• Title, Summary, Keyword: immunomodulating activity

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Physiological Characteristics and Immunomodulating Activity by Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei BFI46 Isolated from New-Born Infant Feces

  • Lim, Sang-Dong;Kim, Kee-Sung;Cho, Seong-A;Do, Jeong-Ryong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2010
  • In order to develop a new starter for fermented milk, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei BFI46 (BFI46) obtained from new-born infant feces was investigated for physiological characteristics. Good immunomodulating activity was evident compared with commercial lactic acid bacteria starter cultures. The optimum growth temperature of BFI46 was $40^{\circ}C$ with 12 h required to reach pH 4.3. Testing with 13 different antibiotics revealed greatest sensitivity of BFI46 to penicillin- G and chloramphenicol, and heightened resistance to neomycin, kanamycin and polymyxin. BFI46 displayed higher esterase activities compared to 18 other enzymes, was comparatively tolerant to bile juice and able to survive at pH 2 for 3 h, and displayed high resistance against Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium with a survival rate of 57.14% and 96.36%, respectively. The results indicate that BFI46 could be an excellent starter culture for fermented milk with high level of immunomodulating activity.

Immunomodulating Activity of Crude Polysaccharide from Inonotus obliquus Sclerotia by Fractionation including MeOH Reflux

  • Lee, Kyung-Haeng;Kim, Hoon;Oh, Sung-Hoon;Hwang, Jong-Hyun;Yu, Kwang-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2017
  • To obtain the immunomodulating polysaccharide from chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus sclerotia, IO), crude polysac- charide fractions (IO-M-CP and IO-CP, respectively) prepared from hot-water extract (IO-W) of I. obliquus by EtOH precipitation after MeOH reflux or not. After IO-W was re-dissolved in water followed by EtOH addition in the case without MeOH reflux, EtOH mixture was fractionated into EtOH-soluble (IO-E) and crude polysaccharide (IO-CP). In the meanwhile, MeOH-soluble fraction (IO-M) was separated from IO-W after MeOH reflux. The residue was dissolved in water and was added by EtOH, and then EtOH mixture was also fractionation into EtOH-soluble (IO-M-E) and crude polysaccharide (IO-M-CP). As a result of the macrophage stimulating activity of these fractions, IO-CP and IO-M-CP showed significantly increased cell proliferation and cytokines production than IO-W. Particularly, IO-M-CP promotes the production of IL-12 more than IO-CP. In the splenocytes proliferating activity and intestinal immune system modulating activity through Peyer's patch, both of 2 crude polysaccharide fractions were significantly promoted in cell proliferation and cytokines production than IO-W, and IO-M-CP was more potent than IO-CP in IL-2 production from splenocytes and GM-CSF production ($10{\mu}g/mL$) in Peyer's patch cells. In addition, immunomodulating polysaccharide fractions (IO-M-CP and IO-CP) prepared from IO-W by EtOH precipitation with or without EtOH reflux showed no significant difference in the chemical composition and component sugar. These results suggested that MeOH reflux might exclude low-molecular weight materials from IO-W and consequently increase the immunomodulating activity of IO-M-CP. Therefore, it was confirmed that immunomodulation of polysaccharide prepared from hot-water extract of chaga mushroom was enhanced by fractionation including MeOH reflux and EtOH precipitation.

Physiological Characteristics and Immunomodulating Activity of Streptococcus macedonicus LC743 Isolated from Raw Milk

  • Cho, Seong-A;Kim, Kee-Sung;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kim, Sae-Hun;Lim, Sang-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.957-965
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    • 2010
  • To develop a new starter culture for fermented milk, Streptococcus macedonicus LC743 was isolated from raw milk and its physiological characteristics were investigated. S. macedonicus LC743 showed good immunomodulating activity compared to the index LAB starters tested. The optimum growth temperature of S. macedonicus LC743 was $40^{\circ}C$, and it took 18 h to reach pH 4.34 under these conditions. S. macedonicus LC743 showed higher sensitivity to novobiocin in a comparison of 15 different antibiotics and showed the highest resistance to gentamycin. It also showed higher activities of leucine arylamidase and acid phosphatase. Moreover, it was comparatively tolerant to bile juice and acid and displayed high resistance to Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus with rates of 80.0%, 68.42%, and 81.54% respectively. These results demonstrate that S. macedonicus LC743 could be an excellent starter culture for fermented milk with a high level of immunomodulating activity.

