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Influence of the adjacent periodontium and inter-implant distance on bone resorption around non-submerged implants;A retrospective clinical and radiographic study (인접 치주조직과 임플란트간 거리가 임플란트 주변 골흡수에 미치는 영향;임상 및 방사선사진 검사에 의한 후향적 연구)

  • Chang, Moon-Taek
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.535-541
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    • 2004
  • The aims of the present study are firstly to investigate the amount of bone loss around non-submerged implants placed in the posterior region and secondly to investigate the relationship between inter-implant and implant-tooth distance and peri-implant bone loss. Thirty-one subjects with 60 implants were selected consecutively from the implant patient pool at the department of Chonbuk National University Hospital. To be included in the study subject, the implant should have been functioned more than 6 months after loading. Inter-implant and implant-tooth distance, distance between implant shoulder and the first bone contact with the implant(DIB) were measured from the scanning image of the radiograph of each implant. The result showed that; 1. inter-implant distance has a statistically significant relationship with DIB in Pearson correlation analysis. 2. the DIB at the implant facing surface of the implant was greater than that of tooth facing surface of the implant. Within limitation of this study, it is suggested to place an implant not too closely to adjacent implants, and the presence of a tooth adjacent to an implant may keep the level of tooth-facing surface of the implant. Further studies with a prospective design are needed to elucidate the relationship between bone changes and various dimensions around implants.

Preservation of Exposed Breast Implant for Immediate Breast Reconstruction (보형물을 이용한 즉시 유방재건술에서 노출된 보형물의 보존)

  • Lee, Taik-Jong;Oh, Tae-Suk
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.26-30
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Common complications of immediate breast reconstruction with implant are capsular contracture, malposition of implant, hematoma and seroma. Especially, the most severe complication is implant exposure caused by inflammation or necrosis of skin flap margin of mastectomy site. This article reports the experience of cases of salvage in such an exposure of implant. Methods: From July, 2002 to Feb., 2009, sixty-five patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction with implant were retrospectively analyzed. Exposure of implant was happened in 5 of 65 patients and they were treated at out patient district. Two of five patients were reconstructed with saline implnt and all of them underwent the enveloping of the implant with AlloDerm$^{(R)}$ and Serratus muscle flap. Remaning three patients were reconstructed with silicone implant and all of them underwent the enveloping of the implant with AlloDerm$^{(R)}$. Results: In the group of patients who underwent reconstruction with saline implant, implant exposure was found in one patient due to partial necrosis of the margin of skin flap and debridement and primary repair were done. In the other one patient, dressing with antibiotic ointment were done. And debridement and primary repair were proceeded. In the group of patients who underwent reconstruction with silicone implant, implant exposure was found in one patient. After removal of the implant, tissue expansion was done and a new silicone implant was inserted. Implant exposure were found in the other two patients, antibiotics ointment application and primarily repaired. Conclusion: It was the common knowledge that the exposed implant should be removed. But salvage of the exposed implants may be possible with proper treatment. Four of five patients (80%) with exposed breast implant were salvaged with conservative management.

Primary stability of implants with peri-implant bone defects of various widths: an in vitro investigation

  • Yim, Hyun-jin;Lim, Hyun-Chang;Hong, Ji-Youn;Shin, Seung-Il;Chung, Jong-Hyuk;Herr, Yeek;Shin, Seung-Yun
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of i) the extent of peri-implant bone defects and ii) the application of bone cement on implant stability with respect to the measurement direction. Methods: In 10 bovine rib bones, 4 implant osteotomies with peri-implant bone defects of various widths were prepared: i) no defect (D0), ii) a 2-mm-wide defect (D2), iii) a 4-mm-wide defect (D4), and iv) a 8-mm-wide defect (D8). The height of all defects was 10 mm. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) values and Periotest values (PTVs) were measured after implant placement and bone cement application. Results: With increasing defect width, decreased ISQs and increased PTVs were observed. Statistically significant differences were found between groups D0 and D8, D0 and D4, and D2 and D8. Prior to bone cement application, inconsistent PTVs were found in group D8 depending on the measurement direction. Bone cement increased the implant stability. Conclusion: Peri-implant bone deficits measuring around 50% of the implant surface compromised implant stability. Clinically, PTVs should be cautiously interpreted in implants with large peri-implant defects due to inconsistent recordings with respect to the measurement direction.

