• Title/Summary/Keyword: human oral squamous carcinoma cells

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Mechanism of Growth Inhibition by BCH in HEp2 Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (사람 두경부 편평세포암종 HEp2 세포에서 BCH에 의한 세포성장 억제기전)

  • Choi, Bong-Kyu;Jung, Kyu-Yong;Cho, Seon-Ho;Kim, Chun-Sung;Kim, Do-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.555-560
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    • 2008
  • Amino acid transporters are essential for the growth and proliferation in all living cells. Among the amino acid transporters, the system L amino acid transporters are the major nutrient transport system responsible for the $Na^+$-independent transport of neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. The L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), an isoform of system L amino acid transporter, is highly expressed in cancer cells to support their continuous growth and proliferation. 2-Aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH) is a model compound for the study of amino acid transporter as a system L selective inhibitor. We have examined the effect and mechanism of BCH on cell growth suppression in HEp2 human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The BCH inhibited the L-leucine transport in a concentration-dependent manner with a $IC_{50}$ value of $51.2{\pm}3.8{\mu}M$ in HEp2 cells. The growth of HEp2 cells was inhibited by BCH in the timeand concentration-dependent manners. The formation of DNA ladder was not observed with BCH treatment in the cells. Furthermore, the proteolytic processing of caspase-3 and caspase-7 in the cells were not detected by BCH treatment. These results suggest that the BCH inhibits the growth of HEp2 human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma through the intracellular depletion of neutral amino acids for cell growth without apoptotic processing.

BmKn-2 Scorpion Venom Peptide for Killing Oral Cancer Cells by Apoptosis

  • Tong-ngam, Pirut;Roytrakul, Sittiruk;Sritanaudomchai, Hathaitip
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.2807-2811
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    • 2015
  • Scorpion venom peptides recently have attracted attention as alternative chemotherapeutic agents that may overcome the limitations of current drugs, providing specific cytotoxicity for cancer cells with an ability to bypass multidrug-resistance mechanisms, additive effects in combination therapy and safety. In the present study, BmKn-2 scorpion venom peptide and its derivatives were chosen for assessment of anticancer activities. BmKn-2 was identified as the most effective against human oral squamous cells carcinoma cell line (HSC-4) by screening assays with an $IC_{50}$ value of $29{\mu}g/ml$. The BmKn-2 peptide killed HSC-4 cells through induction of apoptosis, as confirmed by phase contrast microscopy and RT-PCR techniques. Typical morphological features of apoptosis including cell shrinkage and rounding characteristics were observed in treated HSC-4 cells. The results were further confirmed by increased expression of pro-apoptotic genes such as caspase-3, -7, and -9 but decrease mRNA level of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 in BmKn-2 treated cells, as determined by RT-PCR assay. In summary, the BmKn-2 scorpion venom peptide demonstrates specific membrane binding, growth inhibition and apoptogenic activity against human oral cancer cells.

Induction of Growth Inhibition by BCH in KB Human Oral Epidermoid Carcinoma Cells (구강 편평세포암종 KB세포에서 아미노산 수송억제제 BCH에 의한 세포성장 억제)

  • Yoon, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Youn-Bae;Kim, Do-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.758-763
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    • 2003
  • Amino acid transporters play an important role in supplying nutrients to normal and cancer cells for cell proliferation. System L is a major transport system responsible for the N $a^{+}$-independent, large neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), an isoform of system L amino acid transporter, is highly expressed presumably to support their continuous growth and proliferation in malignant tumors. 2-Aminobicyclo- (2,2,1) -heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH) is a model compound for study of amino acid transporter as a system L selective inhibitor. In the present study, we examined whether BCH induced growth inhibition in KB human oral squamous carcinoma cell line or not. The uptake of L-[$^{14}$ C]leucine by KB cells is inhibited by BCH in a concentration dependent manner with a Ι $C_{50}$ value of 75.3$\pm$6.2 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ and a $K_{i}$ value of 98.7$\pm$ 4.1 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. The growth of KB cells is inhibited by BCH in time dependent manner and concentration dependent manner with a Ι $C_{50}$ value of 11.1 $\pm$0.8 mM. In the DNA of KB cells treated with the various concentrations and various periods of BCH, the characteristic ladders associated with DNA fragmentation were not observed. These results suggest that BCH inhibits the growth of KB oral epidermoid carcinoma cells through the inhibition of transport of neutral amino acids into cells without DNA break down. This phenomenon will be a new rationale for anti-cancer therapy.y.

