• Title, Summary, Keyword: high velocity oxy-fuel

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Formation of Oxy-Fuel MILD Combustion under Different Operating Conditions (가동조건 변화에 따른 순산소 마일드 연소 형성 연구)

  • Lee, Pil Hyong;Hwang, Sang Soon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.40 no.9
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    • pp.577-587
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    • 2016
  • Although the formation of oxy-fuel MILD combustion is considered one of the promising combustion technologies for high thermal efficiency, low emissions and stability have been reported as difficulties. In this paper, the effect of combustor geometry and operating conditions on the formation of oxy-fuel MILD combustion was analyzed using numerical simulation. The results show that the high temperature region and average temperature decreased due to an increase in oxygen inlet velocity; moreover, a high degree of temperature uniformity was achieved using an optimized combination of fuels and an oxygen injection configuration without external oxygen preheating. In particular, the oxy-fuel MILD combustion flame was found to be very stable with a combustion flame region at equivalence ratio 0.90, fuel velocity 10 m/s, oxygen velocity 200 m/s, and nozzle distance 33.5 mm.

A Study of Gas Dynamics of the High-Velocity Oxy-Fuel Thermal Spray Gun (HVOF 용사총의 기체역학에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Pil-Jae;Kim, Heuy-Dong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.574-579
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    • 2003
  • The present study addresses an analytical investigation to understand the characteristics of gas flow in the High-Velocity Oxy-Fuel(HVOF) thermal spray gun. One-dimensional analysis is extended to involve the effects of the wall friction and powder particle diameter. From the present analysis it is well known that the flow characteristics inside and outside the thermal spray gun is varied depending on the combustion chamber pressure. The thermal spray gun flow is characterized by six different patterns. The powder particle size and wall friction significantly influence the powder particle velocity. The particle velocity decreases with an increase in the powder particle size. This implies that the combustion chamber pressure should be increased to achieve a higher velocity of the powder particle.

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Microstructural Observation of Scales formed on HVOF-sprayed NiCoCrAlY Coatings (HVOF 용사된 NiCoCrAlY 코팅의 산호막 관찰)

  • Ko J. H;Lee D. B
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2004
  • High velocity oxy-fuel sprayed NiCoCrAlY coatings were oxidized between 1000 and $1200^{\circ}C$ in air, and the oxide scales were examined by XRD, SEM/EDS, and EPMA. The unoxidized coatings consisted mainly of ${\gamma}$'$-Ni_3$Al, with some ${\gamma}$-Ni. The major oxide formed on the coatings was $\alpha$ $-Al_2$$O_3$. Additionally, (CoCr$_2$$O_4$, $CoAl_2$$O_4$) spinels and $Al_{5}$ $Y_3$$O_{12}$ coexisted. NiO was not found, despite of high amount of Ni in the coating. Below the oxide layer, internally formed $Al_2$$O_3$ existed.

Experimental study on combustion characteristics of high efficiency oxy-fuel burner (고효율 순산소 버너의 연소 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Won;Ahn, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Min-Soo
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2002
  • This paper describes the results of a series of experiments executed by using two pilot-scale oxv-fuel burners are designed for maximum capacity of 50,000 kacl/hr, 300,000 kcal/hr and installed in the test furnace. The effects of turn-down ratio, excess oxygen ratio, nozzle exit velocity, injection angle, swirl vane angle and inlet oxygen temperature on the combustion characteristic are investigated. Temperature distributions are measured using R-type and Molybdenum sheathed C-type thermocouple. The results showed that maximum temperature and mean temperature increase with the increase of turn-down ratio and inlet oxygen temperature. The maximum flame temperature was increased about 35% compared to the case of equivalent air operated condition. In addition, Optimum excess oxygen ratio and nozzle characteristics are obtained for this oxy-fuel glass melting furnace.

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High Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Plasma-sprayed Ti(Al,O)/$Al_2O_3$ Coatings on SS41 Steel (Ti(Al,O)/$Al_2O_3$ 플라즈마 코팅한 SS41의 고온산화 거동)

  • Choi, G.S.;Woo, K.D.;Lee, H.B.;Jeon, J.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 2007
  • High velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spraying was used to coat Ti(Al,O)/$Al_2O_3$ powder onto the SS41 steel plate. Macrostructure of the coated specimen has been investigated by scanning electron micrograph (SEM). High temperature oxidation behavior of the coated specimen and SS41 steel have been studied. From the results of SEM observation, Ti(Al,O)/$Al_2O_3$ powder was coated well onto the substrate SS41 steel. Porosity onto the coated layer was only 0.38%. The oxidation results showed that Ti(Al,O)/$Al_2O_3$ powder coated SS41 steel have improved little oxidation resistance at $900^{\circ}C$ in air, but improved remarkably oxidation resistance at $800^{\circ}C $ in air compare to the substrate SS41 steel.

