• Title, Summary, Keyword: isovitexin

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Variation of Vitexin and Isovitexin Contents in Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) Germplasms (녹두 유전자원의 Vitexin 및 Isovitexin 함량 변이)

  • Kim, Dong-Kwan;Son, Dong-Mo;Chon, Sang-Uk;Lee, Kyung-Dong;Rim, Yo-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.128-135
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the selected 789 lines having agronomic values out of over 2,500 mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) germplasms, examined the 27 characters including hypocotyl color and leaf size of 401 lines in 2005 and of 388 lines in 2006, and analyzed the contents of vitexin and isovitexin in these mungbean germplasms. The average contents of vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean of the 401 lines used in 2005 were 8.71($1.1{\sim}13.4$) and 9.54($0.9{\sim}15.9$) mg/g, respectively, and the correlation coefficiency ($R^2$) of the contents of vitexin and isovitexin was 0.958. Nine lines including VC3890B were selected to be the ones containing high vitexin and isovitexin. The average contents of vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean of the 388 lines used in 2006 were 10.17($2.0{\sim}15.9$) and 10.64($0.2{\sim}17.6$) mg/g, respectively, and the correlation coefficiency ($R^2$) of the contents of vitexin and isovitexin was 0.958. Six lines including VC4096-2B-4-B-2-B were selected to be the ones containing high vitexin and isovitexin. The contents of vitexin and isovitexin were higher in the mungbean with larger leaves and longer ripening period out of the main characters.

Isovitexin, a Potential Candidate Inhibitor of Sortase A of Staphylococcus aureus USA300

  • Mu, Dan;Xiang, Hua;Dong, Haisi;Wang, Dacheng;Wang, Tiedong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.1426-1432
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    • 2018
  • Staphylococcus aureus causes a broad variety of diseases. The spread of multidrug-resistant S. aureus highlights the need to develop new ways to combat S. aureus infections. Sortase A (SrtA) can anchor proteins containing LPXTG binding motifs to the bacteria surface and plays a key role in S. aureus infections, making it a promising antivirulence target. In the present study, we used a SrtA activity inhibition assay to discover that isovitexin, a Chinese herbal product, can inhibit SrtA activity with an $IC_{50}$ of $28.98{\mu}g/ml$. Using a fibrinogen-binding assay and a biofilm formation assay, we indirectly proved the SrtA inhibitory activity of isovitexin. Additionally, isovitexin treatment decreased the amount of staphylococcal protein A (SpA) on the surface of the cells. These data suggest that isovitexin has the potential to be an anti-infective drug against S. aureus via the inhibition of sortase activity.

Anti-oxidant activity of avicularin and isovitexin from Lespedeza cuneata

  • Lee, Ju Sung;Lee, Ah Young;Quilantang, Norman G.;Geraldino, Paul John L.;Cho, Eun Ju;Lee, Sanghyun
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.62 no.2
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    • pp.143-147
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    • 2019
  • This study evaluated the anti-oxidant activity of avicularin and isovitexin from Lespedeza cuneata using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl (OH) scavenging assays. The results showed that among the four fractions, the highest OH radical scavenging activity was exhibited by the n-butanol fraction. The DPPH radical scavenging activities of avicularin and isovitexin were higher than 50% at a concentration of $100{\mu}g/mL$. Moreover, one hundred micrograms per liter of avicularin and isovitexin exhibited effective anti-oxidant activity, with the OH radical scavenging rates being 87.54 and 91.48%, respectively. These results suggest that Lespedeza cuneata would be useful anti-oxidant agents from natural sources.

Variation of Flavonoids Contents in Plant Parts of Mungbean (녹두 식물체 부위별 Flavonoids 함량 변화)

  • Kim, Dong-Kwan;Chon, Sang-Uk;Lee, Kyung-Dong;Kim, Jung-Bong;Rim, Yo-Sup
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.279-284
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    • 2008
  • This study carried out to investigate the variation of flavonoids contents in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) according to plant parts, harvesting time, growth stage, and sowing time. Vitexin and isovitexin were found only in the seeds but not in the leaves, petioles, stems, and roots. Vitexin and isovitexin in seeds were detected only in the seed coat at concentration of 51.1 and $51.7\;mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$, respectively, but not in the cotyledon. There were no differences in the content of vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean seeds according to early, recommended and late harvesting times. Rutin in leaves was isolated and identified as a functional substance. The content of rutin was the highest in the leaves and higher in the order of petioles and stems. However, there was no rutin in the seeds, roots, and pods. The highest rutin content in the leaves, petioles and stems was observed at the 3rd leaf stage, which was higher in the order of the 5th and 7th leaf stage.

