• Title, Summary, Keyword: in-vivo 영상

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Classification of submitted KSNMT dissertation (대한핵의학기술학회 투고 논문 분류)

  • Han, Dong-Chan;Lee, Hyuk;Hong, Gun-Chul;Ahn, Byeong-Ho;Choi, Seong-Wook
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 2017
  • Purpose KSNMT(Korea Society of Nuclear Medicine Technology) stepping first step in 1997, has published first journal related with nuclear medicine technology in 1985. With classifying In Vivo Session Dissertation reported in the entire journal, trend of the Dissertation will be studied. Materials and Methods Dissertations which published from 1985 to first half of 2016 in the journal are classified with presentation form and with scanner, And all the data is organized with Excel program. Through the data, the number of dissertations published in each year, the number of dissertation published in details, and keyword distributions in each period are analyzed. Results The number of In-vivo section dissertations was 1151 and the number of In-vivo section dissertations that have common subject with In-vitro section was 28. The number of In-vivo section dissertation in 1980s was 46, in 1990s was 149, in 2000 was 467 and from 2010 to the first half of 2016 was 517. The number of dissertation with original articles was 571, with abstract was 529, with symposium was 31, with special lecture was 25, with review was 11, with interesting image was 7, with poster was 3 and with case report was 2. With symposium and special lecture excluded, which count 56, the number of dissertation with PET was 319, with Planar was 302, with SPECT was 172, with radiopharmaceutical was 113, with guard and safety management 103, with BMD was 28, etc. was 86. The number of dissertation about oncology was 201, about scanner was 179, about cardiovascular and circulatory system was 102, about safe environment was 82, about musculoskeletal system was 76, about nervous nuclear medicine was 66, about quality assurance was 61, about genitourinary system was 56, about endocrine system was 49, about digestive system was 44, about Therapy, about industrial safety was 24, about molecular imaging was 15, infection and inflammation was 9, about respiratory system was 8 and etc. was 108. The mostly used keyword through 1999 to 2005 was PET and through 2006 to 2016 was PET/CT. Conclusion To encourage various dissertations to be submitted, Korea Society of Nuclear Medicine should analyze date about not only about dissertations that are already published, but also about various research materials. Moreover, Korea Society of Nuclear Medicine also have to provide technical support such as sharing big data from homepage and systematical support to its member to publish dissertation that has high impact factor. It is important each individual researcher to have continuing effort as well as each organization cooperation.

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Hemodynamic Analysis of Blood Flows in the Extraembryonic Blood Vessels of Chicken Embryos (유정란 태아외부혈관 내부 혈액유동에 대한 혈류역학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Yeop;Lee, Sang-Joon
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2008
  • Analyzing the characteristics of blood flow in the blood vessels is very important to diagnose the circulatory diseases. In order to investigate the hemodynamic characteristics in vivo, the measurements of blood flows inside the extraembryonic arterial and venous blood vessels of chicken embryos were carried out using an in vivo micro-PIV technique. The circulatory diseases are closely related with the formation of abnormal hemodynamic shear stress regions, thereby it is important to get blood velocity and vessel's morphological information according to the vessel configuration and the flow conditions. In this study, the flow images of RBCs in blood vessels were obtained using a high-speed CMOS camera with a spatial resolution of approximately 14.6${\mu}$m${\times}$14.6${\mu}$m in the whole circulation network of blood vessels. The blood flows in the veins and arteries show steady laminar and unsteady pulsatile flow characteristics, respectively. The mean blood flows merged (in veins) and bifurcated (in arteries) smoothly into the main blood vessel and branches, respectively, without any flow separation or secondary flow which accompanying large variation of shear stress. Vorticity was high in the inner regions for both types of vessels, where the radius of curvature varied greatly. The instantaneous flows in the arterial blood vessels showed noticeable pulsatility due to the heart beat, and the main features of the velocity waveforms, including pulsatile shape, retrograde flow, mean velocity, maximum velocity and pulsatile frequency, were significantly dependent on the pulsatile condition which dominates the arterial blood flow. In near future, these in vivo experimental results of blood flow measured in various extraembryonic blood vessels would be very useful to understand the hemodynamic characteristics of human blood flows and various blood flow researches for clinically useful hemodynamic discoveries as well.

