• 제목, 요약, 키워드: inorganic pigment

검색결과 95건 처리시간 0.032초

유기안료의 첨가가 도공층의 표면특성에 미치는 영향 (Influence of Orgnainc Pigment Addition on Surface Properties of Coating Layer)

  • 정경모;이용규
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2004
  • In this experiment the effects of the packing structure of pigment on the surface characteristics (smoothness and gloss) of coated paper are studied. Four different kinds of inorganic pigments(clay), ground calcium carbonate(GCC), two of precipitated calcium carbonates(PCC), and two organic pigments(solid bead and hollow type) were used. The method of measuring the relative sediment volume(RSV) was used to analyze the packing structure of coating layer. The relative sediment volume was measured, using the pressure dewatering dry-cake method(PDDM) and centrifuge method. Also, the particle size distribution of coating pigment was determined. The results showed that small amount of organic pigment, added to inorganic pigment, improved smoothness and its effect was greater when GCC was used as inorganic pigment. The efficiency of organic pigment depended upon the inorganic pigment since the organic pigment is packed in the pores formed by the inorganic pigment.

무기안료가 시멘트모르터의 유동성 미치는 영향 (Effect of Inorganic Pigments on the Workability of Cement Mortars)

  • 이재용;고성석;이현수
    • 한국건설관리학회논문집
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2000
  • 시멘트복합체에 사용되는 혼화재료중 무기안료는 그 착색효과로 인해 건축구조물의 미적 가치를 한층 높일 수 있는 효과가 있으므로 최근들어 도시미관을 중요시하는 추세와 더불어 그 사용량이 더욱 늘어날 것으로 전망된다. 본 연구는 무기안료가 시멘트 모르터의 유동성에 미치는 영향을 파악하여 착색시멘트모르터의 건축적인 활용을 위한 기초적 자료로 활용하고자 무기안료를 혼입한 시멘트모르터의 배합비, 물시벤트비, 안료혼입률 등을 변화시켜 유동성 실험을 진행하여 다음과 같은 결과를 도출하였다. 적색모르터와 황색모르터의 경우 안료혼입률이 증가할수록 유동성이 급격히 감소하므로 적절한 유동성을 확보하기 위해서는 혼합수의 증가 또는 유동화제의 사용이 필요하다. 그러나 녹색모르터의 경우에는 $-2.4{\~}6.9{\%}$의 플로변화율로 유동성의 변화가 거의 없었으며, 흑색모르터의 경우에도 유동성을 고려할 필요가 없는 것으로 판단되었다.

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표면전하 거동 조절을 이용한 탈크-실리카 복합체의 제조 (Preparation of Talc-Silica Composites by Controlling Surface Charge Behavior)

  • 윤기훈;박민경;문영진;이동규
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.116-124
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    • 2017
  • 색조 화장품 원료로 사용되는 무기안료 탈크와 소수성 실리카의 제타전위 차를 조절하여 표면처리된 판상 무기안료 복합체를 제조하였다. 탈크는 색조 화장품의 처방에서 주로 쓰이는 판상 무기물질로서 피부에 대한 발림성과 퍼짐성을 갖는 백색 안료이다. 또한 분산성과 신장성이 우수하며, 내열성, 내광성, 내화학성 등에 안정하다. 실리카는 일반적인 색조화장품에서 화장의 지속성을 높여주며 제형에서의 안정성을 높여주는 역할을 한다. 본 연구에서는 탈크와 소수성 실리카를 각각 양이온성, 음이온성 계면활성제로 표면전하를 조절한 후 제타전위 차를 이용하여 탈크 표면에 소수성 실리카를 표면처리하여 무기안료 복합체를 제조하였다. 제조된 무기안료 복합체는 소수성 실리카가 탈크 표면 위에 $1{\mu}m$ 이하로 코팅되어 있으며 효과적인 소수성을 띤다. 무기안료의 표면전하 분석을 위해 제타전위를 측정하였고, 계면활성제 표면처리된 안료는 FT-IR 로 계면활성제의 작용기를 확인하였다. 무기안료 복합체의 표면은 SEM, EDS, FIB 등으로 관찰하였으며, XRD, FT-IR 등으로 구조를 확인하였다.

