• Title, Summary, Keyword: isolate soy protein

Search Result 121, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Studies on Busuge Preparation -II. Effect of the Addition of Soy Products on the Quality of BISIGE(SAN-JA) Base- (부수게 제조에 관한 연구 -제 2보 대두 첨가가 부수게(산자) 바탕의 품질에 미치는 영향-)

  • Kim, Joong-Man;Wei, Lun-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-56
    • /
    • 1985
  • This study was to compare the effects of soy hot water extract, soy slurry, defatted soy flour, soy protein concentration and soy protein isolate on the quality of Busuge Base. In Busuge Base preparation the addition of soy products, in general, showed the improvable effect in the quality of Busuge Base. Among them the soy slurry was especially effective in volume increasing, hardness and panel score, and the soy protein isolate was effective in the protein fortification of Busuge Base. In addition, the qualify of Busuge Base was best when soy slurry and soy protein isolate were jointly used. In this case, the adequate amount of soy protein isolate was about 10%.

  • PDF

Effects of Dietary Protein on Growth and Lipid Metabolism in Growing Rats (식이단백질조성이 흰쥐의 성장과 지방대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yoo-Sook;Kim, Wha-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-128
    • /
    • 1982
  • The effect of dietary protein on growth and lipid levels of plasma and liver was studied in weanling male rats fed diets differing protein sources and amino acid balance. Rats were devided into 9 experimental diets which were grouped into 3 categories ; 1) Simple protein category includes gluten-, soy protein isolate-, and casein-containing diet groups, 2) Supplemented category includes casein supplemented with methionine, soy protein isolate supplemented with methionine, and gluten supplemented with lysine and methionine, 3) Mixed protein category includes diet groups containing gluten (2/3), casein (1/3), soy protein isolate (2/3) and casein (1/3), and casein (1/3), soy protein isolate (1/3) and gluten (1/3). The experimental diets composed of 15% protein, 65.8% carbohydrate, 10% fat and 1% cholesterol. The body wt. gain and P.E.R. were greater in rats of supplemented and mixed protein groups than simple protein groups. No statistical differences were found in plasma cholesterol among gluten, soy protein isolate and casein groups. Consumption of diets supplemented with limiting amino acid to gluten or soy protein isolate reduced the plasma cholesterol level by 23.2% and 34.2% respectively. However there was no difference between casein and the supplemented casein groups. The mixed protein groups shows relatively high plasma cholesterol concentration and low liver cholesterol levels. On the other hand gluten group showed low plasma cholesterol and high liver cholesterol levels, which means body cholesterol pool may not have been changed by the dietary protein. Feeding soy protein meal and the supplemented soy protein isolate resulted in lower plasma cholesterol, plasma triglycerides, liver cholesterol and liver triglycerides levels. This hypolipidemic effect is considered to see unique to soy protein isolate. Rats in gluten and the supplemented gluten groups showed lower plasma protein levels and a tendency of fatty liver.

  • PDF

Effect of Phytate on the Digestibility and Electrophoretic Pattern of Soy Protein Isolate (분리 대두단백의 소화율과 전기영동패턴에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Yoon, Jae-Young;Cho, Hee-Kyung;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.360-365
    • /
    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of phytate addition on the solubility and digestibility of the low-phytate soy protein isolate (LSPI) and high-phytate soy protein isolate (HSPI). In SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of soy protein isolate, different patterns of proteins were observed in both HSPI and LSPI at various phytate and pH levels, suggesting that phytate may bind specifically to certain protein fractions at a particular pH. For example, proteins of M.W $1.8{\sim}3.5\;kDa$ resisted phytate binding at acidic pH. LSPI was fractionated into albumin, globulin, gliadin and glutelin, and phytate was shown to bind with difficultly to all three gliadin bands. Effects of phytate on the pepsin digestibility of soy proteins were apparent, especially in the short term digestion.

