• Title, Summary, Keyword: hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR)

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Comparison of QSAR Methods (CoMFA, CoMSIA, HQSAR) of Anticancer 1-N-Substituted Imidazoquinoline-4,9-dione Derivatives

  • Suh, Myung-Eun;Park, So-Young;Lee, Hyun-Jung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.417-422
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    • 2002
  • Comparison studies of the Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) methods with new imidazo-quinolinedione derivatives were conducted using Comparative Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA), Comparative Molecular Similarity Indices Analysis (CoMSIA), and the Hologram Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (HQSAR). When the CoMFA crossvalidation value, q2, was 0.625, the Pearson correlation coefficient, r2, was 0.973. In CoMSIA, q2 was 0.52 and r2 was 0.979. In the HQSAR, q2 was 0.501 and r2 was 0.924. The best result was obtained using the CoMSIA method according to a comparison of the calculated values with the real in vitro cytotoxic activities against human ovarian cancer cell lines.

Hologram Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (HQSAR) Study of Mutagen X

  • Cho, Seung-Joo
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2005
  • MX and its analogs are synthesized and modeled by quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) study including comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA). As a result, factors affecting this class of compounds have been found to be steric and electrostatic effects. Because hologram quantitative structure activity relationship (HQSAR) technique is based on the 2-dimensional descriptors, this is free of ambiguity of conformational selection and molecular alignment. In this study we tried to include all the data available from the literature, and modeled with the HQSAR technique. Among the parameters affecting fragmentation, connectivity was the most important one for the whole compounds, giving good statistics. Considering additional parameters such as bond specification only slightly improved the model. Therefore connectivity has been found to be the most appropriate to explain the mutagenicity for this class of compounds.

Development of new agrochemicals by quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) methodology. III. 3D QSAR methodologies and computer-assisted molecular design (CAMD) (정량적인 구조-활성상관 (QSAR) 기법에 의한 새로운 농약의 개발. III. 3D QSAR 기법들과 컴퓨터를 이용한 분자설계(CAMD))

  • Sung, Nack-Do
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2003
  • Acoording to improvement of HTOS (high throughput organic synthesis) and HTS (high throughput screening) technique, the CoMFA (comparative molecular field analysis), CoMSIA (comparative molecular similarity indeces analysis) and molecular HQSAR (hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship) analysis techniques as methodology of computer assisted molecular design (CAMD) were introduced generally and summarized for some application cases.

Hologram Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship Analysis of JNK Antagonists

  • Kulkarni, Seema A.;Madhavan, Thirumurthy
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2015
  • c-Jun N-terminal kinase-3 (JNK3) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family (MAPK), and plays an important role in neurological disorders. Therefore, identification of selective JNK3 inhibitor may contribute towards neuroprotection therapies. In this work, we performed hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR) on a series of thiophene trisubstituted derivatives. The best predictions were obtained for HQSAR model with $q^2=0.628$ and $r^2=0.986$. Statistical parameters from the generated QSAR models indicated the data is well fitted and have high predictive ability. HQSAR result showed that atom, bond and chirality descriptors play an important role in JNK3 activity and also shows that electronegative groups is highly favourble to enhance the biological activity. Our results could be useful to design novel and selective JNK3 inhibitors.

Holographic Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (HQSAR) Study of 3,4-Dihydroxychalcone Derivatives as 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibitors

  • Gadhe, Changdev G.
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2011
  • Holographic quantitative structure-activity relationships (HQSAR) is a useful tool to correlates structures with their biological activities. HQSAR is a two dimensional (2D) QSAR methodology, which generates QSAR equations through 2D fingerprint and correlates it with biological activity. Here, we report a 2D-QSAR model for a series of fifty-one 3,4-dihydroxychalcones derivatives utilizing HQSAR methodology. We developed HQSAR model with 6 optimum numbers of components (ONC), which resulted in cross-validated correlation coefficient ($q^2$) of 0.855 with 0.283 standard error of estimate (SEE). The non-cross-validated correlation coefficient (r2) with 0.966 indicates the model is predictive enough for analysis. Developed HQSAR model was binned in to a hologram length of 257. Atomic contribution map revealed the importance of dihydroxy substitution on phenyl ring.

Comparative molecular similarity indices analyses (CoMSIA) and hologram quantitative structure activity relationship (HQSAR) on the fungicial activity of 2-N-benzyl-5-phenoxy-3-isothiazolone derivatives against phytophthora blight fungus (고추역병균에 대한 2-N-benzyl-5-Phenoxy-3-isothiazolone 유도체의 살균활성에 관한 비교분자 유사성 지수분석(CoMSIA)과 홀로그램 구조-활성 관계(HQSAR))

  • Sung, Nack-Do;Kim, Ki-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2002
  • Two different QSAR methods, the comparative molecular similarity indices analyses (CoMSIA) and hologram quantitative structure activity relationship (HQSAR) are studied for the fungicidal activities ($pI_{50}$) of 2-N-benzyl-5-phenoxy-3-isothiazolone derivatives against sensitive (SPC: 95CC7105) and resisitive (RPC: 95CC7303) phytophthora blight fungus (Phytaphthora capsici). According to the findings from these QSAR investigation, the cross-validation value, $q^2$ and Pearson correlation coefficient, $r^2$ in the two methods were CoMSIA: RPC; $q^2=0.675,\;r^2=0.942$, SPC; $q^2=0.350,\;r^2=0.876$ and HQSAR: RPC; $q^2=0.519,\;r^2=0.869$, SPC; $q^2=0.483,\;r^2=0.990$, respectively. Therefore, the two models of comparative statistical significance were obtained. From the CoMSIA contour maps, the important factors for selective fungicidal activity against RPC are to be expected that the lower hydrophobic and not bulkiness substituent as hydrogen bonding acceptor have to introduce to meta and para-position (C1-C6) on the phenoxy moiety. And the results of prediction suggest that HQSAR method showed higher fungicidal activity than CoMSIA method.

