• Title/Summary/Keyword: hepatocellular carcinoma

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Pancytopenia Improves with Compromised Liver Function in A Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patient Treated by Modified Sipjeondaebo-tang (십전대보탕가감방을 투여한 간세포암종 환자에서 범혈구감소증 호전 및 간수치 상승 증례)

  • Kim, Jong-Min;Jeon, Hyung-Joon;Cho, Chong-Kwan;Lee, Yeon-Weol;Yoo, Hwa-Seung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.478-483
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : To observe the therapeutic effects of an oriental herbal prescription in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient with splenomegaly and pancytopenia. Methods : Modified Sipjeondaebo-tang was prescribed three times a day to a hepatocellular carcinoma patient with splenomegaly and pancytopenia. Laboratory tests were carried out regularly to observe the therapeutic effects of the oriental herbal prescription for pancytopenia. Results : When treated with modified Sipjeondaebo-tang including Cinnamomi Cortex, the levels of white blood cells, red blood cells, hemoglobin, and hematocrit increased. However, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamic transpeptidase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin levels also increased. Conclusions : Administering modified Sipjeondaebo-tang with Cinnamomi Cortex showed effect in improving pancytopenia but an increase in liver enzyme levels was also observed.

Clinical Application of $^{18}F-FDG$ PET in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (간세포암에서 $^{18}F-FDG$ PET의 임상 이용)

  • Oh, So-Won;Kim, Seok-Ki
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.42 no.sup1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2008
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary tumor in the liver. FDG PET has been applied for staging and treatment planning of hepatocellular carcinoma. It could reflect tumor prognosis because glucose metabolism assessed by FDG PET is known to have correlations with the differentiation and aggressiveness of the tumor. Although the ability of FDG PET to detect well-differentiated or low grade tumors and intra-hepatic lesions is not good, it is expected to playa major role in pre-surgical assessments for liver transplantation because it is useful in detecting extra-hepatic lesions and unexpected distant metastases with a better diagnostic performance than other conventional imaging modalities. Additionally, FDG PET has an advantage to screen other cancers through whole body scanning. As a new tracer for PET, Acetate demonstrates higher sensitivity and specificity to FDG in evaluating hepatocellular carcinoma. It thus seems that simultaneous use of Acetate PET with FDG PET could be helpful in diagnosis, especially detecting extra-hepatic metastases.

Risk Factors of Hepatocellular Carcinoma - Current Status and Perspectives

  • Gao, Jing;Xie, Li;Yang, Wan-Shui;Zhang, Wei;Gao, Shan;Wang, Jing;Xiang, Yong-Bing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.743-752
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    • 2012
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common disorder worldwide which ranks 5th and 7th most common cancer among men and women. In recent years, different incidence trends have been observed in various regions, but the reasons are not completely understood. However, due to the great public efforts in HCC prevention and alternation of lifestyle, the roles of some well documented risk factors played in hepatocarcinogenesis might have changed. This paper summarizes both the environmental and host related risk factors of hepatocellular carcinoma including well established risk factors such as hepatitis virus infection, aflatoxin and alcohol, as well as possible risk factors such as coffee drinking and other dietary agents.

Laparoscopy of hepatocellular carcinoma is helpful in minimizing intra-abdominal adhesion during salvage transplantation

  • Rhu, Jinsoo;Kim, Jong Man;Choi, Gyu Seong;Kwon, Choon Hyuck David;Joh, Jae-Won;Soubrane, Olivier
    • Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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    • v.95 no.5
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    • pp.258-266
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study analyzes the impact of laparoscopic liver resection on intra-abdominal adhesion. Methods: Patients who underwent salvage liver transplantation after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2012 to October 2017 at our institution were included. Information about the severity of intra-abdominal adhesions was collected from a prospectively maintained database. Intra-abdominal adhesions were graded after the agreement of 2 surgeons who participated in the salvage liver transplantation based on predetermined criteria. Adhesion severity and demographic, operative, and postoperative data were compared between the laparoscopic group and the open group. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to consider potential factors related to severe adhesion during salvage transplantation. Results: Sixty-two patients who underwent salvage liver transplantation after liver resection were included in this study. Among them, 52 patients underwent open surgery, and 10 patients underwent laparoscopy. Adhesion was significantly more severe in the open group than in the laparoscopy group (P = 0.029). A multivariate logistic regression model including potential factors related to severe adhesion showed that laparoscopy (odds ratio, 0.168; 95% confidence interval, 0.029-0.970; P = 0.048) was the only significant factor. Conclusion: Laparoscopic liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma can minimize intra-abdominal adhesion during salvage liver transplantation.

