• Title, Summary, Keyword: insecticidal activity

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Insecticidal Activity of Coptis chinensis Extract Against Myzus persicae (Sulzer)

  • Jung, Ji Young;Lee, Hyung Chul;Yang, Jae-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.274-285
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    • 2015
  • In view of the environmental and health hazards posed by synthetic insecticides, the use of plant products as botanical insecticides has gained increasing in recent years. In this study, we reported the insecticidal activity of extracts isolated from Coptis chinensis. On crude extraction, among the various solvent types tested (water, 1% (w/v) of sodium hydroxide, 70% ethanol), the 70% ethanol extract showed the best insecticidal activity (36.5%). Three different fractions (n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate) were obtained from crude extract (70% ethanol) of the chloroform fraction and found to have noteworthy insecticidal activity (62.9%) by filter paper contact bioassay. Their chemical structures were identified as 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol and aniline by head space-GC-MS analysis. Both compounds displayed a dose-dependent insecticidal activity of Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Insecticidal activity at the lowest concentration tested (500 ppm) approached 85.4% in the aniline compared with 79.9% in the 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol. The insecticidal activity was greater for the aniline than 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol. It is believed that the insecticidal activity is due mainly to the presence of aniline.

Insecticidal Activities of Plant Extracts against Tetranchus urticae

  • Lee, G.Y.;Han, Y.H.;Soh, H.S.;Lee, H.J.;Kim, S.K.
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.275-278
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    • 2011
  • To find an alternative for synthetic pesticides, methanol extracts from 69 plant samples were tested for their insecticidal activity against two spotted mite (Tetranchus urticae Koch). Seven plant extracts including Angelica japonica showed over 80% insecticidal activity at 5000 mg/L. Extract of Prunus armeniaca seed showed high insecticidal activity at 3000 mg/L. As a naturally occurring pesticide, P. armeniaca could be useful as a new botanic insecticide.

Insecticidal Activity of Extracts Isolated from Syzygium Aromaticum

  • Jung, Ji Young;Yang, Jae-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2014
  • This study separated the crude extract (70% ethanol) of and its three fractions (hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts) on the basis of polarity indexes, and examined for their insecticidal activities against aphid (Uroleucon lactucicola). For crude extraction, the 70% ethanol extract showed the best extract yield (58.0%) and insecticidal activity (69.0%) among the various concentrations tested (water, 30% ethanol, 50% ethanol, 70% ethanol and 95% ethanol). The major chemical compounds of different fractions (hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts) were identified as eugenol by head space-GC-MS analysis. The hexane extract showed the highest eugenol content (43.7%) and insecticidal activity (80.0%). The insecticidal activity is accordingly believed to be attributable to the eugenol component. This may provide a useful starting point for the development of bio-pesticides.

A Study on the Insecticidal and Antibacterial Activity of the 8-Hydroxy-5-chloroquinolyl Carbamates (8-Hydroxy-5-chloroquinolyl Carbamates의 살충효과 및 항균력에 관한 연구)

  • 강회양
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 1995
  • The insecticidal and antibacterial activity of new synthesized carbamate derivatives(8-Hydroxy-5-chloroquinolyl-N-methylcarbamate(I), 8-Hydroxy-5-chloroquinolyl-N-ethylcarbamate(II)) was examined using 0.2 w/v% acetone solutiolas and 50 r/ml~1000 r/m N,N'-dimethylformamide-$H_2O$(2:3) solutions of each compounds, respectively. 1) Two carbamates exerted insecticidal effects on Sogata furcifera HORVATH, Delphacodes Striatella FAUEN, Whereas no significant effects were observed on the Nilaparvate lugens STAL, Inazuma dorasails MOISCHIULSKY and Nephateffix apicalis Cincticeps UHLER. 2) These compounds exhibited growth-inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella paratyphi A, Shigella dysenteriae 1a, Escherichia coli NL 1401,at the concentration range of 100~500 r/ml in general.

