• 제목/요약/키워드: hepatic encephalopathy

검색결과 34건 처리시간 0.132초

암죽가슴증 및 암죽복수의 동시발생 (Simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites)

  • 장태수;정인범;조도연;강성주;권오정
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.265-269
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    • 2017
  • Chylothorax or chylous ascites are rare manifestations of liver cirrhosis. We report a rare case of simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites in a patient with hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis. A 76-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a pleural effusion on her right side. She had no history of recent medical procedures, trauma or tumor. There was no evidence of mass or thoracic duct obstruction in a computed tomography scan. Pleural fluid and ascites were confirmed as chylothorax and chylous ascites by chemistry analysis. Despite thorough conservative care, there was no improvement. Pleurodesis was planned, but hepatic encephalopathy developed suddenly and she did not recover.

Hep G2 세포와 rat 간세포에서 Metronidazole에 의한 암모니아 독성 감소 (Metronidazole Reduced Ammonia Toxicity in Human Hep G2 cell and Rat Hepatocytes)

  • 김보애;김현정;김유영
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.381-386
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구에서는 암모니아에 의해 손상된 사람의 간세포주 Hep G2 cell과 rat의 hepatocyte에 대하여 metronidazole이 간 세포 손상을 억제하는 효과가 있음을 밝혔다. Metronidazole은 암모니아에 의한 세포 생존율 감소, 배지내의 암모니아 수준 및 지질과산화 증가 및 항산화 효소 발현 감소 그리고 세포 내 DNA 손상과 세포사멸을 억제하였다. 따라서 metronidazole은 암모니아로부터 기인하는 세포손상을 감소시켜 간세포 기능을 보호함으로써 간 기능의 저하로 발생한 과암모니아혈증에 효과적인 치료제로서의 가능성을 시사한다.

만성 리튬 중독환자의 지연성 정정맥 혈액 투석여과 사례 (Delayed Continuous Venovenous Hemodiafiltration in Chronic Lithium Intoxication)

  • 김태수;차용성;김현;김오현;차경철;이강현;황성오
    • 대한임상독성학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.28-30
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    • 2013
  • A 66-year-old male with chronic alcoholism presented with tremor, gait disturbance, memory impairment, insomnia, decreased appetite, and confusion. The patient had been taking lithium daily for treatment of bipolar disorder. Brain CT showed no specific abnormality, and serum lithium and ammonia levels were 3.63 mEq/L (therapeutic range, 0.6~1.2 mEq/L) and $85{\mu}g/dL$ (reference range: $19{\sim}54{\mu}g/dL$), respectively. Therefore, the initial differential diagnosis included chronic lithium intoxication, hepatic encephalopathy, Wernicke encephalopathy, or alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Even with the provision of adequate hydration, the patient's neurologic status did not show improvement, so that lactulose enema, thiamine replacement, and continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) were started on the third admission day. By the fifth admission day he had made a rapid neurologic recovery, and was discharged on the 20th admission day. Therefore, CVVHDF might be a treatment for patients with chronic lithium intoxication, because, even if serum lithium concentration is normal, lithium concentration in the brain may be different from that of the serum.

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Combined Effect of Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating Factor-Induced Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells and Red Ginseng in Patients with Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis (Combined Effect of G-CSF and Red Ginseng in Liver Cirrhosis)

