• Title, Summary, Keyword: hyperadrenocorticism

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Severe pulmonary mineralization in a dog with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism: a case report

  • Yoon, Ji-Seon;Kang, Seongwoo;Park, Jinho;Choi, Jihye;Yu, DoHyeon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.223-226
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    • 2019
  • A 7-year-old, spayed female Chihuahua with dyspnea, intermittent cyanosis, and dermal plaques was diagnosed with hyperadrenocorticism. Thoracic radiographs showed markedly hyperdense alveoli in multiple lung lobes. Computed tomography (CT) images showed lung mineralization confined to the lung parenchyma and pituitary macroadenoma. Pulmonary mineralization secondary to hyperadrenocorticism is commonly found on histopathologic examination. However, those lesions are rarely identified radiographically. We describe obvious pulmonary mineralization secondary to hyperadrenocorticism found on radiographs and present the first report regarding CT imaging of the mineralization. Pulmonary mineralization should be considered when a dog affected by hyperadrenocorticism shows diffuse lung mineralization on radiographs.

Use of selegiline in 3 Cases of Canine Pituitary-dependent Hyperadrenocorticism (개의 뇌하수체 의존성 부신 피질 기능 항진증에서의 selegiline 적용)

  • 김주민;황철용;윤정희;윤화영;한홍율
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.455-460
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    • 2002
  • Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) was diagnosed with history taking, physical examination, complete blood count, serum chemistry profiles, abdominal radiology, ultrasonography and adrenal function tests in 3 dogs. Their clinical signs were polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, bilateral symmetrical truncal alopecia and secondary infection in skin or urinary tract. Especially one dog showed severe clinical signs such as calcinosis cutis and delayed wound healing. These 3 dogs were diagnosed as PDH, and treated with selegiline 1-2 mg/kg /ay sid PO. 2 dogs with clinical signs of PDH were disappeared and improved, but 1 dog with severe illness progressed gradually despite of selegiline and mitotane application, and eventually died.

Clinical and Clinicopathological Findings of Naturally Occurring Hyperadrenocorticism in Dogs: A Retrospective Study of 17 Cases

  • Kang, Sang-Gil;Yoo, Jong-Hyun;Park, Chul;Park, Hee-Myung
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.476-481
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    • 2008
  • A retrospective study of 17 dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) was performed to evaluate the clinical and clinicopathological outcomes in dogs with pituitary-dependent HAC or adrenal gland-dependent HAC. Sixteen dogs were monitored at day 10, 30 and 90 then every 3 month after first presentation. In each examination, physical examination and ACTH stimulation test and client questionnaire were performed. In 17 cases, eight dogs were successfully treated with mitotane therapy (median dose 16.7 mg/kg; range 5.3 to 50 mg/kg, SID); another one dog showed favorable response, but the clients declined to further treatment before the full control of the disease had been achieved; four dogs showed poor response to treatment. One dog was euthanized due to septicemia. These results showed canine HAC can be medically managed successfully without side effects at the doses used in this study.

Ultrasonographic evaluation of skin thickness in small breed dogs with hyperadrenocorticism

  • Heo, Seonghun;Hwang, Taesung;Lee, Hee Chun
    • Journal of Veterinary Science
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.840-845
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to propose a standard for differentiation between normal dogs and patients with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) by measuring skin thickness via ultrasonography in small breed dogs. Significant changes in skin thickness of patients treated with prednisolone (PDS) or patients with HAC treated with trilostane were evaluated. Skin thickness was retrospectively measured on three abdominal digital images obtained from small breed dogs weighing < 15 kg that underwent abdominal ultrasonography. Mean skin thickness of normal dogs was $1.03{\pm}0.25mm$ (mean ${\pm}$ SD). Both the HAC and PDS groups showed significantly thinner skin than that in the normal group. Seven of the 10 HAC patients treated with trilostane had increased skin thickness. The area under the curve value of 0.807 was based on the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve for differentiating normal dogs from HAC patients. Sensitivity was 76% and specificity was 73% when skin thickness was less than the 0.83 mm cutoff value. In conclusion, measurement of skin thickness in small breed dogs by using ultrasonography is likely to provide clinical information useful in differentiating HAC patients from normal dogs. However, exposure to PDS, trilostane, and other conditions may have a significant effect on skin thickness.

