• Title, Summary, Keyword: ink-jet printing

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Optimization of Aqueous Nano Ceramic Ink and Printing Characterization for Digital Ink-Jet Printing

  • Kwon, Jong-Woo;Sim, Hee-Seok;Lee, Jong-Heun;Hwang, Kwang-Taek;Han, Kyu-Sung;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kim, Ung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.478-483
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    • 2017
  • The advantage of ceramic ink-jet printing technology is the accurate and fast printing process of digital images for various products. For digital ink-jet printing applications, ceramic ink requires proper viscosity and surface tension, along with dispersion stability of the inorganic pigments. The purpose of this study is the formulation of an environment-friendly ceramic ink with a water-based system; using nano-sized $CoAl_2O_4$ pigment as a raw material, ink should have dispersion stability to prevent nozzle clogging during ink-jet printing process. In addition, the surface tension of the ceramic ink was optimized with the polysiloxane surfactant according to the surface tension requirement (20 - 45 mN/m) for ceramic ink-jet printing; by adjusting the viscosity with poly ethylene oxide, jetting behavior of the ceramic ink was investigated according to changes in the physical features through drop watcher measurement.

A Study on the Printability according to Ink-Jet Paper of Digital Web-Printing (디지털 윤전 인쇄에서 잉크젯 전용지에 따른 인쇄 적성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Se-Jin;Kim, Sung-Su;Koo, Chul-Whoi
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2013
  • Nowadays the printing market has shift from 2D(two dimension) industry to 3D(three dimension) industry, along with IT. With rapidly changing market, it's true that the effort to develop the printing materials and upgrade the printing qualities is produced actively in the country. Particularly, the differences in printing materials can often determine the quality of printings in the printability. In the case of the printability of offset, 9 items(paper, ink, order of printing, ink supply, blowing-up halftone, grey balance, key color(base color), overlap efficiency, quality at the halftone dot reproduction etc.) are usually considered as the important factors and used to estimate the printability at abroad. However, in domestic, ink-jet paper is not used for the printing/publishing by ink-jet printing for digital, but done mainly for offset printing. Because the paper of gloss coated type, which is the ink-jet paper, has high price, it's too hard to manufacture massively printing/publishing. Also, in the case of the paper of uncoated type, in spite of its reasonable price rather than the former, the type of uncoated one also has demerit that the ink-jet paper has a clear difference between the front and the back. Therefore, it's tough reality that Ink Jet paper is hardly taken advantage of as the printing/publishing. Thus, what is done in the first to print and/or publish on ink-jet paper is that the front and the back must be printed evenly, and appropriate to the printability of ink-jet. Although there're some kinds of ink-jet paper in the country, it has not been produced in true domestic production yet. In addition, thanks to the brightness of fluorescence brightening agent, the foreign product can offer the good-qualified one-time printing. But when it comes to the printing/publishing, there're difficulties that it may cause the Ocular Fatigue because of long-term exposure of the eyes to text. This research tries to find out the optimum ink-jet paper in domestic for the printing/publishing by studying on the printability of ink-jet on digital web-printing. And it also tries to look for the paper's brightness which can be reduce the possibility to cause the consumers' Ocular Fatigue.

A Study on the Simulation of the Resolution for Ink-Jet Printing (잉크젯 프린팅에서 해상력에 관한 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Eun;Youn, Jong-Tae;Koo, Chul-Whoi
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2010
  • Ink-jet is part of the non impact printing that shooting the ink drop from the nozzle to paper. It is very silence and express good color. There are two types of printing that continuous and drop on demand. But drop on demand process is becoming the mainstream. these days, LCD, PDP is passed more than semiconductor industry. And we expect organic EL, FED as a next display. But product equipment, main component and technology have a gap between an advanced country and us nevertheless physical development. Expecially, previous process part is depended on imports. Ink-jet printing technology that there isn't complicated photo lithography process is attracted, so ink-jet printing resolution is more embossed. But there were not many of ink-jet resolution thesis but ink-jet head or nozzle. Because, to out of the ink from the nozzle is unseeable and hard to experiment. Therefore this thesis was experimented and simulated how can ink-jet printer improved resolution by flow-3d simulation package program.

Synthesis and Characterization of CoAl2O4 Glazed Blue Ceramic Ink for Ink-Jet Printing (Ink-jet 프린팅용 CoAl2O4 고화도 나노 무기 잉크 제조 및 프린팅 특성평가)

  • Lee, Ki-Chan;Yoon, Jong-Won;Kim, Jin-Ho;Hwang, Kwang-Taek;Han, Kyu-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2014
  • Ink-jet printing technology has been widely attractive due to its facility for direct and fine printing on various substrates. Recent studies have focused on expanding the application of ink-jet printing technology from general consumer use and design companies to the prototype production of precision parts and parts manufacturing. The use of ink-jet printing technology in decorated tableware, tiles, and other ceramic products also has many advantages. The printing process is fast and can be adaptable to various kinds of objects because there is no direct contact point between the printer and the substrates to be printed. For application to ceramic product decoration, inks containing highly dispersed inorganic nano-pigments are required. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of blue $CoAl_2O_4$ nanopigment for ink-jet printing. Blue ceramic ink based on the obtained $CoAl_2O_4$ pigment was prepared by dissolving $CoAl_2O_4$ pigment in a mixed solution of ethylene glycol and ethanol with volume ratios of 7:3 and 8:2, respectively, to obtain the appropriate viscosity for ink-jet printing. The ink solution contained 15 wt% of $CoAl_2O_4$ pigment and Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide(CTAB) and Sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS) as dispersive agents. The prepared blue ceramic ink was stably jetted and formed a sphere-shaped droplet from an ink-jet printer.