Effect of oral administration of Ginsenoside-Rb2 on rotavirus infection

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Lee, Kyung-Bok
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.276.2-276
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    • 2002
  • Glycosaminoglycans(PT -Gag) were isolated from the porcine testis. From the PT -Gag. we obtained two different types of Gag fractions using Dowex macroporous Resin MSA-1 column. PT-Gag-1.5% NaCl and PT -Gag-16% NaCl. Various biological activities of the GAGs were examined in aspect of anticoagulant and immunomodulating activity. The anticoagulant activity of the GAGs was evaluated by activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT ) assay and thrombin time (TT) assay. The GAGs of porcine testis markedly increased the clotting times of both of aPTT and TT. showing that PT-Gag-16% NaCl was more effective than PT-Gag-1.5% NaCl. The immunomodulating activity of the GAGs was examined in relation to regulation of cytokine production of mutine peritoneal macrophages. Treatment with the GAGs promonently enhanced the prodution of cytokines. IFN-${\gamma}$, from macrophages. Taken together. GAGs isolated from porcine testis possess biological functions such as anticoagulant and immunomodulating activity.

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Effect of Salicornia herbacea Polysaccharides on the Activation of Immune Cells in vitro and in vivo

  • Ryu, Deok-Seon;Kim, Seon-Hee;Lee, Dong-Seok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1481-1486
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    • 2009
  • The immunomodulating effect of Salicornia herbacea polysaccharides on BALB/c mice splenocytes was investigated. Crude (CS) and fine polysaccharide (PS) extracts with potential biological activity were prepared from S. herbacea. For in vitro experiments, splenocytes and separated T cells were treated with CS and PS (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg/mL). For in vivo experiments, the CS and PS were orally administered to BALB/c mice every day for 2 weeks. For basic data analysis, physiological parameters were recorded. Cell proliferation of splenocytes and T cells was used as an index for immunomodulating activity. The proliferation of splenocytes and separated T cells was 3.2 and 3.5 times higher than the control, respectively. Moreover, when splenocytes were treated with mitogen, the highest proliferation rate was observed in splenocytes cultured with PS. Interestingly, the stimulative activity of PS was more strongly exerted through $CD4^+$ T cells than through $CD8^+$ T cells.

Immunomodulating Activity of a Fucoidan Isolated from Korean Undaria pinnatifida Sporophyll

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Kim, Woo-Jung;Kim, So-Yeon;Kim, Sung-Min;Chung, Mi-Kyung;Park, Joo-Woong;Suh, Hyun-Hyo;Lee, Kyung-Bok;Park, Yong-Il
    • ALGAE
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2007
  • A fucoidan, isolated from Korean Undaria pinnatifida spoprophyll (UP-F), was investigated for its immunomodulating activity on murine macrophages and splenocytes, and its activity was compared with that of fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus (FV-F). Treatment of UP-F resulted in inhibition of the growth of murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, but its cytotoxicity was not observed in normal murine splenocytes. FV-F was shown to be highly cytotoxic to both immune cells, and its cytotoxic activity was higher than that of UP-F. Treatment of UP-F induced TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner from two types of macrophages, RAW 264.7 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages. The TNF-α-inducing activity of UP-F was higher than that of FV-F. UP-F also actively induced chemokines (RANTES and MIP-1α) from RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, treatment of UP-F gave rise to activation of murine splenocytes to produce cytokine (IL-6) and chemokines (RANTES and MIP-1α), showing significantly higher activity than that of FV-F. These results indicate that UP-F is less cytotoxic to immune cells than FV-F, and possesses immunomodulating activity to produce cytokines and chemokines from macrophages and splenocytes.

