• Title, Summary, Keyword: hypocholesterolemic

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Reactivity of Functional Food Substance in terms of Structure Analysis

  • Kwon, Dae-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety Conference
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    • pp.46-46
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    • 2003
  • Hypocholesterolemic peptide isolated from glycimin (11S protein) hydrolyzate by trypsin was purified and identified as LPYP and IAVPGEVA. To investigate the effects of phyiscal properties of side chains of the hypocholesterolemic activity, some of mutant peptides were designed and synthesized chemically. The structure related structures of each peptide were simulated and constructed and their conformations were observed by using spectropolarimeter. The hypocholesterolemic activities were monitored by assaying the inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) in vitro and by the determination of cholesterol content in mice serum. For LPYP derivatives, Hypocholesterolemic activity was lost when hydrophobic leucine residue at N-terminus was not so critical for maintaining hypocholesterolemic activity. For idealogical design of hypocholesterolemic peptides, the structure of HMG-CoA reductase are shown and inhibition mechanism of some peptides or inhibitors will be presented. For IAVPGEVA derivative inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase has been studied. For detail study of hypocholesterolemic activity, kinetic study of inhibition of peptides on HMG-CoA reductase and structural view of ligand binding should be investigated.

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The Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Green Tea EGCG Was Not Mediated Via the Stimulation of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene Expression in Cholesterol-Fed Rats

  • Moon Hee-Jung;Kim Yangha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2005
  • Green tea, which has high polyphenols amount, is thought to have hypocholesterolemic effects. The present study was performed to further examine the hypocholesterolemic action of green tea, especially (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for its effect on diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=15) were fed a green tea-free diet (control), $1.0\%$ green tea catechin (catechin) or $0.5\%$ green tea catechin EGCG for seven weeks. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding $1\%$ cholesterol and $0.5\%$ cholic acid to all diets. There was no difference in food intake and body weight gain among the groups. The green tea EGCG treatment led to a significant improvement in plasma levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)/LDL ratio (p<0.05). There was no significant effect on the plasma HDL-cholesterol level. The catechin treatment led to a 4.19-fold increase in the LDL-receptor mRNA level compared to the control, but the EGCG treatment did not affect the hepatic LDL-receptor mRNA level. Our results suggest that when blood cholesterol level is down-regulated by green tea EGCG, the LDL receptor gene-independent pathway may dominate the hypocholesterolemic action of EGCG.

Hydroxylated Hydrocinnamides as Hypocholesterolemic Agents

  • Lee, Sang-Ku;Lee, Chul-Ho;Kim, Eung-Soo;Jung, Sang-Hun;Lee, Hyeong-Kyu
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.10
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    • pp.1787-1791
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    • 2007
  • Several hydroxylated cinnamic acid derivatives were prepared from the corresponding acids and amino acid residues, and their hypocholesterolemic activities were evaluated in high cholesterol-fed mice. The presence of the double bond in hydroxylated cinnamide derivatives decreases cholesterol-lowering activities and the number of free phenolic hydroxy groups affect greatly the activities. 3,4-Dihydroxy hydrocinnamides obtained from amino acid derivatives containing a hydrophobic side chain such as alanine, valine, phenylalanine, and isoleucine exhibited potent cholesterol-lowering activities.

Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Soybean Lecithin in Cholesterol-Fed Rats

  • Moon Min-Sun;Kwun In-Sook;Kim Yangha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.237-241
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    • 2005
  • The present study was performed to elucidate the hypocholesterolemic action of lecithin on the diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=24) were fed lecithin-free (control) diet or diets containing $2\%\;or\;5\%$ lecithin for 4 weeks. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding $1\%$ cholesterol and $0.5\%$ cholic acid to all diets. No difference was found in food intake and body weight gain among groups. The lecithin treated groups showed significant improvement in the plasma levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol (p<0.05) compared to the control group, while the plasma triacylglyceride was not significantly affected 1he atherogenic index and HDL-cholesterol level were decreased in the lecithin groups. The diets with $2\%\;or\;5\%$ lecithin significantly decreased the activity of cholestetyl ester transfer protein (CETP) by $14\%\;or\;17\%$, respectively. Also, lecithin diets increased the activity of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). These results suggest that lecithin accounts for the hypocholesterolemic effect due to the decreased CETP activity and increased LCAT activity.

Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Green Tea in Cholesterol-Fed Rats (고 콜레스테롤 식이 투여 흰쥐에 있어서 녹차의 콜레스테롤 저하 효과)

  • 진현화;양정례;정종화;김양하
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2004
  • Green tea, which is high in polyphenols, is thought to have hypocholesterolemic effects. The present study was performed to further elucidate the hypocholesterolemic actions of green tea, specially the catechin and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for their effects on the diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with green tea-free diet (control), diets containing 4% green tea powder (GTP), 1.0% green tea catechin (catechin) or 0.5% epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for 7 wks. All diets that were provided green tea contained approximately 0.5% EGCG Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid to all diets. There were no differences in food intake among groups. The green tea treatments showed significant improvement in the serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerides and atherogenic index in the following order; EGCG>Catechin>GTP (p<0.05). The serum HDL-cholesterol level was highest in the EGCG-treated group. The catechin or EGCG diet up-regulated by 5 times the enzyme activity of hepatic cholesterol 7$\alpha$ -hydroxylase (CYP7Al) compared to control diet (p<0.05). Hepatic CYP7Al mRNA level paralleled tile increases in the CYP7Al activity. These results suggest that the EGCG in the green tea may account for the hypocholesterolemic effect by the induction of CYP7Al gene expression.

