• Title, Summary, Keyword: information

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Cognitive Biases and Their Effects on Information Behaviour of Graduate Students in Their Research Projects

  • Behimehr, Sara;Jamali, Hamid R.
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.18-31
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    • 2020
  • Cognitive biases can influence human information behaviour and decisions made in information behaviour and use. This study aims to identify the biases involved in some aspects of information behaviour and the role they play in information behaviour and use. Twenty-five semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted in an exploratory qualitative study with graduate (MA and PhD) students who were at the stage of their dissertation/thesis research. Eisenberg & Berkowitz Big6TM Skills for Information Literacy was adopted as a framework for interviews and the analysis was done using grounded theory coding method. The findings revealed the presence of twenty-eight biases in different stages of information behaviour, including availability bias (affects the preference for information seeking strategies), attentional bias (leads to biased attention to some information), anchoring effect (persuades users to anchor in special parts of information), confirmation bias (increases the tendency to use information that supports one's beliefs), and choice-supportive bias (results in confidence in information seeking processes). All stages of information seeking were influenced by some biases. Biases might result in a lack of clarity in defining the information needs, failure in looking for the right information, misinterpretation of information, and might also influence the way information is presented.

Information Credibility between Social Media Site and Review Site : Which One Do I Trust More?

  • Seo, DongBack;Lee, Jung
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.35-52
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to examine how the relationship with an information source affects people to perceive credibility of online information. We developed a conceptual framework that explained how people perceived information credibility when they were familiar with the information source and/or when the information source seemed credible. We then compared the models in two different contexts, namely, online review and social media sites, to examine differences. We surveyed 136 online social media users with their online shopping experiences. Among our eight hypotheses, three (H6: the personality similarity between an information provider and an information seeker enhances the perceived credibility of the former; H7: the credibility of an information provider produces a much stronger mediating effect in review sites than in social media sites; H8: the familiarity of an information seeker with an information provider produces a stronger mediating effect in social media sites than in review sites) are fully supported and four (H1: the credibility of an information provider has a positive influence on the perceived credibility of the online information; H2: the familiarity of an information seeker with an information provider has a positive influence on the perceived credibility of the online information; H3: the goal similarity between an information provider and an information seeker enhances the perceived familiarity of the latter with the former; H5: the personality similarity between an information provider and an information seeker enhances the perceived familiarity of the latter with the former) are partially supported. The hypothesis of H4: the goal similarity between an information provider and an information seeker enhances the perceived credibility of the former is rejected. The result confirms that credibility of information is strongly mediated by credibility of information source than familiarity with information source in online review sites and vice versa in social media sites.

Analysis of the Problem of fire Qualification Information and Employment Information Due to Incomplete Information in the Job Search Process

  • Kong, Ha-Sung
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the problems of fire qualification information websites and job search websites due to incomplete information in the job search process and suggests an improvement plan. It has been confirmed that the main reason for the cost of job searching is incomplete information required for a job search and job search through existing analysis. As a result, it is suggested to construct a smooth information system for economic entities and to provide easy access to information by mitigating the incompleteness of information. Based on this, analysis of the problems of Korean qualifications in the firefighting realm reveals that there is a qualification holder information and a job information site, and a qualification holder management system is established but only information of either qualification acquisition information or employment information is provided. In addition, it is easy to access information through a qualification acquisition information and employment information site via the Internet, but there are inconveniences that qualification acquisition information and employment information are dualized. In order to improve this, it is necessary to build a new customized integrated qualification management system that covers existing Q-net qualification acquisition information and worknet employment information.

From Information to Knowledge: The Information Literacy Conundrum

  • Todd, Ross J.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.131-153
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    • 2010
  • The fusion of learning, information, and technology presents dynamic challenges for all librarians, educators and students in 21st century libraries and schools. At the heart of this fusion is the growth of a pervasive, integrated information environment characterized by vast quantities of digital content, open choice, collaborative and participatory digital spaces, and the transition of the web environments from consumption of information to creation of information. This environment heralds important opportunities for librarians and teachers to rethink, re-imagine and recreate a dynamic approaches to information literacy instruction. Drawing on an extensive body of research undertaken through the Center for International Scholarship in School Libraries (CISSL), and published research on both information literacy and constructivist learning, this paper provides a critical examination of the current status of information literacy: its multiple conceptualizations, competing models, viewpoints, and its operationalizations in educational and library environments. The paper will challenge information literacy practices which center on simplistic, reductionist approaches to information literacy development, and the separation of information process and knowledge content. In particular it will address apparent contradictions in espoused conceptions of information literacy which revolve around "knowledge": knowledge construction, critical thinking, problem solving and the development of knowledgeable people; and information literacy practices which revolve around "information": a predominant focus on skills of access and evaluation of resources and with less attention given to engaging with found information to develop deep knowledge and understanding. The paper will present a series of challenges for moving forward with information literacy agendas in libraries and schools.

[ $Computer{\cdot}Information$ ] Use Curriculum toy Information Literacy Development (정보능력 개발을 위한 컴퓨터${\cdot}$정보 이용 교육과정 -교과 교육의 관점을 중심으로-)

  • Hahm Myung-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.127-144
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to develop information use curriculum for information literacy development of students. School education in information society needs the development of students' information capabilities, and the curriculum of Information use for it. As the speed that the knowledge learned in schools became useless, has been accelerated, the importance of ability to manage new information and knowledge has risen Information capability means capabilities to access, analyze, apply and evaluate information through various kinds of Information media such as printed information, audiovisual information, electronic communication information. experiences information. The information use curriculum is to develop information capabilities to inquiry new information with his own established knowledge, settle ali information tasks and create new information.

