• Title, Summary, Keyword: hepatocarcinogenesis

Search Result 103, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Effect of Taurine Supplementation on Lipid Peroxidation, Activities of Defense Enzymes and Membrane Stability During Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (쥐의 간암화 과정에서 타우린의 공급이 지질과산화물 함량, 생체방어 효소 및 세포막 안정도에 미치는 영향)

  • 유정순
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.29 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1080-1086
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of taurine supplementation on the hepatic lipid peroxidation, activiteis of defense enzymes and membrane stability during rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Hepatocarcinogenesis was induced by Solt & Farber modification. Lipid peroxide contents of carcinogen treated group which was not supplemented with taurine were lower than those of control group. This might be that peroxide is decreased because of the activation of detoxifing enzyme. Glutathione S-transferase(GST) activites of carcinogen treated groups were significantly (p<0.05) increased compared to those of control groups. The GST activities of group supplemented with taurine before treatment of carcinogen and during the all period of experiment were only less increased. In carcinogen treated groups, glutathione peroxidase(GPx) activites of groups supplemented with taurine were higher than those of non supplemented group. By carcinogen treatemtn, glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activites, index of membrane stability were decreased, but in carcinogen treated groups supplemented with taurine, they were less decreased. These results suggest that taurine supplementation seems to inhibit lipid peroxidation, to change the activities of defense enzymes and to prevent to membrane disintegration during chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis.

  • PDF

Peroxisome Proliferators and Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Hong, Jin-Tae
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.78-91
    • /
    • 1997
  • Peroxisome is a single membrane-bounded organelle found in hepatic parenchymal cells and kidney tubular epithelial cells. A number of enzymes exist in peroxisome contributing to anabolic and catabolic peroxisomal functions. Extramitochontriai $\beta$-oxidation of fatty acid is a major function of peroxisome. Peroxisomes can be proliferated by many structually unrelated compounds such as hypolipidemic drugs, plasticizers, pesticides, some pharmaceutical agents and high fat diet. These chemicals, called peroxisome proliferators, act via the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor, to induce peroxisome proliferation, hepatomegaly and hepatocellular carcinoma in rodent. The clear mechanisms of peroxisome proliferator-induced hepatocarcinogenesis have been not demonstrated. Since they are not genotoxic, biochemical changes or changes in gene expressions may be involved. A free radical theory has been suggested based on the finding of oxidative damages of macromolecules by hydrogen peroxide released in the peroxisomal $\beta$-oxidation of fatty acid. Increased cell proliferation by a peroxisome proliferator has been also thought to be an important factor in the hepatocarcinogenesis as suggested in other cases of nongenotoxic carcinogenesis. The alternation of eicosanoid concentrations by peroxisome proliferators may be important in the peroxisome proliferator-induced hepatocarcinogenesis since peroxisome proliferators decrease the concentration of eicosanoids, and the peroxisome proliferator ciprofibrate-eicosanoid combination is comitogenic and costimulates some mitogenic signals in hepatocytes. All of proposed mechanisms should be considered in the peroxisome prolifrator-induced hepatocarcinogenesis.

  • PDF

Oxyradical Formation during the Hepatocarcinogenesis in Rat (흰쥐 간발암화 과정에서의 산소유리기의 동태)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Chun;Chun, Wan-Jhoo;Lee, Hyun-Woo;Kwon, Myung-Sang;Song, Kye-Yong;Jhoo, Wang-Kee
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.180-187
    • /
    • 1992
  • This study investigated the hypothesis that carcinogen-induced elevation of oxyradical during the hepatocarcinogenesis in rat. The hepatic preneoplastic lesions in the Spraque-Dawley rats were induced by the carcinogen treatment such as diethylnitrosamine(DEN) and acetylaminofluorene(AAF) in combination with partial hepatectomy(PH). The liver sample was taken at 2, 6, 10 and 16 months after carcinogen treatments followed by PH. Carcinogen treatments initially increased the indices of oxidative damage(activities of xanthine oxidase and production rates of superoxide anion, microsomal hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical) in the liver compared to PH groups. However, cytosolic hydrogen peroxide did not change significantly throughout the full time period. Of hydrogen peroxide scavenger, the catalase was remained lower than PH groups, whereas the peroxidase was increased after carcinogen treatments. Morphologically, the immunohistochemical analysis with glutathione-S-transferase of a placenta form(GSTP) antibody was used to detect the induction of preneoplastic nodules. During the hepatocarcinogenesis, both production rate of hydroxyl radical and activity of glutathione-S-transferase(GST) markedly increased with the appearance of the preneoplastic nodule. These results indicated that the hydroxyl radical of reactive oxygen species seemed to have a major influence on the hepatocarcinogenesis and the effect of time after removal of the carcinogen also appeared to be highly critical in the hepatocarcinogenesis.

