• Title/Summary/Keyword: higher education

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A Study on International Competitiveness Power of Higher Education (현대 고등교육의 국제경쟁력 강화 방안에 관한 탐색)

  • PARK, So-Young
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.188-200
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    • 2017
  • The purposes of this study are to understand the international competitiveness of modern higher education and to search the tasks for strengthening international competitiveness of Korean higher education. I reviewed domestic and foreign trends for higher education and then analyzed the statistical status of Korea's higher education. And I proposed tasks for strengthening international competitiveness of Korean higher education. These included university specialization from an international perspective, securing excellent research resources, revitalizing international education cooperation, fair quality management of higher education institutions, learner-centered higher education reform. Subsequently it is necessary to systematically select the factors of international competitiveness of higher education and to propose concrete plans for improving international competitiveness of higher education.

Higher Education Expansion and Labor Market Outcomes: The Case of Vietnam

  • TRUONG, Ha Thu;NGUYEN, Tue Dang
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1263-1268
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    • 2021
  • This study investigates how dramatic increase of university and college graduates affects labor market outcomes. Using a series of seven repeated cross sections of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Surveys, this paper analyzed the changes in the rate of returns to higher education attainment along with the increased supply of university and college graduates due to the higher education expansion throughout the 2002-2014 period. The study utilized a ratio of number of university and college students to the number of upper-secondary pupils within each province as an instrumental variable to calculate the effects of higher education expansion on the labor wage. The study found that, with the basic equations, the coefficients for higher education attainment are statistically significant and have positive values for the whole period. Our instrumental variables were found to be valid. For instrumental variable estimation, the return to higher education in IV earning equations was quite high. The findings of this study suggested that the expansion of the higher education system in Vietnam during 2002-2014 had positive effects on wages for those who increased their education attainment due to the reforms and there was a declining trend of the returns to higher education toward the end of the period.

The Trend of Higher Education Policy on the Change of Productive Populations (생산가능인구의 변화와 고등교육정책 방향 탐색)

  • Lee, Sukyeol;Han, Mihee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2015
  • This study explored the trend of higher education policy according to the change of productive populations. This study analyzes current problem on higher education policy and suggests direction of higher education policy according to decrease in productive population, focusing on the change in productive populations and related social changes. The major directions of higher education policy are enhancing competitiveness of universities, managing university enrollment quota, and activating education - industry links. This study suggests twelve detailed - policies based on the three major directions of higher education policy.

Technical and Infrastructural Aspects of Mobile Learning Adoption in Iran Higher Education

  • Masrom, Maslin;Hakemi, Aida
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2019
  • Nowadays learning has developed to a new way of anywhere and anytime by using mobile devices called m-learning which can provide flexibility, independency and creativity in academic environment. Most studies about m-learning are for higher education and the most users of m-learning are higher education students. Although developed countries are using m-learning in educational sectors, most of the Middle East countries are far from m-learning, and facing number of challenges. In Iran m-learning is still in early stage of implementation in higher education and in terms of technical and infrastructural aspects there is a vast gap in compare with developed countries. Although technical and infrastructural difficulties are one of the significant aspects in implementation and integration of m-learning technologies in education, the technology will not be successful if could not adopt with users. Due to the importance of user adoption with m-learning, there are limited studies about m-learning adoption in higher education of Iran. This paper attempts to review on technical and infrastructural aspects that facilitate m-learning which have effect on adoption of Iran higher education system. The review of the trend in the literature provides a reference for higher education institutes for decision making in developing m-learning for their students.

A Comparative Study on Government-led Higher Education Quality Improvement Projects between China and India (중국과 인도의 정부주도 고등교육 질 개선 프로젝트 분석)

  • LU, JUN;HAHN, Dae-Dong;OH, Kyung-hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1114-1132
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    • 2016
  • The objective of present study is to compare the similarities and differences between the two projects and extract implications for the improvement of higher education quality in other countries. To meet this objective, The study compared and analyzed "The Project of Higher Education Quality Development and Educational Reform of China" and "Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme" of government of India. by using the method of literature research, contents analysis and comparison analysis, this paper employed multi-source materials to examine background and targets, measures and outcomes, deficiencies and future direction of these two projects, and compared the similarities and diversities on each matters by utilizing secondary data from national surveys, government statistics, databases, and third-party agencies. The findings led us to suggest that the well-coordinated and standardized administrative system is a primary guarantee for ensuring the smooth implementation of the programme, and sharing educational resources among higher education institutions is an effective means for promoting their joint development. The improvement of higher education quality relies on the reform of the entire higher education system and the efficient networking between higher education institutions.

Contingency Model to Increase the Uptake of Higher Education Graduates in the Job Market

  • TRISNANINGSIH, Sri;SUTRISNO, Sutrisno;PERMATASARI, Yani;HENDRA, Failasuf Herman;SULISTYOWATI, Erna
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2020
  • This study investigates graduate competencies that can improve the uptake of higher education graduate outcomes in the working environment in Indonesia. This research was conducted by collecting data through sending questionnaires directly by the research team, via courier, or via postal service to respondents. A survey with questionnaire is carried out on April 2019, and the data from 117 respondents was analyzed. The sample population was all private higher education in the area of the I-XIV Higher Education Service Institution in Indonesia. This study employs factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The results show that the Graduates' competencies had a significant direct effect on the uptake of higher education graduates in the job market. The indirect effect of a Diploma Supplement and networking as mediation has a level of influence that is higher than the direct effect of graduate competence on the uptake of higher education graduate outcomes in the job market. The findings suggest that the Diploma Supplement and networking can increase the uptake of higher education graduates in Indonesia as expected by stakeholders and be able to compete in the global or international scale of environmental working. The professionalism of lecturers has a significant influence on the quality of learning.