The change of rotational freedom following different insertion torques in three implant systems with implant driver

  • Kwon, Joo-Hyun;Han, Chong-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Jai;Chang, Jae-Seung
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2009
  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM. Implant drivers are getting popular in clinical dentistry. Unlike to implant systems with external hex connection, implant drivers directly engage the implant/abutment interface. The deformation of the implant/abutment interface can be introduced while placing an implant with its implant driver in clinical situations. PURPOSE. This study evaluated the change of rotational freedom between an implant and its abutment after application of different insertion torques. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Three kinds of internal connection implants were utilized for the current study($4.5{\times}12\;mm$ Xive, $4.3{\times}11.5\;mm$ Inplant Magicgrip, $4.3{\times}12\;mm$ Implantium MF). An EstheticBase, a 2-piece top, a Dual abutment was used for its corresponding implant system. The rotational freedom between an implant and its abutment were measured before and after applying 45, 100 Ncm insertion torque. Repeated measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Under 45 Ncm insertion torque, the rotational freedom between an implant and its abutment was significantly increased in Xive(P = .003). However, no significant change was noted in Inplant Magicgrip and Implantium MF. Under 100 Ncm torque, both in Xive(P = .0005) and Implatium MF(P = .03) resulted in significantly increased rotational freedom between the implant and its abutment. DISCUSSION. The design of the implant/implant driver interface effectively prevented the deformation of implant/abutment interface. Little change was noted in the rotational freedom between an implant and its abutment, even though the insertion torque was far beyond clinical application. CONCLUSIONS. The implant/abutment joint of internally connecting implants were quite stable under insertion torque in clinical situation.

Esthetic Implant Prostheses for Anterior Teeth (심미적인 상악 전치부 임플란트 보철물 만들기)

  • Kim, Ki-Seong
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.56 no.9
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    • pp.492-502
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    • 2018
  • Anterior maxillary teeth play an important role in determining a person's first impression and facial profile. Implant surgery in esthetic area requires more careful diagnosis, treatment planning, surgery, and prosthetic restoration than in posterior area. To avoid complications in surgery and prosthetic restoration for implants in esthetic area, accurate diagnosis and appropriate case selection become very important. If you have decided to restore the area with implant prosthesis, you have to know exactly where to place an implant. I will discuss the ideal implant position in terms of mesio-distally, apico-coronally, labio-palatally, and implant angulation. And I would like to point out the selection of fixture diameter & length for anterior implant. Finally, a clinical implant prosthesis case in maxillary central incisor will be shown. In conclusion, for superior esthetic outcome in anterior implant prostheses, we must understand the patient's anatomic condition and know our ability.

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The effect of undersizing and tapping on bone to implant contact and implant primary stability: A histomorphometric study on bovine ribs

  • Di Stefano, Danilo Alessio;Perrotti, Vittoria;Greco, Gian Battista;Cappucci, Claudia;Arosio, Paolo;Piattelli, Adriano;Iezzi, Giovanna
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.227-235
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE. Implant site preparation may be adjusted to achieve the maximum possible primary stability. The aim of this investigation was to study the relation among bone-to-implant contact at insertion, bone density, and implant primary stability intra-operatively measured by a torque-measuring implant motor, when implant sites were undersized or tapped. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Undersized (n=14), standard (n=13), and tapped (n=13) implant sites were prepared on 9 segments of bovine ribs. After measuring bone density using the implant motor, 40 implants were placed, and their primary stability assessed by measuring the integral of the torque-depth insertion curve. Bovine ribs were then processed histologically, the bone-to-implant contact measured and statistically correlated to bone density and the integral. RESULTS. Bone-to-implant contact and the integral of the torque-depth curve were significantly greater for undersized sites than tapped sites. Moreover, a correlation between bone to implant contact, the integral and bone density was found under all preparation conditions. The slope of the bone-to-implant/density and integral/density lines was significantly greater for undersized sites, while those corresponding to standard prepared and tapped sites did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION. The integral of the torque-depth curve provided reliable information about bone-to-implant contact and primary implant stability even in tapped or undersized sites. The linear relations found among the parameters suggests a connection between extent and modality of undersizing and the corresponding increase of the integral and, consequently, of primary stability. These results might help the physician determine the extent of undersizing needed to achieve the proper implant primary stability, according to the planned loading protocol.