Apoptotic Effect of co-treatment with HS-1200 and Cisplatin on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line (HS-1200과 cisplatin의 병용처리가 사람구강암세포에 미치는 세포자멸사 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Duk-Han;Kim, In-Ryoung;Park, Bong-Soo;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Jeong, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.221-233
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    • 2013
  • Bile acids are polar derivatives of cholesterol essential for the absorption of dietary lipids and regulate the transcription of genes that control cholesterol homeostasis. Recently it have been identified the synthetic chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) derivatives HS-1200 and cisplatin showed apoptisis-inducing activity on various cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. This study was undertaken to investigate the synergistic apoptotic effect of co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin on human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (SCC25 cells). To investigate whether the co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin compared to each single treatment efficiently reduces the viability of SCC25 cells, MTT assay was conducted. The induction and augmentation of apoptosis were confirmed by DNA electrophoresis, Hoechst staining and an analysis DNA hypoploidy. Westen blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining were also performed to evaluate the expression levels and the translocation of apoptosis-related proteins following this co-treatment. Furthermore, proteasome activity and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) change were also assayed. In this study, co-treatment with HS-1200 and cisplatin on SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensations, DNA fragmentation, reduction of MMP and proteasome activity, the increase of Bax and the decrease of Bcl-2, decrease of DNA content, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, and activation of caspase-9, caspase-7, caspase-3, PARP and DFF45 (ICAD) whereas each single treated SCC25 cells did not show these patterns. Although the single treatment of $25{\mu}M$ HS-1200 and $4{\mu}g/ml$ cisplatin for 24 h did not induce apoptosis, the co-treatment of these reagents prominently induced apoptosis. Therefore our data provide the possibility that the combination therapy with HS-1200 and cisplatin could be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for human squamous cell carcinoma.

Hexane and Chloroform Fractions of Laetiporus sulphrueus var. miniatus Inhibit Thrombin-treated Matrix Metalloproteinase-2/9 Expression in Human Oral Squamous Carcinoma YD-10B Cells

  • Kim, Eun-Jung;Yoo, Kwan-Hee;Kim, Yang-Sup;Seok, Soon-Ja;Kim, Jun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.175-187
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    • 2017
  • Laetiporus sulphrueus var. miniatus is widely distributed worldwide, and has commonly been used as a medicinal mushroom. In the present study, we investigated the effects of water extract and solvent fractions from the Laetiporus miniatus as possible antioxidant, anti-thrombin and anti-invasive agents against phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- or thrombin-induced matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 activities. Samples were fractionated into n-hexane, $CHCl_3$, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water fractions, and individually analysed. The water fraction had the highest extraction yield at 34.90% (w/w), while the n-butanol fraction demonstrated the highest anti-oxidative activity at 81.44%. In the thrombin inhibitory activity test, the water fraction exhibited the highest activity at 94.64%. Even at the concentration of $40{\mu}g/mL$, evaluation of anti-proliferating activity in YD-10B cells did not reveal any cytotoxic effects. Although MMP-9 expression in YD-10B cells increased after the addition of PMA and thrombin, MMP-2 did not. Additionally, MMP-2/-9 levels in PMA-treated YD-10B cells (i.e., both mRNA expression and protein activation) were highly inhibited in the hexane and chloroform fractions. Compared with MMP-2 levels, MMP-9 mRNA expression and proteolytic activity were inhibited to a greater extent by the hexane and chloroform fractions in thrombin-treated YD-10B cells. Taken together, these results support that thrombin induces tumor invasion through MMP-2/9 and suggest that the L. miniatus may act as an effective functional food, conferring anti-oxidative, anti-thrombotic and anti-cancer activities.

