• Title, Summary, Keyword: human oral squamous carcinoma cells

Search Result 74, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Effect of autophagy in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma SCC 25 cells from Scutellariae Radix by ethanol extract (에탄올에 의해 추출한 황금이 구강암 세포에서 나타나는 자가포식작용)

  • Choi, Byul Bo-Ra
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.287-292
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to examine the cell growth effect and autophagy effect of Scutellariae Radix by ethanol extract in SCC 25 cells. Methods : Cell growth inhibitory effect and autophagy induced by Scutellariae Radix were confirmed by WST-1 assay, monodansylcadaverine(MDC) stain, and flow cytometry by acridine orange(AO) stain. Results : The Scutellariae Radix treatment decreased the cell proliferation in a dose and time dependent manner. Scutellariae Radix has anticancer effects that autophagic vacuoles were apparent by MDC and AO staining in SCC 25 cells. Conclusions : Scutellariae Radix showed anticancer activity against SCC 25 cells via autophagy. The data provided the possibility that Scutellariae Radix may potentially contribute to oral cancer treatment.

Cancer Stem Cells in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Review

  • Satpute, Pranali Shirish;Hazarey, Vinay;Ahmed, Riyaz;Yadav, Lalita
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.10
    • /
    • pp.5579-5587
    • /
    • 2013
  • Research indicates that a small population of cancer cells is highly tumorigenic, endowed with the capacity for self-renewal, and has the ability to differentiate into cells that constitute the bulk of tumors. These cells are considered the "drivers" of the tumorigenic process in some tumor types, and have been named cancer stem cells (CSC). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) appears to be involved in the process leading to the acquisition of stemness by epithelial tumor cells. Through this process, cells acquire an invasive phenotype that may contribute to tumor recurrence and metastasis. CSC have been identified in human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) using markers such as CD133 and CD44 expression, and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. Head and neck cancer stem cells reside primarily in perivascular niches in the invasive fronts where endothelial-cell initiated events contribute to their survival and function. Clinically, CSC enrichment has been shown to be enhanced in recurrent disease, treatment failure and metastasis. CSC represent a novel target of study given their slow growth and innate mechanisms conferring treatment resistance. Further understanding of their unique phenotype may reveal potential molecular targets to improve therapeutic and survival outcomes in patients with HNSCC. Here, we discuss the state-of-the-knowledge on the pathobiology of cancer stem cells, with a focus on the impact of these cells on head and neck tumor progression, metastasis and recurrence due to treatment failure.

COMPARATIVE IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL ASSAYS FOR THE EXPRESSION OF ANGIOGENIC FACTORS IN TUMORS OF HUMAN SALIVARY GLANDS (타액선 종양에서 혈관형성 인자의 발현에 관한 면역조직화학적 비교 연구)

  • In, Yeon-Soo;Kim, Soung-Min;Park, Young-Wook
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.10-23
    • /
    • 2007
  • Hallmarks of clinical behaviors of adenoid cystic carcinoma(ACC) of salivary glands are the delayed onset of vascular metastasis and poor responses to classical chemotherapeutic agents. Poor prognoses from salivary ACC are caused by lung metastases that are resistant to conventional therapy. Therefore, cellular and molecular characteristics that influence the dissemination of metastatic cells are important for the design of more effective treatment of salivary ACC. Tumor angiogenesis has been known to be essential for the distant metastasis of malignant cells. So, we determined expressions of angiogenic proteins in benign (pleomorphic adenoma) and malignant (ACC, mucoepidermoid carcinoma) tumors of salivary glands and compared each other and to those in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Using surgical specimens, we performed immunohistochemical assays with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), phosphorylated VEGFR-2 (pVEGFR-2), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and interleukin (IL)-8 antibodies. Most angiogenic factors were overexpressed in malignant salivary tumors than in pleomorphic adenoma which is benign nature. Moreover, ACC demonstrated more expression of VEGFR-2 than that of squamous cell carcinoma which used as control. Conclusively, these data show those angiogenic factors produced by salivary gland tumors may affect the propagation and metastasis of malignant cells of salivary tumors, and could be used as biomarkers for the malignant transformation of salivary gland tumors. Prospectively, although further studies will be needed, these biomarkers related to angiogenesis can be molecular targets for the therapy of salivary ACC, which has propensity for delayed vascular metastasis.

