• Title, Summary, Keyword: hue

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Improvement of Accuracy in Evaluating Hue Change Time in the Hue Detection Based Transient Liquid Crystals Technique (색상 검출방식의 천이 액정법에서 색상 변화 시간 산정의 정확도 향상)

  • Shin, So-Min;Jeon, Chang-Soo;Jung, Yong-Wun;Kwak, Jae-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.31 no.11
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    • pp.918-925
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, different criteria fur determining hue change time in the hue detection based transient liquid crystals technique were compared. Results showed that methods utilizing threshold of intensity or saturation gave many missing points and quality of the calculated results were strongly depends on the value of threshold. Wider bandwidth in the hue bandwidth method showed better distribution of calculated hue change time, but induced ambiguity in the hue change time. In the time-hue curve fitting method, the distribution of evaluated hue change time was smooth and reasonable, and, by the nature of curve fitting, the noise effect on the hue was successfully considered in calculating of the hue change time. Compared to other methods, it is expected that the time-hue curve fitting method would provide better and accurate hue change time in the hue detection based transient liquid crystals technique.

The Analysis of Men's Wear Color Preference between Korean and Chinese College Women -Focusing on Tone in Tone Coloration- (한.중 여대생의 남성복 색채 선호도 분석 -톤 인 톤 배색을 중심으로-)

  • Jeong, Su-Jin;Choi, Su-Koung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the analysis of men's wear color preference between Korean and Chinese college women. The experimental materials developed for this study were a set of stimulus and response scales. The 24 color pictures and 5-point scales were used for evaluation of preference. Data were obtained from 120 Korean college women living in Kyeongnam, Korea and 120 Chinese college women living in Shandog, China on October and November 2010. For data analysis, ANOVA and Duncan-test were used by using SPSS program. Results of this study were as follows. Korean and Chinese college women, shirts hue, tie hue, and shirts/tie tone showed an independent effect on men's wear color preference. Interaction effects of Korean and Chinese college women and shirts hue, Korean and Chinese college women and tie hue, suit hue and shirts hue, shirts hue and shirts/tie tone, and tie hue and shirts/tie tone were found. These results suggested that men's wear color preference can be affected by Korean and Chinese college women, suit hue, shirts hue, tie hue, and shirts/tie tone.

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Does conventional freezing affect sperm DNA fragmentation?

  • Le, Minh Tam;Nguyen, Thai Thanh Thi;Nguyen, Tung Thanh;Nguyen, Trung Van;Nguyen, Tam An Thi;Nguyen, Quoc Huy Vu;Cao, Thanh Ngoc
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Sperm cryopreservation has been widely used in assisted reproductive technology, as it offers great potential for the treatment of some types of male infertility. However, cryopreservation may result in changes in membrane lipid composition and acrosome status, as well as reductions in sperm motility and viability. This study aimed to evaluate sperm DNA fragmentation damage caused by conventional freezing using the sperm chromatin dispersion test. Methods: In total, 120 fresh human semen samples were frozen by conventional methods, using SpermFreeze Solution as a cryoprotectant. Routine semen analysis and a Halosperm test (using the Halosperm kit) were performed on each sample before freezing and after thawing. Semen parameters and sperm DNA fragmentation were compared between these groups. Results: There was a significant decrease in sperm progressive motility, viability, and normal morphology after conventional freezing (32.78%, 79.58%, and 3.87% vs. 16%, 55.99%, and 2.55%, respectively). The sperm head, midpiece, and tail defect rate increased slightly after freezing. Furthermore, the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was significantly higher after thawing than before freezing (19.21% prior to freezing vs. 22.23% after thawing). Significant increases in the DFI after cryopreservation were observed in samples with both normal and abnormal motility and morphology, as well as in those with normal viability. Conclusion: Conventional freezing seems to damage some sperm parameters, in particular causing a reduction in sperm DNA integrity.

Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance Syndrome among Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study from Central Vietnam

  • Le, Minh Tam;Nguyen, Vu Quoc Huy;Truong, Quang Vinh;Le, Dinh Duong;Le, Viet Nguyen Sa;Cao, Ngoc Thanh
    • Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.447-458
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    • 2018
  • Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies among reproductive-age women. Its metabolic features often overlap with those associated with metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance syndrome (IRS). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of MS and IRS in infertile Vietnamese women with PCOS. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary fertility centre at Hue University Hospital from June 2016 to November 2017. A total of 441 infertile women diagnosed with PCOS based on the revised 2003 Rotterdam consensus criteria were enrolled. MS and IRS were defined based on the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Adult Treatment Panel III 2005 and American College of Endocrinology IRS 2003 criteria, respectively. Complete clinical and biochemical measurements of 318 women were available for analysis. Independent predictors of MS and IRS were identified using multivariate logistic regression. Results: The overall prevalence of MS and IRS in women with PCOS was 10.4% and 27.0%, respectively. We identified older age (>30 years) and obesity as independent predictors of MS and IRS. Elevated anti-$M{\ddot{u}}llerian$ hormone levels increased the risk of IRS, but not that of MS. Conclusion: MS and IRS are prevalent disorders among infertile Vietnamese women with PCOS. PCOS is not solely a reproductive problem. Screening and early intervention for MS and/or IRS based on anthropometric, metabolic, and reproductive hormone risk factors should be an integral part of fertility care.

Hue Shift Model and Hue Correction in High Luminance Display (고휘도 디스플레이의 색상이동모델과 색 보정)

  • Lee, Tae-Hyoung;Kwon, Oh-Seol;Park, Tae-Yong;Ha, Yeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.60-69
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    • 2007
  • The human eye usually experiences a loss of color sensitivity when it is subjected to high levels of luminance, and perceives a discrepancy in color between high and normal-luminance displays, generally known as a hue shift. Accordingly, this paper models the hue-shift phenomenon and proposes a hue-correction method to provide perceptual matching between high and normal-luminance displays. The value of hue-shift is determined by perceived hue matching experiments. At first the phenomenon is observed at three lightness levels, that is, the ratio of luminance is the same between high and normal-luminance display when the perceived hue matching experiments we performed. To quantify the hue-shift phenomenon for the whole hue angle, color patches with the same lightness are first created and equally spaced inside the hue angle. These patches are then displayed one-by-one on both displays with the ratio of luminance between two displays. Next, the hue value for each patch appearing on the high-luminance display is adjusted by observers until the perceived hue for the patches on both displays appears the same visually. After obtaining the hue-shift values, these values are fit piecewise to allow shifted-hue amounts to be approximately determined for arbitrary hue values of pixels in a high-luminance display and then used for correction. Essentially, input RGB values of an image is converted to CIELAB values, and then, LCh (lightness, chroma, and hue) values are calculated to obtain the hue values for all the pixels. These hue values are shifted according to the amount calculated by the functions of the hue-shift model. Finally, the corrected CIELAB values are calculated from corrected hue values, after that, output RGB values for all pixels are estimated. For evaluation, an observer's preference test was performed with hue-shift results and Almost observers conclude that the images from hue-shift model were visually matched with images on normal luminance display.

Color Reproduction in DLP Projector using Hue Shift Model according to Additional White Channel (화이트 채널 추가에 따른 색상이동모델를 이용한 DLP 프로젝터의 색 재현)

  • Park, Il-Su;Ha, Ho-Gun;Ha, Yeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2012
  • This paper models the hue shift phenomenon and proposes a hue correction method to give perceptual matching between projector with and without additional white channel. To quantify the hue shift phenomenon for whole hue angle, 24 color patches with the same lightness are frist created along equally-spaced hue angle, and these are displayed one by one both displays with different luminance levels. Next, each hue value of the patches appeared on the projector with additional white channel is adjusted by observers until the hue values of patches on both displays appear the same visually. After obtaining the hue shift values from the color matching experiment, these values are piecewise fit into six polynomial functions, which approximately determine shifted hue amounts for an arbitrary hue values of each pixel in projector with additional white channel and are utilized to correct them. Actually, an input RGB image is converted to CIELAB LCH color space to get hue values of each pixel and this hue value is shifted as much as the amount calculated by the functions of hue shift model for correction. Finally, corrected image is inversely converted to an output RGB image. For an evaluation, the matching experiment with several test images and the z-score comparisons were performed.

