• Title, Summary, Keyword: imaginary phase

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Single-phase Active Power Filter Based on Rotating Reference Frame Method for Harmonics Compensation

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Kim, Young-Seok
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.94-100
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a new control method of single-phase active power filter (APF) for the compensation of harmonic current components in nonlinear loads. To facilitate the possibility of complex calculation for harmonic current detection of the single phase, a single-phase system that has two phases was constructed by including an imaginary second-phase giving time delay to the load current. The imaginary phase, which lagged the load current T/4 (Here T is the fundamental cycle) is used in the conventional method. But in this proposed method, the new signal as the second phase is delayed by the filter. Because this control method is applied to a single-phase system, an instantaneous calculation was developed by using the rotating reference frames synchronized to source-frequency rather than by applying instantaneous reactive power theory that uses the conventional fixed reference frames. The control scheme of single-phase APF for the current source with R-L loads is applied to a laboratory prototype to verify the proposed control method.

A study on the Control Method of Single-Phase APF Using RRF Method (회전좌표계를 이용한 단상능동전력필터의 제어방법에 관한 연구)

  • 김영조;허진석;김영석
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.576-584
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a new control method of single-phase active power filter(APF) for the compensation of harmonic current components in nonlinear loads. Constructing a imaginary second-phase giving time delay to load currents, making single-phase system into the system that has two phases, complex calculation is possible. In the previous method, it made a imaginary-phase lagged to the load current T/4(here T is the fundamental cycle), but in proposed method, the new signal, which has the delayed phase through the filter, using the phase-delay property of low-pass filter, was used to the second phase. Instantaneous calculation of harmonic current is possible, because two phase have different phase. In this paper, it was done with instantaneous calculation using the rotating reference frames(RRF) that synchronizes with source-frequency, a reference of compensation currents, not applying to instantaneous reactive power theory which uses the existed fixed reference frames. The simulation and experiment about R-L loads using the current source were carried out, and the effect of the proposed method was preyed through the result of this experiment.

A Control Algorithm of Single Phase Active Power Filter based on Rotating Reference Frame (회전좌표계를 이용한 단상능동전력필터의 제어이론)

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Kim, Young-Seok;Shin, Jae-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1480-1482
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    • 2005
  • The major causes of power quality deterioration are harmonic current through semiconductor switching device, due to use of nonlinear loads such as diodes rectifier or thyristor rectifiers. In response to this concerns, this paper presents a new control method of single-phase active power filter(APF) for the compensation of harmonic current components in nonlinear loads. In order to make the complex calculation to be possible, the single-phase system that has two phases was made by constructing a imaginary second-phase giving time delay to load currents. In the conventional method, a imaginary-phase lagged to the load current T/4(here T is the fundamental cycle) was made. But in this proposed method, the new signal, which has the delayed phase through the filter, using the phase-delay property of low-pass filter, was used as the second phase. As this control method is applied to the system of single phase, an instantaneous calculation was done rather by using the rotating reference frames that synchronizes with source-frequency than by applying instantaneous reactive power theory that uses the conventional fixed reference frames.

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The Performance of Dual Structure CR-CMA Adaptive Equalizer for 16-QAM Signal (16-QAM 신호에 대한 이중 구조 CR-CMA 적응 등화기의 성능)

  • Yoon, Jae-Sun;Lim, Seung-Gag
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the concerned existing blind equalizer convergence rate and residual inter-symbol interference using constellation reduced and cost function by separation the real part and an imaginary part, the dual structure CR-CMA(constellation Reduction CMA). The CMA methed compensates amplitude but does no compensate phase, On the other hand, The CMA method compensates both the amplitude and the phase but it has the convergence rate problem, and the MCMA method is a way to solve the phase problem of CMA method compensates both the amplitude and the phase after respectively calculating the real part and imaginary part components. Proposal a new method that the dual structure of CR-CMA, the cost function and error function and respectively calculating the real part and imaginary part components can advantages by improving the CMA and the MCMA algorithms so that the amplitude and phase retrieval and constellation reduce the residual ISI and faster convergence rate and performance is good SER (Symbol Error Ratio) was confirmed by computer simulations.

Evaluation of three-dimensional cole-cole parameters from spectral IP data

  • Yang Jeong-Seok;Kim Hee Joon
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.383-389
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    • 2003
  • Clay minerals show a distinct induced-polarization phenomenon, which is one of the most important factors for predicting groundwater flow and contaminant transport. This paper presents a step-by-step process to estimate Cole-Cole parameters from spectral induced-polarization (IP) data measured on the surface of three-dimensional earth. First, the inversion of low-frequency resistivity survey data is made to identify the dc resistivity ${\rho}_dc$ of a volume having IP effects. The other parameters, chargeability m, time constant $\tau$, and frequency dependence c, are sought for the polarizable volume. Next, using multi-frequency data, c can be obtained as high or low asymptotes of the slope of log phase vs. log frequency. Further, for low m, intrinsic $\tau$ is approximated by apparent one, ${\tau}_a$, which is derived from the relation ${{\omega}{\tau}}_a$=1 at an angular frequency $\omega$, where the imaginary component of spectral IP data has an extreme value. Finally, to obtain intrinsic m a two-step linearized procedure has been derived. For a body of given $\tau$ and c, forward modeling with a progression of m values yields a plot of observed vs. intrinsic imaginary components for a frequency. Since this plot is essentially linear, to extract the intrinsic imaginary component is quite simple with an observed value. Using the plot of intrinsic imaginary component vs. m, intrinsic m is determined. We present a synthetic example to illustrate that the Cole-Cole parameters can be recovered from spectral IP data.

