• Title, Summary, Keyword: hyaluronidase

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Effects of Allergy Related Drugs on Rat Peritioneal Mast Cells in Hyaluronidase Activity and Histamine Release (수종의 알레르기 관련 약물이 흰쥐의 복강내 비만세포에서 Hyaluronidase 및 히스타민 유리에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Shin-Ae;Kim, Ku-Ja;Hah, Jong-Sik
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 1988
  • Type I allergic reaction and it's related clinical manifestations are known to occur by the effects of various chemical mediators. These chemical mediators are released from circulating basophils and tissue mast cells, which become 'sensitized' through the binding of antigens and antibodies of the IgE type to their cell surface receptors. Efforts to elucidate the mechanism of the release of these mediators, especially that of histamine, have been persued for years. The mechanism is not yet clarified at the present time. Recent reports of hyaluronidase, an enzyme known to be involved in the tissue inflammatory process, as possible participant in type I allergic reaction, initiated this study. Relationships between the hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from the sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells were investigated. Also anti-allergic agents, tranilast and disodium cromoglycate, along with known histamine releasers, morphine and compound 48/80, were used to observe the inhibitory and stimulatory effects of these substances on the hyaluronidase activity as well as histamine release from the rat mast cells. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) Hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from sensitiaed rat peritoneal mast cells started to increase on the 4th day of postsensitization. Hyaluronidase activity reached it's peak value on the 7th day of postsensitization and that of histamine release on the 14th day of postsensitization. 2) Hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells, pre-treated with tranilast revealed significant decrease in comparison with those of non-treated cells. 3) Hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells, pre-treated with tranilast, followed by morphine injection, revealed significant increase in comparison with those of tranilast treated cells. 4) In vitro study of hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from un-sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells, using morphine and compound 48/80 as activators, revealed significant increase compared to those of non-activator used cells. 5) In vitro study of hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from un-sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells, pre-treated with tranilast and disodium cromoglycate, using confound 48/80 and morphine as activators revealed significant decrease in comparison with those of tranilast and disodium cromoglycate treated cells. From above results, participation of enzyme hyaluronidase in the process of histamine release from sensitized rat pertioneal mast cells, could be suggested. It was also quite evident that the clinically used anti-allergic agents, tranilast and disodium cromoglycate, have significant inhibitory function on the hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells, while morphine significantly increased the hyaluronidase activity and histamine release from sensitized rat peritoneal mast cells.

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Effects of Hyaluronidase during In Vitro Maturation on Maturation and Developmental Competence in Porcine Oocytes

  • Jeon, Ye-Eun;Hwangbo, Yong;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.86-92
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was to investigate effects of hyaluronidase during IVM on oocyte maturation, oxidative stress status, expression of cumulus expansion-related (PTX, pentraxin; GJA1, gap junction protein alpha 1; PTGS2, prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2) and fatty acid metabolism-related (FADS1, delta-6 desaturase; FADS2, delta-5 desaturase; PPARα, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha) mRNA, and embryonic development of porcine oocytes. The cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were incubated with 0.1 mg/mL hyaluronidase for 44 h. Cumulus expansion was measured at 22 h after maturation. At 44 h after maturation, nuclear maturation, intracellular glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were measured. Gene expression in cumulus cells was analyzed using real time PCR. The cleavage rate and blastocyst formation were evaluated at Day 2 and 7 after insemination. In results, expansion of cumulus cells was suppressed by treatment of hyaluronidase at 22 h after maturation. Intracellular GSH level was reduced by hyaluronidase treatment (p < 0.05). On the other hand, hyaluronidase increased ROS levels in oocytes (p < 0.05). Only PTGS2 mRNA was enhanced in COCs by hyaluronidase (p < 0.05). Population of oocytes reached at metaphase II stage was higher in control group than hyaluronidase treated group (p < 0.05). Both of cleavage rate and blastocyst formation were higher in control group than hyaluronidase group (p < 0.05). Our present results showed that developmental competence of porcine oocytes could be reduce by hyaluronidase via inducing oxidative stress during maturation process and it might be associated with prostaglandin synthesis. Therefore, we suggest that suppression of cumulus expansion of COCs could induce oxidative stress and decrease nuclear maturation via reduction of GSH synthesis and it caused to decrease developmental competence of mammalian oocytes.