An Experimental Study on the Spatial Effects of Colours - with relevance to colours of ceilings , walls and floors in living rooms - (실내색채의 공간효과에 관한 실험연구 - 거실의 천장 , 벽 , 바닥 색채를 중심으로 -)

  • 조원덕
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to grasp spatial effects of colours in interior design. The visual feeling in the 1/10 living room scale models that are different in the colour combination of ceilings, walls and floors is judged using a semantic scale of the fifteen adjectives. The major findings are as follows; 1) As a result of factor analysis, three dimensions, "evaluation", "activity" and "warmness" are extracted. Dimension 1, "evaluation", is most greatly affected by the chroma and hue of the room colour, dimension 2, "activity", by the hue and value, by the difference in hue and value of ceilings, walls and floors, dimensions 3, "warmness", by mainly the hue of the rooms. 2) Concerning the spatial effects of colour, the subjects felt higher vlaue with relevance to the hue of GY, Y, low chroma and high value. The room colours other than walls is felt more comfortable in similar colour, especially hue and value.re comfortable in similar colour, especially hue and value.

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Trichoderma asperellum Chi42 Genes Encode Chitinase

  • Loc, Nguyen Hoang;Quang, Hoang Tan;Hung, Nguyen Bao;Huy, Nguyen Duc;Phuong, Truong Thi Bich;Ha, Tran Thi Thu
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.182-186
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    • 2011
  • Four Trichoderma strains (CH2, SH16, PQ34, and TN42) were isolated from soil samples collected from Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue provinces in Vietnam. The strains exhibited high chitinolytic secretion. Strain PQ34 formed the largest zone of chitinase-mediated clearance (> 4 cm in diameter) in agar containing 1% (w/v) colloidal chitin. Analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions of these strains indicated that they were Trichoderma asperellum. The molecular weights of the chitinases were approximately 42 kDa. Chitinase genes (chi42) of T. asperellum strains TN42, CH2, SH16, and PQ34 were 98~99% homologous to the ech42 gene of T. harzianum CB-Pin-01 (accession No. DQ166036). The deduced amino acid sequences of both T. asperellum strains SH16 and TN42 shared 100% similarity.

Robust Mean-Shift Tracking Using Adoptive Selection of Hue/Saturation (Hue/Saturation 영상의 적응적 선택을 이용한 강인한 Mean-Shift Tracking)

  • Park, Han-dong;Oh, Jeong-su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.579-582
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    • 2015
  • The Mean-Shift is a robustness algorithm that can be used for tracking the object using the similarity of histogram distributions of target model and target candidate. However, Mean-shift using hue information has disadvantage of tracking a wrong target when the target and background has similar hue distributions. We then propose a robust Mean-Shift tracking algorithm using new image that combined upper 4bit-planes in hue and saturation, respectively.

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Layout of the Hue, the Capital of the Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam (응우옌 왕조의 도성 Hue의 배치 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Seong-Hoon
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2016
  • This paper is to clarify on the Characteristics of the Layout of the Hue, the Capital of the Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam, based on a close study of historical records. The results of this study are as follows: Hue was organized according to the traditional capital system of China, whereas the city wall was built Western-style called Vauban. It can be said that the construction of Hue was the result of reflecting both the regional situation that was under the influence of the Chinese culture and the situation of the time that required military facilities based on new technologies. The Axis of Hue oriented to southeast and the location of the government facilities related to way of construction, using the existing facilities. Some facilities that must be located within the imperial city were built its outside. Because facilities for ancestor worship was more important. The facilities for ancestor worship was able to get confirmation that Nguyen Dynasty was successor of ruler who dominated the country.