• Title, Summary, Keyword: ion-selective electrode

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Novel Triiodide PVC-Based Membrane Sensor Based on a Charge Transfer Complex of Iodine and Bis(2-hydroxyacetophenone)butane-2,3-dihydrazone

  • Ganjali, Mohammad Reza;Norouzi, Parviz;Shirvani Arani, Simindokht;Salavati Niasari, Masoud
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.1738-1742
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    • 2005
  • In this study a novel triiodide ion-selective electrode based on a charge transfer complex of iodine and Bis(2-hydroxyacetophenone)butane-2,3-dihydrazone (ICT), as a membrane carrier was prepared. The electrode has a linear dynamic range between 1.0 ${\times}$ $10^{-2}$ and 5.0 ${\times}$ $10^{-7}$ M, with a Nernstian slope of 58. 99 ${\pm}$ 0.3 mV $decade^{-1}$ and detection limit of 3.0 ${\times}$ $10 ^{-7}$ M. The potentiometric response of the proposed sensor is independent of the pH of the solution in the pH range of 3.0-10.0. The electrode possesses the advantages of short conditioning time, fast response time, and especially, very good selectivity over a large number of common organic and inorganic anions. The electrode can be used for at least 6 months without any considerable divergences in the potentials. It was used as an indicator electrode in potentiometric titration of triiodide ion with thiosulfate.

Lead-Selective Poly(vinyl chloride) Membrane Electrode Based on 1-Phenyl-2-(2-quinolyl)-1,2-dioxo-2-(4-bromo) phenylhydrazone

  • Zare, Hamid Reza;Ardakani, Mahammad Mazloum;Nasirizadeh, Navid;Safari, Javad
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2005
  • A PVC membrane electrode for lead ion based on 1-phenyl-2-(2-quinolyl)-1,2-dioxo-2-(4-bromo) phenylhydrazone (PQDBP) as ionophore was demonstrated. The optimum composition of the membrane was 30 wt% poly(vinyl chloride), 60 wt% dibutyl phthalate as a plasticizer, 4 wt% ionophore and 6 wt% sodium tetraphenylborate as additive. The electrode exhibits a Nernstian response (28.7 mV decade$^{-1}$) for Pb$^{2+}$ over a wide concentration range (1.0 ${\times}$ 10$^{-1}$ to 1 ${\times}$ 10$^{-6}$ M) with a detection limit of 6.0 ${\times}$ 10$^{-7}$ M. This sensor has a short response time and can be used for at least 2 months without any divergence in potentials. The proposed electrode could be used in a pH range of 3.0-6.0 and revealed good selectivities for Pb$^{+2}$ over a wide variety of other metal ions. It was successfully applied as an indicator electrode for the potentiometric titration of lead ion with potassium chromate and for the direct determination of lead in mine.

Validation of analysis of urinary fluoride by ion selective electrode method (이온선택전극법에 의한 소변 중 불소 이온 분석법 검증)

  • Lee, Mi-Young;Yoo, Kye-Mook
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2014
  • A simple and sensitive analytical method for fluoride in urine by ion selective electrode (ISE) method was presented. Traditional buffer for fluoride determination using ISE is acetate-based one. Researchers have pointed out some drawbacks of the buffer for fluoride ISE analysis, and some other buffers including citrate-ammonium buffer and MES buffer have been studied for accurate determination of fluoride in urine here. These buffers provided promising results in environmental field, and this author focused on overcoming the interference of co-existing aluminium. The results show that MES-CyDTA buffer gave the best recovery with accuracy of 95-97.5% and precision of 1.9-7.9% for reference sample of 1.8-7.8 mg/L fluoride in urine, with smaller amount of samples and shorter analysis time compared with the traditional method which used acetate buffer. The method was applied to field samples, and which showed urinary of $0.98{\pm}0.38mg/g$ creatinine for workers in electric cable manufacturing factory (n=15) and $0.59{\pm}0.30mg/g$ creatinine for non-exposed workers (n=12).

