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Studies on incidence of Bovine Brucellosis in Cheju-Do (제주도내 축우 부루셀라병 발생상황 조사)

  • 김우택;이완수;김공식
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.104-109
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    • 1991
  • Tile present study was carried out to investigate the incidence of bovine brucellsis in Cheju-do during the period from 1985 to 1990. The results were summarized as follows. 1. In the total 239,238 cattles tested. 1180(0.49%) were positive by standard tube agglutination test during the period from 1985 to 1990. 2. The major causes of incidence on brucellosis was grazing with carriers and repeated incidence in a herd. 3. The 13 Brucella abortus biotype 1 isolated from 10(50%) of 20 cattles slaughtered on brucellosis in 1990.

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Relation between Disease Incidence of Bacterial Grain Rot of Rice and Weather Conditions

  • Noh, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Hyung-Moo;Song, Wan-Yeob;Lee, Du-ku;Kang, Mi-Hyung;Shim, Hyeong-Kwon
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.36-38
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    • 2004
  • Bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Burkholderia glumae was examined between weather condition and disease incidence. From 1998 to 2000, average disease incidence was 3.0 % without difference in survey regions. However, it was related closely to amount of rainfall that disease incidence higher in 1998 and 2000 to 3.0 % and 3.6 % respectively than 2.3 in 1999 relatively small volum of rainfall season.

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Analysis of Cancer Incidence in Zhejiang Cancer Registry in China during 2000 to 2009

  • Du, Ling-Bin;Li, Hui-Zhang;Wang, Xiang-Hui;Zhu, Chen;Liu, Qing-Min;Li, Qi-Long;Li, Xue-Qin;Shen, Yong-Zhou;Zhang, Xin-Pei;Ying, Jiang-Wei;Yu, Chuan-Ding;Mao, Wei-Min
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.14
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    • pp.5839-5843
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    • 2014
  • Objective: The Zhejiang Provincial Cancer Prevention and Control Office collected cancer registration data during 2000 to 2009 from 6 cancer registries in Zhejiang province of China in order to analyze the cancer incidence. Methods: Descriptive analysis included cancer incidence stratified by sex, age and cancer site group. The proportions and cumulative rates of 10 common cancers in different groups were also calculated. Chinese population census in 1982 and Segi's population were used for calculating age-standardized incidence rates. The log-linear model was used for fitting to calculate the incidence trends. Results: The 6 cancer registries in Zhejiang province in China covered a total of 60,087,888 person-years during 2000 to 2009 (males 30,445,904, females 29,641,984). The total number of new cancer cases were 163,104 (males 92,982, females 70,122). The morphology verified cases accounted for 69.7%, and the new cases verified only by information from death certification accounted for 1.23%. The crude incidence rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was $271.5/10^5$ during 2000 to 2009 (male $305.41/10^5$, female $236.58/10^5$), age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were $147.1/10^5$ and $188.2/10^5$, the cumulative incidence rate (aged from 0 to 74) being 21.7%. The crude incidence rate was $209.6/10^5$ in 2000, and it increased to $320.20/10^5$ in 2009 (52.8%), with an annual percent change (APC) of 4.51% (95% confidence interval, 3.25%-5.79%). Age-specific incidence rate of 80-84 age group was achieved at the highest point of the incidence curve. Overall with different age groups, the cancer incidences differed, the incidence of liver cancer being highest in 15-44 age group in males; the incidence of breast cancer was the highest in 15-64 age group in females; the incidences of lung cancer were the highest in both males and females over the age of 65 years. Conclusions: Lung cancer, digestive system malignancies and breast cancer are the most common cancers in Zhejiang province in China requiring an especial focus. The incidences of thyroid cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer and lymphoma have increased rapidly. Prevention and control measures should be implemented for these cancers.