High Temperature Oxidation of NiCoCrAlY-(Ta, Re, Ir) Coatings for Gas Turbines (가스터빈 엔진부품용 NiCoCrAlY-(Ta, Re, Ir) 코팅의 고온산화특성)

  • Choi, J.H.;Lee, D.B.
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2006
  • The high velocity oxy-fuel sprayed coatings of 38Ni-23Co-20Cr-11Al-3Y-5Ta, 25Ni-34Co-20Cr-11Al-3Y-2Re and 32Ni-34.5Co-22Cr-11Al-0.5Ir (in wt%) were oxidized at 1000 and $1100^{\circ}C$ in air in order to find the alloying effect of Ta, Re and Ir on the oxidation properties of the NiCoCrAlY-base coatings. The primary phase of the coatings was $Ni_3Al$. The oxides formed on the coatings consisted primarily of ${\alpha}-Al_2O_3$, together with some $CoCr_2O_4,\;CoAl_2O_4$, and $Al_5Y_3O_{12}$. Tantalum oxidized to $Ta_2O_5$ and $Ta_2O_{22}$. However, no oxides of Re and Ir were detected by XRD owing to their thermodynamic inertness and/or their small amount.

An Experimental and Numerical Study on the Oxy-MILD Combustion at Pilot Scale Heating Capacity (Pilot급 산소 MILD 연소에 관한 실험 및 수치해석적 연구)

  • Cha, Chun-Loon;Lee, Ho-Yeon;Hwang, Sang-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2016
  • MILD (Moderate and Intense Low-oxygen Dilution) combustion using oxygen as an oxidizer is considered as one of the most promising combustion technologies for high energy efficiency and for reducing nitrogen oxide and carbon dioxide emissions. In order to investigate the effects of nozzle angle and oxygen velocity conditions on the formation of oxygen-MILD combustion, numerical and experimental approaches were performed in this study. The numerical results showed that the recirculation ratio ($K_V$), which is an important parameter for performing MILD combustion, was increased in the main reaction zone when the nozzle angle was changed from 0 degrees to 15 degrees. Also, it was observed that a low and uniform temperature distribution was achieved at an oxygen velocity of 400 m/s. The perfectly invisible oxy-MILD flame was observed experimentally under the condition of a nozzle angle of $10^{\circ}$ and an oxygen velocity of 400 m/s. Moreover, the NOx emission limit was satisfied with NOx regulation of less than 80 ppm.

Effect of Sealing Materials and Parameters on the Corrosion Resistance of HVOF-Sprayed CrC-NiCr Coatings (실링재 및 실링방법이 HVOF 용사된 CrC-NiCr 코팅의 내식성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Younghun;Nam, Uk-Hee;Byon, Eungsun;Kang, Tae-Il;Kang, Chung-Yun
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2014
  • Effects of sealant and sealing procedure on corrosion resistance of high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed coatings were studied. HVOF-sprayed CrC-20NiCr coatings were sealed using three commercial sealants based on phenolics and epoxy. Penetration depth of sealants, measured by fluorescent microscope technique, was between $19{\mu}m$ and $340{\mu}m$ depending on sealant, sealing condition or sealing procedure. It was found that sealing on rotation status was more effective than that on stationary specimen due to the Coriolis effect of fluid in pores of the coating. From the CASS results, corrosion resistance of properly sealed CrC-20NiCr coatings was equal to that of hexa-valent chromium plating.

Wear Property of Diamalloy-4006 Coating Prepared by OCP HVOF Thermal Spraying (최적 고속화염용사법으로 제조된 Diamalloy4006 코팅의 내마모 특성)

  • Joo, Yunkon;Yoon, Jaehong;Jung, Yeongil;Lee, Jehyun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.442-449
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    • 2015
  • The effects of coating parameters were investigated in wear resistance coatings of Diamalloy-406 on Inconel 718 to obtain an optimum coating condition by high velocity oxy-fuel spraying. The coating parameters, the flow rates of source gases (hydrogen and oxygen), the powder feed rate, and the spray distance, were designed by the Taguchi method. The optimal conditions were determined: oxygen flow rate 34 FRM, hydrogen flow rate 57 FRM, powder feed rate 35 g/min, and spray distance 7 inch. Friction coefficients of the coating and the substrate decreased with an increasing sliding surface temperature from $25^{\circ}C$ to $450^{\circ}C$. The friction coefficient of Diamalloy-4006 coating decreased as the sliding surface temperature increased from $0.43{\pm}0.01$ at $25^{\circ}C$ to $0.29{\pm}0.01$ at $450^{\circ}C$. The wear trace and wear depth of the coating were smaller than the substrate at all temperatures tested. The relationship between spray parameters and wear resistance was discussed extensively, based on the measured roughness, hardness, and porosity in each coating.