A Highly Selective Mercury(II) Ion-Selective Membrane Sensor (고 선택성 수은(II) 이온 막 센서)

  • Ensafi, Ali A.;Meghdadi, S.;Allafchian, Ali R.
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.324-330
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    • 2007
  • A new ion selective PVC membrane electrode is developed as a sensor for mercury(II) ions based on bis(benzoylacetone) propylenediimine (H2(BA)2PD) as an ionophore. The electrode shows good response characteristics and displays, a linear Emf vs. log[Hg2+] response over the concentration range of 1.0×10-6 to 1.0×10-1 M Hg(II) with a Nernstian slope of 29.8±0.75 mV per decade and with a detection limit of 2.2×10-7 M Hg(II) over the pH range of 2.5-11.5. Selectivity concentrations for Hg(II) relative to a number of potential interfering ions were also investigated. The sensor is highly selective for Hg(II) ions over a large number of cations with different charge. The sensor has been found to be chemically inert showing a fast response time of 60 s and was used over a period of 3 months with a good reproducibility (S = 0.27 mV). The electrode was successfully applied to determine mercury(II) in real samples with satisfactory results.

An Automated Water Nitrate Monitoring System based on Ion-Selective Electrodes

  • Cho, Woo Jae;Kim, Dong-Wook;Jung, Dae Hyun;Cho, Sang Sun;Kim, Hak-Jin
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: In-situ water quality monitoring based on ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) is a promising technique because ISEs can be used directly in the medium to be tested, have a compact size, and are inexpensive. However, signal drift can be a major concern with on-line management systems because continuous immersion of the ISEs in water causes electrode degradation, affecting the stability, repeatability, and selectivity over time. In this study, a computer-based nitrate monitoring system including automatic electrode rinsing and calibration was developed to measure the nitrate concentration in water samples in real-time. Methods: The capabilities of two different types of poly(vinyl chloride) membrane-based ISEs, an electrode with a liquid filling and a carbon paste-based solid state electrode, were used in the monitoring system and evaluated on their sensitivities, selectivities, and durabilities. A feasibility test for the continuous detection of nitrate ions in water using the developed system was conducted using water samples obtained from various water sources. Results: Both prepared ISEs were capable of detecting low concentrations of nitrate in solution, i.e., 0.7 mg/L $NO_3-N$. Furthermore, the electrodes have the same order of selectivity for nitrate: $NO_3{^-}{\gg}HCO_3{^-}$ > $Cl^-$ > $H_2PO_4{^-}$ > $SO{_4}^{2-}$, and maintain their sensitivity by > 40 mV/decade over a period of 90 days. Conclusions: The use of an automated ISE-based nitrate measurement system that includes automatic electrode rinsing and two-point normalization proved to be feasible in measuring $NO_3-N$ in water samples obtained from different water sources. A one-to-one relationship between the levels of $NO_3-N$ measured with the ISEs and standard analytical instruments was obtained.

A New Fe (III)-Selective Membrane Electrode Based on Fe (II) Phthalocyanine

  • Ozer, Tugba;Isildak, Ibrahim
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 2019
  • A new miniaturized all solid-state contact Fe (III)-selective PVC membrane electrode based on Fe (II) phthalocyanine as a neutral carrier was described. The effects of the membrane composition and foreign ions on the electrode performance was investigated. The best performance was obtained with a membrane containing 32% poly (vinyl chloride), 64% dioctylsebacate, 3% Fe (II) phthalocyanine, and 1% potassium tetrakis (p-chlorophenyl) borate. The electrode showed near Nernstian response of $26.04{\pm}0.95mV/decade$ over the wide linear concentration range $1.0{\times}10^{-6}$ to $1.0{\times}10^{-1}M$, and a very low limit of detection $1.8{\pm}0.5{\times}10^{-7}M$. The potentiometric response of the developed electrode was independent at pH 3.5-5.7. The lifetime of the electrode was approximately 3 months and the response time was very short (< 7 s). It exhibited excellent selectivity towards Fe (III) over various cations. The miniaturized all solid-state contact Fe (III)-selective membrane electrode was successfully applied as an indicator electrode for the potentiometric titration of $1.0{\times}10^{-3}M$ Fe (III) ions with a $1.0{\times}10^{-2}M$ EDTA and the direct determination of Fe (III) ions in real water samples.