  • PDF

Anticarcinogenic Effect and Modification of Cytochrome P450 2E1 by Dietary Garlic Powder in Diethylnitrosamine-Initiated Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Park, Kyung-Ae;Kweon, Sang-Hui;Choi, Hay-Mie
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.35 no.6
    • /
    • pp.615-622
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dietary garlic powder on diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in weaning male Sprague-Dawley rats by using the medium-term bioassay system of Ito et al. The rats were fed diets that contained 0, 0.5, 2.0 or 5.0% garlic powder for 8 weeks, beginning the diets with the intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of DEN. The areas of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci, an effective marker for DEN-initiated lesions, were significantly decreased in the rats that were fed garlic-powder diets; the numbers were significantly decreased only in the 2.0 and 5.0% garlic-powder diets. The p-nitrophenol hydroxylase (PNPH) activities and protein levels of CYP 2E1 in the hepatic microsomes of the rats that were fed the 2.0 and 5.0% garlic powder diet were much lower than those of the basal-diet groups. Pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD) activity and CYP 2B1 protein level were not influenced by the garlic-powder diets and carcinogen treatment. Therefore, the suppression of CYP 2E1 by garlic in the diet might influence the formation of preneoplastic foci during hepatocarcinogenesis in rats that are initiated with DEN.

RKIP Downregulation Induces the HBx-Mediated Raf-1 Mitochondrial Translocation

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Park, Sung-Goo;Jung, Hye-Yun;Chi, Seung-Wook;Yu, Dae-Yeul;Lee, Sang-Chul;Bae, Kwang-Hee
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.525-528
    • /
    • 2011
  • The Raf-1 kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP) can regulate multiple key signaling pathways. Specifically, RKIP binds to Raf-1 kinase and inhibits the Ras-Raf-1-MEK1/2- ERK1/2 pathway. Additionally, Raf-1 has been shown to translocate to mitochondria and thereby protect cells from stress-mediated apoptosis. Recently, HBx was found to stimulate the mitochondrial translocation of Raf-1, contributing to the anti-apoptotic effect. We found that RKIP was downregulated during HBx-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we show that RKIP bound to Raf-1 and consequently inhibited the translocation of Raf-1 into mitochondria. This promoted the apoptosis of cells treated with apoptotic stimulus. Thus, the downregulation of RKIP increased the level of free Raf-1 and thereby elevated the mitochondrial translocation of Raf-1 during HBx-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis. The elevated Raf-1 mitochondrial translocation induced the increased anti-apoptotic effect and subsequently promoted HBx-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis.

Suppression of Hepatic Lipogenic Enzyme by Dietary Fish Oil In Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Kim, Hye-Kyeong;Choi, Hay-Mie;,
    • Toxicological Research
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.285-291
    • /
    • 1998
  • This study was designed to examine the effects of polyundaturated fatty acid(PUFA) from different sourecs on hepatic lipogenic enzyme and peroxisomal ${\beta}$-oxidation in murine hepatocarcinogenesis initiated by diethylnitrodamine (DEN). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of three diets containing 10%(w/w)fat; fish oil-corn oil blended(FO), corn oil-beef tallow-fish oil blended(CF), or corn oil-beef tallow-perilla oil blended (CP), from the gestation period. At 10 weeks, animals were received a single inraperitoneal injection of DEN (200mg/kg body weight), were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy 3 weeks later and were sacrificed 8 weeks after DEN initiation. The areas of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci were significantly smaller in rats fed fish oil containing diets (FO and CF) than those fed CP diet. Fish oil feeding significantly decreased th activities of lipogenic enzyme. Rats fed fish oil containing diets (FO, CF) exhibited the lower fatty acid synthase (FAS) activity than those fed CP diet and FAS activity was positively correlated with areas of GSP-P positivie foci. Glucose-6-phophate dehydrogenase activity was the lowest and peroxisomal ${\beta}$-oxidation was stimulated in rats fed FO diet compared to other groups. It was also found that serum cholesterol was decreased in FO group. Therefore, the preventive effect against hepatocarcinogenesis and hypolipidemic effect of fish oil can be explained partly by suppression of the hepatic lipogenesis and by increase of peroxisomal ${\beta}$-oxidation.