Primary diffuse hepatocellular carcinoma in a captive polar bear (Ursus maritimus)

  • Krisdianti, Krisdianti;Kim, Taeyeon;Aufa, Sulhi;Lee, Sangjoon;Ahn, Sangjin;Cho, Ho-Seong;Oh, Yeonsu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.299-303
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    • 2021
  • A captive male polar bear (Ursus maritimus) was found dead after a long-term anorexia at a Park Zoo in Republic of Korea. At necropsy, the liver lesion was prominent with hepatomegaly carrying a big mass and numerous small nodules in various sizes. The cut surface of the nodules was creamy white, firm, and solid with umbilicated appearance. Histologically, there was proliferation of hepatocellular neoplastic cells arranged in glandular-like (pseudoglandular) pattern and complete loss of hepatocellular arrangement. The immunoreactivity for neoplastic hepatocyte antigens was positive for hepatocyte paraffin 1, and negative for vimentin, cytokeratin 7 and 19, and carcinoembryonic antigen. Based on those diagnostic features, the neoplasia was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma. To the author's knowledge, this is the first case report of hepatocellular carcinoma in the captive polar bear in Republic of Korea.

Erythropoietin-producing Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Receptor B1 Polymorphisms are Associated with HBV-infected Chronic Liver Disease and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Korean Population

  • Kim, Kyoung-Yeon;Lee, Seung-Ku;Kim, Min-Ho;Cheong, Jae-Youn;Cho, Sung-Won;Yang, Kap-Seok;Kwack, Kyu-Bum
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.192-201
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    • 2008
  • Erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma receptor B1 (EPHB1) is a member of the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases that mediate vascular system development. Eph receptor overexpression has been observed in various cancers and is related to the malignant transformation, metastasis, and differentiation of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Eph receptors regulate cell migration and attachment to the extracellular matrix by modulating integrin activity. EphrinB1, the ligand of EPHB1, has been shown to regulate HCC carcinogenesis. Here, we sought to determine whether EPHB1 polymorphisms are associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected liver diseases, including chronic liver disease (CLD) and HCC. We genotyped 26 EPHB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 399 Korean CLD, HCC, and LD (CLD+HCC) cases and seroconverted controls (HBV clearance, CLE) using the GoldenGate assay. Two SNPs (rs6793828 and rs11717042) and 1 haplotype that were composed of these SNPs were associated with an increased risk for CLD, HCC, and LD (CLD+HCC) compared with CLE. Haplotypes that could be associated with HBV-infected liver diseases by affecting downstream signaling were located in the Eph tyrosine kinase domain of EPHB1. Therefore, we suggest that EPHB1 SNPs, haplotypes, and diplotypes may be genetic markers for the progression of HBV-associated acute hepatitis to CLD and HCC.

Identification and Validation of Symptom Clusters in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (간세포암 환자의 증상군 분류와 타당도 검증)

  • Cho, Myung-Sook;Kwon, In-Gak;Kim, Hee-Sun;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Ryu, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.683-692
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify cancer-related symptom clusters and to validate the conceptual meanings of the revealed symptom clusters in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey and methodological study. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (N=194) were recruited from a medical center in Seoul. The 20-item Symptom Checklist was used to assess patients' symptom severity. Selected symptoms were factored using principal-axis factoring with varimax rotation. To validate the revealed symptom clusters, the statistical differences were analyzed by status of patients' performance status, Child-Pugh classification, and mood state among symptom clusters. Results: Fatigue was the most prevalent symptom (97.4%), followed by lack of energy and stomach discomfort. Patients' symptom severity ratings fit a four-factor solution that explained 61.04% of the variance. These four factors were named pain-appetite cluster, fatigue cluster, itching-constipation cluster, and gastrointestinal cluster. The revealed symptom clusters were significantly different for patient performance status (ECOG-PSR), Child-Pugh class, anxiety, and depression. Conclusion: Knowing these symptom clusters may help nurses to understand reasonable mechanisms for the aggregation of symptoms. Efficient symptom management of disease-related and treatment-related symptoms is critical in promoting physical and emotional status in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Two Cases of Tyrosinemia; One with Hepatocellular Carcinoma and the other with Acute Liver Failure (타이로신 혈증 2례; 간암이 유발된 1례와 급성 간부전으로부터 회복된 1례의 비교)

