• Title, Summary, Keyword: hemispheric lateralization

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Differenting Effects of Cerebral Hemispheric Lateralization and Gender by Power Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Cerebrovascular disease (뇌졸중(腦卒中) 환자(患者)의 성별(性別)과 부위(部位)에 대한 Heart Rate Variability의 변화(變化))

  • Ji Nam-Gyu;Lee Kyung-Sup;Moon Sang-Kwan;Ko Chang-Nam;Cho Ki-Ho;Kim Young-Suk;Bae Hyung-Sup
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 1998
  • Background and Purpose The increasing evidence for neurally mediated cardiac damage and sudden death has focused attention on the central autonomic control of cardiac function. Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability(HRV) can detect autonomic consequences of stroke. We performed power spectral analysis of heart rate variability from 24-hour holter recording to identify cerebral hemispheric lateralization and gender effect in cardiac autonomic control. Methods Data were obtained from 24-hour holter recordings in 30 consecutive patients with hemispheric brain infarction in the subacute phase. We analysed the time domain and frequency domain measures of HRV and ST segment by hemispheric lateralization and Gender. Results ST segment was depressed in women compared with man. There was no statistically significant differences between right and left hemisphere stroke patients in any standard index of HRV and ST segment changes. Conclusions These data are partial consistent with evidence from the recent literature that two cerebral hemispheres and gender have a differential influence on the nature and severity of cardiac dysfunction. We think the prospective and definite study was necessary.

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A Study on the Differences of Cognitive Functions, Neurobehavioral Symptoms and Daily Living Functions According to the Lateralization of Lesion in Patients with Non-Traumatic Subcortical Cerebrovascular Disease (비외상성 피질하 뇌혈관질환 환자에서 병소의 편측성에 따른 인지기능, 정신행동증상 및 일상생활기능의 차이에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Young-Soo;Lee, Young-Ho;Choi, Young-Hee;Ko, Dae-Kwan;Chung, Young-Cho;Park, Byoung-Kwan;Kim, Soo-Ji;Chung, Suk-Haui;Ko, Byoung-Hee;Song, Il-Byoung;Park, Kun-Woo;Lee, Dae-Hie
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.56-67
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    • 1996
  • Objectives : This study was designed to find clinical factors that could be differentiated by the lateralization of lesion and also find clinical factors to predict the lateralization of lesion. Methods : The subjects were 65 cooperative inpatients and outpatients with non-traumatic subcortical cerebrovascular disease without neurologic and psychiatric history from January 1995 to September 1995 ; 48 patients in Kyung Hee University, Oriental Medicine Hospital, 35 patients in Anam Hospital, Korea University were examined as subjects, but authors excluded 20 patients whose data were incomplete or who had uncertain lesions on brain CT or MRI. The 65 patients were divided into three groups-group with left hemispheric lesion, group with right hemispheric lesion, group with both hemispheric lesion-according to the finding of brain imaging study. Their cognitive functions were evaluated by the Benton Neuropsychological Assessment(BNA), their subjective neurobehavioral symptoms by Symptom Check List-90-R(SCL-90-R), their objective neurobehavioral symptoms by Neurobehavioral Rating Scale, and their daily living functions by Geriatric Evaluation by Relative's Rating Instrument(GERRl) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale(IADLs). Results : The results were as follows : 1) The results of cognitive function test indicated that the group with right hemispheric lesion showed low functions in Tactile Form Perception(left), the group with left hemispheric lesion showed low functions in Finger localization(right), the group with right hemispheric lesion showed low functions in Finger Localization(left). 2) Though, there were little significant differences in subjective neurobehavioral symptoms, the group with right hemispheric lesion showed higher scores in all symptoms except hostility. 3) Though, there were little significant differences in objective neurobehavioral symptoms, the group with both hemispheric lesion showed higher scores in cognition, guilty/disinhibition, the group with left hemispheric lesion showed higher scores in lability of mood, the group with right hemispheric lesion showed highest scores in psychotism, neurotism, agitation-hostility and decreased motivation/emotional withdrawal. 4) There were little significant differences among three groups in Daily Living Functions, but the group with right hemispheric lesion showed the lowest functions in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. 5) As a result of discriminant analysis on each factor's contribution to the prediction of lesion, Finger Localization(left), Phoneme Discrimination and Tactile Form Perception(right) showed that they had the potentiality to predict lesion. Conclusion : The results suggest that there are little significant differences among the groups of three non-traumatic subcortical cerebrovascular disease in cognitive functions, but the group with right hemispheric lesion showed more serious and various changes in subjective and objective neurobehavioral symptoms, and showed low functions in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. This results suggest the possibility that the decline of the daily living function in the group with right hemispheric lesion were due to various symptoms, not due to cognitive dysfunction. The confirmation of the possibility should be worked out through the follow-up study of some groups containing cortical lesion. Apart from these findings, Finger Localization, Tactile Form Perception(right) and Phoneme Discrimination suggest that they can be used as clinically valuable cognitive parameters that predict the lateralization of lesion in non-traumatic cerebrovascular disease.

