• Title, Summary, Keyword: improvement efforts

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The Effects of Inclusiveness between Team Members on Psychological Safety and Improvement Efforts in a Commercial Airline Cockpit (조종실 내의 개방성이 심리적 안전감과 조종 수행 참여도 향상에 주는 영향: 민간 항공 기장과 부기장을 대상으로)

  • Jang, Su-Wong;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Yoo-Kyoung;Sohn, Young-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2009
  • This study aims at determining psychological elements that influence team coordination between a captain and a first officer in a commercial airline cockpit. It also examines how these elements interact between one another in different team membership settings. It was hypothesized that mutual inclusiveness of differential status among pilots enhances psychological safety and engagement in safety improvement efforts. Survey results based on 254 airline pilots suggest that status (captain, first officer) and mutual inclusiveness (openness between team members) influence psychological safety and mutual inclusiveness moderates the relationship between status and psychological safety. The results also suggest that psychological safety is positively associated with engagement in safety improvement efforts and partially mediates the relationship between mutual inclusiveness and improvement efforts. This study provides insights into antecedents of fostering safety improvement efforts in airline crew teams in which cultural differences and professional hierarchy exist.

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Analysis of Quality Improvement Priority for Construction PMIS

  • An, Hyo-Kyung;Lee, Seul-Ki;Lee, Hyoung-Lak;Yu, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.10-21
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    • 2012
  • As one of the key IT applications, the project management information system (PMIS) played a significant role in construction management processes in Korea. On increasing use of PMIS, regular quality assessment to identify user's requirements of PMIS is necessary. However, there have been rare research efforts for quality assessment for the construction PMIS. This paper aims to propose a priority index of quality improvement for construction PMIS using the importance and satisfaction measures and to verify the discrimination power of the priority index by comparing it with other quality improvement priority index. In addition, this paper discusses some possible ways of PMIS quality improvement. The analysis of quality improvement priority was based on a questionnaire responded by 253 PMIS users (construction managers and constructors). The methods of PMIS improvement were based on the interviews with eight experts. These findings would be the foundation of further researches on PMIS quality improvement. However, more efforts are required to enhance the priority index, in terms of reflecting weighted values of quality assessment factors.

The Vertical Wind Tunnel Test for Spin Mode Improvement of KTX-1 (훈련기 스핀모드 향상을 위한 수직 풍동시험)

  • Ko, Joon-Soo;Chung, In-Jae
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.228-232
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents the efforts of the studies for improvement of spin characteristics of KTX-1 #02 through rotary balance test, forced oscillation test and spin mode analysis. During the full scale development design stage, we had fullfilled a lot of spin flight test, spin mode analysis. Based on all of the efforts, KTX-1 had been developed as a successful trainer with excellent spin characteristics.

Importance-Satisfaction Analysis of a Dietary Life Education Program - Focusing on Dietary Life Education Program Participants in Seoul and Gyeonggi - (식생활교육 프로그램의 중요도-만족도 분석 - 서울·경기 식생활교육 프로그램 참여자를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Suk-Hyun;Jeong, Hee Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.284-292
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to determine the elements that are required and that need improvement in the contents of dietary life education and the educational environment by analyzing the importance-satisfaction of a dietary life education program for dietary life education trainees. The results of the rank test for the satisfactory elements of dietary life education were in the order of competence of instructors, educational contents, time of education, educational environment and affordability of tuition. The importance-satisfaction analysis of the contents and construction of the dietary life education program showed that "suitable contents for the theme of the class", "contents and construction of practice class", "diversity of practice menu" and "diversity of educational contents" had high importance and satisfaction scores and therefore, could be maintained at their current levels. Meanwhile, "adequacy of class time" and "contents and construction of theory class" showed low importance and satisfaction scores, requiring a little effort. Whereas, "time and construction of group practice", "structure of textbook for class" and "duration of course and number of classes" showed relatively low satisfaction compared to importance, requiring major efforts for improvement. Similarly, analysis of the lecture element from dietary life education showed that "professional lecture by instructors", "lectures suitable for themes" and "lecture applicable in real life" had relatively low satisfaction compared to importance, requiring major efforts for improvement. In addition, analysis of the educational environment from dietary life education showed that "adequacy of lecture room space", "cooking equipment", "diversity of cooking utensils" and "sanitary condition of cooking utensils" also require major efforts for improvement. Therefore, dietary life education should not be executed with a simple delivery of knowledge but with both theory and practice classes to increase its application in real life, and active and specific efforts are required to nurture professional instructors and establish educational strategies.