  • PDF

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Mineral Density in Crowing Female Rats (콩단백질과 이소플라본이 성장기 암컷 쥐의 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.359-367
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of soy protein and soy isoflavones on bone and mineral density in young female Sprague-Dawley rats. Fifty eight rats (body Weight 75 $\pm$ 5 g) were randomly assigned to one of four groups, consuming casein, soy protein concentrate, soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet) or casein added isoflavones (57 mg isoflavones /100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were measured using PIXImus (GE Lunar Co, Wisconsin, USA) in spine and femur on 3, 6, 9 weeks after feeding. The serum and urine concentrations of Ca and P were determined. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower In soy protein groups. The serum concentration of Ca and P were not changed by soy protein and isoflavones. Urinary Ca and P excretion were not significantly different. Spine BMD was significantly increased by soy protein isolate on 3 and 6 weeks after feeding. Femur BMD was significantly increased in the groups of soy protein isolate and isoflavones adding on after 9 weeks. Therefore, soy protein with rich isoflavones may be beneficial on spine and femur BMD increasement in growing female rats.

Effects of Soy and Isoflavones on Bone Metabolism in Growing Female Rats (성장기 암컷 쥐에서 콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 골 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.549-558
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to determine which differences in the source of protein (soy vs casein) and isoflavones in soy protein are responsible for the differential effects of bone marks and hormones in growing female rats. Forty-two 21-day-old Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups, consuming casein (control group), soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet), or soy protein concentrate (about 1.2 mg isoflavones/100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone formation was measured by serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentrations. And bone resorption rate was measured by deoxypyridinoline (DPD) crosslinks immunoassay and corrected for creatinine. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radioimmunoassay kits. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower in the soy protein groups. The soy isolate group had a higher ALP and osteocalcin concentration and lower crosslinks value than the casein group. Therefore, the soy isolate groups had a higher bone formation/resorption ratio than the casein group. And, the soy group had significantly higher growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that soy protein and isoflavones are beneficial for bone formation in growing female rats. Therefore, exposure to these soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have benefits for osteoporosis prevention.

Effects of Dietary Casein, Soy, and Methionine-Supplemented Soy on Serum Lipids Level in Rats

  • Choi, Mi-Ja;Jung, So-Hyung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.278-281
    • /
    • 2002
  • The objective of the current study was to determine the influences of dietary proteins and methionine on plasma lipid concentrations. Thirty growing male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets similar in all respects except that dietary protein was from either casein, soy protein isolate, or soy protein isolate supplemented with L-methionine (0.24 %). The animals were fed experimental diets ad libitum for nine weeks. Plasma total-cholesterol concentrations were unaffected by the protein source or methionine supplementation. Plasma triglyceride concentrations were lower in rats of methionine supplemented soy protein diets (76 mg/dL) than in the rats fed casein or soy diet (120 mg/dL, 109 mg/dL, respectively). These results indicate that soy protein reduces plasma triglycerides relative to casein in rats fed cholesterol free diets, and that methionine-supplemented soy diets decrease plasma triglyceride concentrations more than soy protein alone.

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Markers and Hormones in Growing Male Rats (콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 성장기 수컷 흰쥐에서 골 지표와 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.5
    • /
    • pp.452-458
    • /
    • 2003
  • Soybean is a rich source of isoflavones such as genistein and daidzein. Soy isoflavones have both weak estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects and are structurally similar to tamoxifen, an agent that has an effect similar to that of estrogen in terms of reducing postmenopausal bone loss. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of differences in protein source (casein vs soy) and isoflavone levels (reduced vs higher levels) on selected bone markers and hormones in growing male rats. Thirty weanling Sprague-Dawley young rats were divided into 3 groups: The control group was fed a casein-based diet, the soy concentrate group was fed soy protein with totally reduced isoflavones content (isoflavones 0.07 mg/g protein), and the soy isolate group was fed soy protein with a higher than normal isoflavones content (isoflavones 3.4 mg/g protein). The degree of bone formation was estimated by measuring serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphoatase (ALP). By determining collagen cross-linkage by immunoassay and correcting with creatinine values, the bone resorption rate was compared. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radio immunoassay kits. The bone formation marker and ALP activity were differentiated by protein source, showing higher values than casein in feeding either soy isolate or soy concentrate. In this study using growing rats, the differences in isoflavone contents were not a significant factor in either bone formation or bone reaborption markers. Moreover, the soy isolate group had significantly higher levels of growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that growth hormone is partially responsible for its bone-formation effects in young growing rats. Soy protein and the isoflavones in soy protein are beneficial for bone-formation in growing male rats. Therefore, exposure to soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have long-term health benefits in preventing bone diseases such as osteoporosis. Further study to evaluate the mechanism of action of isoflavones on bones is warranted. (Korean J Nutrition 36(5): 452∼458, 2003)