Involvement of Early Growth Response Gene 1 (EGR-1) in Growth Suppression of the Human Colonic Tumor Cells By Apigenin and Its Derivative Isovitexin (Apigenin과 대사물 isovitexin에 의한 인체 대장암세포의 세포활성 억제효과에 있어서의 EGR-1의 역할 연구)

  • Moon, Yu-Seok;Cui, Lei-Guang;Yang, Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 2007
  • It has been previously described that transcription factor early growth response gene product 1 (EGR-1) functions as a tumor suppressor gene. This study was conducted to demonstrate that EGR-1 induction by phytochemical apigenin and its derivative isovitexin can mediate the growth suppression of the intestinal epithelial tumor cells. Apigenin and isovitexin induced EGR-1 gene expression both in the dose and time-dependent manners. Moreover the induction was relatively late around 9-12 hr after treatment of HCT-116 cells, while several anti-inflammatory agent such as NSAIDS and catechins elicit the ECR-1 gene expression at much earlier time about 1-3 hr after treatment. In terms of signal transduction, ERK1/2 was critical for apigenin-induced EGR-1 gene expression and its promoter activation. When EGR-1 gene expression was blocked with EGR-1 small interference RNA, the cytotoxicity of apigenin in the human epithelial cells was attenuated, suggesting the involvement of EGR-1 in the anti-tumoric activity of apigenin. To link the EGR-1 induction to EGR-1-regulated gene products in colon cancer, NSAID-Activated Gene 1 (NAG-1) was demonstrated to be elevated by apigenin and isovitexin at 24-48 hr after treatment. Taken together, apigenin-activated ERK1/2 mediated EGR-1 gene induction, which was associated with suppression of the cellular viability by apigenin compound.

Antioxidant Potentials and Quantification of Flavonoids in Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) Seeds

  • Kim Dong-Kwan;Kim Jung-Bong;Chon Sang-Uk;Lee Ya-Seong
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2005
  • Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) is an increasingly important human food source, as well as a new functional agent, mainly due to its potent antioxidant activity. This study was conducted to determine antioxidant activity of fractions from mung bean seeds by measuring DPPH radical scavenging activity and to quantify the flavonoids by means of HPLC analysis. Vitexin and isovitexin were present in both ethanol and water extracts in highest amount. Flavonoids, vitexin and isovitexin were quantified from 195 germplasms of mung beans and their concentrations varied by 4.7 fold. Especially, the breeding line KM99004-4B-2 (Suwon28/KM94004), which has grown in Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, showed the highest amount (15.88 mg/g) of total flavonoids. The vitexin portion was averaged $70.73{\pm}1.38\%$. High positive correlation $(r=0.96^{***})$ between vitexin and isovitexin contents showed. However, the flavonoid content showed very low correlation with the 24 growth and ecological characteristics. Seed coats of mung beans had the highest flavonoid amount, showing $50\~70$ times more than cotyledons. Flavonoid contents in the seed, the cotyledon, and the seed coat were decreased as the seed imbibition time increased.

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Effect of Seeding Times on Yield and Flavonoid Contents of Mungbean (녹두 파종기에 따른 수량과 Flavonoid 함량 변화)

  • Kim, Dong-Kwan;Chon, Sang-Uk;Lee, Kyung-Dong;Kim, Kyong-Ho;Rim, Yo-Sup;Jeong, Seok-Cheol
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2008
  • This study set out to investigate the changes to the growth, yield, and flavonoid contents of mungbean according to different seeding times from mid May to mid July in the southern region of Korea. Days to first flowering, days to first maturing, and cultivation period were shorter at later seeding time than earlier seeding time. But later the seeding time was, days from first maturing to first harvesting, days required between harvesting increased. Number of pods at first harvesting and yield of mungbean were highest when seeded at late June, showing increase in yield 14% more than at early June as standard seeding time. However number of seeds per pod and 1,000-seed weight at first harvesting were highest when seeded at mid July. The number of harvesting was smallest at two times when seeded at June or mid July. The contents of average vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean were highest in the order of mid July, late June, and mid May. In particular, their contents reached its highest point in the seeds of the second harvest. Considering the results of the cultivation period, yield, harvesting times, vitexin and isovitexin contents, the proper seeding time of mungbeans in the southern region of Korea will be from late June to mid July.

Quality characteristics and preparation of Dasik using roasted mung bean (로스팅 녹두를 이용한 다식 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Jang, Si Sung;Kim, Min Jeong;Kim, Ae Jung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.357-366
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we manufactured mung bean Dasik (pattern pressed candy) after selecting the optimum roasting conditions through physiochemical analysis and sensory evaluation. Then anti-oxidative abilities of roasted mung bean were measured in order to develop beauty food (Dasik) using roasted mung bean. In the content of vitexin and isovitexin of roasted mung bean, about 10 times the vitexin in the seed(60.85 mg/g) is found in the skin of raw mung bean, and about 9 times the isovitexin in the seed(71.42 mg/g) is also found in the peel. As a result of analyzing the seed and peel of mung bean after roasting it for 10, 20 and 30 minutes respectively, the optimum roasting condition is thought to be $110^{\circ}C$ for 30 minutes as the contents of vitexin and isovitexin showed the highest values of 104.94 mg/g and 122.02 mg/g respectively when the mung bean was roasted at $110^{\circ}C$ for 30 minutes. In the anti-oxidative activity evaluation of the optimum mung bean Dasik, the total content of phenol was shown to be 0.15 mg/mL, and the total content of flavonoid was shown to be 0.026 mg/mL. The DPPH radical scavenging ability showed a high vitality of 58.19%, and the ABTS radical scavenging ability was shown to be 13.26%.