  • Kim, Hyun Hee;Kim, Seung Mo;Kim, Kyung Soon;Kwak, Min A;Kim, Sang Gyung;Kim, Byung Seok;Lee, Chang Hyeong
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.36-44
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized bone marrow (BM)-derived hematopoietic stem cells could contribute to improvement of liver function. In addition, liver fibrosis can reportedly be prevented by the Rg 1 component of red ginseng. This study investigated the combined effect of G-CSF and red ginseng on decompensated liver cirrhosis. Methods: Four patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were injected with G-CSF to proliferate BM stem cells for 4 days ($5{\mu}g/kg$ bid subcutaneously) and followed-up for 3 months. The patients also received red ginseng for 4 days (2 tablets tid per os). We analyzed Child-Pugh scores, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores and cirrhotic complications. Results: All patients showed marked increases in White blood cell (WBC) and CD34+ cells in the peripheral blood, with a peak time of 4 days after G-CSF injection. Spleen size also increased after G-CSF injection, but not severely. At end of the study, 2 patients showed improvement in Child-Pugh scores, hepatic encephalopathy, and refractory ascites. During the clinical trial period, none of the 4 patients showed any other adverse events or deterioration of liver function. Conclusions: We conclude that G-CSF/red ginseng combination therapy is relatively effective in improving liver function and major complications of decompensated liver cirrhosis without adverse effects. Further clinical trials are warranted to assess the clinical effects of G-CSF for decompensated liver cirrhosis.

간세포암 환자의 호스피스 완화 의료 (Hospice and palliative care for the terminal patients with hepatocellular carcinoma)

  • 길현자;문도호
    • 호스피스학술지
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the 3rd leading cause of cancer death in Korea and its prognosis is very poor. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of terminal patients with hepatocellular carcinoma on admission into a hospice unit, and to know if they had received appropriate hospice and palliative care. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records in 62 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had admitted, received palliative care, and died in a hospice unit between January 2003 and December 2005. Results: The median age of patients was 56.5 years with 50 men(80.65%) and 12 women(19.35%) and gender ratio(male to female) was 417. Child-Pugh class A, B, and C were 6(9.68%), 22(35.38%), and 34(58.84%) respectively. We divided the patients into two groups and compared, the terminal HCC patients with class C as group I and those with class A & B as group 2. The median time from hospice referral to death was significantly short in group 1 with 15.5 days compared to group 2 with 53 days. Statistically more prevalent symptoms in group I were ascites, dyspnea, peripheral edema, and hepatic encephalopathy with abnormal laboratory findings (jaundice, hypoalbuminemia, or renal insufficiency). There, however, was no significant difference in complications and managements during admission between group 1 and 2. Conclusion: Most terminal HCC patients were often accompanied with chronic liver disease. The length of hospice and palliative care for above patients was not enough to attend them. Therefore, we suggest that proper education and information should be provided to physicians, patients, and their family members for effective hospice and palliative care.

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샤모예드종 개에서 발생한 간내성 문맥-정맥 문합을 경정맥 코일장착으로 치료한 증례 (Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Fixed By Transvenous Coil Embolization in a Samoyed Dog)

  • 이무현;이승진;이승곤;문형선;이준석;최란;박인철;현창백
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.426-431
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    • 2007
  • 5개월령 암컷 샤모에드종 개가 운동 불내성과 간성뇌증과 관련된 신경증상으로 내원하였다. 임상검사상 간헐적 발작, 빈혈, 식전/식후 담즙산 농도 상승, 저단백혈증 및 빌리루빈뇨증이 관찰되었다. 진단영상검사에서 간내 문정맥 문합이 확인되었다. 문합이 일어난 문맥혈관을 경정맥을 통한 embolization coil을 이용하여 성공적으로 폐색시켰다. 환자의 임상증상은 점진적으로 개선되었다. 본 증례는 대형품종 개에서 발생한 간내 문정맥 문합을 embolization coil을 이용하여 성공적으로 치료한 증례이다.