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Insecticidal activity of native plant extracts against Culix pipiens pallens and Musca domestica (자생식물 추출물의 모기 및 집파리에 대한 살충활성)

  • Kyung, Suk-Hun;Yoon, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 1999
  • Methanol extracts of 9 kinds of native medicinal plants(Taraxacum platycarpum, leaf; Pinus densiflora, leaf; Artemisia prinseps, leaf; Allium tuberosum, leaf; Cassia obtussifolia, whole; Sophora angestifolia, root; Stemonae sessilifolia, root; Lonicera japonica stem, leaf, flower; and Clivia miniata) were investigated for insecticidal effect. Methanol extracts of Pinus densiflora leaves and Sophora angestifolia radix showed relatively good insecticidal activity against Culex pipiens pallens larvae. Strong larvicidal activity against the Musca domestica larvae was produced from methanol extracts of Taraxacum platycarpum leaves and Allium tuberosom leaves. while Stemonae radix showed moderate activity. All materials tested revealed little or weak insecticidal activity against M. domestica adults.

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A Study on the Insecticidal and Antibacterial Activity of the Carbamate derivatives (Carbamate 화합물의 殺蟲效果 및 抗菌力에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Hoe-Yang;Jung, Chan
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.62-65
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    • 1997
  • The insecticidal and antibacterial activity of new synthesized carbamate derivatives(5,7-dibromo-8-hydroxyquinolinyl-N-methylcarbamate(I), 5,7-dibromo-8-hydroxyquinolinyl-N-ethylcarbamate(II)) was examined using 0.2w/v% acetone solutions and 50 $\mu$g/ml-1000 $\mu$g/ml N,N'-dimethylformamide H$_2$O(2:3) solutions of each compounds, respectively. 1. Two carbamates exerted insectiddal effects on Sogata furcifera HORVATH, Delphacodes Striatella FAUEN and Nilaparvate lugens STAL, Whereas no significant effects were observed on the Inazuma dorasalis MOISCHIULSKY Nephateffix apicalis Cincticeps UHLER. 2. These compounds exhibited growth-inhibitory activity against Staphyloccus aureus, Salmonella paratyphi A, Shigella dysenteriae 1a, Escherichia coli NL 1401, at the concentration range of 100-500 $\mu$g/ml in general.

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Structural Characteristics that Influence on the Insecticidal Activity of 2-(n-Octyl)pseudothiourea Analogues against the Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella, L.)

  • Soung, Min-Gyu;Kil, Mun-Jae;Sung, Nack-Do
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.2749-2753
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    • 2009
  • Structural characteristics that influence on the insecticidal activity ($pI_{50}$) of 2-(n-octyl)isothiourea analogues (1-45) against the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella, L.) based on three dimensional quantitative structure activity relationships (3D-QSARs) were discussed quantitatively using a comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and a comparative molecular similarity indeces analysis (CoMSIA) methods. The statistical values of the CoMFA 2 model were better than those of the CoMSIA 1 model. The CoMFA 2 model was the optimized model with the correlativity (the training set: Ave. = 0.104 & PRESS = 0.613) and the predictability (the test set: Ave. = 0.086 & PRESS = 0.096). Insecticidal activities with the optimized CoMFA 2 model were dependent upon steric factors (79.4%) of $R_1-R_3$ substituents. From the analytical results of CoMFA contour maps, it is predicted that the R1 substituent of 1-45 which has a steric favor in a broad space, $R_2\;and\;R_3$ groups with a steric favor in a narrow space and a H-bond donor favor would have better the insecticidal activity.

