• Title/Summary/Keyword: human oral squamous carcinoma cells

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Growth Inhibition of Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas by Angelica decursiva Extracts

  • Shin, Woo-Cheol;Kim, Chun-Sung;Kim, Heung-Joong;Lee, Myoung-Hwa;Kim, Hye-Ryun;Kim, Do-Kyung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2010
  • Angelica decursiva has been used in Korean traditional medicine as an antitussive, an analgesic, an antipyretic and a cough remedy. However, the anti-cancer properties of Angelica decursiva have not yet been well defined. In our current study the cytotoxic activity of ethanol extracts of Angelica decursiva root (EEAD) and the mechanism of cell death exhibited by EEAD were examined in FaDu human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells. The cytotoxic effects of EEAD upon the growth of FaDu cells were examined with an MTT assay. In addition, the mechanism of cell death induced by EEAD was evaluated by DNA fragmentation analysis, immunoblotting and caspase activation measurements. EEAD induced apoptotic cell death in FaDu cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, as determined by MTT assay and DNA fragmentation analysis. Furthermore, the proteolytic processing of caspase-3, -7 and -9 was increased by EEAD treatment of FaDu cells. In addition, the activation of caspase-3 and -7 was detected in living FaDu cells by fluorescence microscopy. These results suggest that EEAD can induce apoptosis and suppress cell growth in cancer cells and may have utility as a future anticancer therapy.

Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in Development and Progression of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Zaid, Khaled Waleed;Chantiri, Mansour;Bassit, Ghassan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.927-932
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    • 2016
  • Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), belonging to the transforming growth factor-${\beta}$ superfamily, regulate many cellular activities including cell migration, differentiation, adhesion, proliferation and apoptosis. Use of recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in oral and maxillofacial surgery has seen a tremendous increase. Due to its role in many cellular pathways, the influence of this protein on carcinogenesis in different organs has been intensively studied over the past decade. BMPs also have been detected to have a role in the development and progression of many tumors, particularly disease-specific bone metastasis. In oral squamous cell carcinoma - the tumor type accounting for more than 90% of head and neck malignancies- aberrations of both BMP expression and associated signaling pathways have a certain relation with the development and progression of the disease by regulating a range of biological functions in the altered cells. In the current review, we discuss the influence of BMPs -especially rhBMP-2- in the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Water Extracts of Anthriscus sylvestris Leaf induces Apoptosis in FaDu Human Hypopharynx Squamous Carcinoma Cells

  • Yang, Jung Eun;Lee, Seul Ah;Moon, Sung Min;Han, Seul Hee;Choi, Yun Hee;Kim, Su-Gwan;Kim, Do Kyung;Park, Bo-Ram;Kim, Chun Sung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2017
  • Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. is a perennial herb found widely distributed in various regions of Korea, Europe, and New Zealand. The root of A. sylvestris have been extensively used in the treatment for antitussive, antipyretic, cough remedy in Oriental medicine, but the physiologically active function of the leaf of A. sylvestris is as yet unknown. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer activity and the mechanism of cell death of water extracts of leaf of Anthriscus sylvestris (WELAS), on human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Our data showed that WELAS treatment inhibited cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. In addition, the treatment of WELAS markedly induced apoptosis in FaDu cells, as determined by the viability assay, DAPI stain and FACS analysis. WELAS also increased the proteolytic cleavage of procaspase-3, -9 and PARP (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase). In addition, exposure to WELAS decreased the expression of Bcl-2 (an anti-apoptotic factor), but increased the expression of Bax (a pro-apoptotic factor), suggesting that mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathways are mediated in WELAS-induced apoptosis. Taken together, these results indicate that water extracts of leaf of A. sylvestris inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis via the mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathway in FaDu human hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Therefore, we propose that the water extracts of leaf of A. sylvestris is a novel chemotherapeutic drug, having growth inhibitory properties and induction of apoptosis in human oral cancer cells.

