• Title, Summary, Keyword: immunoglobulin E (IgE)

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Clinical Evaluation of Techniques for Measuring Nasal-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Pediatric Patients

  • Ahn, Ji Young;Hong, Suk Jin;Choi, Bong Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.12
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    • pp.2005-2008
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    • 2017
  • Currently used methods for collecting nasal-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) require administration of a large amount of saline into the nostrils, which is difficult in children. We designed two methods that are easy to use in children. We measured nasal-specific IgE and evaluated clinical characteristics of nasal-specific IgE in pediatric rhinitis. This study included 82 patients who visited Kyungpook National University Children's Hospital from December 2014 to July 2016 with rhinitis symptoms. Thirty patients used the spray method, and 52 patients used the swab method. We examined nasal-specific IgE to Dermatophagoides farinae, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Alternaria, birch, and weed mix. Thirty patients had nasal-specific IgE concentrations of ${\geq}0.35kIU/L$. There was a positive correlation between nasal-specific IgE and serum-specific IgE to D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus (r = 0.548, P < 0.001; r = 0.656, P < 0.001). If we regard positivity of skin prick test as standard, cutoff point of nasal-specific IgE to D. farinae was 0.11 kIU/L and to D. pteronyssinus was 0.12 kIU/L. Based on these cutoff points, five patients would be considered to have local allergic rhinitis. The methods showed relatively high positivity for nasal-specific IgE, which reflected the serum-specific IgE as well. These methods can be considered to diagnose local allergic rhinitis in children.

Clinical significance of serum IgE (혈청 IgE의 임상적 의의)

  • Chung, Hai Lee
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.416-421
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    • 2007
  • Many previous studies have proved that human allergic disease resulted from the formation of antibodies belonging to a unique immunoglobulin isotype termed immunoglobulin E (IgE). Most of IgE-producing plasma cells are found in the lymphoid tissue associated with the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. IgE may be found free in the mucosal secretions of these tissues, bound to local mast cells, or distributed by the systemic circulation to mast cells and basophils throughout the body. Total serum IgE concentrations tend to be higher in allergic adults and children compared with non-allergic individuals, but the value of total serum IgE as a screening test for allergic disease is limited. Total serum IgE levels are related to the probability of an individual having detectable allergen-specific IgE. Allergen-specific IgE concentrations vary with a person's age, the degree and duration of the recent allergen or cross-reactive allergen exposure. The value of quantitative assays for allergen-specific IgE has been suggested in recent studies. Serum IgE increases in many non-allergic diseases, including infectious and parasitic diseases. The IgE changes appear to be specific to the infectious agents, whereas non-specific in other diseases. The increased serum IgE in some of these conditions probably results from alterations in immune function. This review summarizes the clinical significance of total and allergen-specific IgE examinations in allergic diseases.

Efficacy of Egg Yolk Immunoglobulin (IgY) against Edwardsiella tarda Infection (계란난황항체의 Edwardsiella tarda에 대한 효능)

  • Kim, Young-Dae;Oh, Myung-Joo;Jung, Sung-Ju
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.218-223
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    • 2006
  • The present study evaluated effect of egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) from the hen immunized with Edwardsiella tarda. The purification of anti-E. tarda IgY was performed by polyethylene glycol (PEG). Purified IgY had heavy chain of 64 kDa and light chain of 27 kDa size. The IgY was instable against olive flounders digestive factors and artificially modulated pH 2 and 3. Nevertheless, some activity of IgY appeared in intestine. IgY was orally administered with viable E. tarda to the olive flounders and the efficacy of protection against E. tarda infection was evaluated. Orally administered IgY at a dose of 20 mg/fish delayed infection period of E. tarda cannulated at $10^{6{\sim}8}CFU/fish$ to small size (30~40 g) and middle size (110~120 g) flounder. Moreover, orally administered IgY at dose of 20 mg/fish inhibited the penetration of E. tarda cannulated at $10^8CFU/fish$ into the liver, kidney, spleen and gill via intestine. The fish orally administered with IgY showed increased survival rate. These results suggest that egg yolk containing anti-E. tarda IgY is effective in preventing edwardsiellosis.

