• Title, Summary, Keyword: humic monomer

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.025 seconds

Transformation of Nitroaromatics and Their Reduced Metabolites by Oxidative Coupling Reaction (Oxidative Coupling에 의한 Nitroaromatics와 그 환원대사산물의 전환)

  • Ahn, Mi-Youn;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.239-245
    • /
    • 1998
  • To investigate the formation of bound residue with soil organic materials by oxidative coupling, nitroaromatics and their reduced metabolites, the insecticide parathion and the herbicide asulam were incubated with oxidoreductase, laccase or horseradish peroxidase, in the presence or absence of humic monomers. Most of aminotoluenes and amino-nitrophenols were completely transformed while most of nitrotoluenes and nitrophenols remained unchanged by a lactase or horseradish peroxidase in the presence or absence of humic monomers. Amino-nitrotoluenes were not transformed without humic monomers, but the addition of various humic monomers caused a considerable difference in the transformation of amino-nitrotoluenes by a lactase or horseradish peroxidase. Amino-nitrotoluenes were most transformed in the presence of catechol, syringaldehyde and protocatechuic acid. The insecticide parathion with nitro group and its metabolite were not mostly transformed in the presence or absence of humic monomers. The herbicide asulam with amino group remained unchanged without humic monomers as well, but the stimulating effect on the transformation of asulam was caused by the addition of catechol, syringaldehyde, protocatechuic acid or caffeic acid with a lactase.

  • PDF

Oxidative Coupling of Herbicide Propanil and Its Metabolite, DCA(3,4-dichloroaniline) to Humic Monomers (제초제 Propanil 및 그 분해산물인 DCA(3,4-dichloroaniline)와 Humic Monomer들과의 산화적 짝지움반응)

  • Kwon, Tae-Dong;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.41 no.5
    • /
    • pp.384-389
    • /
    • 1998
  • The herbicide propanil and its metabolite, DCA were incubated with oxidative catalysts in the presence or absence of humic monomers to evaluate the incorporation of them into humic substances. Propanil and DCA underwent little or no transformation by oxidatve catalysts in the absence of humic monomers. In the presence of humic monomers, the most effective co-substrate for transformation of propanil was syringic acid by laccase and HRP, that of DCA was catechol by laccase and HRP, and protocatechuic acid by birnessite. The transformation of DCA was the highest when it was incubated with catechol at pH 8.0 during 24 hrs by laccase, and with catechol at pH 3.0 during 2 hrs by HRP, and with protocatechuic acid at pH 5.0 during 2 hrs by birnessite. The DCA transformation increased with increasing concentration of humic monomers. The transformation of DCA was increased with about 5 times when it was incubated with lactase and birnessite together than lactase alone, but that of it was not effected when it was incubated with HRP and birnessite together. When DCA was incubated with dissolved organic carbon in the presence of oxidative catalysts, the transformation of it was not increased by laccase and birnessite but increased by HRP.

  • PDF

Effects of soil organic matter and oxidoreductase on adsorption and desorption of herbicide oxadiazon in soils (제초제 oxadiazon의 토양 흡탈착에 미치는 유기물의 함량과 산화환원효소의 영향)

  • Lee, Wan-Seok;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.3
    • /
    • pp.70-78
    • /
    • 1998
  • Dissipation, adsorption and desorption of oxadiazon were examined in two soils containing different amounts of soil organic matter. In addition, reactivity of oxadiazon with humic monomers was searched to clarify binding mechanism of oxadiazon to soil organic matter in the presence of a laccase of Myceliophthera thermophila. Half lives of oxadiazon were 38 days in Soil I and 45 days in Soil II. Freundlich constant, k values of fresh soils were higher than those of oxidized soils. Adsorption rates of oxadiazon were increased 17.1% in Soil I and 9.3% in Soil II in the presence of a laccase but no significant increase was observed in oxidized soils. Desorption rates of oxadiazon in fresh soils were lower than those in oxidized soils. Desorption rates of adsorbed oxadiazon in soils addes with the enzyme were not changed in oxidized soils but decreased in fresh soils. The herbicide oxadiazon alone underwent no transformation by a laccase but in the presence of catechol, guaiacol and gallic acid as humic monomer, transformation rates of it were from 20% to 24%.

  • PDF

Transformation of Pentachlorophenol by Oxidoreductive Catalysts (산화환원 촉매에 의한 Pentachlorophenol의 Transformation)

  • Park, Jong-Woo;Lee, Yun-Ki;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.330-335
    • /
    • 1999
  • Pentachlorophenol(PCP), which is very persistent in soil and water environment, was tried to detoxify with oxidoreductive catalysts(peroxidase, laccase, tyrosinase and birnessite). To find out detoxification of PCP, the transformation of PCP through oxidative coupling was investigated in the presence of various oxidoreductive catalysts. PCP incubated with peroxidase was significantly transformed, however, in case of tyrosinase, the transformation was negligible. Using peroxidase, the optimal reaction condition was pH 5.6 and $16^{\circ}C$. The transformation of PCP was very fast in initiation step until 30 min but, that was not observed after 180 min. The transformation of PCP was increased by increasing peroacidase amount. When the effect of humic monomer was investigated as co-substrate on the transformation of PCP, the transformation of PCP was mostly decreased in the incubation with peroxidase, laccase, and birnessite. The transformation of PCP, however, was slightly increased by the incubation with tyrosinase in the presence of humic monomers as co-substrate, except catechol. On the basis of the results obtained, it may be suggested that PCP is able to be effectively detoxified through oxidative coupling mediated with oxidoreductive catalysts.

  • PDF

A Review on the Chemistry of Soil Organic Matter - Progress in the Study on the Chemical Structure of Humic Substances - (토양(土壤) 유기물(有機物)의 생성(生成)과 성상(性狀) "부식물(腐植物)의 화학구조(化學構造) 연구(硏究)의 진전(進展)에 대하여")

  • Lim, Sun-Uk
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.127-144
    • /
    • 1979
  • Recent trend in the studies on the forming processes, chemical characteristics and chemical structure of humic substances with some discussions are reviewed and some arguments for the elucidation of the chemical structure of humic substances are summarized.

  • PDF