Induction of apoptosis by methanol extracts of Ficus carica L. in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells

  • Lee, Seul Ah;Park, Bo-Ram;Kim, Chun Sung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2020
  • Ficus carica L. (fig) is one of the first cultivated crops and is as old as humans. This plant has been extensively used as a traditional medicine for treating diseases, such as cough, indigestion, nutritional anemia, and tuberculosis. However, the physiological activity of fig leaves on oral cancer is as yet unknown. In this study, we investigated the anticancer effect of methanol extracts of Ficus carica (MeFC) and the mechanism of cell death in human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. MeFC decreased the viability of oral cancer (FaDu) cells but did not affect the viability of normal (L929) cells, as determined by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and Live and Dead assay. In addition, MeFC induced apoptosis through the proteolytic cleavage of procaspase-3, -9, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), downregulation of Bcl-2, and upregulation of Bax, as determined by 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride staining and western blot analysis. Moreover, a concentration of MeFC without cytotoxicity (0.25 mg/mL) significantly suppressed colony formation, a hallmark of cancer development, and completely inhibited the colony formation at 1 mg/mL. Collectively, these results suggest that MeFC exhibits a potent anticancer effect by suppressing the growth of oral cancer cells and colony formation via caspase- and mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathways in FaDu human hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Therefore, the methanol extract of Ficus carcica leaves provide a natural chemotherapeutic drug for human oral cancer.

Antitumor effects of octyl gallate on hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells

  • NTK, Trang;Yoo, Hoon
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.218-224
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    • 2020
  • The antitumor effects of octyl gallate (OG) were investigated on FaDu human hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. At various concentrations, OG inhibited the proliferation of FaDu cells by suppressing cell cycle regulators and induced apoptosis by activating caspase 3 and its downstream poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, thereby damaging DNA. Immunoblotting demonstrated that OG significantly suppressed the expression of integrin family proteins (integrin α4, αv, β3, β4), hindering cell adhesion. The reduced expression of integrins subsequently mediated the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway to stimulate the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases and c-jun N-terminal kinases, leading to apoptosis. Thus, OG demonstrated antitumor activity on hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells by suppressing cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis.

Lipopeptides Extract from Bacillus Amyloliquefaciens Induce Human Oral Squamous Cancer Cell Death

  • Kuo, Chen-Hui;Lin, Yun-Wei;Chen, Ruey-Shyang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2015
  • A lipopeptide extract of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BACY1 (BLE) was found to induce cell death in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines, SCC4 and SCC25, in this study. The results of MTT assay showed that BLE inhibited OSCC cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. BLE was also effective in increasing the sub-G1 phases. Furthermore, when membrane damage in SCC4 cells treated with BLE was monitored by LDH assay, release of LDH was significantly increased. The protein and mRNA levels of pro-apoptotic Bax, and caspase-3 were up-regulated by BLE. Taken together, these results suggest that BLE induces apoptosis and then inhibits the cell proliferation of human OSCC cells.

Autophagy inhibition by cudraxanthone D regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition in SCC25 cells

  • Yu, Su-Bin;Bang, Tae-Hyun;Kang, Hae-Mi;Park, Bong-Soo;Kim, In-Ryoung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2021
  • Cudraxanthone D (CD) is a natural xanthone compound derived from the root barks of Cudrania tricuspidata. However, the biological functions of CD in human metabolism have been rarely reported until now. Autophagy is the self-degradation process related to cancer cell metastasis. Here, we elucidated the effects of CD on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells' metastatic ability. We confirmed that CD effectively decreased the proliferation and viability of SCC25 human OSCC cells in time- and dose-dependent manners. Also, the metastasis phenotype of the SCC25 cell (migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition [EMT]) was inhibited by CD. To further investigate the mechanism by which CD inhibited the metastatic capacity, we detected the relationship between EMT and autophagy in the SCC25 cells. The results revealed that CD inhibited the metastasis of the SCC25 cells by attenuating autophagy. Thus, our findings produced a potential novel agent for the treatment of human OSCC metastasis.