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Language Lateralization Using Magnetoencephalography (MEG): A Preliminary Study (뇌자도를 이용한 언어 편재화: 예비 연구)

  • Lee, Seo-Young;Kang, Eunjoo;Kim, June Sic;Lee, Sang-Kun;Kang, Hyejin;Park, Hyojin;Kim, Sung Hun;Lee, Seung Hwan;Chung, Chun Kee
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2006
  • Backgrounds: MEG can measure the task-specific neurophysiologic activity with good spatial and time resolution. Language lateralization using noninvasive method has been a subject of interest in resective brain surgery. We purposed to develop a paradigm for language lateralization using MEG and validate its feasibility. Methods: Magnetic fields were obtained in 12 neurosurgical candidates and one volunteer for language tasks, with a 306 channel whole head MEG. Language tasks were word listening, reading and picture naming. We tested two word listening paradigms: semantic decision of meaning of abstract nouns, and recognition of repeated words. The subjects were instructed to silently name or read, and respond with pushing button or not. We decided language dominance according to the number of acceptable equivalent current dipoles (ECD) modeled by sequential single dipole, and the mean magnetic field strength by root mean square value, in each hemisphere. We collected clinical data including Wada test. Results: Magnetic fields evoked by word listening were generally distributed in bilateral temporoparietal areas with variable hemispheric dominance. Language tasks using visual stimuli frequently evoked magnetic field in posterior midline area, which made laterality decision difficult. Response during task resulted in more artifacts and different results depending on responding hand. Laterality decision with mean magnetic field strength was more concordant with Wada than the method with ECD number of each hemisphere. Conclusions: Word listening task without hand response is the most feasible paradigm for language lateralization using MEG. Mean magnetic field strength in each hemisphere is a proper index for hemispheric dominance.

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Language Lateralization in Patients with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy : A Comparison between Volumetric Analysis and the Wada Test

  • Oh, Young-Min;Koh, Eun-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.329-335
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    • 2009
  • Objective : Determining language lateralization is important for the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable epilepsy. The Wada test has been the gold standard for lateralization of language dominance before epilepsy surgery. However, it is an invasive test with risk, and have some limitations. Methods : We compared the volumetric analysis with Wada test, and studied the clinical potential of volumetric analysis to assess language laterality in large surgical candidates with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). To examine the efficacy of volumetric analysis to determine language lateralization during presurgical evaluation, we compared the volumetric analysis of the bilateral planum temporale with the results of Wada test in 59 patients with chronic intractable TLE (rTLE, n=32; lTLE, n=27) who underwent epilepsy surgery. We measured the gray matter volumes of planum temporale (PT) of each patients using the VoxelPlus2 program (Mevisys, Daejeon, Korea). Results : Overall congruence of the volumetric analysis with the Wada test was 97.75% in rTLE patients and 81.5% in lTLE patients. There were more significant leftward asymmetry of the PT in rTLE patients than lTLE patients. In lTLE patients, relatively high proportion (37%) of the patients showed bilateral or right hemispheric language dominance. Conclusion : These results provide evidence that the volumetric analysis of the PT could be used as an alternatives in language lateralization. Also, the results of the Wada test suggested that there was considerable plasticity of language representation in the brains of patients with intractable TLE and it was associated with an earlier age of brain injury.