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Radiation Dose Reduction without Compromise to Image Quality by Alterations of Filtration and Focal Spot Size in Cerebral Angiography

  • Kim, Dong Joon;Park, Min Keun;Jung, Da Eun;Kang, Jung Han;Kim, Byung Moon
    • Korean Journal of Radiology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.722-728
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    • 2017
  • Objective: Different angiographic protocols may influence the radiation dose and image quality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of filtration and focal spot size on radiation dose and image quality for diagnostic cerebral angiography using an in-vitro model and in-vivo patient groups. Materials and Methods: Radiation dose and image quality were analyzed by varying the filtration and focal spot size on digital subtraction angiography exposure protocols (1, inherent filtration + large focus; 2, inherent + small; 3, copper + large; 4, copper + small). For the in-vitro analysis, a phantom was used for comparison of radiation dose. For the in-vivo analysis, bilateral paired injections, and patient cohort groups were compared for radiation dose and image quality. Image quality analysis was performed in terms of contrast, sharpness, noise, and overall quality. Results: In the in-vitro analysis, the mean air kerma (AK) and dose area product (DAP)/frame were significantly lower with added copper filtration (protocols 3 and 4). In the in-vivo bilateral paired injections, AK and DAP/frame were significantly lower with filtration, without significant difference in image quality. The patient cohort groups with added filtration (protocols 3 and 4) showed significant reduction of total AK and DAP/patient without compromise to the image quality. Variations in focal spot size showed no significant differences in radiation dose and image quality. Conclusion: Addition of filtration for angiographic exposure studies can result in significant total radiation dose reduction without loss of image quality. Focal spot size does not influence radiation dose and image quality. The routine angiographic protocol should be judiciously investigated and implemented.

Molecular Imaging Using Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS) (Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS)를 이용한 분자영상)

  • Cho, Je-Yoel
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.152-160
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    • 2004
  • Radioiodide uptake in thyroid follicular epithelial cells, mediated by a plasma membrane transporter, sodium iodide symporter (NIS), provides a first step mechanism for thyroid cancer detection by radioiodide injection and effective radioiodide treatment for patients with invasive, recurrent, and/or metastatic thyroid cancers after total thyroidectomy. NIS gene transfer to tumor cells may significantly and specifically enhance internal radioactive accumulation of tumors following radioiodide administration, and result in better tumor control. NIS gene transfers have been successfully performed in a variety of tumor animal models by either plasmid-mediated transfection or virus (adenovirus or retrovirus)-mediated gene delivery. These animal models include nude mice xenografted with human melanoma, glioma, breast cancer or prostate cancer, rats with subcutaneous thyroid tumor implantation, as well as the rat intracranial glioma model. In these animal models, non-invasive imaging of in vivo tumors by gamma camera scintigraphy after radioiodide or technetium injection has been performed successfully, suggesting that the NIS can serve as an imaging reporter gene for gene therapy trials. In addition, the tumor killing effects of I-131, ReO4-188 and At-211 after NIS gene transfer have been demonstrated in in vitro clonogenic assays and in vivo radioiodide therapy studies, suggesting that NIS gene can also serve as a therapeutic agent when combined with radioiodide injection. Better NIS-mediated imaging and tumor treatment by radioiodide requires a more efficient and specific system of gene delivery with better retention of radioiodide in tumor. Results thus far are, however, promising, and suggest that NIS gene transfer followed by radioiodide treatment will allow non-invasive in vivo imaging to assess the outcome of gene therapy and provide a therapeutic strategy for a variety of human diseases.