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Serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and dietary intake of Korean infants and young children with atopic dermatitis

  • Lee, Sangeun;Ahn, Kangmo;Paik, Hee Young;Chung, Sang-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.429-435
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    • 2012
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) has become a serious epidemic in Korean children. We aimed to investigate the association between vitamin C, E and other nutrients, and serum total IgE/specific IgE levels in children with AD. A total of 119 children (0-24 mo) diagnosed with AD were recruited for this cross-sectional study from a medical center in Seoul. A 24 h recall was used to assess dietary intakes. Serum total and six food-allergen specific IgE levels were measured by CAP-FEIA. Serum vitamin E was also measured but only in 25 out of the total 119 participants. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to estimate the coefficients between serum IgE levels and dietary intake as well as serum vitamin E. Serum vitamin E levels showed a significantly inverse association with serum total IgE and all specific IgE levels (P < 0.05). Fat intake was inversely related with specific-IgEs for egg whites, milk, buck wheat, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Positive associations were found between carbohydrate (CHO) intake and total IgE and specific IgEs to egg whites, milk, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Vitamin C, E and n-3/n-6 fatty acids were not related with serum total IgE and specific IgE levels except for the association between buck wheat and vitamin E. In addition, there were no significant differences between males and females in dietary intake and serum IgE levels by student's t-test. Although dietary vitamin E showed no association with serum IgE levels, serum vitamin E drew a significant inverse relationship with serum IgE levels. The evidence seems to suggest that vitamin E may possibly lower total and specific-IgEs in children with AD, and that it is important to maintain a relatively high serum vitamin E level in children with AD.

Inhibitory Effect of Immunoglobulin E Production by Poncirus tripoliata (지실(枳實)에 의한 면역(免疫)글로블린 E 생성(生成)의 억제효과(抑制效果))

  • Kim, Hyeong-Kyun;Kweon, Yong-Taek
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.419-429
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    • 1998
  • Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf (Rutaceae) fruits (PTFE) has been used for the treatment of allergic disease. IgE is normally one of the least abundant immunoglobulin (Ig) isotypes in the serum of both humans and several species of experimental animals: however a number of different stimuli can result in profound increases in IgE levels relative to other isotypes. In rodents, infection with many parasitic helminths can cause approximately 100-fold elevation in IgE within 2 wks. Immunization of mice with small amounts of protein antigens on alum also results in 10-fold to fold increase in total serum IgE, much of it specific for the immunizing antigen. In this experiment, I investigated the effect of an aqueous extract of Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf (Rutaceae) fruits (PTFE) on a in vivo and in vitro IgE production. PTFE dose-dependently inhibited the serum levels of IgE induced by antigens. The regulation of IgE synthesis is influenced by T cells and T cell derived factors. IL -4, a T cell-derived cytokine, has been shown to stimulate murine IgE synthesis both in vitro and in vivo. Current evidence suggests that IL-4 induces IgE synthesis in the mouse by stimulating H chain isotype switch. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus IL-4 cause about l00-fold increase in IgE secretion by murine B cells. The effects of PTFE on the IL-4-dependent IgE response by mouse whole spleen cells were studied. Whole spleen cells were cultured for 7 days in the presence of LPS plus IL-4 and PTFE and the supernatants were assayed for IgE. IL-4 dependent IgE production of LPS-stimulated whole spleen cells was inhibited by PTFE. Moreover, in the present study using U266Bl human IgE-bearing B cells, I found that PTFE inhibited the production of IgE activated by LPS plus IL-4. These results indicate that PTFE have antiallergic activity by inhibition of IgE production from B cells.

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Relationship between Immunoglobulin E, Eosinophil Count and Allergens in Allergic Patients (알레르기 환자에서 Immunoglobulin E와 Eosinophil count 및 Allergen과의 관련성)

  • Yoon, In-Sook;Kwon, Se-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.236-246
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    • 2009
  • As the allergic diseases in patients are increasing, it is important to find out the allergens. A multiple antigen simultaneous test(MAST) is a simple method for in vitro measurement of allergen-specific IgE antibodies. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between allergen-specific IgE antibodies, serum total IgE and peripheral eosinophil count in the allergic patients. According to the results of the study, the total IgE positive rate(above class 2) from the inhalent is 96.97%, and that from food panel is 98.06%. The research showed that the positive rate of the allergen-specific IgE was House dust 51.52%, D. farinae 45.46%, Cat 31.99% in inhalent panel, and 55.34%, 42.72%, 34.96% in food panel. Serum total IgE was associated with allergy, however, allergy was not always associated with eosinophilia.

Isolation and purification of chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin against Edwardsiella tarda (Edwardsiella tarda에 대한 계란난황항체의 분리와 정제)

  • Kim, Yeong-Dae;O, Myeong-Ju;Jeong, Tae-Seong;Jeong, Seong-Ju
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2004
  • The present study compared purification methods of hen egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) from the hen immunized with Edwardsiella tarda. The purification of anti-E. tarda IgY was performed by four different methods, polyethylene glycol (PEG), chloroform polyethylene glycol (Chloroform-PEG), ammonium sulfate and purification kit. Purified IgY had heavy chain of 64 kDa and light chain of 27 kDa size. IgY purified from the hen immunized with E. tarda showed higher ELISA values and agglutination titers than those with IgY purified from the non-immunized hen as a negative control. In addition, purified IgY recognized similar E. tarda proteins to those with anti-E. tarda rabbit serum by western blotting. Purified IgY had an agglutination titer of 1:512 by PEG method and ammonium sulfate method, and 1:128 by chloroform-PEG method and purification kit. Moreover, PEG method was the most rapid method among the four different IgY purification methods. These results indicate that PEG method is effective purification method maintaining biological activity of the IgY.

