• Title/Summary/Keyword: hepatocellular carcinoma

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Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma on the mandible: A case report

  • Kim Jin-Soo;Kim Jae-Duk
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.215-219
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    • 2005
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancer worldwide, primarily affecting those in regions with a high prevalence of viral hepatitis. However, the metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma to the oral cavity is a rare phenomenon. This report presents a case of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma in the left mandibular angle and ramus region of a 62-year-old man. Panoramic radiograph revealed an ill-defined radiolucent lesion extending from the retained root of the mandibular left second molar into the ascending ramus. The lesion had irregular and ill-defined margins.

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Vertebral Metastasis from Hepatocellular Carcinoma of Unknown Origin

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Sung-Bum;Yi, Hyeong-Joong;Kim, Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.47-50
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    • 2006
  • This 51-year-old man suffered from paraparesis of 1-week history. On preoperative images, spinal cord compression by infiltrative vertebral mass was shown at T3 and T4 level. Several months earlier, he underwent surgical resection of left 2nd to 4th ribs, due to painful growing chest wall mass, which was proved to be hepatocellular carcinoma. All available diagnostic procedure failed to uncover origin of malignancy. Operation was followed by adjuvant irradiation and chemotherapy to the vertebral mass, however he only to die in 3 months after operation. This is an extremely rare case of ectopic hepatocellular carcinoma at thoracic vertebrae which showed very aggressive clinical course. Possible pathogenic process is presented and discussed.

$^{67}Ga$ Scan of Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma; Correlation with Angiography (원발성 간암의 $^{67}Ga$ Scan소견 ; 혈관조영술 소견과의 비교)

  • Kim, Myung-Joon;Yoo, Hyung-Sik;Lee, Jong-Tae;Suh, Jung-Ho;Park, Chang-Yun;Lee, Do-Yun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 1989
  • The relationship between angiographic findings and those of $^{67}Ga$ scan was evaluated in 30 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosed by either pathological examination or laboratory, radiologic findings. Twenty-three cases revealed hot activities on $^{67}Ga$ scan and definite tumor stains on angiography. Main findings of $^{67}Ga$ scans of 7 cases were isoactivity in 5 and cold area in 2, 5 of which revealed faint or no tumor stain on angiography. Cold areas within the primary hepatocellular carcinoma were noted in 9 cases by $^{67}Ga$ scan. In 6 cases these were due to tumor necrosis. Remaining 3 cases had arterioportal shunt, portal vein thrombosis and one had necrosis as well. These results indicate that gallium uptake of primary hepatocellular carcinoma seems to be relatively correlated with tumor stains on angiography. It is well known that the necrotic portion of primary hepatocellular carcinoma does not uptake gallium and it's the main cause of cold areas on $^{67}Ga$ scan. And we suspect that the hemodynamic changes of primary hepatocellular carcinoma such as large arterioportal shunt, portal vein thromosis may cause the decreased activity on $^{67}Ga$ scan.

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Background Cytologic Features of Metastatic Carcinomas in the Liver in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology - Analysis of 20 Cases - (간의 전이성 상피암 20예의 세침 천자 흡인시 배경 병변의 세포학적 소견)

  • Myong, Na-Hye;Koh, Jae-Soo;Ha, Chang-Won;Cho, Kyung-Ja;Jang, Ja-June
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 1991
  • Liver is generally known as an organ which is most commonly involved by the metastic tumors. According to the tendency of using fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of hepatic tumors, the differentital diagnosis between hepatocellular carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma frequently has been a main issue in the poorly differentitated cases, especially to the pathologists of Korea, an endemic area of hepatocellular carcinoma. Until now the problem has been usually solved by the comparison of cytologic characteristics of their tumor cells but not by background cytologic features which rarely have been studied. We observed the background cytologic features helpful for the differential diagnosis through the analysis of 20 cases who had confirmed primary cancer and were diagnosed as metastatic carcinomas in the liver by fine needle aspiration cytology. Twenty cases included 9 adenocarcinomas, 7 spuamous cell carcinomas, 1 small cell carcinoma, 1 carcinoid, 1 adenoid cystic carcinoma, and 1 renal cell cacinoma. Analysis of background cytologic features revealed that 77% of adenocacinoma cases showed benign mesenchymal components and hepatocytes and spuamous cell carcinoma cases disclosed benign mesenchymal tissue (71%) and necrosis (57%), Remaining cases showed variable combinations of benign mesenchymal component, necrosis, hepatocytes, and bile duct epithelial cells. No case revealed atypical hepatocytic naked nuclei, a useful cytologic finding of hepatocellular carcinoma. In summary, the background cytologic features more commonly observed in metastatic carcinomas than in the hepatocellular carcinoma were benign mesenchymal components, hepatocytes, necrosis, and bile duct epithelium. The endothelial cells and hepatocytic naked nuclei, two relatively specific findings of hepatocellular carcinoma were not observed except for renal ceil carcinoma. Above background cytologic features are thought to be helpful for the differential diagnosis between the hepatocellular carcinoma and various metastatic carcinomas in the poorly differentiated cases.