Ion-Selective Electrodes for the Determination of Alverine (Alverine의 정량을 위한 Ion-Selective Electrodes)

  • Lee, Eun-Yup;Kim, Ki-Myo;Kim, Sung-Jin;Hur, Moon-Hye;Ahn, Moon-Kyu
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 1995
  • Ion-selective poly(vinyl chloride) membrane electrodes for the determination of the anticholinergic drug alverine in pure substances is described. Ion-pair complex of alverine with anionic counter ion acid red 97 is investigated as electroactive compound for the electrode membrane. On the optimal composition of membrane, its slope was 55.35mV/decade, relative standard deviation was 0.61 and lower limit of linear range was $1.0{\times}10^{-5}M$. The observed potentiometric selectivity coefficient was -2.625 toward methylephedrine and -2.216 toward histidine. We can got the stable potential at pH 7.0~4.0. Response time was 20~30 seconds for solutions${\leq}10^{-4}M$, about 10 seconds for solutions ${\geq}10^{-4}M$ of these compounds.

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Quantitative Analysis of Citrate in Foods Using a Potentiometric Enzyme Biosensor (전위차법 효소 바이오센서를 이용한 식품의 구연산 정량분석)

  • Kwon, Ji-Young;Kim, Mee-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2006
  • Potentiometric biosensor using flow injection analysis system was developed to determine citrate concentration in foods. Biosensor system consisted of sample injector, peristaltic pump, enzyme reactor, carbonate ion selective solid-state electrode, reference electrode, detector, and recorder. Enzyme reactor was prepared with immobilized citrate lyase and oxaloacetate decarboxylase. Carbonate ions produced through enzyme reactions of citrate were potentiometrically detected by ion selective electrode. Optimum conditions for biosensor system were investigated. Interference effect of major sugars and organic acids was less than 5% on citrate biosensor system. Citrate concentrations in fruit juices were determined by biosensor and gas chromatography. No significant difference was observed between two analytical methods. Results indicate citrate biosensor is useful in determining citrate concentration in foods.

Comparative Study of Holmium (III) Selective Sensors Based on Thiacalixarene and Calixarene Derivatives as an Ionophore

  • Singh, Sanjay;Rani, Geeta
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.2229-2237
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    • 2012
  • The two chelates based on calix[4]arene and thiacalix[4]arene have been synthesized and used as neutral ionophores for preparing PVC based membrane sensor selective to $Ho^{3+}$ ion. The addition of potassium tetrakis(4-chlorophenyl)borate (KTpClPB) and various plasticizers, viz., NDPE, o-NPOE, DOP, TEP and DOS have been found to improve significantly the performance of the sensors. The best performance was obtained with the sensor no. 6 having membrane of $L_2$ with composition (w/w) ionophore (2%): KTpClPB (4%): PVC (37%): NDPE (57%). This sensor exhibits Nernatian response with slope $21.10{\pm}0.3mV/decade$ of activity in the concentration range $3.0{\times}10^{-8}-1.0{\times}10^{-2}M\;Ho^{3+}\;ion$, with a detection limit of $1.0{\times}10^{-8}M$. The proposed sensor performs satisfactorily over a wide pH range of 2.8-10, with a fast response time (5 s). The sensor was also found to work successfully in partially non-aqueous media up to 25% (v/v) content of methanol, ethanol and acetonitrile, and can be used for a period of 4 months without any significant drift in potential. The electrode was also used for the determination of $Ho^{3+}$ ions in synthetic mixtures of different ions and the determination of the arsenate ion in different water samples.

Potentimetric Biosensor for Detection of L-Malate and D-Isocitrate Employing ${CO_{3}}^2-$ -Selective Electrode and Enzyme Immobilization in Flow Injection Analysis

  • Kwun, In-Sook;Kim, Meera
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 1998
  • Ion-selective eleltrodes(ISEs) are simple electrodechemical devices for the direct measurement of ions in the samples. A novel potentiometric biosensor for the determination of L-Malate or D-isocitrate has been developed by using CO2-3 -ISE-FIA system was composed of a pump, an injector, a malic enzyme or isocitric dehydrogenase enzyme reactor, a CO2-3 -ISE, a pH/mV meter, and an integrater. The various factors, such as buffer capacity types of plstericizer and polymer, were optimized for the CO2-3 selectivity. In this novel CO2-3 --ISE-FIA system, the potential difference due to the amount of CO2-3 produced from each enzyme reaction was proportional to the amount of L-malate or D-isocitrate.

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