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Utilization of Phase Information for Speech Recognition (음성 인식에서 위상 정보의 활용)

  • Lee, Chang-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.993-1000
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    • 2015
  • Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients(: MFCC) is one of the noble feature vectors for speech signal processing. An evident drawback in MFCC is that the phase information is lost by taking the magnitude of the Fourier transform. In this paper, we consider a method of utilizing the phase information by treating the magnitudes of real and imaginary components of FFT separately. By applying this method to speech recognition with FVQ/HMM, the speech recognition error rate is found to decrease compared to the conventional MFCC. By numerical analysis, we show also that the optimal value of MFCC components is 12 which come from 6 real and imaginary components of FFT each.

Double Quadrature Spatial Modulation

  • Holoubi, Tasnim;Murtala, Sheriff;Muchena, Nishal;Mohaisen, Manar
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2019
  • Quadrature spatial modulation (QSM) utilizes the in-phase and quadrature spatial dimensions to transmit the real and imaginary parts, respectively, of a single signal symbol. Improved QSM (IQSM) builds upon QSM to increase the spectral efficiency by transmitting the real and imaginary parts of two signal symbols using antenna combinations of size of two. In this paper, we propose a double QSM (DQSM) scheme that transmits the real and imaginary parts of two signal symbols independently through any of the transmit antennas. The two signal symbols are drawn from two different constellations of the same size with the first symbol drawn from any of the conventional modulation sets while the second is drawn from an optimally rotated version of the first constellation. The optimum rotation angle is obtained through extensive Monte Carlo simulations to minimize the bit error rate (BER) of the system. Simulation results show that for a given spectral efficiency, DQSM performsrelatively close to IQSM while requiring a smaller number of transmit antennas, and outperformsIQSM by up to 2 dB when the same number of antennas are used.

On the performance of improved quadrature spatial modulation

  • Holoubi, Tasnim;Murtala, Sheriff;Muchena, Nishal;Mohaisen, Manar
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.562-574
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    • 2020
  • Quadrature spatial modulation (QSM) utilizes the in-phase and quadrature spatial dimensions to transmit the real and imaginary parts of a single signal symbol, respectively. The improved QSM (IQSM) transmits two signal symbols per channel use through a combination of two antennas for each of the real and imaginary parts. The main contributions of this study can be summarized as follows. First, we derive an upper bound for the error performance of the IQSM. We then design constellation sets that minimize the error performance of the IQSM for several system configurations. Second, we propose a double QSM (DQSM) that transmits the real and imaginary parts of two signal symbols through any available transmit antennas. Finally, we propose a parallel IQSM (PIQSM) that splits the antenna set into equal subsets and performs IQSM within each subset using the same two signal symbols. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed constellations significantly outperform conventional constellations. Additionally, DQSM and PIQSM provide a performance similar to that of IQSM while requiring a smaller number of transmit antennas and outperform IQSM with the same number of transmit antennas.

Single-Phase Hybrid Active Power Filter Using Rotating Reference Frame (회전좌표계를 이용한 단상 하이브리드형 능동 전력필터)

  • Kim Jin-Sun;Kim Young-Seok
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.54 no.8
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents the control algorithm of single-phase hybrid active power filter for the compensation of harmonic current components in nonlinear R-L load with passive active Power filters. To construct two phase system, an imaginary second phase was made. In this proposed method, the new signal which is the delayed through the filtering by the phase-delay property of low-pass filter is used as the secondary phase. Because two-phases have the different phase, the instantaneous calculation of harmonic current is possible. In this paper, a reference voltage is created by multiplying the coefficient k by the compensation current using the rotating reference frame synchronized with the source-frequency, not applying to instantaneous reactive power theory which has been used with the existing fixed reference frames In order to verify the validities of the proposed control methods, experiments are carried out with the prototypes of single-phase hybrid active power filter.

A New Control Method for a Single-Phase Hybrid Active Power Filter based on a Rotating Reference Frame

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Kim, Young-Seok
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.718-725
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    • 2009
  • To get instantaneous reference data in a single power system with vector space phasors, the instantaneous load current is adopted as a phase and another new signal, which is delayed through filtering by the phase-delay property of a low-pass filter, is used as the secondary phase. Because the two-phases have a different phase, the instantaneous value of the harmonic current can be obtained without a time-delay in calculation. The reference voltage is created by multiplying the coefficient k by the compensation current using the rotating reference frame synchronized with the source-frequency. To verify the validity of the proposed control method, experiments are carried out on a prototype of the single-phase hybrid active power filter system.