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Value of Echo-Planar Imaging and MRI Dynamic Study in Differentiation Liver Diseases (간 질환 감별에 있이 MR영상의 역동적 검사와 EPI의 유용성)

  • Park, Byung-Rae
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 1997
  • The goal of this paper is that we know the usefulness of echo-planar imaging(EPI) for discriminate between hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and hemangioma. We get a time signal intensity curve for liver diseases from the dynamic contrast enhancement images and compared and analyze both the contrast ratio(CR) and the contrast to noise ratio(CNR) using echo planar imaging. The obtained results are follows : 1. Hepatocellular carcinoma was shown the best contrast after about 20 seconds when Is the earlist time in the main artery, and then reduced. The center where is disease was shown the characteristic that the best contrast is appeared after about 35-45 seconds and then slowly reduced. Liver parenchyma was shown the best contrast and reduced after 60 seconds. 2. The peripheral nodular of hemangioma was shown the better contrast soon. On the other hend, the contrast of center where is disease started to increase after 60 seconds and was equal to that of liver parenchyma. Increasing of the contrast continued after. 3. Turbo SE technic was used, the average of CR for hepatocellular carcinoma was $36.7{\pm}1.2$ and the average of CNR was $2.4{\pm}3.2$, while the average of CNR for hemangioma was $54.9{\pm}1.0$ and the average of CNR was $9.7{\pm}1.3$. 4. EPI technic was used, the average of CR for hepatocellular carcinoma was $47.8{\pm}1.2$ and the average of CNR was $3.4{\pm}2.1$, while the average of CNR for hemangioma was $75.7{\pm}2.2$ and the average of CNR was $9.5{\pm}1.1$. According to above we can find that hemangioma is more bright than hepatocellular carcinoma and the difference of brightness between hepatocellular carcinoma and hemangioma is useful sequence.

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Galectin-9 Acts as a Prognostic Factor with Antimetastatic Potential in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Zhang, Zhao-Yang;Dong, Jia-Hong;Chen, Yong-Wei;Wang, Xian-Qiang;Li, Chong-Hui;Wang, Jian;Wang, Guo-Qiang;Li, Hai-Lin;Wang, Xue-Dong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2503-2509
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    • 2012
  • Considerable research has been conducted concerning galectin-9 and carcinomas, but little information is available about any relation with the hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, we employed a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting galectin-9 to down-regulate the expression in HepG2 cells. As a result, after galectin-9 expression was reduced, cell aggregation was suppressed, while other behaviour such as the proliferation, adhesion and invasion to ECM, cell-endothelial adhesion and transendothelial invasion of the cells were markedly enhanced. When tumors of 200 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were tested for galectin-9 expression by immunohistochemistry, binding levels demonstrated intimate correlations with the histopathologic grade, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion and intrahepatic metastasis (P<0.05). Moreover, survival analysis indicated that patients with galectin-9 expression had much longer survival time than those with negative lesions, and the Log-rank test indicated that this difference was statistical significant (P<0.0001). The Cox proportional hazards model suggested that negative galectin-9 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma represented a significant risk factor for patient survival. We propose that galectin-9 might be a new prognostic factor with antimetastatic potential in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Aflatoxin B1 Promotes Cell Growth and Invasion in Hepatocellular Carcinoma HepG2 Cells through H19 and E2F1