Studies on the Hypocholesterolemic Activities of Glycyrrhizin (Glycyrrhizin의 Hypocholesteroleinic Action에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 1965
  • Glycyrrhizin, an active constituent of Glycyrrhiza, was chemically extracted and its hypocholesterolemic activities were studied in rats. Following were the results: 1. The Sprague Dowley rats fed with the standard diet were divided into 4 groups, $50{\sim}60$ in each, and glycyrrhizin was given in doses of 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0mg per 100gm body weight daily for 10, 20, 30, and 60 days. Glycyrrhizin showed more or less the hypocholesterolemic activities in all animals. All of the animal groups to which 1. 0mg and 2.0mg of glycyrrhizin were given died before 60 days, while no mortality cases was noted in the group to which 0.5mg of glycyrrhizin was given. 2. Cholesterol administration induced hypercholesterolemia in all experimental animals, however, simultaneous administration of cholesterol with 0.5mg of glycyrrhizin suppressed the rise of the total serum cholesterol levels. The former group did not survive until 56 days, while the latter did. 3. Glycyrrhizin also Suppressed the cholesterol biosynthesis and incorporation of cholesterol in the liver tissues. 4. Glycyrrhizin induced the increase of the fecal excretion of the sterol compounds.

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Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Tartary Buckwheat (F. tataricum Gaertn.) Extract from High Fat Diet Mice

  • Lee, Sung-Gyu;Lee, Dongsup;Kang, Hyun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the efficacy of extract of Tartary buckwheat (F. tataricum Gaertn.) in high fat diet (HFD) in mice, the F. tataricum Gaertn. extract (FTE) was orally administered to mice with a HFD at 300 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks. Our results show that FTE significantly inhibited fat accumulation. Moreover, FTE markedly reduced the final body weight with a decrease in epididymal adipose tissue mass and adipocyte size compared with the untreated HFD-induced group. Additionally, FTE ameliorated serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The results show that Tartary buckwheat possesses hypocholesterolemic effect through downregulating lipid metabolism. Further studies are required in this area to strengthen the anti-obesity effects of FTE with active component, and it can be used a pro-drug instead of whole extract.

Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Ginkgo Biloba Seeds Extract from High Fat Diet Mice

  • Kang, Hyun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.138-143
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the efficacy of extract of Ginkgo Biloba seeds in high fat diet (HFD) in mice, the Ginkgo Biloba seeds extract (GSE) was orally administered to mice with a HFD at 300 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks. Our results show that GSE significantly inhibited fat accumulation. Moreover, GSE markedly reduced the final body weight with a decrease in epididymal adipose tissue mass and adipocyte size compared with the untreated HFD-induced group. Additionally, GSE ameliorated serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The results show that Ginkgo Biloba seeds possesses hypocholesterolemic effect through down regulating lipid metabolism. Further studies are required in this area to strengthen the anti-obesity effects of GSE with active component, and it can be used a pro-drug instead of whole extract.

Cholesterol-Lowering Effect and Anticancer Activity of Kimchi and Kimchi Ingredients (김치와 김치재료의 콜레스테롤 저하 및 항암효과)

  • 이재준;정영기
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.743-752
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of the paper is to explore the current knowledge on the nutritional evaluation, cholesterol-lowering effect and antitumor activity of kimchi and its ingredients(Korean cabbage, garlic, red pepper powder, ginger and onion). Kimchi contains high contents of nutrients such as vitamins(ascorbic acid, $\beta$-carotene and vitamin B complex), minerals(calcium, potassium, iron and phosphorous), essential amino acids and dietary fiber. Kimch also contains high levels of lactic acid bacteria, allicin, capsaicin, organic acid, phenol compounds, flavonoid and sulfur compounds. The dietary fiber and lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi are effective in improving intestinal microflora of human. Isoluble dietary fiber shows anticancer activity, but soluble dietary fiber shows hypocholesterolemic effect. Lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi acts as a hypocholesterolemic or anticancer agent. A major ingredient of kimchi is mainly cruciferous and allium family vegetables, which were also reported to prevent cancer and atherosclerosis. It is suggested that kimchi is important not only as one of the traditional fermented Korean food but also as therapeutic agent for carcinogenesis and hypercholesterolemic state.

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Production of a High Value-Added Soybean Containing Bioactive Mevinolins and Isoflavones

  • Pyo, Young-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2007
  • The production of mevinolin, a potent hypocholesterolemic drug, and the bioconversion of isoflavones were investigated in soybeans fermented with Monascus pilosus KFRI-1140. The highest yields of 2.94 mg mevinolins and 1.13 mg isoflavone aglycones per g dry weight of soybean were obtained after 20 days of fermentation. Mevinolin was present in the fermentation substrate predominantly in the hydroxycarboxylate form (open lactone, 94.8$\sim$96.7%), which is currently being used as an hypocholesterolemic agent. The significant (p<0.01) bioconversion (96.6%) of the glucoside isoflavones (daidzin, glycitin, genistin) present in the soybean to the bioactive aglycones (daidzein, glycitein, genistein), with a 15.8-fold increase of aglycones was observed. The results suggest that Monascus-fermented soybean has potential as a novel medicinal food or multifunctional food supplement.