• Title, Summary, Keyword: imports

Search Result 405, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

A Study on the Efficacy for Promising Ex-Importable Items of CEPA between Korea & India - Focused on the Ex-Import Performance in 2010 - (한.인도 CEPA 수출입유망품목의 효과 연구 - 2010년 수출입실적을 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Mok-Sam
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
    • /
    • v.49
    • /
    • pp.545-566
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper study on the effect of the removal or reduction of the tariff on Korea-India trade by CEPA between Korea & India and then examines the effects of increased exports & imports to Korea on India. Despite the analysis is based on data over a short period of time, this paper shows that CEPA between Korea & India has substantially increased Korean exports(42.7%) and imports(37%) to India in 2010. It is also shown that CEPA between Korea & India has had a considerable impact on market. As a result can be summarized as follows. The potential fields of expanding the trade between the two countries due to the tariff concessions of the removal or reduction. Consequently the effect of the removal or reduction of tariff will be low our expectation but CEPA between Korea & India would have a positive effect on Korea's exports to India in the long term. This paper has examined the impact of CEPA between Korea & India on general economy. It needs a further study to estimate trade diversion effect of CEPA and to find out the impacts on specific industry.

  • PDF

Economic Analysis of Landfill Gas Recycling Considering Environmental Benefit (환경편익을 고려한 매립가스 자원화 사업의 경제성분석)

  • Kim, Young-Jun;Lee, Jong-Yeon;Koo, June-Mo;Kang, Yong-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.181-188
    • /
    • 2010
  • The objectives of this study are to analyze the possibility of the landfill gas recycling for the middle and small scale landfills where the recycling facilities are not installed in Korea. It was found that the power generation plants by landfill gas were installed in domestic 15 landfills and the gas engine generation was adopted in 14 places. As the result of economic analysis, the landfill gas recycling is found to be available in 12 places and CERs of 153,693 $tCO_{2e}$ can be secured per year. Through the reduction of the air pollutants and VOCs, the social benefits of 730 million won accrue per year. Also, the power production of 18.8 GWh will substitute the crude oil imports of 4,048 TOE and the revenue of 2.49 billion won is expected to power trading. It is also found that the power generation plants by landfill gas will give the social benefits such as the reduction of the environmental problems and the substitution effect of crude oil imports.

Introduction to the Fisheries Industry in Ghana

  • Otumfuo, Samuel Kabu
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-23
    • /
    • 2008
  • Fisheries constitute an important sector in national economic development, and estimate to contribute about 3% of the total GDP and 5% of the GDP in agriculture. Fish production from aquaculture has been estimated at 950 tonnes for 2004. In 2003, Ghana produced only 51.7% of its requirements from its domestic sources and in 2004, achieved 68.1% of its fish requirement through domestic production and imports. It has been estimated that the production from ponds and culture-based fisheries is worth about US$ 1.5 million a year. The aquaculture sub sector comprises largely small-scale subsistence farmers who practice extensive aquaculture in earthen ponds in contrast to the intensive practices of commercial farmers. There is one cage facility which produces 200 tonnes or 21.1% of the total output. There are several laws to regulate and govern the sector and the government has set up institutions that are responsible for developing fisheries and aquaculture policy and directing and establishing research priorities. The Directorate of Fisheries (DoF) is the lead government agency for aquaculture development and the Water Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is mandated to carry out aquaculture research. To promote fish farming, imports of farm fish are not allowed.

  • PDF

An Input-Output Analysis on the Korean Railway Industry with the 2003 Input-Output Tables (2003 산업연관표를 이용한 철도운송산업의 경제적 파급효과 분석)

  • Yoon, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.410-416
    • /
    • 2008
  • The inter-industrial inducement effects of the korean railway services on the output, value-added, imports of the 403 industrial sectors of the korean economy have been computed by the input-output analysis technique utilizing the 2003 Input-Output Tables, which was published most recently in April 2007 by the Bank of Korea. The korean railway service industry produced \2,766 billion worth of passenger and freight railroad services in the 2003 year, and it has induced \1,701 billion worth of output, \781 billion worth of value-added, and \580 billion worth of imports of the korean industry as a whole. The energy sector industries such as diesel fuel, thermal power generation, nuclear power generation, crude oil, liquid natural gas, bituminous coal, liquid propane gas have been most affected by the korean railway services. Other industries mainly affected by the korean railway services include railroad car manufacturing, cleaning and decontamination, medical and health service, machinery equipment and rental, construction and maintenance, transportation related services, business R&D, property insurance, and telecommunication.