Ceramic Ink-jet Printing on Glass Substrate Using Oleophobic Surface Treatment

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Hwang, Hae-Jin;Kim, Jin-Ho;Hwang, Kwang-Taek;Han, Kyu-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2016
  • Ink-jet printing has become a widespread technology with the society's increase in aesthetic awareness. Especially, ink-jet printing using glazed ceramic ink can offer huge advantages including high quality decoration, continuous processing, glaze patterning, and direct reproduction of high resolution images. Recently, ceramic ink-jet printing has been rapidly introduced to decorate the porcelain product and the ceramic tiles. In this study, we provide an effective method to apply ceramic ink-jet decorations on the glass substrates using a oleophobic coating with perfluorooctyl trichlorosilane. The ink-jet printed patterns were much clearer on the oleophobically coated glass surface than the bare glass surface. The contact angle of the ceramic ink was maximized to the value of $64.0^{\circ}$ on the glass surface, when it was treated with 1 vol% PFTS solution for 1 min. The effects of the printing conditions and firing process on the ink-jet printed patterns on the oleophobically coated glass were also investigated.

Effects of Substrate and Surface Energy on Ink-jet Printing

  • Lee, Jin-Ho;Kim, Hong-Doo
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1457-1458
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    • 2009
  • The fundamental parameters controlling ink-jet printing liquids are the viscosity and surface energy. The wetting contact angle determines the spread of a liquid drop on the surface and depends on the relative surface energy. The characteristics of silver ink-jet printing were studied with control of surface energy and head temperature. Polyethylene terephthalate(PET) film and Si-wafer(ptype) were used as substrates and atmospheric plasma was treated to control the surface energy. With silver ink, the hydrophilic surface treatment could reduce the radius of droplets due to the hydrophobic nature of silver ink.

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Ink-Jet 3D Printability of Ceramic Ink with Contact Angle Control

  • Park, Jae-Hyeon;Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Kim, Deug Joong;Hwang, Kwang-Taek;Kim, Jin-Ho;Han, Kyu-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.461-467
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    • 2019
  • Ink-jet printing technology, which utilizes a digitalized design to print fine ink directly on a substrate, has been of interest in various industries due to its high efficiency and adaptability to various materials. Recently, active attempts have been made to apply ceramic materials having excellent heat resistance, light resistance, and chemical resistance to the ink-jet printing process. In this study, ceramic ink was synthesized by combining ceramic pigments with UV curable polymer. 3D printability at various contact angles between ceramic ink and substrate was analyzed in detail. Rheological properties of the synthesized ceramic ink were optimized to meet the requirements of the ink-jet printing process, and the contact angle of UV curable ceramic ink was controlled through surface treatment of the substrate. The potential for additive manufacturing of ceramic material using ink-jet printing was investigated by analyzing the effect of contact angle control on ceramic ink droplets and their 3D printability.

Address Electrode for PDP by Ink-Jet Method

  • Park, Lee-Soon;Im, Moo-Sik;Jung, Young-Chul
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.775-777
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    • 2003
  • Several methods are available for the fabrication of electrode pattern for the plasma display panel(PDP) including screen printing and photolithographic method. Piezo type ink-jet printing method is considered to the method of choice for electrode patterning in manufacturing of PDP. Both silver ink and absorbent layer paste formulation were developed for ink-jet printing of electrode pattern. The ink-jet printing of silver electrode with preformed absorbent layer was especially suitable for the patterning of address electrode for high resolution PDP.

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Influence of Mixing Ratio of Pigments on Ink-jet Printing Properties (안료의 혼합비율이 잉크제트 인쇄특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이용규;안국헌;이광섭
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.30-36
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the viscosity of coating colors and ink-jet printing properties with different coating colors with various blending ratios of silica based pigments. The volume of pigments was measured to evaluate the effect of the pigments on the viscosity of coating colors. Contact angle, the change of ink diameter, optical density, and the area and perimeter of a printed let-ter were evaluated to examine the effect of the ink absorption on the ink-jet printing properties. Generally, as the amount of silica pigments Increased the ink-jet printing quality improved. But this caused an increase of the overall coating viscosity.

Electrohydrodynamic Continuous Jet Printing of Ni Ink for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells (전기 수력학 인쇄공정을 이용한 실리콘 태양전지 전극용 Ni 잉크 제조 및 인쇄 공정 연구)

  • Lee, Youngwoo;Kim, Jihoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.593-597
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    • 2015
  • Ni ink for electrohydrodynamic (EHD) continuous jet printing has been developed by using Ni nanoparticles mixed with conhesiveness provider. EHD continuous jet printing was used in order to realize $20{\mu}m$ pattern width. Ink stability was investigated by using Turbi-scan which monitors agglomeration and precipitation of nanoparticles in the ink for three days. The Turbi-scan results showed that the formulated Ni ink had been stable for 3 days without any indication of precipitation across the entire ink. Antireflection coating (ARC) layer in crystalline solar cell wafers was removed by laser ablation technique leading to the formation of 84 grooves where the Ni ink was printed by EHD continuous jet printing. The printability and microstructure of EHD-jet-printed Ni lines were investigated by using optical and electron microscopes. 84 Ni lines with the width less than $20{\mu}m$ were successfully printed by one-time printing without any misalignment and fill the laser-ablated ARC grooves.