Anaphylactic Shock Caused by the Epidurally-Administered Hyalurinidase

  • Lee, Hae-Kwang;Choi, Eun-Joo;Lee, Pyung-Bok;Nahm, Francis Sahngun
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.221-225
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    • 2011
  • Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that has temporary and reversible enzymatic effects on the matrix of connective tissue. When added to local anesthetics in pain treatments, it enhances their infiltration and dispersal into tissues. It is widely used in anesthesia for ocular, dental, and plastic surgery. Reports of drug hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase are rare and are usually confined to peribulbar or retrobulbar anesthesia during ophthalmic surgery. However, few reports exist on adverse drug reaction after epidural injection. We have observed two patients experiencing anaphylactic shock caused by hyaluronidase following epidural injection. Most of the patients with a hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase had one previous uneventful injection containing hyaluronidase, implying that sensitization had taken place. However, hypersensitivity occurring at the first administration is possible. A positive skin test can help establish the diagnosis. Although rare, the possibility of an allergic reaction to hyaluronidase should be considered even in patients with no known previous exposure.

Delayed Allergic Reaction to Secondary Administrated Epidural Hyaluronidase

  • Park, A Reum;Kim, Woong Mo;Heo, Bong Ha
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.153-155
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    • 2015
  • We are reporting a rare case of a delayed hypersensitivity reaction caused by hyaluronidase allergy following a lumbar transforaminal epidural block. Using an intradermal skin test, we have provided evidence that the systemic allergic reaction resulted from hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase. To our knowledge, this is a rare case of a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to epidural hyaluronidase, comprised of an initial exposure to hyaluronidase with no subsequent allergic response in prior block followed by a subsequent delayed reaction to hyaluronidase during a second epidural block.

Hyaluronidase Inhibitors from Moutan Cortex Radicis (목단피의 Hyaluronidase 저해물질)

  • Jeong, Sei-Joon;Ahn, Nyeon-Hyung;Kim, Youn-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.44-47
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    • 1998
  • From the 60% aqueous methanolic fraction of Moutan Cortex Radicis two hyaluronidase inhibitors were isolated and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. Their structures were identified as paeoniflorin (com-pound I) and oxypaeoniflorin (compound II). Compound I and II exhibited hyaluronidase inhibitory activities with $IC_{50}$ of 1.71 and 1.73mM, respectively.

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Tyrosinase, Hyaluronidase Inhibitory Effect and Antioxidant Activity of Medicinal Plants (약용식물의 Tyrosinase, Hyaluronidase 저해효과 및 항산화 활성)

  • Cha, Bae-Cheon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate tyrosinase inhibitory effect, hyaluronidase inhibitory effect and antioxidant activity by DPPH radical scavenging method on the MeOH extract of 50 species medicinal plant for screening of functional properties. As a result, Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne extract among 50 species medicinal plant turned out to be having tyrosinase, hyaluronidase inhibitory effect and antioxidant activity. The major component of tyrosinase and hyaluronidase inhibitory effect was isolated from EtOAc extract of Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne. And the component of antioxidant activity was isolated from n-BuOH extract of Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne. Their structure of compounds were identified as oleanolic acid and (-)-epicatechin by spectroscopic evidence, respectively.

Hyaluronidase Inhibitor from Uncariae Ramulus et Uncus (조구등의 Hyaluronidase 저해물질)

  • Jeong, Sei-Joon;Ko, Yong-Seok;Ahn, Nyeon-Hyung;Kim, Youn-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.169-172
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    • 1998
  • Hyaluronidase is one of the mucopolysaccharide-splitting enzyme and is related to the permeability of the vascular system and inflammation. An anti-hyaluronidase assay guided fractionation of the methanolic extract of Uncariae Ramulus et Uncus has furnished a pentacyclic triterpene, ursolic acid (compound I). Compound I exhibited hyaluronidase inhibitory activity with $IC_{50}$ value of 0.15 mM, and disodium cromoglycate showed the inhibitory activity with $IC_{50}$ value of 1.78 mM as a positive control.