Influence of soft tissue and bone thickness on the dimensional change of peri-implant soft tissues;A clinical follow-up study (연조직 및 골 두께가 임플란트 주위 연조직 형태에 끼치는 영향에 관한 임상추적연구)

  • Chang, Moon-Taek
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of peri-implant soft tissue and bone thickness on the early dimensional change of peri-implant soft tissue. Seventy-seven non-submerged implants of 39 patients which had been loaded more than 6 months were selected for the study. Following clinical parameters were measured; bucco-lingual bone width of the alveolar bone for implant placement before implant surgery; distance between implant shoulder and the first bone/implant contact at the surgery; presence of plaque, probing depth, bleeding on probing, width of keratinized mucosa, mucosa thickness, distance between implant shoulder and peri-implant mucosa, crown margin location at follow-up examination. The results showed that distance between implant shoulder and peri-implant mucosa (DIM) was correlated with probing depth and width of keratinized mucosa (p < 0.05). In addition, mucosa thickness was also correlated with probing depth (p<0.05). However, the bone width of alveolar bone and soft tissue thickness were not found to be correlated with DIM. It is important to understand the meaning of peri-implant tissue dimension in relation to dimensional changes of peri-implant soft tissue which designates appearance of implant-supported restorations. Future study is needed to elucidate the significance of the buccal bone thickness and soft tissue thickness with respect to the change of peri-implant soft tissue margin with the use of an instrument capable of measuring buccal bone thickness directly.

Occlusion for implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in partially edentulous patients: a literature review and current concepts

  • Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun;Sukotjo, Cortino
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2013
  • Implant treatment has become the treatment of choice to replace missing teeth in partially edentulous areas. Dental implants present different biological and biomechanical characteristics than natural teeth. Occlusion is considered to be one of the most important factors contributing to implant success. Most literature on implant occlusal concepts is based on expert opinion, anecdotal experiences, in vitro and animal studies, and only limited clinical research. Furthermore, scientific literature regarding implant occlusion, particularly in implant-supported fixed dental prostheses remains controversial. In this study, the current status of implant occlusion was reviewed and discussed. Further randomized clinical research to investigate the correlation between implant occlusion, the implant success rate, and its risk factors is warranted to determine best clinical practices.

Non-submerged type implant stability analysis during initial healing period by resonance frequency analysis (Resonance frequency analysis를 이용한 non-submerged type 임플란트의 초기 안정성 분석)

  • Kim, Deug-Han;Pang, Eun-Kyoung;Kim, Chang-Sung;Choi, Seong-Ho;Cho, Kyoo-Sung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.339-348
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the implant stability quotient(ISQ) values for Korean non-submerged type implant and determine the factors that affect implant stability. Methods: A total of 49 Korean non-submerged type implants were installed in 24 patients, and their stability was measured by resonance frequency analysis(RFA) at the time of surgery, and 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12 weeks postoperatively. The data for implant site, age, sex, implant length and diameter, graft performing, bone type, and insertion torque were analyzed. Results: The lowest mean stability measurement was at 3 weeks. There was significant difference between implant placement and 12 weeks. There was significant difference between implant placement and 12 weeks in diameters of 4.1 mm and 4.8 mm. Also, there were significant differences between diameters of 4.1 mm and 4.8 mm at implant placement and 12 weeks after surgery. This result suggests that the factor related to implant diameter may affect the level of implant stability. No statistically significant relationship was found between the resonance frequency analysis and the variables of maxilla/mandible, sex, anterior/posterior, implant length, age of patient, graft performing, bone type, insertion torque during initial healing period. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the factor related to implant diameter may affect the variance of implant stability, and ISQ value of implant was stable enough for proved stability level during initial healing period.

Comparison of initial implant stability measured by Resonance Frequency Analysis between different implant systems (Resonance Frequency Analysis(RFA)를 이용한 임플란트 종류간의 초기 안정성 비교)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Chang, Moon-Taek
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.529-534
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare initial implant stability measured by RFA between different implant systems during the initial healing period. Material and Methods: Fifty-four patients (36 males/18 females) who had been treated at the Department of Periodontology, Chonbuk National University Dental Hospital during the period between January and November in 2007 were included in the study. The mean age of the subjects was 49 years old (18 to 77). A total of 104 implants (Type A: 3i $Osseotite^{(R)}$, Type B: $Replace^{(R)}$ select, Type C: ITI implant) were placed following the manufacturer's standard surgical protocols. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) readings were obtained for each implant at the time of surgery, 2-, and 4-month postoperatively. Result: No implant was failed during the observation period. At the baseline, the difference between mean ISQ values of 3 implant systems was statistically significant (p<0.05). However, at 2-, and 4-month following implant surgery, no significant difference was observed between ISQ values of the implant systems. In the same implant, the ISQ values of Type B and C implants increased (p<0.05), but those of Type A implants decreased during the 2-month healing period. The mean ISQ values of Type B and C implants showed a increasing tendency, while those of Type A implants were stable for the 4-month follow-up period. Conclusion: Within limits of this study, it can be concluded that implant design and surface topography of implant might influence the ISQ value and changing pattern during the initial healing period.