• Title, Summary, Keyword: human colorectal carcinoma

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Anti-proliferative Effect of a Novel Anti-oxidative Peptide in Hanwoo Beef on Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Yang, Se-Ran;Jang, Aera
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.1168-1178
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    • 2018
  • The present study aimed to characterise anti-oxidant peptides from water-soluble protein extracts of Hanwoo beef and evaluate their anti-proliferative effect on human colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT116). Antioxidant peptides were purified from the low-molecular-weight fraction (<3 kDa) of Hanwoo beef extract. Antioxidant activity of peptide fractions was determined using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Purified peptide (P3) displayed higher ORAC activity than the low-molecular-weight fraction ($202.66{\mu}M\;TE/g$ vs $167.38{\mu}M\;TE/g$ of dry matter, respectively) (p<0.05). The peptide sequence of P3 was Cys-Cys-Cys-Cys-Ser-Val-Gln-Lys (888.30 Da). The novel peptide P3, at $250{\mu}g/mL$, also significantly inhibited HCT116 cell proliferation up to 25.24% through phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38 kinase (p<0.05). Hence, antioxidant peptide P3 from Hanwoo beef extract can be used as an antioxidative and anticancer agent in the functional food industry.

MicroRNA-451 Inhibits Growth of Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells via Downregulation of Pi3k/Akt Pathway

  • Li, Hong-Yan;Zhang, Yan;Cai, Jian-Hui;Bian, Hong-Lei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3631-3634
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    • 2013
  • MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) play important roles in coordinating a variety of cellular processes and abnormal expression has been linked to the occurrence of several cancers. The miRNA miR-451 is downregulated in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells, suggested by several research groups including our own. In this study, synthetic miR-451 mimics were transfected into the SW620 human CRC cell line using Lipofectamine 2000 and expression of miR-451 was analyzed by real time PCR, while expression of CAB39, LKB1, AMPK, AKT, PI3K and Bcl2 was analyzed by Western blot, and cell growth was detected by MTT assay. In comparison to the controls, a significant increase in the expression of miR-451 was associated with significantly decreased expression of CAB39, LKB1, AMPK, AKT, PI3K and Bcl2. The capacity of cell proliferation was significantly decreased by miR-451 expression, which also inhibited cell growth. Our study confirmed that miR-451 has a repressive role in CRC cells by inhibiting cell growth through down-regulating the P13K/AKT pathway.

The Aetiological Role of Human Papillomavirus in Colorectal Carcinoma: An Iranian Population- Based Case Control Study

  • Ranjbar, Reza;Saberfar, Esmaiel;Shamsaie, Alireza;Ghasemian, Ehsan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1521-1525
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    • 2014
  • Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide and the association between HPV infection and genital cancers has been well established. This study concerned the possible role of HPV infection in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: We examined 80 tissues obtained from patients with colorectal cancer consisting of 58 colon cancer samples and 22 rectal cancer samples and 80 tissues from patients with unremarkable pathologic changes as matched controls by sex, study center and anatomical sites. HPV infection and genotypes were detected using nested PCR and sequencing methods, respectively. Results: HPV DNA was detected in 5/80 (6.25%) cases including 1 of 22 (4.54%) patients with rectum cancer and 4 of 58 (6.9%) patients with colon cancer and 1/80 (1.25%) of controls. Furthermore, HPV-18 was detected as the most frequent type and we found no significant correlation between prevalence of HPV infection and anatomical sub- sites. Conclusions: Although a causal relation between human papillomavirus and colorectal cancer was not found through this study, analysis of medical records pointed to a possible role for high- risk types of HPV in increasing the potential of aggressiveness in colorectal cancer. This study shows a particular frequency of HPV genotypes in patients with colorectal cancer in Iran. Since HPV vaccines are limited to a few types of virus, using cohort studies in different geographical zones to screen for patterns of HPV infection in different organs might increase the efficacy and optimization of the current vaccines.

Anti-HER-2×anti-CD3 Bi-specific Antibodies Inhibit Growth of HCT-116 Colorectal Carcinoma Cells in Vitro and in Vivo

  • Ren, Hui;Li, Jun;Liu, Jing-Jing;Guo, Hui-Ling;Jiang, Tao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2795-2798
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    • 2012
  • Objective: This study is conducted to evaluate the effects of anti-HER-2${\times}$anti-CD3 bi-specific antibodies(BsAb) on HER-2/neuover-expressing human colorectal carcinoma cells. Methods: Growth was assessed by MTT assays after exposure of HCT-116 cells to Herceptin, anti-CD3 and BsAb antibodies. Immunocytochemistry was applied to test the HER-2 level of HCT-116. In a nude mouse model, HER-2${\times}$CD3 BsAb was combined with effector cells (peripheral blood lymph cells from normal human being) for observations on in Vivo growth of tumors. Results: Compared with the control group, using effector cells combined with anti-CD3 McAb, Herceptin or HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb, tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo was significantly inhibited (P<0.05), most remarkably in the HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb case. The growth of xenografts with HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb combined with effector cells was also significantly inhibited when compared with the anti-CD3 McAb or Herceptin groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: HER-2/neu might be a useful target for immunotherapy in colorectal carcinoma, anti-HER2${\times}$anti-CD3 BsAb exerting clear anti-tumor effects.

