• Title, Summary, Keyword: human error

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A Study on the Methods of Fault Analysis to Improve Safety in U-Healthcare System for Managing Emergency Rescue for Seniors (시니어들의 응급구난 관리를 위한 U-Healthcare시스템에서 안전성 개선을 위한 결함 분석 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gyu-A;Park, Man-Gon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.170-179
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    • 2014
  • Recently the U-Healthcare system has been rapidly advanced to manage emergence rescue for seniors. We can access emergency rescue systems with high quality services anytime, anywhere under ubiquitous healthcare systems. The more the various systems develop, the more software security systems become important. Therefore, the safety-critical system has been widely spread to the world by advancement of the information and communication technologies. There are a lot kind of fault analysis methods to evaluate software security systems. However due to characteristics of software that is not applied by human error, it can be prevented the enormous damages and losses from improving the safety of safety-critical system. So this paper proposes an integration method of FTA and Forward and Backward FMECA. This method has each strength of FTA and FMECA which is visual and numeric in normalization. First, by use of FTA, we can redraw FTA with Forward FMECA and Backward FMECA in consideration of occurrence, severity, detection, correctness, robustness, and security. Also according to value of NRVP at each event, we can modify FTA diagrams as shown critical paths given by severity and occurrence. Also, we propose the improved emergency rescue service platform of ubiquitous healthcare systems through identifying priorities of the criticality according to normalized risk priority values (NRPV).

Multimodal Emotional State Estimation Model for Implementation of Intelligent Exhibition Services (지능형 전시 서비스 구현을 위한 멀티모달 감정 상태 추정 모형)

  • Lee, Kichun;Choi, So Yun;Kim, Jae Kyeong;Ahn, Hyunchul
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • Both researchers and practitioners are showing an increased interested in interactive exhibition services. Interactive exhibition services are designed to directly respond to visitor responses in real time, so as to fully engage visitors' interest and enhance their satisfaction. In order to install an effective interactive exhibition service, it is essential to adopt intelligent technologies that enable accurate estimation of a visitor's emotional state from responses to exhibited stimulus. Studies undertaken so far have attempted to estimate the human emotional state, most of them doing so by gauging either facial expressions or audio responses. However, the most recent research suggests that, a multimodal approach that uses people's multiple responses simultaneously may lead to better estimation. Given this context, we propose a new multimodal emotional state estimation model that uses various responses including facial expressions, gestures, and movements measured by the Microsoft Kinect Sensor. In order to effectively handle a large amount of sensory data, we propose to use stratified sampling-based MRA (multiple regression analysis) as our estimation method. To validate the usefulness of the proposed model, we collected 602,599 responses and emotional state data with 274 variables from 15 people. When we applied our model to the data set, we found that our model estimated the levels of valence and arousal in the 10~15% error range. Since our proposed model is simple and stable, we expect that it will be applied not only in intelligent exhibition services, but also in other areas such as e-learning and personalized advertising.

A Study of The Determinants of Turnover Intention and Organizational Commitment by Data Mining (데이터마이닝을 활용한 이직의도와 조직몰입의 결정요인에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Young Joon;Shim, Won Shul;Baek, Seung Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2014
  • In this article, data mining simulation is applied to find a proper approach and results of analysis for study of variables related to organization. Also, turnover intention and organizational commitment are used as target (dependent) variables in this simulation. Classification and regression tree (CART) with ensemble methods are used in this study for simulation. Human capital corporate panel data of Korea Research Institute for Vocation Education & Training (KRIVET) is used. The panel data is collected in 2005, 2007, and 2009. Organizational commitment variables are analyzed with combined measure variables which are created after investigation of reliability and single dimensionality for multiple-item measurement details. The results of this study are as follows. First, major determinants of turnover intention are trust, communication, and talent management-oriented trend. Second, the main determining factors for organizational commitment are trust, the number of years worked, innovation, communication. CART with ensemble methods has two ensemble CART methods which are CART with Bagging and CART with Arcing. Comparing two methods, CART with Arcing (Arc-x4) extracted scenarios with very high coefficients of determination. In this study, a scenario with maximum coefficient of determinant and minimum error is obtained and practical implications are presented. Using one of data mining methods, CART with ensemble method. Also, the limitation and future research are discussed.