Methanol Extracts of Codium fragile Induces Apoptosis through G1/S Cell Cycle Arrest in FaDu Human Hypopharynx Squamous Carcinoma Cells

  • Lee, Seul Ah;Park, Bo-Ram;Moon, Sung Min;Kim, Do Kyung;Kim, Chun Sung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2018
  • Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot is an edible green seaweed that belong to the Codiaceae family and has been used in Oriental medicine for the treatment of enterobiasis, dropsy, and dysuria. Methanol extract of codium fragile has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties, although the anti-cancer effect on oral cancer has not yet been reported. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer activity and the mechanism of cell death by methanol extracts of Codium fragile (MeCF) on human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Our data showed that MeCF inhibits cell viability in a dose-dependent manner, and markedly induced apoptosis, as determined by the MTT assay, Live/Dead assay, and DAPI stain. In addition, MeCF induced the proteolytic cleavage of procaspase -3, -7, -9 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase(PARP), and upregulated or downregulated the expression of mitochondrial-apoptosis factor, Bax(pro-apoptotic factor), and Bcl-2(anti-apoptotic factor). Futhermore, MeCF induced a cell cycle arrest at the G1/S phase through suppressing the expression of the cell cycle cascade proteins, p21, CDK4, CyclinD1, and phospho-Rb. Taken together, these results indicated that MeCF inhibits cell growth, and this inhibition is mediated by caspase- and mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathways through cell cycle arrest at the G1/S phase in human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Therefore, methanol extracts of Codium fragile can be provided as a novel chemotherapeutic drug due to its growth inhibition effects and induction of apoptosis in human oral cancer cells.

Coptidis Rhizoma Extract induces Apoptotic Cell Death in YD-10B Cell (황련(黃連)이 구강암 세포에서의 세포자멸사에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Geun;Park, Sook-Jahr;Kim, Sang-Chan;Jee, Seon-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.50-59
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was conducted that CRE (Coptidis Rhizoma Extract) induces apoptosis in YD-10B cells, human oral squamous carcinoma cell line. Methods : In this study, YD-10B cells were exposed to CRE (0.03-0.30 mg/ml), for 6-24 hours. We measured the effects of CRE on the changes of cell viability and cell membrane, TUNEL assay of CRE-treated YD-10B cell. Results : In this study, CRE caused a decrease of viability in YD-10B cells, human oral squamous carcinoma cell line. When YD-10B cells were treated with CRE, cells showed dose-dependent manner apoptotic cell death. Conclusions : These results suggest that CRE may be potential therapeutic approach in the clinical management of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

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Trifolium pratense induces apoptosis through caspase pathway in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells

  • Lee, Seul Ah;Park, Bo-Ram;Kim, Chun Sung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2019
  • Trifolium pratense leaves (red clover) has been used in Oriental and European folk medicine for the treatment of whooping cough, asthma, and eczema, and is now being used to treat and alleviate the symptoms, such as hot flushes, cardiovascular health effects that occur in postmenopausal women. However, relatively little scientific data is available on the physiological activity of this plant. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the anti-cancer activity of T. pratense leaves using methanol extract of T. pratense leaves (MeTP) on human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. MeTP inhibited the viability of FaDu cells by inducing apoptosis through the cleavage of procaspase-3, -7, and -9 and poly (adenosine diphosphate ribose-ribose) polymerase (PARP), downregulation of Bcl-2, and upregulation of Bax, as determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, Live & dead assay, 4'6-diamidino-2-phenylindole stain, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, and Western blot analysis. In addition, colony formation was slightly inhibited when FaDu cells were treated with a non-cytotoxic concentration (0.125 mg/mL) of MeTP and almost completely inhibited when cells were treated with 0.25 mg/mL MeTP. Collectively, these results indicate that MeTP induced cell apoptosis via caspase- and mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathways, and inhibited colony formation of cancer cells in FaDu human hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. These findings suggest MeTP should be considered for clinical development as a chemotherapeutic option in oral cancer.