An orthotopic nude mouse model of tongue carcinoma (구강암 세포주를 이종이식한 설암의 동소위 누드마우스 모델)

  • Chung, Jae-Seung;Kim, So-Mi;Hwang, Young-Sun;Zhang, Xianlan;Cha, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
    • /
    • v.37 no.6
    • /
    • pp.490-495
    • /
    • 2011
  • Introduction: Development of carcinoma on oral tongue may cause bilateral cervical lymph node metastasis, rapid invasion and growth of the cancer cells due to rich blood supply in muscle tissues. It is not only difficult to develop an animal experimental model, but also to proceed follow-up research after the development of such model as the induction of cancer lead to difficulty in taking nutrition for the experimental animals that often causes early death. Materials and Methods: IIn this study, author have transplanted YD-$10B_{mod}$ cells into nude mouse oral tongues with different cells number ($5{\times}10^4$, $5{\times}10^5$, $5{\times}10^6$ cells/mouse) and observed the development aspect of oral tongue cancers. Results: The cancer developed from orthotopic transplantation of YD-$10B_{mod}$ cells into nude mouse oral tongue show invasion and central necrosis of the tumor, similar to the cancers developed human oral tongue cancer. The difference in tumor size and the time of central necrosis development depending on the number of transplanted tumor cells shows the feasibility of extending the survival period of the nude mouse by limiting the transplanted tumor cells to < $5{\times}10^4$ cells/mouse or under per nude mouse. Conclusion: This nude mouse model could be used effectively in developing effective chemotheray agent and establishing an animal experimental model that can be used to study the mechanism of cervical lymph node metastasis of the oral tongue cancer.

Mechanism of Growth Inhibition by BCH in HEp2 Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (사람 두경부 편평세포암종 HEp2 세포에서 BCH에 의한 세포성장 억제기전)

  • Choi, Bong-Kyu;Jung, Kyu-Yong;Cho, Seon-Ho;Kim, Chun-Sung;Kim, Do-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.555-560
    • /
    • 2008
  • Amino acid transporters are essential for the growth and proliferation in all living cells. Among the amino acid transporters, the system L amino acid transporters are the major nutrient transport system responsible for the $Na^+$-independent transport of neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. The L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), an isoform of system L amino acid transporter, is highly expressed in cancer cells to support their continuous growth and proliferation. 2-Aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH) is a model compound for the study of amino acid transporter as a system L selective inhibitor. We have examined the effect and mechanism of BCH on cell growth suppression in HEp2 human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The BCH inhibited the L-leucine transport in a concentration-dependent manner with a $IC_{50}$ value of $51.2{\pm}3.8{\mu}M$ in HEp2 cells. The growth of HEp2 cells was inhibited by BCH in the timeand concentration-dependent manners. The formation of DNA ladder was not observed with BCH treatment in the cells. Furthermore, the proteolytic processing of caspase-3 and caspase-7 in the cells were not detected by BCH treatment. These results suggest that the BCH inhibits the growth of HEp2 human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma through the intracellular depletion of neutral amino acids for cell growth without apoptotic processing.

Induction of Growth Inhibition by BCH in KB Human Oral Epidermoid Carcinoma Cells (구강 편평세포암종 KB세포에서 아미노산 수송억제제 BCH에 의한 세포성장 억제)