  • Lv, Jun;Yu, Ya-Qun;Li, Shu-Qun;Luo, Liang;Wang, Qian
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2565-2570
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    • 2014
  • H19 is an imprinted oncofetal gene, and loss of imprinting at the H19 locus results in over-expression of H19 in cancers. Aflatoxin B1(AFB1) is regarded as one of the most dangerous carcinogens. Exposure to AFB1 would most easily increase susceptibility to diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) but any possible relationship between AFB1 and H19 is not clear. In present study, we found that AFB1 could up-regulate the expression of H19 and promote cell growth and invasion by hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Knocking down H19 RNA co ld reverse the effects of AFB1 on cell growth and invasion. In addition, AFB1 induced the expression of E2F1 and its knock-down could down-regulate H19 expression and suppress cell growth and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Furthermore, E2F1 over-expression could up-regulate H19 expression and promote cell growth and invasion, with binding to the H19 promoter being demonstrated by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays (ChIP). In summary, our results suggested that aflatoxin B1could promote cell growth and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells through actions on H19 and E2F1.

Role of autophagy in metformin-induced apoptosis of H4IIE hepatocellular carcinoma cells (Metformin에 의해 발생한 H4IIE 간암세포의 세포사멸 과정에서 자가포식의 역할)

  • Baek, Keunho;Park, Deokbae
    • Journal of Medicine and Life Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2020
  • Metformin, a predominantly prescribed anti-diabetic drug for decades, has gained new insights for its anti-tumor activity in a variety of cancer cells. Our previous studies also showed the obvious pro-apoptotic activity of metformin and the underlying action mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Together with apoptosis, autophagy is a crucial intracellular process to determine the survival or death of cells under some stressful environments. The present study aimed to determine the role of autophagy in metformin-induced death of H4IIE hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Metformin blocked the formation of autophagosome and the expression of LC3A, generally described as a biomarker of autophagy. Inhibition of AMPK reversed the metformin-induced blockade of autophagy. Antioxidant (NAC) suppressed the metformin-induced cell death but not affected LC3A. The inhibition of protein kinase C totally restored the metformin-suppressed expression of LC3A. In summary, our present study suggests that autophagy is an anti-apoptotic player in metformin-induced apoptosis in H4IIE cells.

Gene Expression Changes Associated with Sustained p16 Expression in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells (간암세포주에서 지속적인 p16 단백질발현이 유도하는 유전자발현의 변화)

  • Oh, Sang-Jin;Im, Ji-Young;Jung, Che-Hun;Lee, Yong-Bok
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2004
  • Background: The normal functions of the cell cycle inhibitor p16INK4a are frequently inactivated in many human cancers. Over 80% of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases lack a functional p16/Rb pathway. p16/Rb pathway, as well as p53 pathway, is considered as one of key components of tumor suppression. Methods: To study the roles of p16INK4a in HCC, a stable cell line expressing exogenous p16 was generated from SNU-449 hepatocellular carcinoma cells lacking endogenous p16, and suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was performed in parallel with the control cells. Results: 1) SSH identifies fibronectin (FN1), crystallin ${\alpha}B$ (CRYAB), Rac1, WASP, RhoGEF, and CCT3 as differentially-expressed genes. 2) Among the selected genes, the up-regulation of FN1 and CRYAB was confirmed by Northern blot, RT-PCR and by proteomic methods. Conclusion: These genes are likely to be associated with the induction of stress fiber and stabilization of cytoskeleton. Further studies are required to clarify the possible role of p16 in the signal transduction pathway.

Clinical Observation of Multiple Metastatic Cancer Patient with Hepatocellular Carcinoma treated with Cultivated Wild Ginseng Herbal Acupuncture Therapy

  • Kwon, Ki-Rok;Park, Chi-Wan;Ra, Min-Soo;Cho, Chong-Kwan
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : Terminal stage cancer patient from primary hepatocellular carcinoma metastasized into lungs was administered with cultivated wild ginseng herbal acupuncture for 5 months and observed progression. Methods : Cultivated wild ginseng herbal acupuncture was administered 5 times a week at about 150cc dosage per week. Dynamic CT was taken and interpreted at a university hospital. Results : Above patient was diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma and received one procedure of lobectomy and three procedures of TACE, but because of metastasis, chance of improvement was very obscure. Intensive treatment of cultivated wild ginseng herbal acupuncture five times a week for five months in association with moxibustion was done on the patient. Near elimination of the cancer cells metastasized into lungs were confirmed in terms of radiological impression through dynamic CT. Conclusion: From the results obtained in this study, cultivated wild ginseng herbal acupuncture can be an effective measure against terminal stage cancer. But this is a single case study and lack of extensive follow-up must be compensated by further researches.

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