House dust mite-specific immunoglobulin E and longitudinal exhaled nitric oxide measurements in children with atopic asthma

  • Lee, Youn Kyung;Yang, Sohyoung;Park, Joohyun;Kim, Heon;Hahn, Youn-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: House dust mite (HDM) has been suggested to be the most important aeroallergen responsible for atopic asthma in Korea. We aimed to investigate that specific IgE antibodies to HDM and other common indoor aeroallergens contribute differently to total serum IgE and show different relationships with longitudinal fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurements in Korean atopic asthmatic patients. Methods: A total of 193 children aged 8 to 16 years with intermittent or mild persistent atopic asthma were recruited. Sera were assayed for total IgE and specific IgE antibodies to HDM and other common indoor allergens. FeNO was serially measured 10 times or more over 2 years when subjects were not receiving controller medications. Results: In 152 children who completed the study, IgE antibodies to specific HDM were more prevalent than those to other common indoor aeroallergens. In addition, IgE antibody titers to HDM were the strongest contributor to total IgE increases. Furthermore, only HDM-specific IgE antibody titer significantly correlated with maximum FeNO (r=0.21, P=0.029) and the rate of FeNO higher than 21 parts per billion (ppb) (r=0.30, P=0.002). Eight patients (5%) were found to have maximum FeNO of 21 ppb or less, suggesting the presence of a low FeNO phenotype among atopic asthmatic patients. Conclusion: The quantity of HDM-specific IgE antibody provides a possible explanation for increases of total IgE and significantly correlates with the amount and frequency of FeNO increases in Korean atopic asthmatic patients.

Inhibitory Effects of Chicken Egg Yolk Antibody on Infection of Escherichia coli in Macrophage

  • Lee, Jin-Ju;Kim, Dong-Hyeok;Lim, Jeong-Ju;Kim, Dae-Geun;Kim, Gon-Sup;Min, Won-Gi;Lee, Hu-Jang;Rhee, Man-Hee;Chang, Hong-Hee;Kim, Suk
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2012
  • The present study evaluated the potential use of immunoglobulin prepared from egg yolk of chickens immunized with Escherichia coli K88 (IgY-Ec) in the control of E. coli K88 infection in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage. The binding activity of IgY-Ec against E. coli K88 surface protein was more specific and increased than control IgY. In infection assay of E. coli in macrophage, the specific IgY-Ec to E. coli K88 remarkably inhibited the phagocytic activity comparing to nonspecific IgY (p<0.001). In adherence assay, bacterial adhesion on macrophage cells was definitely reduced by preincubation of IgY-Ec compared with nonspecific IgY (p<0.05). These findings suggested that IgY-Ec have the protective effects against pathogens and IgY-based diets may have potential benefits for preventing or treating various infections in domestic animals.

Prevalence of Self-reported Allergic Diseases and IgE Levels: A 2010 KNHANES Analysis

  • Park, Hye Jung;Kim, Eun-Jin;Yoon, Dankyu;Lee, Jeom Kyu;Chang, Woo-Sung;Lim, Yoen-Mi;Park, Jung-Won;Lee, Joo-Shil
    • Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.329-339
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The prevalence of allergic diseases is known to be associated with both demographic and environmental factors. Herein, we aimed to determine significant factors associated with the prevalence of allergic diseases and with total immunoglobulin E (tIgE) and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels in Korea. Methods: We analyzed unweighted data collected by the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2,342 subjects who underwent serum tests for tIgE and sIgE to Dermatophagoides farinae, dog, and Blattella germanica, representing a sample of 16,003,645 citizens, by considering the sample weight and stratification. Results: The overall prevalence of self-reported allergic diseases was 37.6%. The prevalence rates of allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis decreased with age, whereas the asthma prevalence was not affected by the age of the subjects. When analyzed according to the type of allergic diseases, the prevalence of self-reported allergic disease was significantly associated with various factors (e.g. age, occupation, living in urban areas, and depression). The tIgE level decreased with age, but later increased. Elevation of tIgE was significantly associated with male sex, type of occupation, obesity, and smoking status. However, the risk factors for the increased sIgE levels to each allergen were quite different. Sensitization to D. farinae was more likely in young subjects, whereas the prevalence of sensitization to B. germanica was significantly higher in subjects with male sex, residing in a house (houses), and with glucose intolerance. Finally, young age and the smoking status were significantly associated with sensitization to dog. Conclusions: Various demographic and environmental factors were significantly associated with the prevalence of self-reported allergic diseases and the levels of tIgE and sIgE to D. farinae, B. germanica, and dog in Korea.