• Title, Summary, Keyword: hypocholesterolemic effect

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The Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Green Tea EGCG Was Not Mediated Via the Stimulation of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene Expression in Cholesterol-Fed Rats

  • Moon Hee-Jung;Kim Yangha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2005
  • Green tea, which has high polyphenols amount, is thought to have hypocholesterolemic effects. The present study was performed to further examine the hypocholesterolemic action of green tea, especially (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for its effect on diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=15) were fed a green tea-free diet (control), $1.0\%$ green tea catechin (catechin) or $0.5\%$ green tea catechin EGCG for seven weeks. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding $1\%$ cholesterol and $0.5\%$ cholic acid to all diets. There was no difference in food intake and body weight gain among the groups. The green tea EGCG treatment led to a significant improvement in plasma levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)/LDL ratio (p<0.05). There was no significant effect on the plasma HDL-cholesterol level. The catechin treatment led to a 4.19-fold increase in the LDL-receptor mRNA level compared to the control, but the EGCG treatment did not affect the hepatic LDL-receptor mRNA level. Our results suggest that when blood cholesterol level is down-regulated by green tea EGCG, the LDL receptor gene-independent pathway may dominate the hypocholesterolemic action of EGCG.

Cholesterol-Lowering Effect and Anticancer Activity of Kimchi and Kimchi Ingredients (김치와 김치재료의 콜레스테롤 저하 및 항암효과)

  • 이재준;정영기
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.743-752
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of the paper is to explore the current knowledge on the nutritional evaluation, cholesterol-lowering effect and antitumor activity of kimchi and its ingredients(Korean cabbage, garlic, red pepper powder, ginger and onion). Kimchi contains high contents of nutrients such as vitamins(ascorbic acid, $\beta$-carotene and vitamin B complex), minerals(calcium, potassium, iron and phosphorous), essential amino acids and dietary fiber. Kimch also contains high levels of lactic acid bacteria, allicin, capsaicin, organic acid, phenol compounds, flavonoid and sulfur compounds. The dietary fiber and lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi are effective in improving intestinal microflora of human. Isoluble dietary fiber shows anticancer activity, but soluble dietary fiber shows hypocholesterolemic effect. Lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi acts as a hypocholesterolemic or anticancer agent. A major ingredient of kimchi is mainly cruciferous and allium family vegetables, which were also reported to prevent cancer and atherosclerosis. It is suggested that kimchi is important not only as one of the traditional fermented Korean food but also as therapeutic agent for carcinogenesis and hypercholesterolemic state.

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Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Soybean Lecithin in Cholesterol-Fed Rats

  • Moon Min-Sun;Kwun In-Sook;Kim Yangha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.237-241
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    • 2005
  • The present study was performed to elucidate the hypocholesterolemic action of lecithin on the diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=24) were fed lecithin-free (control) diet or diets containing $2\%\;or\;5\%$ lecithin for 4 weeks. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding $1\%$ cholesterol and $0.5\%$ cholic acid to all diets. No difference was found in food intake and body weight gain among groups. The lecithin treated groups showed significant improvement in the plasma levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol (p<0.05) compared to the control group, while the plasma triacylglyceride was not significantly affected 1he atherogenic index and HDL-cholesterol level were decreased in the lecithin groups. The diets with $2\%\;or\;5\%$ lecithin significantly decreased the activity of cholestetyl ester transfer protein (CETP) by $14\%\;or\;17\%$, respectively. Also, lecithin diets increased the activity of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). These results suggest that lecithin accounts for the hypocholesterolemic effect due to the decreased CETP activity and increased LCAT activity.

Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Tartary Buckwheat (F. tataricum Gaertn.) Extract from High Fat Diet Mice

  • Lee, Sung-Gyu;Lee, Dongsup;Kang, Hyun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the efficacy of extract of Tartary buckwheat (F. tataricum Gaertn.) in high fat diet (HFD) in mice, the F. tataricum Gaertn. extract (FTE) was orally administered to mice with a HFD at 300 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks. Our results show that FTE significantly inhibited fat accumulation. Moreover, FTE markedly reduced the final body weight with a decrease in epididymal adipose tissue mass and adipocyte size compared with the untreated HFD-induced group. Additionally, FTE ameliorated serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The results show that Tartary buckwheat possesses hypocholesterolemic effect through downregulating lipid metabolism. Further studies are required in this area to strengthen the anti-obesity effects of FTE with active component, and it can be used a pro-drug instead of whole extract.

Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Ginkgo Biloba Seeds Extract from High Fat Diet Mice

  • Kang, Hyun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.138-143
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the efficacy of extract of Ginkgo Biloba seeds in high fat diet (HFD) in mice, the Ginkgo Biloba seeds extract (GSE) was orally administered to mice with a HFD at 300 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks. Our results show that GSE significantly inhibited fat accumulation. Moreover, GSE markedly reduced the final body weight with a decrease in epididymal adipose tissue mass and adipocyte size compared with the untreated HFD-induced group. Additionally, GSE ameliorated serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The results show that Ginkgo Biloba seeds possesses hypocholesterolemic effect through down regulating lipid metabolism. Further studies are required in this area to strengthen the anti-obesity effects of GSE with active component, and it can be used a pro-drug instead of whole extract.

The Effect of Fermented Milk by Bifidobacterium bifidum on Serum Lipid Metabolism in Rats Treated High Fat Diet (비피더스균(Bifidobacterium bifidum )에 의해 발효된 우유가 고지방식을 섭취한 흰주와 혈청 지질대사에 미치는 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 원향례;박영주;최석호;고준수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.933-936
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    • 2001
  • Selecting B. bifidum K-7 out of the bifidobacteria separated from healthy adults in the age of 20s which shows high degree of acid tolerance and bile tolerance, as the main bacterium, this study of find how the bifido-bacteria cause hypocholesterolemic effect in the high fat diet. In order to do this Sparague-Dawley male rats with the initial weight 200 g in average were assigned to four experimental group: 1) high fat diet & milk, 2) high fat diet & the milk added with bifidobacteria, 3) high fat diet & the milk added with microencapsulated bifidobacteria, 4) high fat diet & the fermented milk by bifidobacteria. The numbers of bifidobacteria ingested daily per rat through each type of the above mentioned milk are 10$^{9}$ CFU, 10$^{9}$ CFU respectively. Hypocholesterolemic effect and high level of serum phospholipid were observed in the group fed with fermented milk being compared with the group fed wih no bacterium but not in the groups fed with the milk with bifidobacteria and microencapsulated bifidobacteria. Thus, it was confirmed that the hypocholesterolemic effect is not due to the bifidobacterium itself but to the fermentation on milk.

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Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Green Tea in Cholesterol-Fed Rats (고 콜레스테롤 식이 투여 흰쥐에 있어서 녹차의 콜레스테롤 저하 효과)

  • 진현화;양정례;정종화;김양하
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2004
  • Green tea, which is high in polyphenols, is thought to have hypocholesterolemic effects. The present study was performed to further elucidate the hypocholesterolemic actions of green tea, specially the catechin and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for their effects on the diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with green tea-free diet (control), diets containing 4% green tea powder (GTP), 1.0% green tea catechin (catechin) or 0.5% epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for 7 wks. All diets that were provided green tea contained approximately 0.5% EGCG Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid to all diets. There were no differences in food intake among groups. The green tea treatments showed significant improvement in the serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerides and atherogenic index in the following order; EGCG>Catechin>GTP (p<0.05). The serum HDL-cholesterol level was highest in the EGCG-treated group. The catechin or EGCG diet up-regulated by 5 times the enzyme activity of hepatic cholesterol 7$\alpha$ -hydroxylase (CYP7Al) compared to control diet (p<0.05). Hepatic CYP7Al mRNA level paralleled tile increases in the CYP7Al activity. These results suggest that the EGCG in the green tea may account for the hypocholesterolemic effect by the induction of CYP7Al gene expression.

Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Indigenous Dadih Lactic Acid Bacteria by Deconjugation of Bile Salts

  • Pato, Usman;Surono, Ingrid S.;Koesnandar, Koesnandar;Hosono, Akiyoshi
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1741-1745
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    • 2004
  • Administration of milk and fermented milks produced from indigenous dadih lactic acid bacteria on serum lipids and bile acids, fecal bile acids and microflora was estimated in hypercholesterolemic rats. Anaerobic lactic acid bacteria decreased and coliforms increased in the feces of the control group; however, the number of fecal lactic acid bacteria remained unchanged when rats were administered milk and fermented milks. Only fermented milk made from Lc. lactis subsp. lactis IS-10285 significantly reduced serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and total bile acids. Milk and fermented milks did not influence the HDL cholesterol. Triglyceride and phospholipid levels were significantly lower in the rats fed fermented milk of Lc. lactis subsp. lactis IS-10285 than rats fed milk and fermented milk of Lc. lactis subsp. lactis IS-29862, but not significantly different from the control group. Hypocholesterolemic effect of Lc. lactis subsp. lactis IS-10285 was attributed to its ability to suppress the reabsorption of bile acids into the enterohepatic circulation and to enhance the excretion of bile acids in feces of hypercholesterolemic rats.

A Study on the Hypolipidemic Effects of Soyprotein in Rats (흰쥐에서 대두단백질의 Hypolipidemic 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung-Lim;Kim, Wha-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.68-77
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    • 1984
  • The present study was designed to observe the effects of soyprotein and casein with or without cholesterol on serum and liver lipids in male rats. The 6 experimental groups were as fellows ; SF ; soyprotein, cholesterol-free diet. SC ; soyprotein, 0.5% cholesterol added diet. CF ; casein, cholesterol-free diet CC ; casein,0.5% cholesterol added diet. SCF ; protein mixture of soyprotein and casein(1 : 1), cholesterol-free diet SCC ; mixed protein, 0.5% cholesterol added diet. The hypocholesterolemic and hypotriglyceridemic effects of soyprotein were observed at 3 weeks, but these effects disappeared at 6 weeks. The hypocholesterolemic effect of soyprotein was more obvious when the 0.5% cholesterol was supplemented in the diets. The serum free cholesterol level was not affected by the dietary protein source or the dietary cholesterol, therefore, the difference in serum total cholesterol among groups seems due to the difference in cholesterol esters. There was a tendency of a higher percentage of HDL in soyprotein groups compared to casein groups at 1 week, however, this tendency disappeared with time. The liver cholesterol and triglyceride contents were not differ among cholesterol-free diet groups, however, with addition of cholesterol, those of soyprotein groups were significantly lower than casein groups. The higher serum arginine/lysine ratio of soyprotein groups may offer the part of explanation of its hypocholesterolemic effect.

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Hypocholesterolemic effects of curcumin via up-regulation of cholesterol 7a-hydroxylase in rats fed a high fat diet

  • Kim, Min-Ji;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2010
  • There is an increasing interest in curcumin (Curcuma longa L.) as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) protective agent via decreased blood total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) level. The aim of this study was to investigate further the potential mechanism in the hypocholesterolemic effect of curcumin by measuring cholesterol 7a-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), a rate limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of bile acid from cholesterol, at the mRNA level. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a 45% high fat diet or same diet supplemented with curcumin (0.1% wt/wt) for 8 weeks. The curcumin diet significantly decreased serum triglyceride (TG) by 27%, total cholesterol (TC) by 33.8%, and LDL-cholesterol by 56%, respectively as compared to control group. The curcumin-supplemented diet also significantly lowered the atherogenic index (AI) by 48% as compared to control group. Hepatic TG level was significantly reduced by 41% in rats fed with curcumin-supplemented diet in comparison with control group (P < 0.05). Conversely, the curcumin diet significantly increased fecal TG and TC. The curcumin diet up-regulated hepatic CYP7A1 mRNA level by 2.16-fold, compared to control group p (P < 0.05). These findings suggested that the increases in the CYP7A1 gene expression may partially account for the hypocholesterolemic effect of curcumin.