Adipo-R1 and Adipo-R2 Expression in Colorectal Adenomas and Carcinomas

  • Ayyildiz, Talat;Dolar, Enver;Ugras, Nesrin;Eminler, Ahmet Tarik;Erturk, Banu;Adim, Saduman Balaban;Yerci, Omer
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.367-372
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    • 2015
  • Background: Human adiponectin (ApN), a 30 kDa glycoprotein of 244-amino acids which is predominantly produced by adipocytes, exerts its effects via two receptors, namely adiponectin receptor-1 (adipo-R1) and adiponectin receptor-2 (adipo-R2) with differential binding affinity to globular adiponectin. Adiponectin receptor expression has been studied in several cancer tissues. However, there are no studies of colorectal adenomas which are considered to be precursors for colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Objectives: In the present study, the expression of adipo-R1 and adipo-R2 was investigated immunohistochemically in colorectal adenomas and colorectal carcinoma tissues in an attempt to determine associations with these tumors. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled 50 CRC patients with tumor resection and 82 patients who were diagnosed with adenomatous polyps, classified as negative for neoplasia, low-grade dysplasia (L-GD) or high- grade dysplasia (H-GD). Results: Expression of both adipo-R1 and adipo-R2 was found to be significantly lower in the CRCs than in colorectal adenomas (tubular and tubulovillous, p=0.009 and p<0.001, respectively). Adipo-R1 and adipo-R2 expression was also significantly lower in the CRC group when compared with the groups of patients with low grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia or no neoplasia (p=0.012 and p<0.001, respectively). In addition, it was observed that adipo-R2 expression was generally positive in the non-neoplastic group irrespective of the adipo-R2 expression. In the L-GD, H-GD and CRC groups, the adipo-R2 result was positive whenever adipo-R1 result was positive but some patients with negative adipo-R1 had positive adipo-R2 (p<0.001, p=0.004, p<0.001, respectively). Conclusions: This study indicated that ApN may play a role in the progression of colorectal adenomatous polyps to carcinoma through actions on adipo-R1 and adipo-R2 receptors.

ZNF217 is Overexpressed and Enhances Cell Migration and Invasion in Colorectal Carcinoma

  • Zhang, Zi-Chao;Zheng, Li-Qiang;Pan, Li-Jie;Guo, Jin-Xing;Yang, Guo-Shan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.2459-2463
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    • 2015
  • Background: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of zinc finger protein 217 (ZNF217) in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Materials and Methods: The expression of ZNF217 in 60 CRC tissues and matched tumor adjacent tissues, collected between January 2013 and June 2014, was assessed immunohistochemically. The relationship between the expression of ZNF217 and clinicopathlogical features was analyzed by Pearson chi-square test. In addition, siRNA was used to down-regulate the expression of ZNF217 in CRC cells. The effects of ZNF217 for cell migration and invasion were measured by wound healing assay and transwell assay, respectively. Results: The expression level of ZNF217 was significantly higher in CRC tissues than in tumor adjacent tissues (p<0.05), positively correlating with tumor size, lymphatic metastasis and advanced TNM stage (p<0.05). Down-regulation of ZNF217 in CRC cells could significantly suppress cell migration and invasion. Conclusions: ZNF217 is overexpressed in colorectal carcinoma tissues and is associated with tumor malignant clinicopathological features. ZNF217 may promote CRC progression by inducing cell migration and invasion.

Fentanyl Increases Colorectal Carcinoma Cell Apoptosis by Inhibition of NF-κB in a Sirt1-dependent Manner

  • Zhang, Xiu-Lai;Chen, Min-Li;Zhou, Sheng-Li
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.22
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    • pp.10015-10020
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    • 2014
  • Background: Fentanyl is used as an analgesic to treat pain in a variety of patients with cancer and recently it has become considered to also act as an antitumor agent. The study present was designed to investigate the effects of fentanyl on colorectal cancer cell growth and plausible mechanisms. Materials and Methods: The human colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 was subcutaneously injected into nude mice. The viability of HCT116 was tested by MTT assay, and apoptosis by flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity. The expression of Sirt1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ were evaluated by Western blotting and the levels of Sirt1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ by fluorescence method. SiRNA was used to silence and Ad-Sirt1 to overexpress Sirt1. Results: Our data showed that fentanyl could inhibit tumor growth, with increased expression of Sirt1 and down-regulation of Ac-p65 in tumors. Compared with control cells without treatment, HCT116 cells that were incubated with fentanyl had a higher apoptotic rate. Moreover, fentanyl could increase expression and activity of Sirt1 and inhibitor expression and activity of NF-${\kappa}B$, which might be mechanisms of fentanyl action. Conclusions: Fentanyl increased colorectal carcinoma cell apoptosis by inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation in a Sirt1-dependent manner.

