• Title, Summary, Keyword: interaction effect

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Temporal Stability of Wearer′s Impression Effect - The Accent of Garment Category, Fashion-Level and Wearer′s Body Type - (착용자 인상효과의 시간적 안정성 -의복범주, 유행성, 착용자의 체형 변인을 중심으로 -)

  • 김재숙;김희숙
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.28-36
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    • 2002
  • The purposes of the study were to investigate the effect of garment category, fashion-level and wearer's body type on the basis of temporal stability and to extend the contextual framework. The result was as follows 1) On the basis of temporal stability, Korean style, classic style, and large body type have more temporal stability than western style, fashionable style, normal body type. 2) On the basis of temporal stability of impression dimension, impression of appearance knave most temporal stability, next good-bad, next evaluation, next potency, and sociability. 3) In an interaction effect between measuring time and impression of evaluation, western, fashionable, classic style have the greatest interaction effect. In an interaction effect between measuring time and impression of appearance, western style, normal body type have the greatest interaction effect. In an interaction effect between measuring time and impression of good-bad, western, fashionable style have the greatest interaction effect. It is concluded that the results support the context framework on impression formation.

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Soil-structure interaction and axial force effect in structural vibration

  • Gao, H.;Kwok, K.C.S.;Samali, B.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 1997
  • A numerical procedure for dynamic analysis of structures including lateral-torsional coupling, axial force effect and soil-structure interaction is presented in this study. A simple soil-structure system model has been designed for microcomputer applications capable of reflecting both kinematic and inertial soil-foundation interaction as well as the effect of this interaction on the superstructure response. A parametric study focusing on inertial soil-structure interaction is carried out through a simplified nine-degree of freedom building model with different foundation conditions. The inertial soil-structure interaction and axial force effects on a 20-storey building excited by an Australian earthquake is analysed through its top floor displacement time history and envelope values of structural maximum displacement and shear force.

Dynamic Behavior of a Long-Span Bridge Considering Soil-Structure Interaction (지반-구조물 상호작용을 고려한 장대교량의 동적 거동)

  • Lim, Che-Min;Park, Jang-Ho;Shin, Yung-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2004
  • The effect of soil-structure interaction becomes important in the design of civil structures such as long-span bridges, which are constructed in the site composed of soft soil. Many methodologies have been developed to account for the proper consideration of soil-structure interaction effect. However, it is difficult to estimate soil-structure interaction effect accurately becaused of many uncertainties. This paper presents the results of study on soil-structure interaction and dynamic response of a long-span bridge designed in the site composed of soft soil. The effect of the soft soil was evaluated by the use of computer program SASSI and a long-span bridge structure was modeled by finite elements. Dynamic response characteristics of a long-span bridge considering soil-structure interaction wereinvestigated.

The Influence of Internet Use on Interpersonal Interaction among Chinese Urban Residents: The Mediating Effect of Social Identification

  • Chen, Hong;Qin, Jing;Li, Jing;Zheng, Guangjia
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.84-105
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    • 2016
  • The instability of social norms on the Internet causes the diversity of social identification. Meanwhile, the anonymity of online social identity and the chaos of the role-playing among the interacting participants cause an ambiguity of identity recognition, which intensifies anxiety about interpersonal interaction. Methods that promote face-to-face interpersonal interaction through the reconstruction of the identification to the social system and intergroup trust is worth further research. Based on a telephone survey of urban residents in thirty-six cities in China (N=1080), the study focuses on the influence of Internet use on interpersonal interaction of urban residents and the mediation effect of social identification. The results show that Internet use has a negative effect on the interpersonal interactions of urban residents, and social identification plays a mediating effect between Internet use and interpersonal interaction. Implications of the results are discussed.

Analysis of 3D Motion Recognition using Meta-analysis for Interaction (기존 3차원 인터랙션 동작인식 기술 현황 파악을 위한 메타분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Woo;Whang, Min-Cheol;Kim, Jong-Hwa;Woo, Jin-Cheol;Kim, Chi-Jung;Kim, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.925-932
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    • 2010
  • Most of the research on three-dimensional interaction field have showed different accuracy in terms of sensing, mode and method. Furthermore, implementation of interaction has been a lack of consistency in application field. Therefore, this study is to suggest research trends of three-dimensional interaction using meta-analysis. Searching relative keyword in database provided with 153 domestic papers and 188 international papers covering three-dimensional interaction. Analytical coding tables determined 18 domestic papers and 28 international papers for analysis. Frequency analysis was carried out on method of action, element, number, accuracy and then verified accuracy by effect size of the meta-analysis. As the results, the effect size of sensor-based was higher than vision-based, but the effect size was extracted to small as 0.02. The effect size of vision-based using hand motion was higher than sensor-based using hand motion. Therefore, implementation of three-dimensional sensor-based interaction and vision-based using hand motions more efficient. This study was significant to comprehensive analysis of three-dimensional motion recognition for interaction and suggest to application directions of three-dimensional interaction.

