• Title, Summary, Keyword: inclusive set

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A Study on Special Education Facilities of the Elementary School in Seattle (미국 워싱턴주 시애틀시의 초등학교 특수교육시설에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2010
  • Seattle Public School Authority implements Inclusive Education which allows handicapped children to study in ordinary schools. This research is to analyze Inclusive Education system and find characteristics of school network and school planning. Survey was performed on 9 school districts and 54 public schools. The found results are following; 1) 54 schools adopt special education programs and legal barrier free design. All handicapped children groups are divided into level I through Ⅳ including mild level (level I,II) at all schools and multi-handicapped(severe level, level III, IV) at schools specified by school district or Seattle City. 2) Each school groups are transformed into self-contained classroom, therapy room and general room as a set in consideration of user communication and special education program. Also, existing classrooms are rearranged into small study spaces by using partition system. It allows ordinary schools to accomodate Inclusive Education through school network, classroom rearrangement and space partitioning.

INT-SOFT FILTERS IN LATTICE IMPLICATION ALGEBRAS

  • Jun, Young Bae;Xu, Yang;Zhang, Xiaohong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.1483-1495
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    • 2016
  • The notion of int-soft (implicative) filters in lattice implication algebras is introduced, and related properties are investigated. Characterizations of int-soft (implicative) filters are discussed. Conditions for an int-soft filter to be an int-soft implicative filter are provided. Extension property for int-soft implicative filters is established.

INT-SOFT POSITIVE IMPLICATIVE FILTERS IN BE-ALGEBRAS

  • PARK, JUNG HEE;KIM, YOUNG HEE
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.33 no.3_4
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    • pp.459-467
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    • 2015
  • The notion of int-soft implicative filters of a BE-algebra is introduced, and related properties are investigated. The problem of clas- sifying int-soft positive implicative by their γ-inclusive filter is solved. We provide conditions for a soft set to be an int-soft filter. We make a new int-soft implicative filter from old one.

An Analysis on the Characteristics of Barrier Free Certifications in Elementary School (초등학교시설 장애물 없는 생활환경 인증 실태분석 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Soo;Oh, Young-Sook;Eun, Dong-Shin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2019
  • The purpose s of this study is to verify the status of barrier-free certification in an elementary school. To achieve this, the architectural characteristics of an elementary school and proposed opinions about the process of barrier-free certification were analyzed. The results of this study are as follows: (1) barrier-free certification in an elementary school is valid for inclusive education and accessibility for students with disabilities. (2) Regarding the school district and safe accessibility for the school, it is necessary to minimize the differences in land levels around the school. (3) Considering the opinions on intermediate facilities from the road to the main entrance, it is necessary to set the finish level of the first floor and to minimize the establishment of ramp or steps to prevent the backflow of rainfall.

Plurality of urban governance in Nigeria and its implications on delivery of environmental services

  • Daramola, Oluwole;Olowoporoku, Oluwaseun
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2017
  • This paper discussed plurality in urban governance in Nigeria and its implication on delivery of urban environmental services, with a focus on water supply, sanitation and solid waste disposal. Conceptually, it explained urban governance as the sum total of the ways of achieving an inclusive city and expressed the urban governance system of Nigeria based the legal framework set for them. The paper explored the environmental implications of urban governance in Nigeria. It concluded that urban governance has several implications on delivery of urban environmental services in Nigeria. The dualism in urban governance is a factor contributing towards inefficient delivery of environmental services such as water supply, sanitation and solid waste management in Nigeria. The paper recommended, among others, a constitutional reform that will guarantee efficient urban governance and delivery of environmental services in Nigeria.

A Case Study on the UK Park and Green Space Policies for Inclusive Urban Regeneration (영국의 포용적 도시재생을 위한 공원녹지 정책 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Yong-Gook
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.78-90
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the direction of developing policies for parks and green spaces for inclusive urban planning and regeneration. By reviewing the status, budget, and laws pertaining to urban parks in Korea, as well as assessing the inclusivity of urban parks, this study revealed the problems and limitations in Korea as follows. First, the urban park system, which takes into account indicators such as park area per capita and green space ratio, is focused only on quantitative expansion. Second, the distribution of urban parks is unequal; hence, the higher the number of vulnerable residents, the lower the quality of urban parks and green spaces. Moreover, this study focused on the UK central government, along with the five local governments, including London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, Belfast, and Liverpool. Through an analysis of the contexts and contents establishing UK park and green space policies that can reduce socioeconomic inequalities while at the same time increase inclusiveness. This study discovered the following. The government's awareness of the necessity of tackling socioeconomic inequalities to make an inclusive society, the change in the urban regeneration policies from physical redevelopment to neighborhood renewal, and the survey and research on the correlation of parks and green spaces, inequality, health, and well-being provided the background for policy establishment. As a result, the creation of an inclusive society has been reflected in the stated goals of the UK's national plan and the strategies for park and green space supply and qualitative improvement. Deprived areas and vulnerable groups have been included in many local governments' park and green space policies. Also, tools for analyzing deficiencies in parks and methods for examining the qualitative evaluation of parks were developed. Besides, for the sustainability of each project, various funding programs have been set up, such as raising funds and fund-matching schemes. Different ways of supporting partnerships have been arranged, such as the establishment of collaborative bodies for government organizations, allowing for the participation of private organizations. The study results suggested five policy schemes, including conducting research on inequality and inclusiveness for parks and green spaces, developing strategies for improving the quality of park services, identifying tools for analyzing policy areas, developing park project models for urban regeneration, and building partnerships and establishing support systems.