Government Policy and Internationalisation of Universities: The Case of International Student Mobility in South Korea

  • Kwon, Ki-Seok
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2013
  • During the last a few decades, internationalisation of universities has emerged as an important issue not only in developed countries but in developing countries. South Korea as a fast catch-up country has experienced a remarkable change in its higher education system. This change is largely related to the South Korean government's higher education policy and to economic developmental stages. Against this backdrop, in order to assess the internationalisation of Korean higher education, we focus on international student mobility rather than other criteria such as infrastructure or programmes for international students and faculties. According to the recent statistics, the number of inbound foreign students involved in Korean higher education has increased significantly since 2005. Nevertheless, compared to other OECD and Asian countries, the number of outbound students in Korean higher education is high, whereas the number of inbound foreign students in higher education in Korea is very low. Against these observations, Korean government's recent policies and efforts of Korean universities to improve internationalization are discussed. Finally, some policy implications are put forward.

Exploratory Analysis of High School Students' Expectation on the Benefits of Higher Education in China (중국 고등학생의 고등교육수익에 대한 기대에 관한 탐색적 분석)

  • Jiang, Jiali;Rah, Minjoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.638-650
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to do an exploratory analysis on the expectation of Chinese high-school students on the benefits of higher education. Higher education benefits were categorized into monetary-investment benefit, non monetary-investment benefit and consumptive benefit. The differences in expectation according to independent student factors and family background were analyzed. The survey data on every high school's 300 students and 300 their parents total 1200 in 2 high schools in YanTai was put into the analysis. The differences among groups and items were analyzed using Cross tabulation, ANOVA, etc with SPSS. The major findings are as follows. First, Chinese high-school students' overall expectation on higher education benefits was high. Second, Expectation on higher education benefits differed according to independent student factors, such as gender, academic year, grade, etc. Third, expectation on higher education benefits differed according to factors of family background. Fourth, level of expectation on higher education benefits between parents and students differed. In the future, the government should consider such various expectations and differences when dealing with higher education policies and university operation.

A New Higher Education Policy In Russia : Enhancing Meaning-Centered Education via its Realization

  • Ivashchenko, Natalia P.;Malovichko, Tatyana V.
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2014
  • Social and economic changes in the world, along with changes in the culture of government and structural changes in the relationship between the state, the market and higher education institutions, have resulted in new approaches pursued by states towards higher education (Konstantinov & Philonovich, 2007; Peterka, 2011). Higher education institutions, in its turn, enjoy more freedom in choosing to focus on various tasks and goals to their academic activities. This contributes to the diversity of expectations when it comes to the various roles modern academic institutions take on with regard to their development. Among many existing concepts in the current academic environment, the concept of "entrepreneurial university" is becoming a critically important concept in Russia. In this article, we consider the concept of the Entrepreneurial University as developed in Clark and Etzkowitz's theories, and the ways the concept is being adjusted in the higher education system in Russia. We analyze comparatively both contemporary and prior historical [1990s-mid2000s] state policies pertaining to higher-education institutions in Russia in order to provide an insight into how the national market of knowledge intensive production is being established in the country. As a consequence of these analyses, we present a new model of how universities can take a more systemic and meaningful approach to creating research-based innovation entrepreneurial activities. This approach is also viewed as making universities' innovation activities more sustainable and thus less dependent on the state support.

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INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AS A TOOL OF STRATEGY FOR ENSURING THE HIGHER EDUCATION ADAPTABILITY TO THE DIGITAL ECONOMY CHALLENGES

  • Kholiavko, Nataliia;Popelo, Olha;Bazhenkov, Ievgen;Shaposhnykova, Iryna;Sheremet, Oleh
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2021
  • The intensification of the processes of the digital economy development is leading to the transformation of the higher education system. Universities are forced to digitalize their own educational, research, international, marketing, financial and economic activities in order to maintain a competitive position in the global market of educational services. The purpose of the article is to study the role of information and communication technologies in the development of the higher education system and to ensure its adaptability to modern challenges of digital economy. To achieve this goal, methods of content analysis, logical generalization, systematization and a structural-functional method are used. In the article, the authors substantiate the urgency of forming a holistic strategy to ensure the adaptability of higher education to the challenges of digital economy. In the structure of this strategy, the information-technological block is singled out and described. The authors specified a set of positive synergetic effects from the introduction of modern information and communication technologies in the activities of universities. The main information threats to the digitalization of higher education related to the protection of personal data and university systems from cyberattacks and fraudulent schemes are identified. In conclusion, the authors detail the measures for the strategy implementation to ensure the adaptability of higher education to digital economy.