Moderating Effect of Consumer Competency in Regards to the Influence of Interaction Style with Sales Man on Inappropriate Consumer Compliant Behaviors (판매자와의 상호작용 유형이 소비자들의 부적절한 불만행동에 미치는 영향에 대한 소비자역량 조절효과 분석)

  • Lee, Youngae;Lim, Su-Ji
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.185-200
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating effect of consumer competency associated with the influence of interaction styles with sales man on inappropriate consumer compliant behaviors. For the purpose, the survey questionnaire was administered to 1,050 consumers across country by the on-line survey. The research data are analyzed using four statistical methods: factor analysis, reliability analysis, multiple regression, and moderating regression analysis. The results are as follows: First, some demographic variables, for example, male, level of education, marital status, amount of monthly household income had significant effects on inappropriate consumer compliant behaviors such as rudeness of behavior and interference with business. Second, it is significant that two types of interaction with sales man(passive and assertive interaction) have positive effect on rudeness of behaviors, while assertive interaction only has positive effect on inference with business. Third, this research has been shown to be significant, based upon the findings on moderating effects of consumer competency in respect to consumers' level of inappropriate compliant behaviors. In particular, consumer competency has negative moderating effects between interaction styles with sales man and rudeness of behaviors. Practical implications were discussed in terms of effective customer management strategies and policy making related to consumer education.

The Effect of Relationship Benefit on Consumer's Purchase Intention: Focusing on Mediating Role of Interaction (인터넷 쇼핑몰에서 제공하는 관계혜택이 소비자의 구매의도에 미치는 영향: 상호작용성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Chae, Jin-Mie
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.93-107
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relationship benefit on consumer's purchase intention by focusing on the mediating role of interaction in internet shopping malls. The survey research was limited to respondents over 20 years old living in Seoul and other metropolitan areas who had purchased fashion products thru internet shopping malls. 562 data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression using SPSS program. The results indicated that each relationship benefit dimension had a significantly positive effect on consumer's purchase intention. The interaction between internet shopping malls and the consumer was categorized by two factors such as content-people interaction and people-people interaction. In addition, each interactive factor showed mediating effects between relationship benefits and consumer's purchase intention.

A Study on the Mediating Effect of Interaction among Learners in a Web Based Collaboration Learning Environment (웹 기반 협력학습 환경에서 학습자간 상호작용의 매개효과 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Sang-Kon
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.195-214
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of interaction among learners in a Web Based Collaboration Learning (WBCL) environment. 254 Korean college students served as test subjects and during the 4 weeks of research period, they studied the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) in a web-based collaborative learning system. The interaction between learners was looked into by categorizing the concept into task oriented information sharing activities and relationship oriented communication activities and analyzing the causal relationship between the two activities. Learning performances were measured in individual level. The results are as follows. First, task oriented information sharing activities effect positively on relationship oriented information sharing activities. Second, the managerial characteristics of WBCL had a positive effect on interaction between learners but the systematic characteristics had partial influence on interaction between learners. Third, the interaction between learners completely interconnects the managerial characteristics of WBCL and learning performance but partially interconnects the systematic characteristic of WBCL and learning performance. In conclusion, this study implies that managerial and systematic characteristics of WBCL should be considered on the preferential basis for the WBCL to become successful and interactive activities such as information sharing and communication should be encouraged to be active from a small-size WBCL perspective.

Seismic Fragility Evaluation of Isolated NPP Containment Structure Considering Soil-Structure Interaction Effect (지반-구조물 상호작용 효과를 고려한 지진격리시스템이 적용된 원전 격납건물의 지진 취약도 평가)

  • Eem, Seung Hyun;Jung, Hyung Jo;Kim, Min Kyu;Choi, In Kil
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2013
  • Several researches have been studied to enhance the seismic performance of nuclear power plants (NPPs) by application of seismic isolation. If a seismic base isolation system is applied to NPPs, seismic performance of nuclear power plants should be reevaluated considering the soil-structure interaction effect. The seismic fragility analysis method has been used as a quantitative seismic safety evaluation method for the NPP structures and equipment. In this study, the seismic performance of an isolated NPP is evaluated by seismic fragility curves considering the soil-structure interaction effect. The designed seismic isolation is introduced to a containment building of Shin-Kori NPP which is KSNP (Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant), to improve its seismic performance. The seismic analysis is performed considering the soil-structure interaction effect by using the linearized model of seismic isolation with SASSI (System for Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction) program. Finally, the seismic fragility is evaluated based on soil-isolation-structure interaction analysis results.

The Effect of Mother-Child Interaction on a Child's Sleeping Hours: The Mediation of a Child's Smart Media Use (모-자녀 상호작용이 유아의 수면시간에 미치는 영향: 스마트미디어 이용 정도를 매개로)

  • Lee, Jongeun;Kim, Jiyoon;Park, Eunhye;Kang, Hyunah
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.163-179
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purposes of this study are to test a direct effect of mother-child interaction and to examine the mediating effect of children's smart media use on a child's sleeping hours. Methods: We analyzed the longitudinal data of 1,494 children from the $6^{th}$ panel study of Korean children collected by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education in 2013, which examined 5-year-old children. The main analysis method was Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results: The study results showed that mother-child interaction had a direct effect on the child's sleeping hours. Children's smart media use also directly influenced the child's sleeping hours. In regard to mediation, the results revealed that children's smart media use mediated the relationship between mother-child interaction and child's sleeping hours. Conclusion/Implications: Bidirectional mother-child interaction and the degree of smart media use played an important role in children's sleeping hours. This study suggests policy and practical implications in order to retain children's healthy sleeping hours.