무기안료가 시멘트모르타르의 압축강도와 흡수율에 미치는 영향 (The Influence of Inorganic Pigments on the Compressive Strength and Absorption of Cement Mortars)

  • 송혁;이재용;고성석
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2004
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of inorganic pigments on the physical properties of cement mortar. For this purpose, the compressive strength and absorption test were carried out on cement mortar imxed with inorganic pigments by changing the proportion of cement mortar, water-cement ratio, and ratio of pigment. The result of this study can be summarized as follows: the compressive strength of colored mortar rapidely increased in red and yellow mortar, as the mix ratio of pigment increased. In case of green and black mortar, however, the compressive strength decresed as the mix ratio incresed. In case of red and yellow mortar, the absorption of colored mortar increased as the mixing ratio increased, if the mean particle diameter of the pigment is small. In case of green and black mortar, the absorption ratio decreased as the mix ratio increased. After investigating the overall physical properties of colored mortar, it was confirmed that the proper mix ratio of pigment securing the properties of colored mortar was below 6% of the weight of the cement to be used.

천연 황색안료 염색한지의 패션소재 적용 가능성 평가에 관한 연구 (Properties of Hanji with natural pigment dyeing for use as a fashion material)

  • 김기훈;임현아
    • 복식문화연구
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.339-345
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    • 2014
  • This study analyzes and compares Hanji made with loess to Hanji made with kaolin, two yellow-based inorganic pigments, in terms of its physical properties, optical properties, and color fastness to light with the aim of using it as a fashion material. Hanji made by adding inorganic pigments showed an approximately 20% retention ratio on average. This figure was similar to those of loess and kaolin. Physical properties were analyzed, with the following results. A higher amount of additives lowered the apparent density and increased thickness and bulk. In general, inorganic pigment-added Hanji had lower tensile strength, bursting strength, and folding endurance compared to non-additive Hanji. The analysis of optical properties showed a lower brightness index for Hanji made with inorganic pigments compared to non-additive Hanji. When comparing the two inorganic pigments, the brightness of Hanji made with kaolin was higher. Regarding color fastness to light, loess showed level 4 and kaolin showed level 5 when 25% inorganic pigments on pulp were added to Hanji. Thus, Hanji made by adding inorganic pigments during the manufacturing process may perform well as materials for fashion because the additives enhanced both the color fastness to light and the bulk while maintaining the strength. In addition, Hanji dyed with inorganic pigments may have the potential to serve as materials for the fashion industry while still retaining the characteristics of Hanji.

치자황색소로부터 변환된 색소의 저장안정성 (Storage Stability of the Conversion Pigment from Gardenia jasminoides Yellow Pigment)

  • 정형석;박근형
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.106-109
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    • 1999
  • S. epidermidis에 의해 치자황색소에서 변환된 청녹계색소와 치자황색소의 저장안정성에 미치는 광, 온도, pH, 무기이온에 의한 영향을 조사하였다. 두 색소는 광과 $40^{\circ}C$ 이상의 온도조건에서 변색에 영향을 받았으나, 변환된 색소가 보다 안정성이 있으며, 광에 의한 영향은 green filter에 의해 감소시킬 수 있었다. pH와 무기이온에 의한 영향은 두 색소 모두 작았다.

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액상첨가제에 의한 칼라로도 블록 무기 안료층의 특성 향상 (Enhancement in the physical properties of inorganic pigment layer in the color block by incorporation of n liquid additive)

  • 이동명;박동욱;이준희;김상민;김대영;김정조;김진곤;조현
    • 한국결정성장학회지
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.222-226
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    • 2006
  • Carboxylated styrene-butadiene계 액상 첨가제가 칼라 보도 블록 무기 안료층의 미세구조, 기계적 특성 및 탈색 저항성에 미치는 영향에 대하여 조사하였다. 액상 첨가제를 첨가함에 따라 겉보기 기공률과 흡수율이 감소한 더 치밀한 미세구조와 균일한 안료 분포를 나타내는 무기 안료층을 얻을 수 있었다. 또한 기계적 강도 및 탈색저항성이 현저히 향상됨을 확인하였다.