A phantom production by using 3-dimentional printer and In-vivo dosimetry for a prostate cancer patient (3D 프린팅 기법을 통한 전립샘암 환자의 내부장기 팬텀 제작 및 생체내선량측정(In-vivo dosimetry)에 대한 고찰)

  • Seo, Jung Nam;Na, Jong Eok;Bae, Sun Myung;Jung, Dong Min;Yoon, In Ha;Bae, Jae Bum;Kwack, Jung Won;Baek, Geum Mun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a 3D printed phantom for in-vivo dosimetry of a prostate cancer patient. Materials and Methods : The phantom is produced to equally describe prostate and rectum based on a 3D volume contour of an actual prostate cancer patient who is treated in Asan Medical Center by using a 3D printer (3D EDISON+, Lokit, Korea). CT(Computed tomography) images of phantom are aquired by computed tomography (Lightspeed CT, GE, USA). By using treatment planning system (Eclipse version 10.0, Varian, USA), treatment planning is established after volume of a prostate cancer patient is compared with volume of the phantom. MOSFET(Metal OXIDE Silicon Field Effect Transistor) is estimated to identify precision and is located in 4 measuring points (bladder, prostate, rectal anterior wall and rectal posterior wall) to analyzed treatment planning and measured value. Results : Prostate volume and rectum volume of prostate cancer patient represent 30.61 cc and 51.19 cc respectively. In case of a phantom, prostate volume and rectum volume represent 31.12 cc and 53.52 cc respectively. A variation of volume between a prostate cancer patient and a phantom is less than 3%. Precision of MOSFET represents less than 3%. It indicates linearity and correlation coefficient indicates from 0.99 ~ 1.00 depending on dose variation. Each accuracy of bladder, prostate, rectal anterior wall and rectal posterior wall represent 1.4%, 2.6%, 3.7% and 1.5% respectively. In- vivo dosimetry represents entirely less than 5% considering precision of MOSFET. Conclusion : By using a 3D printer, possibility of phantom production based on prostate is verified precision within 3%. effectiveness of In-vivo dosimetry is confirmed from a phantom which is produced by a 3D printer. In-vivo dosimetry is evaluated entirely less than 5% considering precision of MOSFET. Therefore, This study is confirmed the usefulness of a 3D printed phantom for in-vivo dosimetry of a prostate cancer patient. It is necessary to additional phantom production by a 3D printer and In-vivo dosimetry for other organs of patient.

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Morphometric analysis of bone in the ovariectomized rat using in vivo micro-CT (In vivo micro-CT를 이용한 난소적출 백서의 골구조 형태계측학적 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Jin;Lee, Wan;Lee, Byung-Do
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to observe the bony change in the OVX rat longitudinally and to study the alendronate effect. Materials and Methods: Eighteen Sprague-Dewley rats, eight-week old each, were randomly assigned into three groups: one of those sham-operated (N=4), the other two were OVX: saline-treated (N=7) and alendronate-treated group (N=7). The saline-treated group was administered with saline solution (0.1mL/100g) daily, while the alendronate-treated group was given alendronate (1mg/kg, Sigma-Aldrich Corp. Korea) daily. Micro-CT scannings of the lumbar were consecutively done at baseline, at 3-week intervals during 9 weeks. Two and three dimensional bony analysis were done. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with Piximus (GE Lunar Co. USA). The average values of these three methods were compared with each group. Results: After 6 weeks the BMD of the OVX group showed lower tendency than that of sham group. After 6 weeks many 3D parameters of micro-CT showed higher values in the OVX-alendronate group compared with the OVXsaline group. Most 2D bony parameters were higher in the OVX-alendronate group compared with the OVX-saline group at 9 weeks. Conclusion: This study showed low BMD of the OVX group after 6 weeks and showed the effect of alendronate on the BMD and bony structures of ovariectomized rats. This study also showed usefulness of in vivo micro-CT in monitoring individual bone changes over time.