Insecticidal Toxin and Research Trends of Photorhabdus, Entomopathogenic Bacteria (곤충살충성 세균 Photorhabdus의 Insecticidal Toxin과 연구동향)

  • Jang, Eun-Kyung;Shin, Jae-Ho
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2010
  • BT toxin is produced by a soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis and has long been used as a biological insecticide without any competition. Recently, Photorhabdus, a symbiotic bacterium from entomopathogenic nematodes, family Heterorhabditae, has been researched and discussed as alternatives to B. thuringiensis. Photorhabdus, which lives in the gut of entomopathogenic nematodes, is a highly virulent pathogen of a wide range of insect larvae. When an insect is infected by the nematodes, the bacteria are released into the cadaver, and produce a number of insecticidal toxins. The biological role of the different Photorhabdus toxins in the infection process is still unclear. Photorhabdus toxin complex (Tc) is highly secreted gut-active toxin and has been characterized as a potent three-component (A, B and C) insecticidal protein complex. These components are necessary for full oral activity against insect larvae. The Photorhabdus PirAB binary toxins exhibit a potent injectable activity for Galleria mellonella larvae, and have oral toxicity against mosquitoes and caterpillar pest Plutella xylostella. Other toxin, 'makes caterpillars floppy' (Mcf) showed injectable activity on caterpillars. Recombinant Mcf triggers apoptosis in both insect hemocytes and the midgut epithelium and carries a BH3 domain. In this review, the relationship between the Photorhabdus and the nematode is discussed and recent important insecticidal toxins from Photorhabdus are described.

Research on antifungal and insecticidal activity of Natural extracts for Protecting Organic Cultural heritages (유기질문화재 보존을 위한 천연 추출물의 항균·살충활성 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Eun;Kim, Young-Hee;Hong, Jin-Young;Jung, Mi-Hwa;Jo, Chang-Wook
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2010
  • This study evaluated the activity of biocidal compounds isolated from natural products and confirmed applicable possibility as conservative agents for orgainic cultural heritages damaged by biological degradation. we used methanol extracts of 11 Korean trees and 17 medicinal plants as natural resources. Among these extracts, Phellodendron amurense was investigated on antifungal activity against Coniophora puteana, Lentinus lepideus, Tyromyces palustris and Aspergillus niger. Asarum sieboldii was investigated on insecticidal activity against adult of Lasioderma serricorne. First, the extract of Phellodendron amurense was partitioned into hexane, dichloromethan and ethylacetate fraction. Among them, the ethylacetate fraction had the most significant antifungal activity. In addition, Asarum sieboldii essential oil showed an effective antifungal and insecticidal activity. As a result, the extract of Phellodendron amurense and Asarum sieboldii essential oil could be useful for conservation of organic cultural heritage against biological deterioration by wood rot fungi and Lasioderma serricorne.

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Screening of Plant Extracts and Identification of their Insecticidal Metabolites against Myzus persicae (복숭아혹진딧물 방제용 식물추출물 탐색 및 살충성분 구명)

  • Yang, Si young;Lim, Da jung;Kim, Yeo Hee;Kim, In Seon
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: Green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is an insect pest that significantly affects crop production. A number of pesticides have been used for aphid control, but their concerns on insect resistance and food safety have required alternative methods for pest management. In an effort to find for an alternative approach to aphid control, we screened plants extracts and examined their potentiality as insecticidal bio-resources. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety eight plant extracts were examined for insecticidal activity against the aphid, and the best candidate among them was chosen for further study. The extracts from Cinnamomum camphora was determined to be the best candidate exhibiting insecticidal activity more than 60% at a level of $1,000{\mu}g/mL$. GC/MS analyses detected camphor, borneol, 4-terpineol, ${\alpha}$-terpineol and caryophyllene oxide as major compositions from the extracts obtained by hydrodistillation. Caryophyllene oxide exhibited the highest insecticidal activity with a $LC_{50}$ value of $237{\mu}g/mL$. Camphor lowered significantly the $LC_{50}$ value of caryophyllene oxide and increased largely its concentration in aphid, suggesting that camphor played a role in enhancing the insecticidal activity of caryophyllene oxide. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that camphor and caryophyllene oxide may be used as an insecticidal bio-resource for insect control against green peach aphid.