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Screening of Hyaluronidase Inhibitory Activity Using a Microplate Assay (Microplate방법을 이용한 Hyaluronidase 저해 활성 검색)

  • Jeong, Sei-Joon;Kim, Na-Young;Ahn, Nyeon-Hyoung;Kim, Youn-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1997
  • The aqueous and methanolic extracts of 110 crude drugs were screened for hyaluronidase inhibitory activity using a microplate assay. Among them, MeOH extract of 15 crude drugs inhibited more than 80% of hyauluronidase activity at the concentration of 5mg/ml. The active principles of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rhei Rhizoma, Ephedrae Herba, Pteropi Faeces and Ginseng Radix alba were transferred into organic solvents.

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Hyaluronidase Inhibitory Activity of Extracts from Doenjang, Chungkookjang and Miso (된장, 청국장 및 미소추출물의 Hyaluronidase 저해활성)

  • Ahn, Sun-Kyung;Hong, Kwang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.1119-1123
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    • 2005
  • The inhibitory effects of water and methanol extracts of Doenjang, Chungkookjang and Miso on bovine hyaluronidase were examined. The extracts were vacuum-dried and the resulting pellets were dissolved with 0.1 M acetate buffer with 1$\%$ DMSO to a final concentration of 50 mg/mL. The water extracts of Doenjang, Chungkookjang and Miso inhibited 62$\%$, 70$\% $, 56$\%$ of hyaluronidase activity, respectively, while the extract of crushed soybean inhibited 24$\%$ of the activity. Under the same condition, disodiumcromoglycate known as an anti-allergic drug inhibited 46$\%$ of hyaluronidase activity at the concentration of 0.35 mg/mL as a positive control. Also the methanol extracts of Doenjang, Chungkookjang and Miso inhibited 48$\%$, 52$\%$, 70$\%$ of hvaluronidase activity, respectively, while the extract of crushed soybean inhibited 46$\%$ of the activity. After heat treatment of the water extracts of Doenjang, Chungkookjang and Miso at 100"C for 10 min, hyaluronidase inhibitory effects of them were reduced approximately to half. However, hyaluronidase inhibitory effects of methanol extracts were maintained well even after heat treatment.

Parthenogenetic development of mouse eggs I. Parthenogenetic activation by ethanol and hyaluronidase treatments (생쥐 난자의 단위발생에 관한 연구 I. Ethanol 및 hyaluronidase처리에 의한 단위발생유기)

  • Lee, Hyo-jong;Ha, Dae-sik;Kang, Tae-young;Choi, Min-cheol
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.663-669
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    • 1992
  • This experiment was carried out to find out the best condition for the parthenogenetic activation of mouse eggs by treating ethanol and hyaluronidase. For the parthenogenetic activation of eggs with ethanol, cumulus cell enclosed or denuded eggs were treated with 7% ethanol in D-PBS for 5, 7 or 9 minutes. For the activation of eggs with hyaluronidase, the eggs with cumulus masses were released into D-PBS with 100 unit hyaluronidase and treated for 10, 12 or 13 minutes. All of the treated eggs were incubated in BMOC-3 solution for 5 hours at $37^{\circ}C$ at an atmosphere of 5% $CO_2$ in air. The types of parthenogenetic eggs were morphologically classified into haploid, diploid, immediate cleavage eggs under an inverted microscope. The results obtained in this experiment were summarized as follows ; 1. High activation rate(99%) had been achieved by treating the eggs with 7% ethanol for 7 minutes. 2. With 100 IU hyaluronidase, high activation rate (94%) had been achieved by treating for 12 minutes. 3. The most frequent type of parthenogenetic eggs activated with ethanol or hyaluronidase was haploid (p<0.05). 4. The eggs collected from 18 to 22 hours post HCG injection showed higher activation rate than the eggs collected at 16 hours post HCG injection. 5. No significant difference (p>0.05) in activation rate was shown in strain of mouse and in presence of cumulus cells.

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