• Title, Summary, Keyword: immune activity

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Effects of Squalene on the Immune Responses in Mice(II):Cellular and Non-specific Immune Response and Antitumor Activity of Squalene

  • Ahn, Young-Keun;Kim, Joung-Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 1992
  • Effects of squalene on cellular and non-specific immune responses and antitumor activity in mice were investigated. Cellular and non-specific immunological assay parameters adopted in the present study were delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction and resette forming cells (RFC) for cellular immunity, activities of natural killer (NK) cells and phagocyte for non-specific immunity. Squalene resulted in marked increases of cellular and non-specific immune functions and enhancement of host resistance to tumor challenge in dose-dependent manner.

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The Effect of Cimetidine, Ranitidine and Famotidine on the Immune Response in ICR Mice (마우스에 있어서 Cimetidine, Ranitidine 및 Famotidine이 면역반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 안영근;김정훈;이상근
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.5 no.3_4
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 1990
  • Experiments were performed on mice to investigate the influences of cimetidine, ranitidine and famotidine on the immune response. Immune response were evaluated by antibody, Arthus reaction (Arthus), delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH), rosette forming cell (RFC), phagocyte activity and whit( blood cell (WBC) in mice, sensitized and challenged with sheep red blood cells (SRBC). The weight of liver, spleen and thymus were measured. Following results obtained in this experiment. 1) The administration of cimetidine as compared to normal group significantly decreased Arthus, Hemagglutinin titer (HA), RFC, DTH, WBC and phagocyte activity, but increased the activity of serum albumin. 2) The administration of ranitidine as compared to normal group decreased RFC and HA. 3) The administration of Famotidine as compared to normal group decreased DTH and RFC, and significantly decreased HA, Arthus and serum protein. 4) The administration of ranitidine and famotidine decreased more humoral immune response than cellular immune response, but the administration of cimetidine significantly decreased humoral and cellular immune response, WBC and phagocyte activity.

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The Effects of Acute Osmotic Stress on Innate Immunity of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

  • Choi, Sang-Hoon;Park, Kwan-Ha
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.343-349
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    • 2010
  • The effects of osmotic stress on the non-specific immune response of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, were investigated. Osmoregulatory mechanism of tilapia has been studied, but less information is available about innate immune response of O. niloticus faced with hyperosmolality. Acute osmotic stress was elicited by transferring tilapia from freshwater (FW) to 24 psu seawater (SW). Non-specific immune parameters including lysozyme activities of plasma and head kidney (HK), alternative complement pathway (ACP) activity in plasma, phagocytic capacities of spleen and HK immune cells, and respiratory burst activity of immune cells in both HK and spleen were analyzed. Lysozyme activities were increased at 1 h and 30 h after transfer to SW, but decreased at 10 h after SW transfer. Conversely, ACP activity increased 10 h after SW transfer. Phagocytic capacity increased slightly at 1 h and 5 h after SW transfer, and respiratory burst activity showed an increase in superoxide release at 10 h after SW transfer. Taken together, these results indicate that the exposure of tilapia to hyperosmotic conditions has immunostimulatory effects on cellular and humoral immune reactions.

Anticomplementary Activity and Immune-Stimulating Effect of the Extracts from Barley (Hordeum Vulgare) (보리(Hordeum vulgare)추출물의 항보체 및 면역증강 효과)

  • 김유영;구성자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.661-668
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    • 1997
  • By using several solvents, barley extracts containing the anticomplementary activities in classical pathway were prepared (250 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml): methanol (83.1%), ethanol (71.9%), water extract (25.4%), M-1 (250 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml), and the soluble part of methanol extract which showed the highest activity (83.4%) and the yield. Anticomplementary activity of methanol extract as well as protease digestion in classical pathway showed 82.4% and 78.4% in the concentration of 250 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, respectively. It was found that protein was not involved in anticomplementary activity in the classical pathway and the methanol extract made an impact on classical pathway, but not on alternative pathway. For the immune-stimulating effect, the T cell proliferation effect of the protease digestion displayed little effect irrespective of the dose. In addition, the T cell proliferation effect of methanol extract showed 13-fold higher proliferation effect compared with positive control. It was revealed that the substance containing protein serves as an important factor for the immune proliferation. Therefore, the anticomplementary activity ${\beta}$-glucan in classical pathway and alternative pathway displayed the lowest activity, showing 2.2%, 22.3% respectively. However, the immune-stimulating effect of ${\beta}$-glucan showed the T cell stimulating effect 13 times higher than positive control.

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Effects of Quercetin on the Immune Responses in Mice (Quercetin이 마우스의 면역반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 안영근;박영길;김정훈
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.401-415
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    • 1991
  • Effects of quercetin on the specific and non-specific immune responses were studied in vivo. Quercetin at a dose of 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg were orally administered to ICR male mice once daily for 28 consecutive days. Cyclophosphamide was injected intraperitoneally to ICR mice with a single dose of 5 mg/kg 2 days before secondary immunization. Mice were sensitized and challenged with sheep red blood cells (S-RBC). Immune responses were evaluated by humoral and cellular immune reponses and non-specific immune response. The results of this study were summarized as followings; 1. Quercetin significantly decreased the body weight, and introduced the atrophy of liver, spleen and thymus gland dose-dependently, but increased the numbers of white blood cell. 2. Querectin significantly depressed the hemagglutination titer, Arthus reaction and hemolytic plaque forming cell. 3. Quercetin significantly depressed the delayed type hypersensitivity and rosette forming cell. 4. Quercetin at a dose of 2.5, 5 and 40 mg/kg significantly depressed phagocytic activity. 5. Quercetin at a dose of 10 and 20 mg/kg significantly increased natural killer cell activity.