Hologram Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships Study of N-Phenyl-N'-{4-(4-quinolyloxy)phenyl} Urea Derivatives as VEGFR-2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

  • Keretsu, Seketoulie;Balasubramanian, Pavithra K.;Bhujbal, Swapnil P.;Cho, Seung Joo
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2017
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important signaling protein involved in angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels. Consequently, blocking of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR-2) by small molecule inhibitors leads to the inhibition of cancer induced angiogenesis. In this study, we performed a two dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (2D-QSAR) study of 38 N-Phenyl-N'-{4-(4-quinolyloxy) phenyl} urea derivatives as VEGFR-2 inhibitors based on hologram quantitative structure-activity (HQSAR). The model developed showed reasonable $q^2=0.521$ and $r^2=0.932$ values indicating good predictive ability and reliability. The atomic contribution map analysis of most active compound (compound 7) indicates that hydrogen and oxygen atoms in the side chain of ring A and oxygen atom in side chain of ring C contributes positively to the activity of the compounds. The HQSAR model developed and the atomic contribution map can serve as a guideline in designing new compounds for VEGFR-2 inhibition.

Hologram Based QSAR Analysis of Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitors

  • Sathya., B
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.202-208
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    • 2017
  • Xanthine Oxidase is an enzyme, which oxidizes hypoxanthine to xanthine, and xanthine to uric acid. It is widely distributed throughout various organs including the liver, gut, lungs, kidney, heart, brain and plasma. It is involved in gout pathogenesis. Hence, in the present study, Hologram based Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship Study was performed on a series of Xanthine Oxidase antagonist named 2-(indol-5-yl) thiazole derivatives. The best HQSAR model was obtained using Atoms, Bonds, Connection, Hydrogen, Chirality and Donor Acceptor as fragment distinction parameter using hologram length 71 and 4 components with fragment size of minimum 2 and maximum 5. Significant cross-validated correlation coefficient ($q^2$= 0.563) and non cross-validated correlation coefficients ($r^2$= 0.967) were obtained. The model was then used to evaluate the six external test compounds and its $r^2{_{pred}}$ was found to be 0.798. Contribution map show that presence of propyl ring in indole thiazole makes big contributions for improving the biological activities of the compounds. We hope that our HQSAR model and analysis will be helpful for future design of xanthine oxidase antagonists.

QSAR Studies on the Inhibitory Activity of New Methoxyacrylate Analogues against Magnaporthe grisea (Rice Blast Disease)

  • Song, Young-Seob;Sung, Nack-Do;Yu, Yong-Man;Kim, Bum-Tae
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.1513-1520
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    • 2004
  • We investigate a series of synthesized ${\beta}$-methoxyacrylate analogues for their 3D QSAR & HQSAR against Magnaporthe grisea (Rice Blast Disease). We perform the three-dimensional Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (3D-QSAR) studies, using the comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) procedure. In addition, we carry out a two-dimensional Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (2D-QSAR) study, using the Hologram QSAR (HQSAR). We perform these studies, using 53 compounds as a training set and 10 compounds as a test set. The predictive QSAR models have conventional $r^2$ values of 0.955 at CoMFA, 0.917 at CoMSIA, and 0.910 at HQSAR respectively; similarly, we obtain cross-validated coefficient $q^2$ values of 0.822 at CoMFA, 0.763 at CoMSIA, and 0.816 at HQSAR, respectively. From these studies, the CoMFA model performs better than the CoMSIA model.

Hologram and Receptor-Guided 3D QSAR Analysis of Anilinobipyridine JNK3 Inhibitors

  • Chung, Jae-Yoon;Cho, Art-E;Hah, Jung-Mi
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.2739-2748
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    • 2009
  • Hologram and three dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D QSAR) studies for a series of anilinobipyridine JNK3 inhibitors were performed using various alignment-based comparative molecular field analysis (COMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA). The in vitro JNK3 inhibitory activity exhibited a strong correlation with steric and electrostatic factors of the molecules. Using four different types of alignments, the best model was selected based on the statistical significance of CoMFA ($q_2\;=\;0.728,\;r_2\;=\;0.865$), CoMSIA ($q_2\;=\;0.706,\;r_2\;=\;0.960$) and Hologram QSAR (HQSAR: $q_2\;=\;0.838,\;r_2\;=\;0.935$). The graphical analysis of produced CoMFA and CoMSIA contour maps in the active site indicated that steric and electrostatic interactions with key residues are crucial for potency and selectivity of JNK3 inhibitors. The HQSAR analysis showed a similar qualitative conclusion. We believe these findings could be utilized for further development of more potent and selective JNK3 inhibitors.