Effect of porcine testis-derived glycosaminoglycans on blood coagulation and immune responses

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Lee, Kyung-Box
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.327.1-327
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    • 2002
  • Glycosaminoglycans(PT -Gag) were isolated from the porcine testis. From the PT -Gag, we obtained two different types of Gag fractions using Dowex macro porous Resin MSA-1 column, PT -Gag-1.5% NaCl and PT -Gag-16% NaCl. Various biological activities of the GAGs were examined in aspect of anticoagulant and immunomodulating activity. The anticoagulant activity of the GAGs was evaluated by activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT ) assay and thrombin time (TT) assay. The GAGs of porcine testis markedly incresed the clotting times of both of aPTT and TT. showing that PT-Gag-16% NaCl was more effective than PT-Gag-1.5% NaCl. The immunomodulating activityof the GAGs was examined in relation to regulation of xytoxine prodution of murine peritoeal maerophages. Taken together. GAGs isolated from porcine testis possess bilolgical functions such as anticoagulant and immunomodulating activity.

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Immunomodulating Activity of a Polysaccharide Isolated from Mori Cortex Radicis

  • Kim, Hwan-Mook;Han, Sang-Bae;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Lee, Chang-Woo;Kim, Chul-Young;Lee, Eun-Ju;Huh, Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.240-242
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    • 2000
  • The immunomodulating activity of a polysaccharide isolated from Morus alba (PMA) root bark was examined in murine splenic lymphocytes. PMA enhanced proliferation of splenic lymphocytes in a synergistic manner in the presence of mitogens. However, PMA suppressed pri-may IgM antibody production from B cells, which was activated with lipopolysaccharide, a polyclonal activator, or immunized with a T-cell dependent antigen sheep red blood cells. Our observations showed that the immunomodulating activity of PMA increased lymphocyte proliferation and that PMA decreased antibody production from B cells, which was distinct from those of other plant-originated polysaccharides.

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Immunomodulating and Anticoagulant Activity of Glycosaminoglycans Derived from Porcine Testis

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Kim, Yeong-Shik;Song, Kyung-Sik;Moon, Eun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bok
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.669-674
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    • 2002
  • Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were isolated from the porcine testis, and their immuno-modulating and anticoagulant activity was investigated. From anion exchange chromatography (Dowex Macropolous Resin) used for further isolation of porcine testis GAGs (PT-GAGs), two fractions (PT-GAG-1.5 and PT-GAG-16) eluted by different salt concentration were obtained. In immunomodulating activity test, PT-GAG-1.5, but not PT-GAG-16, significantly enhanced the growth of murine peritoneal macrophages. In addition, treatment with PT-GAG-1.5 induced the production of cytokines, interleukin-1$\beta$ (IL-1$\beta$), interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$) and tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$), from murine microphages. Unexpectedly, both of PT-GAGs had no effect on the growth of murine splenocytes. The anticoagulant activity of PT-GAG-1.5 and PT-GAG-16 was examined by activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) assay and thrombin time (TT) assay. Both of PT-kGAGs significantly increased the clotting times of aPTT and TT in a dose-dependent manner. The anticoagulant activity of PT-GAG-16 was found to be higher than that of PT-GAG-1.5. These results suggest that PT-GAGs possess biological activities such as immunomodulating activity and anticoagulant activity.

Experimental Studies on Antimetastatic and Immunomodulating Effects of Patriniae Radix Herbal-acupuncture (패장약침(敗醬藥鍼)의 암전이 억제 및 면역 조절 효과에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Hee-Soo;Park, Jai-Young
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.187-203
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the antimetastatic and immunomodulating effects of Patriniae Radix. Methods : Acute and subacute cytotoxicity experiment of Patriniae Radix was performed. Antimetastatic experiment was administered in vitro and in vivo. To observe the immunomodulating effects of Patriniae Radix, FACS analysis and ELISA assay were performed. Results : There was no acute and subacute toxicity responses in mouse treated with Patriniae Radix. Antimetastatic experiment in vitro and in vivo showed that Patriniae Radix has antimetastatic effects. This research revealed that Patriniae Radix mediate cellular immunity response. As compared with control, the population of total T cell, helper T cell, cytotoxic T cell and macrophage were increased. The production of Th 1 type cytokines from splenocyte and cytokines which is associated with anti-tumor activity form macrophage were increased significantly. Conclusion Patriniae Radix Herbal-acupuncture appears to have considerable activity on the treatment of liver metastasis from colon26-L5 carcinoma cell line, and deserves further evaluation in this setting.

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