  • PDF

Cleistocalyx nervosum Extract Ameliorates Chemical-Induced Oxidative Stress in Early Stages of Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Taya, Sirinya;Punvittayagul, Charatda;Inboot, Wanida;Fukushima, Shoji;Wongpoomchai, Rawiwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.2825-2830
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: To study the effect of Cleistocalyx nervosum extract (CE) on diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and phenobarbital (PB) induced oxidative stress in early stages of rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups, with Group 1 as a negative control and Group 2 was a positive control receiving DEN injections once a week and PB in drinking water for 6 weeks. Two weeks before DEN initiation and PB treatment, Groups 3 and 4, were fed with 500 and 1000 mg/kg of CEs, respectively, for 8 weeks. Results: A number of GST-P-positive foci, preneoplastic lesions, in the liver were markedly increased in carcinogen administered rats, but was comparatively decreased in rats treated with 1000 mg/kg of CE. The CE reduced malondialdehyde in serum and in the livers of rats treated with DEN and PB. Moreover, CE significantly increased the activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase in rat liver. Conclusions: CE appeared to exert its chemopreventive effects by modulating antioxidant status during DEN and PB induced early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis in rats.

The Effects of Dietary Proteins on Hepatic Histological Changes and Membrane Stability in Chemically Induced Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (화학적으로 유도한 랫드 간세포 암화과정에서 단백질 식이가 간의 조직학적 변화와 생체막 안정도에 미치는 영향)

  • 박경애;김현덕;최혜미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.34 no.8
    • /
    • pp.833-842
    • /
    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of dietary proteins and fats on the hepatic histological changes, membrane stability, and drug-metabolizing enzyme activities during chemically induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were fed the diet containing 20% casein or soy protein isolate and 15% perilla or corn oil for 10 weeks. Hepatocarcinogensis was initiated with diethylnitrosamine(DEN), and the rats were fed diets containing 0.02% 2-acetylaminofluorene(AAF) followed by 0.05% phenobarbital (PB). The scores of histological changes were decreased in treated rats fed soy protein diet compared to those find casein diet. Liver weights were significantly increased by AAF and PB treatment in rats fed casein diets in both oil groups. Glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activities, an index of membrane stability, were significantly reduced by AAF and PB treatment in rats find casein diets, and were lower in casein diet compared to soy protein diet groups. Especially, the activities were the highest in the rats fed soy protein-perilla oil diet. Lipid peroxide values also were increased by AAF and PB treatment in rats fed casein diet. Aniline hydroxylase activities were not influenced by protein and fat sources. Glutathione-dependent enzyme activities were increased by AAF and PB treatment. Linoleic and arachidonic acid content were increased in rats fed corn oil diet, and linolenic and eicosapentaenoic acid contents were increased in rats fed perilla oil diet. Our results suggest that soy protein isolate inhibit the abnormal histological changes in liver, possibly by maintaining the membrane stability during chemically induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Soy protein may be protective against the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by chemical carcinogen.

  • PDF

Dietary ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$ ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in diethylnitrosamine initiated rat hepatocarcinogenesis (화학적 발암과정에서 식이의 ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$비율이 쥐간의 전암성병변 및 지질과산화물 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • 지선경;최혜미
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-116
    • /
    • 1996
  • To study the effect of dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ fatty acid ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in rat hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis, placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area and numbers, glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 5 different diets-low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with fish oil (Low-F), low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with perilia oil(Low-P), moderate ratio with perilia oil(Moderate), blend of 10 different commercial fats and oils(High-BL) and high $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio(High)-for 8 weeks. Hepatocarcinogenesis was induced by modified Ito model. The area of GST-P positive loci was the lowest in Moderate group and in ascending order of Low-F < Low-P < High-BL < High. But statistically, only Moderate and High groups were significantly different. The number of GST-P positive foci showed the same trend as foci area. The activities of G6Pase, membrane stability marker, were increased as $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio decreased. Lipid peroxidation values (TBARS) were the lowest in Low-F group and it is significantly different from Moderate, High-BL and High groups. When dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio was moderate(4.06), hepatocarcinogenesis was suppressed compared with high or low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratios. Blend fat, commonly consumed among Koreans, did not show any suppressive effect on carcinogenesis because of high ratio(6.7). These results suggest that dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio influences hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis. It is recommended that appropriate $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio should be around 4.0. and we recommend to use more $\omega 3$ fatty acid in food preparation to reduce the risk of hepatocarcinogenesis.

  • PDF

Molecular Aspects of Hepatitis B Viral Infection and the Viral Carcinogenesis

  • Ryu, Wang-Shick
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.138-143
    • /
    • 2003
  • Of many viral causes of human cancer, few are of greater global importance than the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Over 250 million people worldwide are persistently infected with HBV. A significant minority of these develop severe pathologic consequences, including chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Earlier epidemiological evidence suggested a link between chronic HBV infection and HCC. Further, the existence of related animal viruses that induce acute and chronic infections of the liver, and eventually HCC, confirms the concept that HBV belongs to one of the few human oncogenic viruses. Although it is clear that chronic HBV infections are major risk factors, relatively little is understood about how the viral factors contribute to hepatocarcinogenesis. This review will introduce molecular aspects of the viral infection, and highlight recent findings on the viral contribution to hepatocarcinogenesis.