A RADIOLOGIC STUDY OF DENTIGEROUS CYSTS (함치성낭종에 대한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Choi Moon Cheol;Lee Sang Rae
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Maxillofacial Radiology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 1984
  • The purpose of the present study is to offer the fundamental materials for the diagnosis of dentigerous cyst by analysis of the clinical and radiographic findings of these lesions. The subject for this study consisted 118 patients admitted to the Department of Oral Radiology, Kyung Hee University and Seoul National University from 1974 to 1983. Conclusions from this study were as follows: 1. There was a higher incidence in males (70.34%) than in females (29.66%), and the incidence was highest in the second and third decade (26.27%) with the same incidence. (Average age: 25 year) 2. There was a higher incidence in the maxillary teeth (66.10%) than in the mandibular teeth (33.90%) and the maxillary supernumerary tooth (45.76%) was the most frequently involved one. The mandibular third molar (16.10%) was next in order of frequency of involvement followed by maxillary canine (7.63%), mandibular second premolar (5.08%). 3. There was a greater incidence of the central type than the lateral type in the maxilla, while a higher incidence of the lateral type in the mandible. 4. There was a greater incidence of the smooth type (84.26%) than that of the scalloped type (15.74%) and a higher incidence of minor type (70.91%) than the major type (29.09%) in the displacement of associated tooth. 5. Root apices of teeth encompassed or approached by the cysts showed variable resorption in 68.47% of cases.

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Effect of Incidence Angle on Turbine Blade Heat Transfer Characteristics (I) - Blade Tip - (입사각 변화에 따른 터빈 블레이드에서의 열전달 특성 변화 (I) - 블레이드 끝단면 -)

  • Rhee, Dong-Ho;Cho, Hyung-Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.349-356
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    • 2007
  • The present study investigated local heat/mass transfer characteristics on the tip of the rotating turbine blade with various incoming flow incidence angles. The experiments are conducted in a low speed annular cascade with a single stage turbine. The blade has a flat tip with a mean tip clearance of 2.5% of the blade chord. The incoming flow Reynolds number is $1.5{\times}10^5$ at design condition. To examine the effect of off-design condition, the experiments with various incidence angles ranging between $-15^{\circ}$ and $+7{\circ}$ were conducted. A naphthalene sublimation method is used to measure detailed mass transfer coefficient on the blade. The results indicated that the incidence angle strongly affects the behavior of tip leakage flow around the blade tip and consequently plays an important role in determining heat transfer characteristics on the tip. For negative incidence angles, the heat/mass transfer in the upstream region on the tip decreases by up to 20%. On the contrary, for positive incidence angles, much higher heat transfer coefficients are observed even with small increase of incidence angle.

Effect of Incidence Angle on Turbine Blade Heat Transfer Characteristics (II) - Blade Surface - (입사각 변화에 따른 터빈 블레이드에서의 열전달 특성 변화 (II) - 블레이드 표면 -)

  • Rhee, Dong-Ho;Cho, Hyung-Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.357-366
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    • 2007
  • The present study investigated local heat/mass transfer characteristics on the surface of the rotating turbine blade with various incidence angles. The experiments are conducted in a low speed annular cascade with a single stage turbine. The blade has a flat tip with the mean tip clearance of 2.5% of the blade chord. A naphthalene sublimation method is used to measure detailed mass transfer coefficient on the blade. At design condition, the inlet Reynolds number is $Re_c=1.5{\times}10^5$ which results in the blade rotation speed of 255.8 rpm. Also, the effect of off-design condition is examined with various incidence angles between $-15^{\circ}$ and $+7{\circ}$. The results indicated that the incidence angle has significant effects on the blade surface heat transfer. In mid-span region, the laminar separation region on the pressure side is reduced and the laminar flow region on the suction side shrinks with increasing incidence angle. Near the tip, the effect of tip leakage flow increases in span wise and axial directions as the incidence angle decreases because the tip leakage flow is formed near the suction side surface. However, the effect of tip leakage flow is reduced with positive incidence angle.