  • Kim, Sook Za;Song, Woong Ju;Jeon, Young Mi;Levy, Harvey L.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2013
  • Tyrosinemia I (fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase deficiency) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of tyrosine metabolism that produces liver failure in infancy or a more chronic course of liver disease with cirrhosis, often complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma in childhood or early adolescence. We studied a 37-year-old woman with tyrosinemia I whose severe liver disease in infancy and rickets during childhood were resolved with dietary therapy. From 14 years of age, she resumed unrestricted diet with the continued presence of the biochemical features of tyrosinemia, yet maintained normal liver function. In adult years, she accumulated only a small amount of succinylacetone. Despite this evolution to a mild biochemical and clinical phenotype, she eventually developed hepatocellular carcinoma. Her fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase genotype consists of a splice mutation, IVS6-1G>T, and a novel missense mutation, p.Q279R. Studies of resected liver revealed the absence of hydrolytic activity and immunological expression of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase in tumour. In the non-tumoral areas, however, 53% of normal hydrolytic activity and immunologically present fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase were found. This case demonstrates the high risk of liver cancer in tyrosinemia I even in a seemingly favorable biological environment. In this study of tyrosinemia I, Case 2 with negative succinylacetone accumulation and the recovery of acute liver failure was compared with Case 1. Diet restriction and NTBC treatment are crucial to prevent hepatocellular carcinoma until liver transplant can take place and cure the condition. Further studies are needed to examine cases where liver cancer did not result despite clinical symptoms/signs of tyrosinemia type I.

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Hospice and palliative care for the terminal patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (간세포암 환자의 호스피스 완화 의료)

  • Gil, Hyeon-Ja;Mun, Do-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Hospice Care
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the 3rd leading cause of cancer death in Korea and its prognosis is very poor. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of terminal patients with hepatocellular carcinoma on admission into a hospice unit, and to know if they had received appropriate hospice and palliative care. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records in 62 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had admitted, received palliative care, and died in a hospice unit between January 2003 and December 2005. Results: The median age of patients was 56.5 years with 50 men(80.65%) and 12 women(19.35%) and gender ratio(male to female) was 417. Child-Pugh class A, B, and C were 6(9.68%), 22(35.38%), and 34(58.84%) respectively. We divided the patients into two groups and compared, the terminal HCC patients with class C as group I and those with class A & B as group 2. The median time from hospice referral to death was significantly short in group 1 with 15.5 days compared to group 2 with 53 days. Statistically more prevalent symptoms in group I were ascites, dyspnea, peripheral edema, and hepatic encephalopathy with abnormal laboratory findings (jaundice, hypoalbuminemia, or renal insufficiency). There, however, was no significant difference in complications and managements during admission between group 1 and 2. Conclusion: Most terminal HCC patients were often accompanied with chronic liver disease. The length of hospice and palliative care for above patients was not enough to attend them. Therefore, we suggest that proper education and information should be provided to physicians, patients, and their family members for effective hospice and palliative care.

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A Case of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with intradural growth Presenting as Obstructive Jaundice (폐쇄성 황달로 내원한 담관내 증식을 동반한 간세포암 1예)

  • Kim, Sung-Bum;Kim, Tae-Nyeun;Kim, Sung-Jun;Lee, Ho-Chan;Park, Jae-Hyun;Eun, Jong-Ryul;Jang, Byung-Ik;Lee, Heon-Ju;Yun, Sung-Su;Bae, Young-Kyung
    • Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.165-170
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    • 2008
  • The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as obstructive jaundice is 0.7~9%. The mechanisms of obstructive jaundice include bile duct invasion by tumor, tumor thrombi, blood clots, direct bile duct compression by tumor, and intraductal tumor growth. We report a rare case of hepatocellular carcinoma with intraductal growth. A 46-year-old woman was admitted due to colicky right upper abdominal pain and jaundice for 4 days. Computed tomography showed dilatation of the left intrahepatic duct, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography showed a filling defect in the left main intrahepatic duct. We performed a left lobectomy with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The tumor was diagnosed as a hepatocellular carcinoma with intraductal growth.

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