  • Yoon, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Youn-Bae;Kim, Do-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.758-763
    • /
    • 2003
  • Amino acid transporters play an important role in supplying nutrients to normal and cancer cells for cell proliferation. System L is a major transport system responsible for the N $a^{+}$-independent, large neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), an isoform of system L amino acid transporter, is highly expressed presumably to support their continuous growth and proliferation in malignant tumors. 2-Aminobicyclo- (2,2,1) -heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH) is a model compound for study of amino acid transporter as a system L selective inhibitor. In the present study, we examined whether BCH induced growth inhibition in KB human oral squamous carcinoma cell line or not. The uptake of L-[$^{14}$ C]leucine by KB cells is inhibited by BCH in a concentration dependent manner with a Ι $C_{50}$ value of 75.3$\pm$6.2 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ and a $K_{i}$ value of 98.7$\pm$ 4.1 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. The growth of KB cells is inhibited by BCH in time dependent manner and concentration dependent manner with a Ι $C_{50}$ value of 11.1 $\pm$0.8 mM. In the DNA of KB cells treated with the various concentrations and various periods of BCH, the characteristic ladders associated with DNA fragmentation were not observed. These results suggest that BCH inhibits the growth of KB oral epidermoid carcinoma cells through the inhibition of transport of neutral amino acids into cells without DNA break down. This phenomenon will be a new rationale for anti-cancer therapy.y.

BmKn-2 Scorpion Venom Peptide for Killing Oral Cancer Cells by Apoptosis

  • Tong-ngam, Pirut;Roytrakul, Sittiruk;Sritanaudomchai, Hathaitip
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.2807-2811
    • /
    • 2015
  • Scorpion venom peptides recently have attracted attention as alternative chemotherapeutic agents that may overcome the limitations of current drugs, providing specific cytotoxicity for cancer cells with an ability to bypass multidrug-resistance mechanisms, additive effects in combination therapy and safety. In the present study, BmKn-2 scorpion venom peptide and its derivatives were chosen for assessment of anticancer activities. BmKn-2 was identified as the most effective against human oral squamous cells carcinoma cell line (HSC-4) by screening assays with an $IC_{50}$ value of $29{\mu}g/ml$. The BmKn-2 peptide killed HSC-4 cells through induction of apoptosis, as confirmed by phase contrast microscopy and RT-PCR techniques. Typical morphological features of apoptosis including cell shrinkage and rounding characteristics were observed in treated HSC-4 cells. The results were further confirmed by increased expression of pro-apoptotic genes such as caspase-3, -7, and -9 but decrease mRNA level of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 in BmKn-2 treated cells, as determined by RT-PCR assay. In summary, the BmKn-2 scorpion venom peptide demonstrates specific membrane binding, growth inhibition and apoptogenic activity against human oral cancer cells.

Apoptotic Effect of co-treatment with HS-1200 and Cisplatin on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line (HS-1200과 cisplatin의 병용처리가 사람구강암세포에 미치는 세포자멸사 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Duk-Han;Kim, In-Ryoung;Park, Bong-Soo;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Jeong, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.221-233
    • /
    • 2013
  • Bile acids are polar derivatives of cholesterol essential for the absorption of dietary lipids and regulate the transcription of genes that control cholesterol homeostasis. Recently it have been identified the synthetic chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) derivatives HS-1200 and cisplatin showed apoptisis-inducing activity on various cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. This study was undertaken to investigate the synergistic apoptotic effect of co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin on human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (SCC25 cells). To investigate whether the co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin compared to each single treatment efficiently reduces the viability of SCC25 cells, MTT assay was conducted. The induction and augmentation of apoptosis were confirmed by DNA electrophoresis, Hoechst staining and an analysis DNA hypoploidy. Westen blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining were also performed to evaluate the expression levels and the translocation of apoptosis-related proteins following this co-treatment. Furthermore, proteasome activity and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) change were also assayed. In this study, co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin on SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensations, DNA fragmentation, reduction of MMP and proteasome activity, the increase of Bax and the decrease of Bcl-2, decrease of DNA content, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, and activation of caspase-9, caspase-7, caspase-3, PARP and DFF45 (ICAD) whereas each single treated SCC25 cells did not show these patterns. Although the single treatment of $25{\mu}M$ HS-1200 and $4{\mu}g/ml$ cisplatin for 24 h did not induce apoptosis, the co-treatment of these reagents prominently induced apoptosis. Therefore our data provide the possibility that the combination therapy with HS-1200 and cisplatin could be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for human squamous cell carcinoma.