Apoptotic Effect of Co-Treatment with Chios Gum Mastic and Eugenol on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line (사람혀편평세포암종세포에서 Chios gum mastic과 eugenol의 병용처리가 미치는 세포자멸사 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Hyeon-Jin;Yea, Byeong-Ho;Kim, In-Ryoung;Park, Bong-Soo;Jeong, Sung-Hee;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Ko, Myung-Yun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.147-160
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    • 2011
  • Eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol) is a natural phenolic constituent extensively used in dentistry as a component of zinc oxide eugenol cement and is applied to the mouth environment. Chios gum mastic (CGM) is a resinous exudate obtained from the stem and the main leaves of Pistacia lenticulus tree native to Mediterranean areas. This study was undertaken to investigate the synergistic apoptotic effect of co-treatment with a natural product, CGM and natural phenolic compound, eugenol on SCC25 human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line. To investigate whether the co-treatment with eugenol and CGM compared to each single treatment efficiently reduces the viability of SCC25 cells, MTT assay was conducted. Induction and augmentation of apoptosis were confirmed by Hoechst staining, TUNEL staining and DNA hypoploidy. Westen blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining were performed to study the alterations of the expression level and the translocation of apoptosis-related proteins in co-treatment. In this study, co-treatment of with eugenol and CGM on SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensations, DNA fragmentation, the increase and decrease of Bax and Bcl-2, decrease of DNA content, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, and activation of caspase-3, caspase-6 caspase-7, caspase-9, PARP, Lamin A/C and DFF45 (ICAD) whereas each single treated SCC25 cells did not show or very slightly these patterns. Although the single treatment of 40 ${\mu}g$/ml CGM and 0.5 mM eugenol for 24 h did not induce apoptosis, the co-treatment of these reagents prominently induced apoptosis. Therefore our data provide the possibility that combination therapy with CGM and eugenol could be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for human oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Cancer Chemoprevention Effects of Geldanamycin and 17-AAG in Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Geldanamycin과 17-AAG가 구강편평세포암종 세포주에 미치는 암예방 효과)

  • Lee, Eun Ju
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.462-469
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    • 2018
  • HSP90 regulates various proteins involved in differentiation and cell survival. Levels of HSP90 tend to increase during development of squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck including the mouth. Thus, many studies have been conducted to treat these cancers through suppression of HSP90. This study investigated the effect of two HSP90 inhibitors, geldanamycin and 17-AAG, on the proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion of human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. Cell survival and cell cycle analyses, as well as western blot analysis, were performed with oral cancer cell lines, YD-10B and YD-38. After treatment with HSP90 inhibitors, cell proliferation was significantly inhibited. When YD-10B and YD-38 cells were treated with various concentrations of geldanamycin and 17-AAG (0, 0.1, 0.3, 1 and $10{\mu}M$) for 24 hr, the growth of YD-10B cells was markedly reduced compared to that of YD-38 cells. Thereafter, the cells were subjected to flow cytometry, which revealed G2 arrest. These results demonstrated that geldanamycin induced G2 arrest and inhibited cell proliferation through the $p-GSK-3{\beta}$ pathway in YD-10B and YD-38 cells, thus inhibiting cell survival. HSP90 inhibitors are therefore expected to have a therapeutic effect on various cancer cell lines.

Menadione (Vitamin K3) Induces Apoptosis of Human Oral Cancer Cells and Reduces their Metastatic Potential by Modulating the Expression of Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Markers and Inhibiting Migration

  • Suresh, Shruthy;Raghu, Dinesh;Karunagaran, Devarajan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5461-5465
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    • 2013
  • Oral cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers worldwide, decreasing the patient's survival rate due to tumor recurrence and metastasis. Menadione (Vitamin K3) is known to exhibit cytotoxicity in various cancer cells but the present study focused on its effects on viability, apoptosis, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), anchorage independent growth and migration of oral cancer cells. The results show that menadione is more cytotoxic to SAS (oral squamous carcinoma) cells but not to non-tumorigenic HEK293 and HaCaT cells. Menadione treatment increased the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, Bax and p53, with a concurrent decrease in anti-apoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 and p65. Menadione induced the expression of E-cadherin but reduced the expression of EMT markers, vimentin and fibronectin. Menadione also inhibited anchorage independent growth and migration in SAS cells. These findings reveal and confirm that menadione is a potential candidate in oral cancer therapy as it exhibits cytotoxic, antineoplastic and antimigratory effects besides effectively blocking EMT in oral cancer cells.