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Development of Optical Molecular Imaging System for the Acquisition of Bioluminescence Signals from Small Animals (소동물 발광영상 측정을 위한 광학분자영상기기의 개발)

  • Lee, Byeong-Il;Kim, Hyeon-Sik;Jeong, Hye-Jin;Lee, Hyung-Jae;Moon, Seung-Min;Kwon, Seung-Young;Choi, Eun-Seo;Jeong, Shin-Young;Bom, Hee-Seung;Min, Jung-Joon
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.344-351
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Optical imaging is providing great advance and improvement in genetic and molecular imaging of animals and humans. Optical imaging system consists of optical imaging devices, which carry out major function for monitoring, tracing, and imaging in most of molecular in-vivo researches. In bio-luminescent imaging, small animals containing luciferase gene locally irradiate light, and emitted photons transmitted through skin of the small animals are imaged by using a high sensitive charged coupled device (CCD) camera. In this paper, we introduced optical imaging system for the image acquisition of bio-luminescent signals emitted from small animals. Materials and Methods: In the system, Nikon lens and four LED light sources were mounted at the inside of a dark box. A cooled CCD camera equipped with a control module was used. Results: We tested the performance of the optical imaging system using effendorf tube and light emitting bacteria which injected intravenously into CT26 tumor bearing nude mouse. The performance of implemented optical imaging system for bio-luminescence imaging was demonstrated and the feasibility of the system in small animal imaging application was proved. Conclusion: We anticipate this system could be a useful tool for the molecular imaging of small animals adaptable for various experimental conditions in future.

The Studies on In Vivo Embryo Production and Transfer in Hanwoo- I. Factors Influencing In Vivo Embryo Production (한우에 있어서 체내수정란의 생산과 이식에 관한 연구 - I 한우 수정란 생산에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 김덕임;서상원;정재경;이규승;서길웅;박창식;정영채;박병권
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2002
  • To establish an effective in vivo Hanwoo embryo production system, several factors including types of FSH analogue, FSH treatment day, grade of Corpus Luteum were examined. Among FSH analogues. Super-OV was shown to have lower effect on transferable embryo production (P<0.01). Regarding the day of FSH treatment, there were significant difference in estrus status of donors(P<0.1), fertilization rate, and transferable and freezable embryo production(P<0.05). Finally, embryo production was significantly(P<0.01) higher in grade A (8.06 ∼9.49) Corpus Luteum which showed more than 6 on the left or right ovary than in grade B, C and D(2.93∼6.28).

Clinical and Experimental Applications of $^1$H MRS (양성자 자기공명분광법의 임상과 실험응용)

  • Choe, Bo-Young;Lee, Hyoung-Koo;Suh, Tae-Suk;Shinn, Kyung-Sub
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.37-52
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    • 1996
  • Image-guided localized, water-suppressed in vivo $^1$H MR spectroscopic studies were performed on the patients with brain tumors, acute cerebral infarction and schizophrenia, and dogs. GE Signa 1.5 T whole-body MRI/MRS system using STEAM pulse sequence was used. Proton metabolite ratios relative to creatine (Cr) were obtained using a Marquart algorithm. In vivo $^1$H MR spectra in brain neoplastic tissues revealed the changes of signal intensities of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline (Cho) and lactate (Lac) resonances. The present results suggest that the observed metabolite alterations from localized, water-suppressed in vivo $^1$H MR spectroscopy can be useful as an index of brain tumors, cerebral infarction and schizophrenia, and provide good quality metabolic information of cerebral tissue in the field of thanato-chronology.

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A Study on the Insertional Coil of MRI Device for Diagnosis (진단용 자기공명영상장치의 삽입 코일에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Moon;Lim, Keun-Ho;Seo, Dae-Keon;Kim, Wang-Gon;Hong, Jin-Woong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 2003
  • Endovaginal and endorectal receiver only surface coil were designed for MR imaging(MRI) and $^1H$ MR spectroscopy(MRS) for the uterine cervix and the prostate. The shape of endovaginal coil wire was rectangular with round comer. The shape of endorectal coil wire was long elliptic shape during insertion and circular shape after insertion. Conventional spin echo and fast spin echo sequences were used as T1 and T2 weighted imaging sequences, respectively. 3D volume localized in vivo $^1H$ MR spectroscopy of the human cervix and prostate was performed using PRESS or STEAM localization method. Using home-built endvaginal and endorectal coils, excellent T1 and T2 images were obtained to visualize early cervical and prostate tumors. 3D volume localized in vivo $^1H$ MRS was useful to differentiate the cancerous tissue from the normal tissue.

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