Effects of Soy Isoflavones on Lipid Profiles and Hepatic LDL Receptor mRNA Level in Growing Female Rats

  • Jo, Hyun-Ju;Choi, Mi-Ja;Yoo, Min
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.74-81
    • /
    • 2006
  • The present study examined the effect of soy isoflavones on lipid metabolism in growing female rats. Rats were randomly assigned to three different groups and provided experimental diets for 9 weeks. The experimental groups were classified into 1) a control group, 2) a soy protein isolate group: soy (+)) group and 3) a soy protein concentration group: soy (-)) group. Diets contained either casein or one of two soy proteins with (soy (+)) or without isoflavones (soy (-)). Serum triglyceride concentration showed no significant differences among the experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in both the soy (+) and soy (-) groups than in the control group and LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the soy (+). Serum HDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in the control group than in the soy protein groups but the HDL-cholesterol share rate in total cholesterol tended to be lower in the control group than in the soy protein groups, insignificant as it was. Hepatic IDL receptor mRNA level was significantly increased in the soy (+) group when compared to the other two groups to be 20% higher than the control group. In conclusion, soy protein isolate, soy protein rich with isoflavones reduced serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentration and increased hepatic IDL receptor mRNA expression in growing female rats. Therefore, it is considered that the intake of soy isoflvones during puberty can be advantageous in terms of the long-tenn control of serum lipid.

Effect of Water Resistance and Physical Properties of Soy Protein Isolate coated Liner Board (대두단백 코팅 종이의 수분저항성 및 물리적 성질)

  • Ha, Sang-Hyung;Park, Cheon-Seok;Kim, Byung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.35 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1251-1255
    • /
    • 2006
  • To improve the water resistance and physical properties of soy protein isolate (SPI)-coated paper, effects of concentrations of soy protein isolate and plasticizer were examined. Physical properties such as elongation strength (ES), elongation rate (E), water vapor permeability (WVP), and water solubility (WS) were evaluated. The film made from 5% soy protein isolate (SPI) and 40% glycerol (plasticizer) suggested a good application for a film preparation. SPI coated paper showed the highest ES (21.62 MPa) and the lowest WVP $(2.06ng{\cdot}m/m^2{\cdot}s{\cdot}Pa)$ and WS (1.17%). This study suggested that soy protein isolate (SPI) can be used as a coating material for the coated paper to improve the water resistance.

Effects of Soybean Protein on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content in Ovariectomized Rats (난소절제 쥐에서 콩단백질의 섭취가 골밀도와 골무기질 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi Mi-Ja;Jung Ji-Won
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.279-288
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether soybean protein isolate with rich isoflavones which was the same amount as used for earlier study prevents bone induced by ovarian hormone deficiency. Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats (body weight 210 $\pm$ 5 g) were divided into two groups, ovariectomy (OVX) and sham surgery groups, which were each randomly divided into two subgroups that were fed casein and soybean protein isolate with rich isoflavones (isoflavones 3_4 mg/g protein). The diets were fed for 9 weeks after operation. The results of this study indicate that body weight gain and food intake were higher in OVX groups than in SHAM groups regardless of diets. Weight gain were higher in soy isolate groups than in casein groups. Serum Ca concentration was lower in OVX rats than in SHAM rats when fed casein diet. Within the OVX groups, serum Ca concentration was higher in rats fed soy isolate diet than in rats fed casein diet. Serum ALP were higher in OVX groups than in SHAM groups. Within the OVX, soy isolate groups, indices of serum osteocalcin, were a trend for greater than those of the OVX casein group. Crosslink value were increased in ovariectomy groups. Spine BMD and femur BMD of ovariectomy groups were significantly lower than SHAM groups. However, soy isolate with rich isoflavones group in ovariectomy groups, spine BMC and femur BMC were significantly increased after 9 weeks. In conclusion, the soy protein with rich isoflavones was beneficial for bone in ovareiectomized rats and the results were similar to the findings of our previous study which showed a beneficial effect on bone in growing rats.