Ubiquitin D Promotes Progression of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma via NF-Kappa B Signaling

  • Song, An;Wang, Yi;Jiang, Feng;Yan, Enshi;Zhou, Junbo;Ye, Jinhai;Zhang, Hongchuang;Ding, Xu;Li, Gang;Wu, Yunong;Zheng, Yang;Song, Xiaomeng
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.468-480
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    • 2021
  • Ubiquitin D (UBD) is highly upregulated in many cancers, and plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiological processes of cancers. However, its roles and underlying mechanisms in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of UBD in patients with OSCC. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to measure the expression of UBD in OSCC tissues. Immunohistochemistry assay was used to detect the differential expressions of UBD in 244 OSCC patients and 32 cases of normal oral mucosae. In addition, CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays were performed to evaluate the effect of UBD on the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in OSCC. Furthermore, a xenograft tumor model was established to verify the role of UBD on tumor formation in vivo. We found that UBD was upregulated in human OSCC tissues and cell lines and was associated with clinical and pathological features of patients. Moreover, the overexpression of UBD promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells; however, the knockdown of UBD exerted the opposite effects. In this study, our results also suggested that UBD promoted OSCC progression through NF-κB signaling. Our findings indicated that UBD played a critical role in OSCC and may serve as a prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for OSCC treatment.

Mechanism Underlying a Proteasome Inhibitor, Lactacystin-Induced Apoptosis on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells (사람혀편평상피세포암종세포에서 proteasome 억제제인 lactacystin에 의해 유도된 세포자멸사의 기전에 대한 연구)

  • Baek, Chul-Jung;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon;Kim, In-Ryoung;Lee, Seung-Eun;Kwak, Hyun-Ho;Park, Bong-Soo;Tae, Il-Ho;Ko, Myung-Yun;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.261-276
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    • 2009
  • Lactacystin, a microbial natural product synthesized by Streptomyces, has been commonly used as a selective proteasome inhibitor in many studies. Proteasome inhibitors is known to be preventing the proliferation of cancer cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Furthermore, proteasome inhibitors, as single or combined with other anticancer agents, are suggested as a new class of potential anticancer agents. This study was undertaken to examine in vitro effects of cytotoxicity and growth inhibition, and the molecular mechanism underlying induction of apoptosis in SCC25 human tongue sqaumous cell carcinoma cell line treated with lactacystin. The viability of SCC25 cells, human normal keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and human gingiva fibroblasts (HGF-1 cells), and the growth inhibition of SCC25 cells were assessed by MTT assay and clonogenic assay respectively. The hoechst staining, hemacolor staining and TUNEL staining were conducted to observe SCC25 cells undergoing apoptosis. SCC25 cells were treated with lactacystin, and Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, FAScan flow cytometry, MMP activity, and proteasome activity were performed. Lactacystin treatment of SCC25 cells resulted in a time- and does-dependent decrease of cell viability and a does-dependent inhibition of cell growth, and induced apoptotic cell death. Interestingly, lactacytin remarkably revealed cytotoxicity in SCC25 cells but not normal cells. And tested SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensation, DNA fragmentation, the reduction of MMP and proteasome activity, the decrease of DNA contents, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, the translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, the up-regulation of Bax, and the activation of caspase-7, caspase-3, PARP, lamin A/C and DFF45 (ICAD). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that lactacystin resulted in G1 arrest in cell cycle progression which was associated with up-regulation in the protein expression of CDK inhibitors, $p21^{WAF1/CIP1}$ and $p27^{KIP1}$. We presented data indicating that lactacystin induces G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptois via proteasome, mitochondria and caspase pathway in SCC25 cells. Therefore our data provide the possibility that lactacystin could be as a novel therapeutic strategy for human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.