Estimation of the Projections of the Incidence Rates, Mortality and Prevalence Due to Common Cancer Site in Isfahan, Iran

  • Moradpour, Farhad;Fatemi, Zeinab
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3581-3585
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    • 2013
  • Background: Accurate statistics on the cancer burden are essential, both for purposes of research and for setting priorities in healthcare management. So that in vast countries with partial registration coverage, such as Iran, local data are more useful. We here estimated the incidence, prevalence and mortality time trend of four major cancer site, lung, stomach, breast and prostate, over the period 2001-2010 and provided short-range projections to 2015 in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: Estimates were derived by applying the mortality-incidence analysis method, a back-calculation approach to estimate and project incidence, prevalence and mortality of chronic degenerative disease, starting from knowledge of mortality and relative survival information. Results: Age adjusted incidence, mortality and prevalence rates in Isfahan exhibited a clear upward trend for all four sites during the period 2001-2015, with marked increasees in prostate and breast predicted for the future. Difference in incidence trends between males and females might be attributable to the difference in risk factors specific to certain cancer sites, with smoking being the main risk factor. Conclusions: In this study, males and females displayed an increasing pattern for incidence and mortality rate over the entire study period until 2015. This information can be used as basis for planning healthcare management and allocating recourses in public health.

Epidemiology and Trends in Incidence of Kidney Cancer in Iran

  • Mirzaei, Maryam;Pournamdar, Zahra;Salehiniya, Hamid
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.14
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    • pp.5859-5861
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    • 2015
  • Background: Kidney cancer has shown an increasing trend in recent decades. This study aimed to determine change in the incidence rate between 2003 and 2009 in Iran. Materials and Methods: In this study, national cancer registry data were used. Crude incidence rates were calculated per 100,000 and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) were computed using the direct standardization method and the world standard population. Significant trend of incidence rates was examined by the Cochran-Armitage test for linear trend. Results: A total of 6,944 cases of kidney cancer were reported. The incidence cases increased from 595 patients in 2003 to 1,387 patients in 2009. Sex ratio (male to female) was 1.67. ASR also increased from 1.18 in 2003 to 2.52 in 2009 per 100,000, but the increasing trend was not significant. Conclusions: A slow increasing trend of incidence rate was observed in the study population. This may be due to an increase of risk factors. It is suggested to perform a study on risk factors for the cancer.

Relationship between Preharvest Factors and the Incidence of Storage Disorders in 'Fuji' Apples during CA Storage

  • Kweon, Hun-Joong;Kim, Mok-Jong;Moon, Yong-Sun;Lee, Jin-Wook;Choi, Cheol;Choi, Dong-Geun;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Kang, In-Kyu
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of pre-harvest factors on fruit quality and the incidence of storage disorders in 'Fuji' apple during CA storage. Incidence of storage disorders varied, depending on the growing regions, field conditions, and altitude of the orchards. Results indicated that fruit maturity may play a crucial role in the incidence and severity of flesh browning and watercore. The incidence of these storage disorders increased with fruit maturity until 180 days after full bloom (DAFB). In addition, occurrence of watercore was correlated with the incidence of flesh browning during CA storage. The incidence of flesh browning was positively correlated with the sum of the diurnal temperature range from September through October and amount of precipitation from August to October in 1996-1999 growing years. These results suggested that 'Fuji' apple should be harvested no later than 180 DAFB because the late harvested fruits were prone to development of watercore which was correlated with the incidence of flesh browing during CA storage in Korea.

Epidemiology, Incidence and Mortality of Breast Cancer in Asia

  • Ghoncheh, Mahshid;Mahdavifar, Neda;Darvishi, Efat;Salehiniya, Hamid
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup3
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2016
  • Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in Asia and its incidence is rapidly increasing. Information on the incidence and mortality of breast cancer is essential for planning health and more studies. This study aimed to investigate the age-specific incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Asia in 2012. A total of 639,824 cases of breast cancer were recorded in Asian countries, those with the five highest standardized incidence rates being Israel, Lebanon, Armenia, Singapore, and Kazakhstan. The highest number of deaths was observed in India, China, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Japan, respectively. Tith increasing income and improving living standards in developing countries, the incidence of breast cancer increases. This may be due to longer life, higher exposure to risk factors, eating more fatty foods and obesity, and lower pregnancy rates. The variation in incidence rates of breast cancer is very pronounced in Asia (from 80.5 in Israel to 4.6 in Bhuta). A similar situation exists for mortality rates (from 1.8 in Bhutan to 25.2 in Pakistan).