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The Chemical Characteristics and Immune-Modulating Activity of Polysaccharides Isolated from Cold-Brew Coffee

  • Shin, Kwang-Soon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.100-106
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    • 2017
  • To elucidate new biological ingredients in cold-brew coffee extracted with cold water, crude polysaccharide (CCP-0) was isolated by ethanol precipitation, and its immune-stimulating activities were assayed. CCP-0 mainly comprised galactose (53.6%), mannose (15.7%), arabinose (11.9%), and uronic acid (12.4%), suggesting that it might exist as a mixture of galactomannan and arabinogalactan. CCP-0 significantly increased cell proliferation on both murine peritoneal macrophages and splenocytes in a dose dependent manner. CCP-0 also significantly augmented nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species production by murine peritoneal macrophages. In addition, macrophages stimulated by CCP-0 enhanced production of various cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-12. In an in vitro assay for intestinal immune-modulating activity, CCP-0 showed higher bone-marrow cell-proliferation activity through Peyer's patch cells at $100{\mu}g/mL$ than the negative control. These results suggest that CCP-0 may potentially enhance macrophage functions and the intestinal immune system.

Effects of spawning on immune functions in the surf clam Mactra veneriformis (Bivalvia: Mactridae)

  • Yu, Jin-Ha;Choi, Min-Chul;Jung, Eun-Bin;Park, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2011
  • The production of surf clam, Mactra veneriformis, an important fishery resource in Korea, has recently been decreasing. This study was carried out to examine effects of spawning on immune functions of this species. Total hemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase (PO) activity, phagocytic activity, neutral red retention (NRR) time and antibacterial activity were assessed. Spawned clams showed reduction in THC, PO, phagocytic activity and NRR times compared with unspawned ones. While spawning event did not elicit any change of antibacterial activity in both spawned and unspawned ones. This study indicates that spawning process decreases immune functions in the surf clams which could cause mortality increment and yield reduction.

Induction of Bactericidal Substance from the Immunized Larval Haemolymph of L. illustris (면역유충 체액으로 부터 항균물질의 유도)

  • 육순학;장정순
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 1987
  • It was known that normal-haemolymph from the 3rd instar larvae of Lucillia illustris contain a lysozyme (or lysozyme-like substance) with bactericidal activity to fram positive bacteria, and the bactericidal activity of injured-haemolymph was increased significantly after injuring the body wall. To elucidate the defence mechanism of insect against the nonpathogenic bacteria, the immune-haemolymph against Escherichia coli K-12 was prepared after immunization. The bactericidal activity between injured and immune-haemolymph was compared, and it was revealed that the immune-haemolymph showed higher titer of bactericidal activity to fram positive bacteria as well as to Escherichia coli. The bactericidal substance from the immune-haemolymph was purified through a successive chromatographies on Sephacryl S-300 and CM-Sepharose CL-6B, and it was characterized as a basic protein in nature with heat stable property at acidic conditions.

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Immune Cells Activity, Nitrite Scanvenging and ABTS Radical Scavenging Activities of Codonopsis lanceolata Ethanol Extracts from Districts in Korea

  • Boo, Hee-Ock;Park, Jeong-Hun;Kim, Hong-Gi;Kim, Hag-Hyun;Kwon, Soo-Jeong;Seo, Dong-Yeon;Lee, Moon-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 2016
  • This study was executed to evaluate the immune activity, nitrite scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity against extracts of various concentration of ethanol solvent from Codonopsis lanceolata cultured at 6 local regions. The immune responses from both human T and B cell line was significantly enhanced in the cell growth compared to control while the cell growth was influenced at a certain period of culture. The results revealed that the cell growth of both human T and B cell was altered in a time dependent manner. The nitrite scavenging activity of ethanol extracts from various solvent concentration of C. lanceolata were affected by pH. At a pH of 1.2, the nitrite scavenging effect of all of the extracts tested observed higher than that of the other two pH ranges. There was no distinct detection of nitrite scavenging effects of the pH range 6.0. The ABTS radical scavenging activity was progressively increased in a dose-dependent manner, and the activity was the highest in 100% ethanol extract. The result from this investigation suggests that the extract of Codonopsis lanceolata could be an addition to basic medicine for immune modulation and natural food additives.

In Vitro Immune-Enhancing Activity of Ovotransferrin from Egg White via MAPK Signaling Pathways in RAW 264.7 Macrophages

  • Lee, Jae Hoon;Ahn, Dong Uk;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.1226-1236
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    • 2018
  • Ovotransferrin (OTF) is a well-known protein of the transferrin family with strong iron chelating activity, resulting in its antimicrobial activity. Furthermore, OTF is known to have antioxidant, anticancer, and antihypertensive activities. However, there have been few studies about the immune-enhancing activity of OTF. In current study, we investigated the immune-enhancing activity of OTF using the murine macrophage cells in vitro. The effect of OTF on production of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines were determined using Griess assay and quantitative real-time PCR. Using Neutral Red uptake assay, we confirmed the effect of OTF on phagocytic activity of macrophages. Ovotransferrin significantly increased the production of nitric oxide (NO) and secretion of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA with no cytotoxic activity. Ovotransferrin (2 mg/mL) stimulated NO production up to $31.9{\pm}3.5{\mu}M$. Ovotransferrin significantly increased the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines which are tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), Interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), and IL-6: OTF (2 mg/mL) treatment increased the secretion of mRNA for TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and IL-6 by 22.20-, 37.91-, and 6.17-fold of the negative control, respectively. The phagocytic activity of macrophages was also increased by OTF treatment significantly compared with negative control. Also, OTF treatment increased phosphorylation level of MAPK signaling pathways. These results indicated that OTF has immune-enhancing activity by activating RAW 264.7 macrophages via MAPK pathways.