Reproducibility of Hemispheric Language Dominance by Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb Generation Paradigms in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Normal Volunteers (정상성인의 뇌기능적 자기공명영상에서 명사, 동사, 형용사 그리고 부사 만들기 과제들에 대한 언어영역편재화의 재현성에 관한 연구)

  • In Chan Song;Kee Hyun Chang;Chun Kee Chung;Sang Hyun Lee;Moon Hee Han
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.24-32
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : We investigated the reproducibility of language lateralization by 4 different word generation paradigms or the rest contents in each paradigm using functional magnetic resonance imaging in normal volunteers Materials and Methods Nine normal volunteers with left-handedness (mean age: 25 yrs) were examined on a 1.57 MR unit using a single-shot gradient echo epibold sequence. Four different word generation paradigms of noun, verb, adjective and adverb were used in each normal volunteer for investigating language system. In each paradigm, two different rest contents consisted of only seeing the " +" symbol or reading the meaningless letters. Each task consisted of 96 phases including 3 activations and 6 rests of 2 different contents. Two activation maps in one task were obtained under two different rest contents using the correlation method. We evaluated the detection rates of Broca and Wernicke areas and the differences of language lateralization among four different word generation paradigms, or between the rest contents. Results : The detection rates of Broca and Wernicke areas were over 67 % in 4 different language paradigms and there was no significant difference of them among language paradigms, or between two different rest contents. Language dominances, in all 4 different language paradigms, were shown to be consistent in 66 %, but were contrary with language paradigms in some subjects. The rest contents made no significant effect on dominant language dominance determination, but the success rates of the dominant language dominances determined from 4 language paradigms were higher in reading the meaningless letter (100%, n=9) than in only seeing "+" on screen at the rest task (78%, n=7).

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Recognition of Hangul alphabets as assessed by the Stroop and hemispheric lateralization (Stroop 및 반구 비대칭성 효과를 통해 본 한글자모 인식과정의 특성 분석)

  • Han, Kwang-Hee;Yoo, Hyung-Hyun;Chung, Chan-Sup
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.278-281
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    • 1989
  • 한글 자모 인식과정의 특성을 알아보기 위하여 Stroop 및 반구 비대칭성 효과를 검증하였다. 피보험자들에게 두가지 색으로된 10개의 한글자모를 좌시야와 우시야에 제시하고, 그중 어떤 것이 가운데에 제시된 검사지극의 색 또는 자모형태와 같은 목표자극인가를 신속하게 판단하도록 하였다. 반구 비대칭성 및 Stroop 효과를 선택 반응시간을 측정하여 비교하였다. 자모 처리와 색깔 처리에서는 반구간 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 자모 처리에서 반구간 차이가 나타나지 않은 것은 한글 자모의 시각적 특성과 실험 절차의 특수성애 결부되어 해석되었다. Stroop 효과는 좌반구 보다는 우반구에서 의미있게 큰 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 대뇌 반구간의 비대칭성이 확인되었고 대뇌의 좌반구는 분석적 처리에, 우반구는 전체적인 처리에 전문화 되어 있다는 것을 확인하였다.

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Disturbed Functional Asymmetry of Sensorimotor Cortex in Schizophrenia: A Study with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (정신분열증에서 감각운동피질의 기능적 비대칭성의 장애: 기능적 자기공명영상을 이용한 연구)

  • Ahn, Kook-Jin;Chae, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Tae;Kim, Euy-Neyng;Lee, Jee-Mun;Choi, Kyu-Ho;Hahn, Seong-Tai
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern of cerebral response to motor tasks in patients with schizophrenia compared with normal subjects using functional MRI. Materials and methods ; Nine right handed-schizophrenic patients and six right-handed normal subjects were included. We used right hand movement as task. Series of 120 consecutive echo-planar images per section were acquired during three cycles of task and rest activations. Lateralization index of cortical response was measured and compared between patients and normal subjects. Results ; Right hand motor task was associated with greater activation in left sensorimotor cortex than the right in normal subjects. Schizophrenia patients showed relatively decreased activation in left cortex and increased activation in right cortex compared with normal subjects. In one patient, reversed lateralization was noted. Conclusion : Normal hemispheric asymmetry of cortical response to motor task was found in different pattern in schizophrenia. Our result is consistent with functional disturbance of motor circuitry in this disorder. Functional MRI will play an important role in diagnosis and research of this disorder.