A study of methods for Oriental.Western medical approach of Child Neuropsychiatric Disorders (소아신경정신 질환의 한.양방적 접근 방법론 연구)

  • Kim, Geun-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : This study aimed investigation of clinical development to child neuropsychiatry through the oriental western medical approach of child neuropsychiatric disorders Methods : As DSM-IV and ICD-10 set a standard for clinical expression. According to this standard and oriental medical diseases, child neuropsychiatric disorders are divided into six symptoms Results and Conclusion : 1. View point of oriental medicine, Psycho Somatic stroke(inclusive of the spasm) place under the category 'Epilepsy(癎)', 'Children's fit(驚風)' and 'Chi-Kyeung(?痙)'. 2. View point of oriental medicine, Mental Retardation place under the category 'Dementia(?)', 'Amnesia(健忘)' and 'Speech Disorder(語遲)' 3. View point of oriental medicine, Emotional Disorder place under the category 'Adjustment Disorder(客?)', 'Cry with anxiety at night(夜啼症)', 'Gi-Byung(?病)' and 'Child depressive Disorder(小兒癲症)' 4. View point of oriental medicine, Conduct development Disorder place under the category 'Physical frail of five part(五軟)' and 'Physical stiff of five part(五硬)'. 5. View point of oriental medicine, Childhood Psychosis place under the category 'Insanity(癲狂)'. 6. View point of oriental medicine, Somatoform Disorder place under the category 'Palpitation of the heart(驚悸)', 'Vomiting and Diarrhea(吐瀉)', 'Asthma(喘)', 'Headache(頭痛)' and 'Enuresis(遺尿)'

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Method for Simultaneous Determination of Cyanotoxins in Water by LC-MS/MS (액체크로마토그래프/질량분석기를 이용한 수중 남조독소물질 동시분석법)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Yun, Mi-Ae;Kim, Hak-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.597-605
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    • 2009
  • Algae bloom occurred in reservoir in summer can cause taste and odor in water and disturb the flocculation and sedimentation processes in water treatment plant and cause sand filter plugging. It was also reported that microcystins, anatoxin and saxitoxin released from cyanobacteria had acute toxic effects on liver and nervous system. For these reasons, many advanced countries inclusive of WHO set the guideline for these toxins and cyanotoxins have been managed with regular monitoring in Korea as well. However, complex sample preparation steps such as a solid phase extraction (SPE) and derivatization are required with an existing analysis method with HPLC. We needed to improve an analysis method for low extraction efficiency and long sample preparation time. In this study, we have established a new LC/MS/MS method which can simultaneously determine 6 cyanotoxins (Microcystins-LR, Microcystins-RR, Microcystins-YR, Anatoxin-a, Saxitoxin, Neosaxitoxin) with only simple filtration step. When $75{\mu}L$ filterated sample was injected onto the LC-MS/MS, the recovery ranged from 86% to 112% and the MDL was $0.025{\sim}0.581{\mu}g/L$. We can make the MDL be lower than the guideline ($1{\sim}3{\mu}g/L$) of advanced countries with simple preparation.

An Audit of 204 Histopathology Reports Over Three Years of Carcinoma of Cervix: Experience from a Tertiary Referral Centre

  • Pradhan, Anuja Prakash;Menon, Santosh;Rekhi, Bharat;Deodhar, Kedar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.14
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    • pp.5643-5645
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    • 2015
  • Background: The aim was to see compliance to minimum data set information in carcinoma cervix histopathology reports from a team of 13 pathologists; and also to analyse the distribution of parameters like tumor size, grade, depth of cervical stromal invasion, lymph node yield and pTNM stage. Materials and Methods: All pathology reports of radical hysterectomy for carcinoma cervix operated in house within a three year duration (2010-2012), (n=204) were retrieved from medical records and analyzed for the above parameters. Results: In 2010- 59 cases, in 2011- 67 cases and in 2012- 78 cases of carcinoma cervix underwent operations in our hospital. The median age was 50.5 years and the maximum T diameter was 2.8 cms in the reports of three years. Squamous carcinoma was the commonest subtype amongst all the tumors. It was noted that 60.8% of cases had cervical stromal involvement more than half the thickness of the cervical stroma. Parametrial involvement was seen in 4.82% of cases. pTNM Staging was not mentioned in 65.06% of the cases. The mean bilateral pelvic lymph node yield count in our study was 16.6 inclusive of all the three years. Conclusions: Compliance with provision of a minimum dataset in our team of 13 pathologists was generally good. Lymph node yield in our hands is reasonable, but constant striving for greater numbers should be made. pTNM staging should be more meticulously documented. Use of proformas /checklists is recommended.