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A Study on the Factors for Violation of Information Security Policy in Financial Companies : Moderating Effects of Perceived Customer Information Sensitivity (금융회사 정보보안정책의 위반에 영향을 주는 요인 연구 : 지각된 고객정보 민감도에 따른 조절효과)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ha;Lee, Sang-Yong Tom
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.225-251
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    • 2015
  • This paper analyzed factors for employees to violate information security policy in financial companies based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA), general deterrence theory (GDT), and information security awareness and moderating effects of perceived sensitivity of customer information. Using the 376 samples that were collected through both online and offline surveys, statistical tests were performed. We found that the perceived severity of sanction and information security policy support to information policy violation attitude and subjective norm but the perceived certainty of sanction and general information security awareness support to only subjective norm. Also, the moderating effects of perceived sensitivity of customer information against information policy violation attitude and subjective norm were supported. Academic implications of this study are expected to be the basis for future research on information security policy violations of financial companies; Employees' perceived sanctions and information security policy awareness have an impact on the subjective norm significantly. Practical implications are that it can provide a guide to establish information security management strategies for information security compliance; when implementing information security awareness training for employees to deter violations by emphasizing the sensitivity of customer information, a company should make their employees recognize that the customer information is very sensitive data.

Information Mapping for Corporate Information Resources Managements (기업의 정보자원관리(情報資源管理)를 위한 정보(情報) 매핑)

  • Kim, Jae-Soo
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.39-58
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    • 1992
  • Using information mapping methodology we will discover which of the multitude of information sources, services and systems used by corporation are actually resources and which are less important, redundant, or unnecessary. The discovery process of information resources will illuminate problems and opportunities related corporation's strengths and weeknesses in information quality, accessibility, performance, use, and effectiveness.

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Patterns of Information Seeking Behaviour of Law Students in Digital Environment: A Study

  • Das, Rajesh Kumar;Jadab, Anwesha
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2017
  • Nowadays the enormous growth of modern information communication technologies and its massive use have influenced information users all over the world. Such a digital environment has drastically changed the information seeking patterns of information users of every community. These also tend law students to use various legal information sources and services in digital environments while seeking information. But there have been few empirical user studies on the aspect of digital information seeking behaviours of law students in either law or library and information science literatures. This paper aims to draw out patterns of information seeking behavior of students of law in digital environments at the University of Dhaka. A stratified random sample survey was conducted for this study. The results show that students prefer the electronic format of information rather than printed format. Major e-resources used by them and the influential factors of use were also identified in this study. This study also identified some crucial problems for seeking information and provides suggestions for the development of electronic legal information systems.

Research Trends in Information Security Economics : Focused on Information Systems Journals (보안경제성 연구동향 분석 : IS 저널 중심으로)

  • Kang, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Tae-Sung
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.79-96
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    • 2016
  • As numerous security breaches on a variety of information assets such as personal information, corporate secrets, computer servers, and networks have occurred, information security has emerged as a critical social issue. However, researches on economically rational information security decision-making have been few. Such researches are especially rare in South Korea where information security is considered to be a discipline of engineers. This study aims to identify the preferred themes and methodologies of information security economics research in the field of information systems by reviewing papers published in Management Information Systems Quarterly (MISQ), Information Systems Research (ISR), European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS), Management Science (MS), and Information and Management (I&M). We hope that the results of the study will be helpful in rational managerial or policy decision-making for practitioners and suggest future research topics for researchers.

A Study on the Communication of Clothing Manufacturing Information (의류생산 정보의 커뮤니케이션)

  • 허은영;조진숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.38
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    • pp.289-304
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    • 1998
  • In Korean clothing industry, most of the manufactures produce garments by subcon-tractors partially or entirely. It is very often that the design part is remote from production part and there is miscommunication between these two parts resulting dissatisfaction to both. Therefore it is very important to communicate the manufacturing information clearly and quickly to produce garments exactly the design part intended. Also to automate the clothing out how to produce and use the information objectively and efficiently. As a first step of moving to automation, the purpose of the research is to find out how manufacturing information and data are communicated in clothing manufacturing at present. In order to follow the information flow of a cer-tain manufacturer, the case study method was used. The case study samples were 12 clothing firms of 13 brands. The results and suggestions are as follows :- 1. A manufacturing information is communicated through paper documents such as“Production Order”, sample and patterns. At present, a production order sheet is the most efficient communication media, which comprises most of the information being communicated. 2. A manufacturing information comprises control information on the product, design in-formation, pattern information, cutting information, material information, sewing information, production schedule information, quality control information, costing information and information about the subcontractors. 3. A manufacturing is not quite objective except pattern information and cutting information which is presented by CAD systems. The communication of design information and sewing information should be somehow more objective. 4. There is not much information from a subcontractor. Considering that a subcontractor is the other partener of the communication, more information from the subcontractor is required for both benefit. 5. A designer produce most of the manufacturing information, but the information is communicated through a production manager to the subcontractor. The difference between the information maker and information communicator can cause any miscommunication. In future automated manufacturing, it will be possible for the designer to communicate to the manufacturer directly from the early stage of designing.

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