종이도공용 고광택 유기안료의 적용에 관한 연구(제1보) -유기안료의 종류가 도공지 품질에 미치는 영향- (Studies on the application of high-gloss plastic pigment for paper coating (I) - Effect of the type of plastic pigment on the quality of coated paper -)

  • 박규재;정경모;황석우;이용규
    • 한국펄프종이공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1999
  • A study was made to determine the effect of plastic pigment on the coating structure and printability of coated paper. Three basic plastic pigments were investigated such as solid-bead type of plastic pigment, binder type of plastic pigment and hollow type of plastic pigment. In the systems investigated, it was observed that particle shape and structure of plastic pigment had influenced on the rheology of coating color, the state of packing, and the properties of coated paper. The materials investigated were restricted to plastic pigments commonly uesd in paper coating formualtion. Inorganic pigments used in this research were kaolin clay which is platelets and calcium carbonate which is rhombic. Three kinds of plastic pigments were blended in the color made up with two inorganic pigments, respectively. The combination of pigments were carried out (1) to determined the effect of paticle structure of plastic pigment on the state of dispersion of coating color, (2) to observe the effect of temperature of calender on the property of coated paper prepared with plastic pigment. The data indicated that binder and hollow type of plastic pigment had the best results on improving the properties of coated paper such as paper gloss, opacity and air permeability ect. and solid-bead type of plastic pigment in the next place.

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종이도공용 고광택 유기안료의 적용에 관한 연구 -유기안료의 종류가 도공지 품질에 미치는 영향- (Studies on the Application of High-Gloss Plastic Pigment for Paper Coating(I))

  • 이용규;박규재;정경모
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to determine the effect of the type of plastic pigment on the coat-ing structure and printability of coated paper. Three kinds of plastic pigments(solid-bead type binder type and hollow type) were used for hti purpose. IN this research it was observed that particle shape and structure of plastic pigment had influenced the rheology of coating color the state of packing and the properties of coated paper. Inorganic pigments used in this research were platelike kaolin clay and rhombic calcium carbonate. Three kinds of plastic pigments were blended with two inorganic pigments respec-tively. The combination of pigments were carried out(1) to determined the effect of particle structure of plastic pigment on the state of dispersion of coating color(2) to observe the effect of calendering temperature on the property of coated paper prepared with different plastic pigments. The data indicated that binder and hollow type plastic pigment gave the best results in improving the properties of coated paper such as paper gloss opacity and air pet-meability.

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Preparation of Functional Antibiotic and Deodorization Pigments Using Surface Modification Method for Special Papermaking

  • Cho, Jun-Hyung;Lee, Yong-Won;Min, Dong-Jin
    • 한국펄프종이공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.417-421
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    • 2006
  • In this study, colloidal Ag solution was spouted on the surface of the inorganic pigment using the hybridizer system and the spray nozzle. Then, the surface of the inorganic pigment was modified by titanium dioxide in order to possess antibacterial ability. Nano-sized colloidal Ag was made by using a seed sol method in this study. It was confirmed that the size of particle per unit weight becomes enlarged, as the addition of $AgNO_{3}$ increased, and as the time of reaction increased, in the manufacturing process of nano-sized colloidal Ag. The antibacterial measurement of the inorganic pigment showed that the growth of fungus was reduced as the reaction time increased. It was measured that the antibacterial activity was excellent at fixed time frame, after the antibacterial ability appeared in $5{\sim}7$ hours of the antibacterial inoculation experiment. The experiment of titanium dioxide's Photocatalyst effect showed $60{\sim}70%$ efficiency in about 80 minute reaction time of the dissolution results regarding measurements of benzene. It was shown that more than 90% of the dissolution efficiency was achieved in the reaction time of about 30 minute.

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