A Study on the Changes in Residential Environments after Residential Environments Improvement Projects (주거환경개선사업이후 주거 환경 변화에 관한 연구 - 대구광역시 주거환경개선사업의 물리적 환경 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Hwa;Lee, Sang-Hong
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2018
  • This research aims at analyzing the changes in residential environment after a residential environment improvement project focusing on the analysis into the physical environment of a residential environment improvement project, and examining in what direction the changes by residents' own efforts occurred after public support, such as infrastructure. The present residence development method has become different from the previous pulling down method and is focused on regeneration. By examining in what direction the target residence is being changed because of the development by residents' own efforts after the government's public investment at this time, this study also aims at investigating the direction to develop a guideline for residential improvement for later improvement of deteriorated residence. As for the contents of the analysis, changes in public support, such as infrastructure, and other areas after the residential environment improvement project were compared and analyzed from the land use, street system, and condition of buildings before the residential environment improvement project through field survey, geographic information system(GIS), registered land and building data and so on. The biggest change since the support from the government was that at the beginning of the project, the application of special provision of building laws and different financial supports led to lots of newly built buildings. Since then, their number has decreased rapidly, and in most cases, there have been some changes in part, such as changes in the use of land or repair of disposal tanks. Most newly built buildings were multi-household houses, and it has caused road capacity and parking lot capacity, etc., to be exceeded, which has worsened the pleasantness of the living environment. In addition, other problems have also appeared, for example, the lack of residence supporting facilities yet with a higher level of residential density. Regarding the changes in the residential environment after the residential environment improvement project, maintenance of houses were conducted in some degree as diverse alleviation policies to improve poor residence, yet the absence of the guideline for the direction of developing the whole district has made the residence environment more dense and deteriorated. To solve these problems, in advance to a residential improvement project, specific management methods based on short-, mid- and long-term plans for the direction of development by residents' own efforts and a sustainable guideline seem to be necessary.

An essay on quality improving efforts in US healthcare system and implications for Korean healthcare system (미국 의료의 질 향상을 위한 주요활동 고찰 - 성과에 따른 보상, 근거 중심 의료, 고신뢰 조직을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kwang-Jum
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2005
  • Quality of care and patient safety have become today's agenda for healthcare industry in worldwide. This paper describes experiences to improve quality of care and patient safety in USA and identifies some future tasks for better implementation of quality improvement efforts. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for Korean healthcare system.

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A Case Study of Improving Operations Efficiency on the Steel Stockyard in Shipbuilding (강재적치장 운영 효율화 방안에 관한 사례연구)

  • Park, Chang-Kyu;Park, Ju-Chull
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2005
  • As the largest shipbuilding company in the world and the leader in the Korean merchant shipbuilding industry, Hyundai Heavy Industries is currently struggling to carry out intensive productivity improvement efforts in order to be the global merchant shipbuilding market leader by surpassing in the competition with Japan and being free from the defiance of China armed with very cheap labor costs. This paper introduces the academy-and-industry collaborative project, a part of the productivity improvement efforts, which has conducted on the steel stockyard operations. As a pilot project that researches for the way of improving the stockyard operations and ignites further projects on the stockyard operations, the project defined the stockyard operations, measured current situations, and analyzed management dilemmas. In addition, the project developed the steel stockyard operations simulator. Besides that the simulator is used by the operations manager who has heavily relied on his work-experienced intuition when making decisions, this paper expects that further projects on the stockyard operations utilize the simulator for their own purposes.

A Study on Improving Ubiquitous Strategy Planning for Local Governments (지자체 U-도시계획 수립방법 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myong-Dong;Park, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2013
  • Korean local governments have been planning for u-City construction with great efforts. Such efforts are needed in order to reflect the urban characteristics of each city, to promote local economic growth, and to have a sustainable operation model. Thus it is critical at an earlier stage to set a strategic direction based on urban environment analysis, which will lead to a feasible implementation of u-City. This paper derives issues and suggests improvement methods based on a case study on the USPs (u-City Strategy Planning's) of ten local governments. It is expected that the improvement methods will greatly reduce risks involved in u-City construction and contribute to better provided local-specific u-services.

The Effects of Secondary School Teachers' Efforts on Instructional Improvement on Teacher Efficacy: Focused on Comparison among Types of School Climate (중등교사의 수업개선 노력이 교사 효능감에 미치는 영향: 학교풍토 유형 간 비교를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Won Seok;Kil, Hyeji
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.472-483
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    • 2019
  • This study purposed to analyze how teacher experience of instructional change (EIC), teacher morale (TM), and school climate (SC) mediate or moderate the relationship between teacher efforts on instructional improvement (EII) and teacher efficacy (TE). For the purpose, the 6th year data of Gyeonggi Education Panel Study (GEPS) which was administered in 2017 for the 9th grade students and their teachers from 197 middle schools in Gyeonggi Province was used. As results, the mediation effects of EIC on the link between EII and TE was found only under the innovative climate. The moderation effects of TM on the connection between EIC and TE were appeared in both of the permissive and the innovative climate. Finally, the moderated mediation effects of the TM in the innovative climate were bigger rather than in the permissive climate.

A Comparative Study of The Malcolm Baldrige Award Recipients in Healthcare Institutions: 2007-2016 (The Malcolm Baldrige Award 수상 의료기관 비교연구: 2007-2016년)

  • Lee, DonHee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.983-1000
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide academic and practical implications based on the analysis results of similarities and differentiation of Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) in healthcare institutes from 2007 to 2016. Methods: This study examined the characteristics and similarities, the changes made for the most importantly considered, a degree of improvement of patient satisfaction, and employee retention rate of the MBNQA awarded 8 healthcare institutes announced by NIST during the period of 2007-2016. Results: First, the MBNQA awarded 8 healthcare institutes that maintained and implemented effective plans for a long period of time to improve the quality of care services. Second, these organizations were selected among the top 10% of the institutional evaluations in the medical field in the United States. Third, they have tried to continuously improve patient and potential customer and employee satisfaction. Fourth, it is shown that the quality improvement efforts have made long-term and continuous improvement efforts on average 4-5 years. Lastly, the increased number of patients and the improved organizational performance are twice higher than those of other healthcare institutions. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that common and differentiation strategies of healthcare institutions should be a good benchmarking model for other competitive healthcare institutions.