Novel Mutations in the CPT1A Gene Identified in the Patient Presenting Jaundice as the First Manifestation of Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Deficiency

  • Choi, Jong Sub;Yoo, Hyeoh Won;Lee, Kyung Jae;Ko, Jung Min;Moon, Jin Soo;Ko, Jae Sung
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.76-81
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    • 2016
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) is an enzyme functioning in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) of the liver. Patients with CPT1A deficiency have impaired mitochondrial FAO and display hypoketotic hypoglycemia and hepatic encephalopathy as typical manifestations. In this report, we present a case of CPT1A deficiency presenting jaundice as the first manifestation. A 1.9 years old boy showed jaundice and elevated levels of free and total carnitine were observed. From direct sequencing analysis of CPT1A, two novel mutations, c.1163+1G>A and c.1393G>A (p.Gly465Arg), were identified. At the age of 2.2 years, hypoglycemia, tachycardia, and altered mental status developed just after cranioplasty for craniosynostosis. High glucose infusion rate was required for recovery of his vital signs and mentality. Diet rich in high carbohydrate, low fat and inclusion of medium chain triglyceride oil resulted in improvement in cholestatic hepatitis and since then the boy has shown normal growth velocity and developmental milestones to date.

산전 초음파로 발견되고 출생 후 4회의 코일 색전술과 심 교정술로 치료된 심실 중격 결손을 동반한 선천성 간내 문맥전신성 단락 1례 (A Case of Congenital Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Associated with VSD Detected by Antenatal Sonography and Treated with Four Coil Embolizations and Open Heart Surgery after Birth)

  • 나지윤;김은선;김상덕;김이경;김한석;최중환;천정은;정진욱
    • Neonatal Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2008
  • 드문 선천성 문맥전신성 단락에 대한 표준화된 치료는 없으나 저자들은 출생 직후부터 심부전 증상을 보인 환아에서 심실 중격 결손증을 동반한 선천성 문맥전신성단락을 4회의 코일 색전술 및 심 교정술로 치료한 증례를 경험하였기에 문헌고찰과 함께 보고하는 바이다.

Liver transplantation in a child with acute liver failure resulting from drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome

  • Song, Seung Min;Cho, Min Sung;Oh, Seak Hee;Kim, Kyung Mo;Park, Young Seo;Kim, Dae Yeon;Lee, Sung Gyu
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.224-226
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    • 2013
  • Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is characterized by a severe idiosyncratic reaction including rash and fever, often with associated hepatitis, arthralgias, lymph node enlargement, or hematologic abnormalities. The mortality rate is approximately 10%, primarily owing to liver failure with massive or multiple disseminated focal necrosis. Here, we report a case of a 14-year-old girl treated with vancomycin because of a wound infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, who presented with non-specific symptoms, which progressed to acute liver failure, displaying the hallmarks of DRESS syndrome. With the presence of aggravated hepatic encephalopathy and azotemia, the patient was refractory to medical treatments, she received a living-donor liver transplantation, and a cure was achieved without any sign of recurrence. Vancomycin can be a cause of DRESS syndrome. A high index of suspicion and rapid diagnosis are necessary not to miss this potentially lethal disease.

뇌질환 대사물질 변화의 고찰; 3 Teslar 수소 자기공명분광법 (A Study on the Metabolite Changes in Brain Diseases: 3 Teslar 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy)

  • 은성종;김정재;유승철
    • 한국방사선학회논문지
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구의 목적은 단일 복셀 자기공명 분광법을 이용하여 비정상적인 뇌질환을 가진 환자의 뇌대사물질이 어떻게 다른지를 알아보는데 있다. 수소 자기공명분광법의 정량적 분석의 결과 부신백질이영양증, 간선뇌병증, 뇌경색은 백질에 관련된 대사물질에 변화를 보였다. 세질환 모두 NAA가 감소하였고, ALD에서는 Cho, mI 과 Lac가 증가하였고, 간성뇌병변에서는 Cho가 감소, 그리고 뇌경색에서는 ${\beta}{\cdot}{\gamma}$-Glx와 Lac가 증가되었다. 결론적으로 수소 자기공명분광법은 비정상적으로 발전하는 뇌질환의 대사물질의 변화를 관찰하여 병을 진단할 수 있고 이는 임상에서 뇌질환의 진단과 예후를 평가하는데 유용할 것이다.