MiR-1297 Regulates the Growth, Migration and Invasion of Colorectal Cancer Cells by Targeting Cyclo-oxygenase-2

  • Chen, Pu;Wang, Bei-Li;Pan, Bai-Shen;Guo, Wei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.21
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    • pp.9185-9190
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    • 2014
  • Cyclo-oxygenase-2(Cox-2), a key regulator of inflammation-producing prostaglandins, promotes cell proliferation and growth. Therefore, a better understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of Cox-2 could lead to novel targeted cancer therapies. MicroRNAs are strongly implicated in colorectal cancer but their specific roles and functions have yet to be fully elucidated. MiR-1297 plays an important role in lung adenocarcinoma and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, but its significance in colorectal cancer (CRC) has yet to be reported. In our present study, we found miR-1297 to be down regulated in both CRC-derived cell lines and clinical CRC samples, when compared with normal tissues. Furthermore, miR-1297 could inhibit human colorectal cancer LOVO and HCT116 cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo by targeting Cox-2. Moreover, miR-1297 directly binds to the 3'-UTR of Cox-2, and the expression level was drastically decreased in LOVO and HCT116 cells following overexpression of miR-1297. Additionally, Cox-2 expression levels are inversely correlated with miR-1297 expression in human colorectal cancer xenograft tissues. These results imply that miR-1297 has the potential to provide a new approach to colorectal cancer therapy by directly inhibiting Cox-2 expression.

The Caudal-Related Homeodomain Proteins Upregulate catalase Expression in Drosophila Hindgut and Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells (초파리 대장조직과 인간 대장암세포주에서의 caudal 단백질에 의한 catalase 발현 조절)

  • Park, Jae-Hong;Park, So-Young;Lee, Dong-Ho;Kim, Young-Shin;Yoo, Mi-Ae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.194-201
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    • 2011
  • Caudal-related homeodomain proteins play critical roles in intestine development and maintenance from Drosophila to humans. The loss or reduction of CDX1 and CDX2 are known to be associated with colon cancers. It has been well known that colorectal carcinogenesis is associated with serious oxidative stress and that catalase is decreased in colon carcinomas. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we report that Caudal-related homeodomain proteins positively regulate catalase expression in both Drosophila and humans. We found that Drosophila caudal heterozygotes have a decreased catalase expression and increased ROS generation in the hindgut, and that the overexpression of Caudal increases catalase promoter activity and catalase mRNA levels. We also found that CDX1 and CDX2 up-regulate catalase promoter activity and protein levels in HCT116 cells - human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. The level of catalase protein in several colorectal carcinoma cell lines was associated with CDX1 expression. These results suggest that CDX1 and CDX2 may be involved in intestinal homeostasis and tumorigenesis via regulation of catalase expression.

The C-terminal domain of PLD2 participates in degradation of protein kinase CKII β subunit in human colorectal carcinoma cells

  • Lee, Young-Hoon;Uhm, Jong-Su;Yoon, Soo-Hyun;Kang, Ji-Young;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Kang, Beom-Sik;Min, Do-Sik;Bae, Young-Seuk
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.572-577
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    • 2011
  • Elevated phospholipase D (PLD) expression prevents cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, the roles of PLD isoforms in cell proliferation and apoptosis are incompletely understood. Here, we investigated the physiological significance of the interaction between PLD2 and protein kinase CKII (CKII) in HCT116 human colorectal carcinoma cells. PLD2 interacted with the CKII${\beta}$ subunit in HCT116 cells. The C-terminal domain (residues 578-933) of PLD2 and the N-terminal domain of CKII${\beta}$ were necessary for interaction between the two proteins. PLD2 relocalized CKII${\beta}$ to the plasma membrane area. Overexpression of PLD2 reduced CKII${\beta}$ protein level, whereas knockdown of PLD2 led to an increase in CKII${\beta}$ expression. PLD2-induced CKII${\beta}$ reduction was mediated by ubiquitin-dependent degradation. The C-terminal domain of PLD2 was sufficient for CKII${\beta}$ degradation as the catalytic activity of PLD2 was not required. Taken together, the results indicate that the C-terminal domain of PLD2 can regulate CKII by accelerating CKII${\beta}$ degradation in HCT116 cells.