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Intonation Types of Sentence Terminal in Korean Dialects (방언의 월 끝 억양의 유형)

  • Lee, Byung-Woon
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2002
  • This study is to classify intonation types of sentence terminal in accordance with sentence form in Korean dialects. Intonation types of sentence terminal in declarative, interrogative (yes-no and wh-sentence), imperative, suggestive of Gyeongnam dialect are low fall, high fall, high fall, low fall, so are not distinctive by intonation, but distinctive by final ending morphemes. But those of Jungbu dialect are low fall, rise-fall and full rise, high level, low rise-fall. Those of Jeonnam dialect are low level, rise-fall and full rise, high level, high level. So those of Jungbu dialect are similar to Jeonnam dialect.

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A Study on the Design Elements and Tectonics for High-Rise Building Space Planning (초고층 공간계획의 디자인 요소와 구축에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Jong-Soo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.3-15
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    • 2010
  • The high-rise building is a dramatic phenomenon and a powerful expression of architecture in the modern civilization. The architecture of these high-rise buildings has been developed with mutual contributions of architectural aesthetic form and advanced technologies. Architecturally the significant evolution of tall buildings from ancient towers is a "change of function" from some religious symbols to a commercial concept that has aesthetically become acceptable with the changing of modern society and culture driven by a technological evolution. Generally, this commercial function in the evolution of high-rise building is office where high-rise working style is simply a necessity to meet quantitative market demands since this style in major cities around world has been changed from low-rise to high-rise during the last several decades in influenced of the modern industrial society. To achieve optimum spaces with architectural aesthetics in the high-rise building, the design has become collaborative, requiring the input of architects, engineers, economists, and other consultants. Hence, architects must deeply understand the basic planning theories of high-rise buildings and try to find optimum planning between architectural aesthetics and other issues. For the approach, we can firstly start with measurement and analysis of the planning use situation for major planning issues of high-rise buildings in practice. Therefore, this study is to analysis Design Elements and to find commonly used planning strategies, tectonic, of high-rise building in practice. It will give a chance to confirm commonly used planning and then becomes the starting point of the planning development of high-rise buildings based on practical planning issues.

Typological Evolution of High-Rise Buildings in Terms of Thermodynamics and Energy Formation

  • Li, Linxue;Shen, Xiaofei;Qian, Ren
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2015
  • High-rise buildings are frequently criticized for their absolutely artificial environments and high energy consumption. This paper tries to present an alternative approach to, and new prototypes for high-rise buildings through dialectic reconsideration of the responsive relation between high-rise buildings and environmental elements, in terms of thermodynamics and energy formation.

High-Rise Urban Form and Environmental Performance - An Overview on Integrated Approaches to Urban Design for a Sustainable High-Rise Urban Future

  • Yang, Feng
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2016
  • High-rise as a building typology is gaining popularity in Asian mega-cities, due to its advantages in increasing volumetric density with limited land resources. Numerous factors contribute to the formation of high-rise urban form, from economical and institutional, environmental to socio-political. Environmental concerns over the impact of rapid urbanization in developing economies demand new thought on the link between urban environment and urban form. Outdoor and indoor climate, pedestrian comfort, and building energy consumption are all related to and impacted by urban form and building morphology. There are many studies and practices on designing individual "green" high-rise buildings, but far fewer studies on designing high-rise building clusters from the perspective of environmental performance optimization.. This paper focuses on the environmental perspective, and its correlation with the evolution of the high-rise urban form. Previous studies on urban morphology in terms of environmental and energy performance are reviewed. Studies on "parameterizing" urban morphology to estimate its environmental performance are reviewed, and the possible urban design implications of the study are demonstrated in by the author, by way of a microclimate map of the iconic Shanghai Xiao Lujiazui CBD. The study formulates the best-practice design guidelines for creating walkable and comfortable outdoor space in a high-rise urban setting, including proper sizing of street blocks and building footprint, provision of shading, and facilitating urban ventilation.

A Study on the Fire Safety of High-rise Office Buildings in Respect of Architectural Design (고층 사무소건축의 화재안전에 관한 건축계획적 연구)

  • 이강훈
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.3-15
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this paper is to present refernce data to be considered in designing for the fire safety of high-rise office buildings. This paper deals with the characteristics of high-rise office buildings in the fire safety aspects, the basic principles for the fire safety of high-rise office building design, and this study is focused particularly on the location of the escape route of core plan for fire safety in high-rise office buildings.