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Effects of Working Memory Load on Negative Facial Emotion Processing: an ERP study (작업기억 부담이 부적 얼굴정서 처리에 미치는 영향: ERP 연구)

  • Park, Taejin;Kim, Junghee
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.39-59
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    • 2018
  • To elucidate the effect of working memory (WM) load on negative facial emotion processing, we examined ERP components (P1 and N170) elicited by fearful and neutral expressions each of which was presented during 0-back (low-WM load) or 2-back (high-WM load) tasks. During N-back tasks, visual objects were presented one by one as targets and each of facial expressions was presented as a passively observed stimulus during intervals between targets. Behavioral results showed more accurate and fast responses at low-WM load condition compared to high-WM load condition. Analysis of mean amplitudes of P1 on the occipital region showed significant WM load effect (high-WM load > low-WM load) but showed nonsignificant facial emotion effect. Analysis of mean amplitudes of N170 on the posterior occipito-temporal region showed significant overall facial emotion effect (fearful > neutral), but, in detail, significant facial emotion effect was observed only at low-WM load condition on the left hemisphere, but was observed at high-WM load condition as well as low-WM load condition on the right hemisphere. To summarize, facial emotion effect observed by N170 amplitudes was modulated by WM load only on the left hemisphere. These results show that early emotional processing of negative facial expression could be eliminated or reduced by high load of WM on the left hemisphere, but could not be eliminated by high load on the right hemisphere, and suggest right hemispheric lateralization of negative facial emotion processing.

Functional MRI ofThe Supplementary Motor Area in Hand Motor Task: Comparison Study with The Primary Motor Area (수지운동자극을 사용한 부운동중추의 기능적 MR연구: 일차운동중추와의 비교)

  • 이호규;김진서;최충곤;임태환
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 1997
  • Purpose: To investigate the localization and functional lateralization of the supplementary motor area (SMA) in motor activation tests in comparison to that of the primary motor area. Materials and Methods: Seven healthy volunteers obtained echoplanar imaging blood oxygen level dependent technique. This study was carried on 1.5T Siemens Magnetom Vision system with the standard head coil. Parameters of EPI were followed as; TR/TE : 1.0/66.0msec, flip angle: $90^{\circ}$, field of view: $22cm{\times}22cm,{\;}matrix:{\;}128{\times}128$, slice number/slice thickness/gap: 1O/4mm/0.8mm with fat suppression technique. Motor task as finger opposition in each hand consisted of 3 sets of alternative rest and activation periods. Postprocessing were done on Stimulate 5.0 by using cross-correlation statistics. To compare the functional lateralization of the SMA in the right and left hand tests, each examination was evaluated for the percent change of signal intensity and the number of activated voxels both in the SMA and in the pri¬mary motor area. Hemispheric asymmetry was defined as difference of summation of the activted voxels between each hemisphere. Results: Percent change of signal intensity in the SMA (2.49 -3.06%) is lower than that of primary motor area(4.4 -7.23%). Percent change of signal intensity including activated voxels were observed almost equally in the right and left SMA. As for summation of activated voxels, primary motor area had significant difference between each hemisphere but not did the SMA. Conclusion: Preferred contralateral dominant hemisphere and hemispheric asymmetry were detected in the primary motor area but not in the SMA.

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The Effects of Instruction Using Mind Map in Middle School Science Class (중학교 과학수업에서 학생들의 뇌기능 분화에 따른 마인드 맵을 활용한 수업의 효과)

  • Chung, Young-Lan;Lee, Joo-Youn
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.805-813
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    • 2004
  • Our educational system clearly places much greater value on left hemisphere learning. Students who process information in other ways are at a serious disadvantage and may not be learning efficiently. Since mind mapping emphasizing visual and spatial language, it helps students to use the whole brain and promotes more effective comprehension. The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of the instruction using mind map on the science achievement of students. A pretest-posttest control group design was employed. Subjects were 153 male and female, first grade students in a middle school. A control group of 83 was instructed with a traditional teaching method, and an experimental group of 70 was instructed by using a mind mapping strategy. Two groups were treated for 50 hours during 17 weeks. Tolerance's 'Style Of Learning And Thinking(SOLAT)' was used to assess students' lateralization preferences. A 30-item multiple choice posttest was used to assess students' achievement. To analyze the data, we used an analysis of covariance(ANCOVA) and i-tests. It was found that 21.6% of students was left brain dominant, 31.4%, right brain dominant and 47.1 % was integrated style. There was no gender difference in hemispheric dominance. Significant differences existed between the test scores when they were taught by using a mind map. Mind mapping turned out to be a valuable learning technique for the right brain students, helping them to achieve the same level of subject mastery as left brain students. There was a significant difference between males and females in relation to mind map application. Female scored significantly higher than males.