Hexane and Chloroform Fractions of Laetiporus sulphrueus var. miniatus Inhibit Thrombin-treated Matrix Metalloproteinase-2/9 Expression in Human Oral Squamous Carcinoma YD-10B Cells

  • Kim, Eun-Jung;Yoo, Kwan-Hee;Kim, Yang-Sup;Seok, Soon-Ja;Kim, Jun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
    • /
    • v.45 no.3
    • /
    • pp.175-187
    • /
    • 2017
  • Laetiporus sulphrueus var. miniatus is widely distributed worldwide, and has commonly been used as a medicinal mushroom. In the present study, we investigated the effects of water extract and solvent fractions from the Laetiporus miniatus as possible antioxidant, anti-thrombin and anti-invasive agents against phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- or thrombin-induced matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 activities. Samples were fractionated into n-hexane, $CHCl_3$, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water fractions, and individually analysed. The water fraction had the highest extraction yield at 34.90% (w/w), while the n-butanol fraction demonstrated the highest anti-oxidative activity at 81.44%. In the thrombin inhibitory activity test, the water fraction exhibited the highest activity at 94.64%. Even at the concentration of $40{\mu}g/mL$, evaluation of anti-proliferating activity in YD-10B cells did not reveal any cytotoxic effects. Although MMP-9 expression in YD-10B cells increased after the addition of PMA and thrombin, MMP-2 did not. Additionally, MMP-2/-9 levels in PMA-treated YD-10B cells (i.e., both mRNA expression and protein activation) were highly inhibited in the hexane and chloroform fractions. Compared with MMP-2 levels, MMP-9 mRNA expression and proteolytic activity were inhibited to a greater extent by the hexane and chloroform fractions in thrombin-treated YD-10B cells. Taken together, these results support that thrombin induces tumor invasion through MMP-2/9 and suggest that the L. miniatus may act as an effective functional food, conferring anti-oxidative, anti-thrombotic and anti-cancer activities.

Apoptotic Effect of Co-Treatment with Chios Gum Mastic and Eugenol on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line (사람혀편평세포암종세포에서 Chios gum mastic과 eugenol의 병용처리가 미치는 세포자멸사 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Hyeon-Jin;Yea, Byeong-Ho;Kim, In-Ryoung;Park, Bong-Soo;Jeong, Sung-Hee;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Ko, Myung-Yun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
    • /
    • v.36 no.3
    • /
    • pp.147-160
    • /
    • 2011
  • Eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol) is a natural phenolic constituent extensively used in dentistry as a component of zinc oxide eugenol cement and is applied to the mouth environment. Chios gum mastic (CGM) is a resinous exudate obtained from the stem and the main leaves of Pistacia lenticulus tree native to Mediterranean areas. This study was undertaken to investigate the synergistic apoptotic effect of co-treatment with a natural product, CGM and natural phenolic compound, eugenol on SCC25 human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line. To investigate whether the co-treatment with eugenol and CGM compared to each single treatment efficiently reduces the viability of SCC25 cells, MTT assay was conducted. Induction and augmentation of apoptosis were confirmed by Hoechst staining, TUNEL staining and DNA hypoploidy. Westen blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining were performed to study the alterations of the expression level and the translocation of apoptosis-related proteins in co-treatment. In this study, co-treatment of with eugenol and CGM on SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensations, DNA fragmentation, the increase and decrease of Bax and Bcl-2, decrease of DNA content, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, and activation of caspase-3, caspase-6 caspase-7, caspase-9, PARP, Lamin A/C and DFF45 (ICAD) whereas each single treated SCC25 cells did not show or very slightly these patterns. Although the single treatment of 40 ${\mu}g$/ml CGM and 0.5 mM eugenol for 24 h did not induce apoptosis, the co-treatment of these reagents prominently induced apoptosis. Therefore our data provide the possibility that combination therapy with CGM and eugenol could be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for human oral squamous cell carcinoma.