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A Study on the Improvement and Environment-friendly Interior Space Planning of High-rise Residences in Korea - focuesd on the case analysis by environment-friendly architectural certification - (국내 초고층 주거의 친환경적 실내 공간 계획 및 개선방안 연구 - 친환경 건축 인증 제도에 의한 사례 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Ja-Kyung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2008
  • After the concept of apartments was introduced in 1960s in Korea, on account of the development of architectural technology and science, high-rise residences in Korea are getting higher, and these residences have been becoming high-rise commercial/residential buildings since 1990. Nowadays, as the construction of high-rise commercial residential building complex is booming, the difference between these complex and high-rise apartments is getting smaller, and these two kind of high-rise residences are becoming new residential style in Korea. And these high-rise residences are considered the symbol of wealth owing to the marketing strategy emphasizing high quality, refined interior, a fair view, and the protection of privacy. However, high-rise residences bring about many problems related to health and psychology caused by the consumption of a large amount of energy, pollutant emission, the deterioration of the quality of indoor air, and vibration. For this reason, in this study, we tried to emphasize the necessity of environment-friendly access to provide healthy living environment and to reduce the negative effect of housing life in high-rise residences, and find the method to improve environment-friendly quality and health of residents in interior space. Therefore, this study aims to detect the problems and the items to be improved of interior spaces of high-rise residences by quantitative, qualitative analysis of the evaluation elements and the floor planning elements deduced from environment-friendly architectural certification in Korea and the other countries, and suggest the guideline to improve the environment-friendly quality of these interior spaces.

Structural Design of Mid-Story Isolated High-Rise Building - Roppongi Grand Tower

  • Nakamizo, Daiki;Koitabashi, Yuichi
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2018
  • Since the response reduction effect on over 200-meter-tall resulting from the seismic isolation system is smaller in general than low-rise and mid-rise buildings, mid-story isolated buildings are considered to reduce the response in the upper part above the isolation story, however, in many cases, the acceleration response just below the isolation story is likely to be the largest. This paper presents the structural design schemes, the design of the main structural frames, and the constructions of a 230-meter-tall super high-rise building with mid-story isolation mechanism integrated in Roppongi, Tokyo. Moreover, this paper shows how the architectural and structural design for integrating a mid-story isolation system in a super high-rise building has been conducted and what solutions have been derived in this project. The realization of this building indicates new possibilities for mid-story isolation design for super high-rise buildings.

Assessing Middle-income Residents' Attitudes about Their Urban High-rise Condominium in Contemporary American Society

  • Kim, Wonpil
    • Architectural research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2000
  • Most research on high-rise housing has focused on low-income residences, and usually the psychological and social well-being of women and children. The validity of such findings are questionable for other populations since high-rise living has served other groups and their various needs in particular settings. Lack of knowledge and understanding about high-rises has represented an obstacle to the accurate representation of American urban reality in residential environments. The review of literature and factor analysis identified Important environmental factors. The survey was conducted in the selected downtown high-rise communities of major U.S. cities. Analyses revealed that there were unique characteristics of residents who prefer to live in this type of housing. It was also found that living in middle-income urban high-rise condominiums does not contribute significantly to the problems associated with high-rise living itself. Even though there were some deficiencies of social interaction and activities among residents, the middle-income condominiums were serving particular residents as maintenance-free and safe place imprinted by a positive image of sweet memories or sometimes by a window view presiding over downtown skyline.

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High-rise buildings in the general direction of the Fire Safety Management Study (초고층 건축물 소방안전관리의 기본방향에 관한 연구)

  • Choe, Man-Cheol;Kim, Byeong-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.79-93
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    • 2011
  • Unlike a general building high-rise buildings itself has a kind of risk. In this study, the risk of a number of high-rise buildings have fire safety management of the particular risks associated with looking for ways to minimize focused. Theoretical Study of the United States since the collapse of the WTC buildings, and be the center of the authentic country was. outside of the high-rise building fire safety and related issues, and measures were based on the theory of reference. Issues include voluntary arson. disaster management, building codes and fire regulations of the discrepancies, such as fire safety aspects are explained in terms of three kinds, and for it to take steps in the direction suggested an alternative for high-rise buildings. Although differences of opinion between departments will not be easy to fire and building regulations regarding conflicts of laws among other things, require immediate resolution, and high-rise buildings to create a standard for effective crisis management manual countermeasures will also be ensured.

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Analysis of Cost-Increasing Factors in High-rise Building Construction Projects Using Delphi Method (델파이 기법을 이용한 초고층 건축시공의 공사비 상승요인 분석방법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byeong-Hun;Jin, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Kyong-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2010
  • Nowadays, the construction of high-rise building is rapidly increasing. There are many cost-increasing factors to the management in the high-rise building construction. For large and complex projects like the high-rise building construction, the more systematic methods and tools are needed for cost control. It is important to identify major cost control items and to manage them for effective cost management in the high-rise building construction. This study proposes a method of identifying major cost-increasing factors in the high-rise building construction based on the Delphi method.

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