Diagnosis of Mammary Carcinoma in a Castrated Male Maltese Dog

  • Park, Ju-Hyang;Noh, Da-Ji;Lee, Seoung-Woo;Jung, Dong-Uk;Park, Jin-Kyu;Lee, Ki-Ja
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.278-281
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    • 2019
  • A 12-year-old castrated male Maltese dog was presented with a small-sized mass at the left fifth mammary gland. The dog had concurrent poorly responsive pruritus affecting the feet, pinnae, and trunk, a cystolith, and biliary sludge. Serum chemistry revealed elevated liver enzymes. The mammary gland mass was cytologically diagnosed as an early-stage mammary simple carcinoma and was surgically excised. Nine months after the diagnosis of the mammary carcinoma, hyperadrenocorticism was confirmed by adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test. This report describes the clinical signs, diagnostic imaging findings, and prognosis in a castrated male Maltese dog with mammary carcinoma.

Fecal microbiota analysis of obese dogs with underlying diseases: a pilot study

  • Park, Hyung Jin;Lee, Sang Eun;Kim, Hyeun Bum;Kim, Jae Hoon;Seo, Kyoung Won;Song, Kun Ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.205-208
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    • 2015
  • Ten dogs were enrolled in this study: two healthy dogs, two obese dogs without other medical issues and six obese dogs with underlying diseases including pemphigus, chronic active hepatitis, hyperadrenocorticism, narcolepsy, otitis media and heartworm infection. Pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene to explore the gut bacterial diversity revealed that distal gut bacterial communities of samples from patients with pemphigus, otitis media and narcolepsy consisted primarily of Firmicutes, while the major phylum of the distal gut bacterial communities in patients with chronic active hepatitis and hyperadrenocorticism was Fusobacteria. Proteobacteria were the dominant phylum in heartworm infected obese patients.

Mitotane Therapy and Management of Naturally Occurring Pituitary Dependent Hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) in a Dog (개에서 자연발생한 뇌하수체 의존성 부신피질기능 항진증의 치료 및 관리)

  • Song, Jae-won;Park, Hee-Myung
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.233-236
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    • 2003
  • A 10 year old, intact female Yorkshire terrier was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Konkuk University. Upon admission, the patient had severe necrotic skin disease on face and abdominal wall, and also showed polyuria, polydipsia (PUPD), and polyphagia. A tentatative diagnosis of hyperadrenocorticism was made on the basis of history takings, physical examination, and results of CBC and serum biochemistry. Hyperadrencorticism was confirmed by ACTH stimulation test and pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) was diagnosed according to the results of high dose dexamethasone suppression test (HDDST). After initiating mitotane therapy, severe skin problem and clinical signs including PUPD were improved. And we determined whether or not mitotane therapy well controlled serum cortisol level with ACTH stimulation test. This case was presented to show that the patient misdiagnosed and treated for more than 1 year as other dermatologic problem in 3 local animal clinics was treated and managed sucessfully with mitotane administration.

Pulmonary Mineralization Secondary to Iatrogenic Hyperadrenocorticism in a Dog (개에서 발생한 의인성 부신피질기능항진증과 속발성 폐 석회화 진단 1례)

  • Park, Noh-Won;Chung, Wook-Hun;Han, Jae-Ik;Eom, Ki-Dong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.233-236
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    • 2014
  • An 11-year-old, intact male Shih Tzu presented with obesity, thin hair coat, and abdominal distention. The patient had previously received corticosteroid therapy for dermatitis. Thoracic radiographs showed incidental findings of a generally diffuse bronchointerstitial pattern and markedly radiolucent pleural lines between the middle and caudal lung lobes, but clinical signs related to the thoracic radiographic findings were absent. Echogenicity of the hepatic parenchyma was increased and bilateral adrenal glands were not enlarged on ultrasonography. On computed tomography, the central regions of the lung lobes showed ground-glass attenuation, the peripheral regions of the lung lobes were relatively hypoattenuated compared with the central regions, and hyperattenuated nodules were distributed throughout the pulmonary parenchyma. Iatrogenic hyperadrenocorticism and secondary pulmonary mineralization was diagnosed on the basis of diagnostic imaging and adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test.