Study concerning the Scope of the Interpretation of Like Product and Domestic Industry in USITC's Antidumping Injury Determination (USITC의 반덤핑 피해판정에서의 동종상품과 국내산업의 해석범위에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Choong-Lyong;Han, Na-Hee
    • International Commerce and Information Review
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.159-175
    • /
    • 2007
  • Under U.S. Antidumping law, dumping occurs when 'subject merchandise' is imported into the United States and sold at less than 'fair value'. The administration of U.S. antidumping law is shared between the U.S. Department of Commerce(USDOC) and the U.S. International Trade Commission(USITC). USDOC's task is to determine whether imports are being dumped, and if so, to estimate the margin of dumping. In determining whether an industry in the United States is materially injured or threatened with material injury, or the establishment of an industry in the United States is materially retarded, by reason of the subject imports, the USITC must first define the 'like product' and the 'domestic industry'. One of the crucial factors on antidumping measures is the interpretation's scope of the 'like product' and the 'domestic industry', leading the most controversial issues in U.S. antidumping law. The primary purpose of this paper is to examine the 'domestic industry' and 'like product' considering U.S. antidumping law. Most USITC's determinations regarding like product and industry as flexible conception have been supported by the U.S. Courts.

  • PDF

GOVERNMENT-CIVIC GROUP CONFLICTS AND COMMUNICATION STRATEGY: A TEXT ANALYSIS OF TV DEBATES ON KOREA'S IMPORT OF U.S. BEEF

  • Cho, Seong Eun;Choi, Myunggoon;Park, Han Woo
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-20
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study analyzes messages from Korean TV debates on the conflict over U.S. beef imports and the process of negotiations over the imports in 2008. The authors have conducted a content analysis and a semantic network analysis by using KrKwic and CONCOR. The data was drawn from nine TV debates aired by three major TV networks in Korea (MBC, KBS, and SBS) from 27 April 27 2008 to 6 July 2008. The results indicate substantial differences in the semantic structure between arguments by the government and those by civic groups. We also investigated the relationship between the terms frequently used by both sides (i.e., the government and civic groups), and the terms used exclusively by one side. There was a gradual increase in the number of terms frequently used by both sides over time, from the formation of the conflict to its escalation to its resolution. The results indicate the possibility of general agreement in conflict situations.

Development of Onshore Offshore Tower Elevator with load distribution endless winder and integrated control panel (하중 분산형 엔드리스 와인더와 통합형 제어반을 적용한 육상 해상 풍력타워 승강기 개발)

  • Lee, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.711-719
    • /
    • 2019
  • At present, wind power is the fastest growing technology in the world. The domestic market depends heavily on imports for wind tower lift. so it manage through the overseas maker. The lift manufacture, establishment and maintenance utility is increasing, localization development of one wind tower lift is necessary with domestic fundamental base technique. In this paper, we will study the components necessary for the development of onshore offshore wind tower elevators, which are currently dependent on total imports, in line with the high growth of the wind market and the enlargement of the wind power generators. First of all, endless winders and cabins, which are the core components of the offshore wind tower lift, were examined for the components that affect the structural safety. Structural analysis was performed on Sheave, which is responsible for most of the lift lifting loads, and Block Stop, a safety device that prevents the cabin from falling in an emergency. The structural suitability was evaluated by comparing with the safety factor. In addition, the on-board control panel combines the control panel of the elevator and the drive motor driving the endless winder for efficient control of the offshore wind tower lift. The addition of features improves ride comfort at departure.

