PHV before 2~3 years of menarcheal age. And weight velocity curve by menarcheal age showed the remarkable PWV before 1 year of menarcheal age.

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도입수종(導入樹種) Picea abies와 Quercus borealis의 묘생장량(苗生長量) (Growth Performance of Picea abies and Quercus borealis Seedlings)

  • 이상환
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • 제35권1호
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    • pp.33-35
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    • 1977
  • 한독산림경영사업기구(韓獨山林經營事業機構) 양산사업소(梁山事業所) 묘포장(苗圃場)(경남(慶南) 양산군(梁山郡) 하북면(下北面) 순지리)에서 양묘(養苗)한 2개(個) 산지(産地)의 독일 가문비 1-1묘(苗)와 red oak 1~0묘(苗)의 묘고(苗高)를 특정(測定)한 결과(結果)는 다음과 같다. 1. Fichtel산지(産地)의 독일가문비가 Harz의 것에 비해 묘고성장(苗高成長)이 우수하였으며 Harz산(産)의 묘고성장(苗高成長) Fichtel 것의 70%에 불과 하였다. 2. 그러나 반복(反復)에 의(依)한 분산(分散)은 Harz의 것보다 Fichtel의 것이 크게 나타났다. 3. Red oak 1-0의 묘고성장(苗高成長)은 빠른 것으로 보인다.

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Effect of Mycorrhizal Treatment on Growth of Acacia spp. On Sandy BRIS Soils in Peninsular Malaysia

  • Lee, Su See;Mansor, Patahayah;Koter, Rosdi;Lee, Don Koo
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • 제95권5호
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    • pp.516-523
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    • 2006
  • Marginal soils such as BRlS (Beach Ridges Interspersed with Swales) soils and ex-tin mining land make up approximately 0.5 million ha or about 2% of Malaysia's land area. In the coastal areas of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia impoverished sandy BRIS dominates the landscape with most lying idle as there is no national management plan for their utilization. A field study was carried out to see whether mycorrhizal application had any effect on the growth of three exotic Acacia spp., i.e. Acacia auriculiformis, A. mangium and Acacia hybrid (A. auriculiformis ${\times}$ A. mangium) on BRIS soils. Two types of mycorrhizal inoculum, namely, a commercially available arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum marketed as $MycoGold^{TM}$ and an indigenous ectomycorrhizal Tomentella sp. inoculum were tested. In the initial six months, height growth of all three tree species inoculated with the arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum was significantly improved compared to the ectomycorrhizal inoculated and uninoculated control plants. The mycorrhizal effect was not evident thereafter and repeated application of the arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum may be necessary for continued growth enhancement. Of the three species, A. mangium had the highest relative height growth rate over the 24 months on BRlS soils.

전동싸리 군락의 생장특성과 피음효과 (Effect of Shading and Growth Characteristics of Melilotus suaveolens Community)

  • 박태규;송승달
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • 제21권3호
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 1998
  • Seasonal changes of nitrogen fixation and growth characteristics of Melilotus suaveolens population under different light conditions were quantitatively analyzed during growting period. Height growth of M. suaveolens population was promoted after April and the shade (site 2) showed 10-20% increase of height growth in compared with that of sunny (site 1). Seasonal changes of biomass were in creased after March, the biomass at site 1 attained 78.5% that of site 2 in May. Chlorophyll content was maintained high value from March to April but, Chlorophyll content of leaf at site 1 was decreased 11.7% compared to that of site 2 in May. The nitrogen content of each organ of M. suaveolens showed higher value in March and then decreased, the high nitrogen contents of reproductive organ were achieved at the flowering stage at site 1. The root nodule of M. suaveolens population appeared in March and showed maximum value in early June and decreased remarkably after July, the amount of nodule formation of M. suaveolens at site 2 showed higher than that of site 1. The nitrogen fixation activity of root nodule of M. suaveolens initiated with shoot growth and showed maximum value in mid April, and attained second peak in early June and then decreased after July. The total nitrogen fixation of the plant showed higher value at site 2 than that of site 1. From the overall results, M. suaveolens showed increased growth under half-shady, well ventilated barren soil than fertile sunny site.

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