Comparison of Pepper Grafting Efficiency by Grafting Robot (접목로봇의 고추묘 접목 효율성 비교)

  • Kim, Hye Min;Hwang, Seung Jae
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2015
  • Manual grafting is a labor-intensive operation and highly susceptible to human error. Development of grafting robot has been considered as an effective alternative to manual grafting. The study was conducted to investigate the grafting efficiency between the domestically produced automated grafting robot and traditional manual grafting performed in a commercial plug seedling greenhouse. Plug seedlings of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) 'Buchon' and 'Anseongmatchum' were sown as scions and rootstocks, respectively on March 29, 2013. The grafting was performed by a grafting robot, amateur grafters, and professional grafters on May 31, 2013. After grafting, the seedling efficiencies and seedling characteristics were compared in terms of plant height, the number of success as well as failure of seedling grafts produced in an hour. The results showed that plant heights were most uniform in the grafts performed by the professionals that had a 0.6 cm difference whereas an uneven difference of 2.1 cm difference was observed in plug seedling grafted by an amateur. However, plug seedlings grafted by the grafting robot were found to be uniform with 1 cm plant height difference. Moreover, the maximum number of grafting processed plug seedlings per hour (667 plants) was achieved by the grafting robot on compared with the seedlings grafted (466 plants) by the professionals. Furthermore, the least failure rate of 21.7% was noted upon the usage of grafting robot than the manual grafters. Thus, the results demonstrate that the technology of automated grafting robots is the most appealing and can be employed in commercial plug seedling greenhouses to overcome the drawbacks of manual grafting.

The Design of Feature Selection Classifier based on Physiological Signal for Emotion Detection (감성판별을 위한 생체신호기반 특징선택 분류기 설계)

  • Lee, JeeEun;Yoo, Sun K.
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.11
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    • pp.206-216
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    • 2013
  • The emotion plays a critical role in human's daily life including learning, action, decision and communication. In this paper, emotion discrimination classifier is designed to reduce system complexity through reduced selection of dominant features from biosignals. The photoplethysmography(PPG), skin temperature, skin conductance, fontal and parietal electroencephalography(EEG) signals were measured during 4 types of movie watching associated with the induction of neutral, sad, fear joy emotions. The genetic algorithm with support vector machine(SVM) based fitness function was designed to determine dominant features among 24 parameters extracted from measured biosignals. It shows maximum classification accuracy of 96.4%, which is 17% higher than that of SVM alone. The minimum error features selected are the mean and NN50 of heart rate variability from PPG signal, the mean of PPG induced pulse transit time, the mean of skin resistance, and ${\delta}$ and ${\beta}$ frequency band powers of parietal EEG. The combination of parietal EEG, PPG, and skin resistance is recommendable in high accuracy instrumentation, while the combinational use of PPG and skin conductance(79% accuracy) is affordable in simplified instrumentation.

Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on White Matter Microstructure and Cognitive Functions : A Focus on Intrusion Errors (고려 홍삼이 대뇌 백질 미세구조 및 인지기능에 미치는 효과 : 침입 오류를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Hyeonseok S.;Kim, Young Hoon;Lee, Sunho;Yeom, Arim;Kang, Ilhyang;Kim, Jieun E.;Lee, Junghyun H.;Ban, Soonhyun;Lim, Soo Mee;Lee, Sun Hea
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2015
  • Objectives Although ginseng has been reported to protect neuronal cells and improve various cognitive functions, relationship between ginseng supplementation and response inhibition, one of the important cognitive domains has not been explored. In addition, effects of ginseng on in vivo human brain have not been investigated using the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The purpose of the current study is to investigate changes in intrusion errors and white matter microstructure after Korean Red Ginseng supplementation using standardized neuropsychological tests and DTI. Methods Fifty-one healthy participants were randomly allocated to the Korean Red Ginseng (n = 26) or placebo (n = 25) groups for 8 weeks. The California Verbal Learning Test was used to assess the number of intrusion errors. Intelligence quotient (IQ) was measured with the Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were evaluated using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25. The fractional anisotropy (FA) was measured from the brain DTI data. Results After the 8-week intervention, Korean Red Ginseng supplementation significantly reduced intrusion errors after adjusting age, sex, IQ, and baseline score of the intrusion errors (p for interaction = 0.005). Change in FA values in the left anterior corona radiata was greater in the Korean Red Ginseng group compared to the placebo group (t = 4.29, p = 0.04). Conclusions Korean Red Ginseng supplementation may be efficacious for improving response inhibition and white matter microstructure integrity in the prefrontal cortex.