An Empirical Study on the Export and Import Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on the Blue Economic Zone of the Shandong Peninsula in China

  • Lee, Sung-Joon;Zhai, Shuai
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-23
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose - During a reform period lasting 30 years, the Blue Economic Zone (BEZ) in the Shandong Peninsula has made progress in attracting foreign investment, and has acquired the foreign direct investment (FDI) essential for economic growth. It is therefore important to conduct a proactive and systematic study of FDI in the BEZ. Research design, data, methodology - This dissertation discusses the contribution of FDI on economic growth, from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. Taking seven core cities for study, statistics and econometrics are used, and panel data are used to validate FDI contribution to import and export in the BEZ. Results- FDI was found to exert both positive and negative influences on the imports and exports of the BEZ. In other words, the research findings are consistent with Trade Generated and Inverse Trade Generated theories put forward by Kojima and Mundell, among other researchers mentioned earlier in this paper. Further, FDI has greatly increased imports and exports for the BEZ. Conclusions - According to the results of this empirical study on local investment environment optimization, FDI plays an important role in foreign trade. This dissertation puts forward recommendations on using FDI to better promote economic growth in the BEZ.

  • PDF

The Effect of Economic Growth and Urbanization on Poverty Reduction in Vietnam

  • NGUYEN, Huyen Thi Thanh;NGUYEN, Chau Van;NGUYEN, Cong Van
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
    • /
    • v.7 no.7
    • /
    • pp.229-239
    • /
    • 2020
  • This article aims to measure the impact of economic growth and urbanization on poverty reduction in Vietnam, and verify whether economic growth and urbanization will help reduce poverty rates. Data for this study are tabular data related to growth, urbanization and poverty at the provincial level for the period of nine years, from 2006 to 2014 provided by the Vietnam General Statistics Office and the Vietnam General Department of Customs. The level of economic growth and urbanization mentioned in the study is reflected in such indicators as GDP value, exports value, imports value, urbanization rate and employment rate. The authors used logistic regression models with fixed-effects and logistic regression models with random effects. With 5% confidence level tested by the Chi-Square test of Hausman trial with the fixed-effect model, research results show that: (1) factors with significant negative impact on the poverty rate include imports value, urbanization rate and, employment rate; (2) factors that do not affect the poverty rate include exports value and GDP value. Based on the research results, this study proposes a number of policy recommendations to help promote economic growth, to sustain the urbanization process, and to contribute directly and positively to poverty reduction in Vietnam.

New Round of WTO Negotiations on Forest Products : Prospective Issues and Impacts (WTO 차기(次期) 임산물협상(林産物協商)의 예상(豫想) 쟁점(爭點) 및 영향(影響))

  • Joo, Rin Won;Lee, Seong Youn;Kim, Wae Jung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.90 no.4
    • /
    • pp.505-512
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study examined the impacts of tariff reductions on timber products in the new round of WTO negotiations on domestic timber products markets and presented the measures to minimize their impacts. Scenarios on reductions in tariffs were developed based on result of UR negotiation and prospective issues on scope of tariffs bound, base rates for negotiation, degree of tariff cuts, etc. emerged during preparatory meetings held to launch the New Round of WTO Negotiation. Korea Timber Market Model(KORTIMM) developed by Korea Forest Research Institute was used to simulate the impacts on forest products markets by scenario. It was estimated that their impacts on net imports would be much larger than those on both consumption and production. The results showed that their impacts on plywood market and on net imports of processed forest products would be much larger relatively but that their impacts on log market and on consumption and production of processed forest products would be less than 1 percent. It was estimated that log consumption would be reduced due to reduction in domestic production of processed products and thus both production and imports of logs would be reduced as well. In oder to minimize the impacts, efforts should be made to start negotiations to reduce tariffs with bound rates for bounded products and with applied rates for non-bounded products, to expand the implementation period and to maintain the status of developing country. In addition, it might be one of countermeasures to use legitimate measures consistent with WTO rules such as anti-dumping, countervailing measures and safeguards.

  • PDF