A Study on Quotations in Five Sense Organs Division of 『Dongeuibogam』 (『동의보감(東醫寶鑑)』 오관(五官) 관련문(關聯門)의 인용문(引用文)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Choe, Hyeon-Bae;Lee, Hong-Gyu;Jung, Heon-Young
    • 대한한의정보학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.25-156
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    • 2014
  • This thesis is consisted of studying of the medical literature about Five sense of organs. Five sense of organs are the eyes, tongue, mouth, nose and ears. Five sense of organs are performed human senses which external sensory information by accepting an important feature for maintaining the biological activity to be performed. The contents was compiled up to the Donguibogam to Chinese literature and documents encompass the Korea medical literature, Donguibogam related to the senses to identify the citation of each chapter, the actual quotation through doctrine and other publications revealed that the citation is to investigate how accurately identified through studying the analysis and observation. It is as following as I observed carefully the senses of Donguibogam quotations related to each other through doctrine and publishment institution follows in order of dynasties. There are four volumes of Han-dynasty, one volume of Weijinnanbei-Era, two volumes of Tang-dynasty, nineteen volumes of SongJinYuan-dynasty, seven volumes of Ming-dynasty as Chinese medical literature. There are four volumes of Chosun-dynasty as Korean medical literature. It is the most quotation publishment that the books of SongJinYuan-dynasty of above thirty-six-volume. It is the latest quotation book that is Gujinyigan in Chinese medical literature and Euirimchwalyo in Korean medical literature. It is very positive quotation considering even Donguibogam publishment year in 1613. The reference books are four volumes of Chosun-dynasty as Korean medical literature and thirty-two-volume of Chinese medical literature. By observing the quotation frequency, 157 times in Sheyideaiofang, 115 times in Yixuerumen, 74 times in Yixuegangmu, 39 times in Wanbinghuichun, 31 times in Euibangryuchwi, 30 times in Renzhezhizhifang and Gujinyigan, 28 times in Danxixinfafuyu, 23 times Hwangdineijing, 17 times in Nanshibizang and Yixuezhengchuan. Other else books have been cited less than 10 times. It might be made error that did not find the source of the books even though cited reference, also even though defining the source of reference it is only rare reference book. As mention above, there are a lot of discovering as the feature of reference Publications. Most of all we could find out the reference literature cited in Donguibogam, however we couldn't clarify other books in original books. Thus, we should remember that it did not coincide with cited marks when studying the Donguibogam.

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Empirical Study on the Performance Analysis and Function of Jindo Coastal Vessel Traffic Service (진도 연안VTS의 성과 분석 및 기능에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Jeong, Jae-Yong;Jung, Cho-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.308-315
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    • 2012
  • Hebei Spirit Oil Spill that happened in 2007 had prompted the need of revisiting the coastal safety. In response to this, Korea had made an effort to implement VTS in every coastline in the country. There are a lot of theoretical studies on VTS function nowadays, but coastal VTS are less frequently studied. In this paper, performance analysis results and accident prevention activities of Jindo Coastal VTS center were summarized and the Coastal VTS function are investigated. Jindo Coastal VTS covers relatively wide area and various places with various maritime traffic characteristics are the major navigation vessels, which means that it is important to control these vessels. Since the probability of accidents due to human error is relatively high in coastal area due to negligence tendency of crews during coastal area navigation, coastal VTS has to provide sufficient assistance to navigating vessels. Like most harbour VTS, Coastal VTS provides not only main information service, navigational assistance and traffic organization services but also various services related with advanced search-and-rescue assistance, marine national security, maritime crime prevention, oil spill response, traffic services for non-service vessel, and safety supervision for water leisure boats.

Effective PPG Signal Processing Method for Detecting Emotional Stimulus (감성 자극 판단을 위한 효과적인 PPG 신호 처리 방법)

  • Oh, Dong-Gi;Min, Byung-Seok;Kwon, Sung-Oh;Kim, Hyun-Joong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.37 no.5C
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we propose a signal processing algorithm to measure the arousal level of a human subject using a PPG(Photoplethysmography) sensor. From the measured PPG signals, the arousal level is determined by PPI(Pulse to Pulse Interval) and discrete-time signal processing. We ran psychophysical experiments displaying visual stimuli on TV display while measuring PPG signal from a finger, where the nature landscape scenes were used for restorative effect, and the urban environments were used to stimulate the stress. However, the measured PPG signals may include noise due to subject movement and measurement error, which results in incorrect detections. In this paper, to mitigate the noise impact on stimulus detection, we propose a detecting algorithm using digital signal processing methods and statistics of measured signals. A filter is adopted to remove a high frequency noise and adaptively designed taking into account the statistics of the measured PPG signals. Moreover we employ a hysteresis method to reduce the distortion of PPI in decision of emotional. Via experiment, we show that the proposed scheme reduces signal noise and improves stimulus detection.

A Study on the Estimation of Energy Expenditure and falls measurement system for the elderly (고령자를 위한 에너지 소비 추정 및 낙상 측정 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Chae-Young;Jeon, Ki-Man;Ko, Kwang-Cheol;Koh, Kwang-Nak;Kim, Kyung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2012
  • As we are turnning into the aged society, accidents by falling down are increasing in the aged people's group. In this paper, we design the system with the 3-Axis acceleration sensor which is composed by a single chip. The body activity signal is measured with the signal detector and RF communicator in this proposed system and the and falling by the entering signal pattern analysis with 3-Axis acceleration sensor. For the RF communication, we are using nRF24L01p and 8bits ATmega uC for the processor. The error of energy expenditure estimation between motor driven treadmill and proposed a body activity module was 7.8% respectively. Human activities and falling is monitored according to analyze and judge the critical value of the Signal Vector. as falled down if they don't turn off the alarm after specific period and the aged person's after falling down activities are their position and more.