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Quality Characteristics of Tofu Prepared with Tomatoes and Strawberries (토마토즙과 딸기즙을 첨가한 두부의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Mi-Ja;Park, Geum-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2015
  • This research tried to contribute to the diversification and the high quality of tofu products by adding the natural colors from tomatoes and strawberries, thus providing more attractive colors, greater antioxidative activity, and higher palatability The quality characteristics of tofu with 4%, 8%, and 12% strawberry juice and 5%, 10%, and 15% of tomato juice were analyzed. Tofu with tomato juice was found to be higher in transference number, and pH showed a significant decrease as the rate of the addition increased, The antioxidant activity of tofu with strawberry juice is 37.76~52.12%, and tofu with tomato juice is 41.79~51.51%, with tofu with tomato juice is being higher than tofu with strawberry juice in antioxidant status DPPH radical scavenging ability. In chromaticity, the L-value and b-value showed significant decreases as tomato juice was added and when strawberry juice are was added and the values increased. In texture, the hardness of tofu with tomato juice was found to be significantly more solid than tofu with strawberry juice. For the test of springiness, the order was as follows: control group> tomato juice 5%> tomato juice 10%. The result of the organoleptic test of tofu showed, tofu with tomato juice to be significantly brighter in exterior color than tofu with strawberry juice (p<0.001), in for savory flavor, the result shows that tofu with 12% strawberry juice added and that with 10% tomato juice added had better flavor. For the test of beany flavor, the control group is higher than tofu with strawberry juice and tomato juice, and tofu with 10% of tomato juice added was lowest in beany flavor. In the preference investigation, tofu with 10% tomato juice showed the highest preference after swallowing and in overall status.

Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and Physiological Activities of Commercial Fruit Juices (시판 과일주스의 이화학적 특성 및 기능성 비교)

  • Chung, Hai-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.712-719
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the physicochemical and physiological activities of 10 different commercially available juices (apple juice-A: cloud type; apple juice-B: clear type; blueberry juice; grape juice-A; grape juice-B; orange juice-A; orange juice-B; pineapple juice; pomegranate juice; and tomato juice) were investigated. The average pH, titratable acidity, Brix, and reducing sugar were 3.57, 0.57%, $13.1^{\circ}Brix$, and 57.58%, respectively. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were within the ranges of 98.29-878.12 ug/mL and 23.82-156.63 ug/mL, respectively, and pomegranate juice showed the highest content, followed by blueberry juice and apple juice-A. In the DPPH radical scavenging assay, apple juice-A, grape juice-A, and pomegranate juice exhibited the highest activity (greater than 90%) while orange juice-B, pineapple juice and tomato juice showed the weakest. The tyrosinase inhibitory effect was highest in apple juice-A, followed by orange juice-A and blueberry juice. The reducing power was highest in pomegranate juice and lowest in pineapple juice and grape juice-A. The antioxidant activity by reducing power was highly correlated with the total polyphenol content.

Quality Characteristics of Miljeonbyeong Added with Carrot and Spinach Juice (채소 즙을 첨가한 밀전병의 품질 특성)

  • Baek, Eun-Sook;Cho, Mee-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.254-262
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    • 2010
  • Quality characteristics of griddled miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice were assessed by conducting sensory tests and measuring texture and color. When varying amounts of carrot/or spinach juice was added to miljeonbyeong, the sensory preferences of appearance and texture were higher in miljeonbyeong containing a small amount of carrot and spinach vegetable juice, and the preferences of smell and taste were higher in miljeonbyeong containing a large amount of carrot and spinach juice. Overall, preference was highest in miljeonbyeong supplemented with 30 g carrot juice and 10 g spinach juice. Overall preference correlated significantly with appearance (r=0.44) and texture (r=0.47). In miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice, tensile strength decreased significantly with increasing amounts of carrot juice (34.98~30.82) or spinach juice (40.84~37.07). In all miljeonbyeong samples, tensile strength increased slightly in 1 hour but rapidly increased after 2 hours. Lightness progressively decreased. A-value increased (3.46~9.63) and b-value increased with increasing amounts of vegetable juice added. No difference in the b-value increase was evident between carrot juice (15.19~26.43) and spinach juice(18.19~24.40). Tensile strength was markedly lower in miljeonbyeong amended with carrot juice (34.98~30.82g) or spinach juice (39.05~32.67 g), which contained fat-soluble pigment, as compared with vegetable-free miljeonbyeong (44.81 g), but the addition of beet juice (45.30~44.78 g) containing water-soluble pigment did not lower the tensile strength of miljeonbyeong compared to vegetable juice. In order to improve the texture of miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice, tensile strength was measured in miljeonbyeong prepared with 30 g carrot juice or 10 g of spinach juice, which produced the highest sensory test scores, and additionally amended with potato starch, corn starch, glutinous rice flour, strong flour or yam powder with a consequent reduction in the content of wheat flour. Improvement was noted in carrot juice-containing samples prepared with 6 g corn starch, 15 g potato starch and 15 g hard wheat flour, and in spinach juice-containing samples prepared with 6 g corn starch, 6 g potato starch, 6 g hard wheat flour and 15 g dried yam powder.

Quality of Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Juice produced with Low-Speed and High-Speed Juicers (저속 압착 방식의 착즙기와 고속 파쇄 방식의 블랜더를 사용한 주스의 품질 변화에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Youngsung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.568-577
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    • 2017
  • Vegetables and fruits contain a great deal of vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and phytochemicals. Therefore, healthconcious consumer prefer beverage made from fresh fruits and vegetables due to their health benefits. This study was conducted to investigate differences in nutritional composition and sensory characteristics of juices depending on the apparatus used: either a low-speed juicer or high-speed blender. All ingredients could be made into juice without addition of water using the low speed juicer. However, addition of water was necessary to produce juice with the high-speed blender. Phenol and flavonoid content, were higher in juice made with the low-speed juicer than that produced with the high-speed blender and were correlated with DPPH radical scavenging ability. Protease activity of pineapples juices was not significantly different for the two methods, but protease activity of kiwi juice was about 8 times higher in juice made with low-speed juicer than that made with the high-speed blender. SOD activity also tended to be higher in the juice made with low-speed juicer. The concentration of dissolved oxygen in the juice made with high-speed blender was higher than that of juice made with a low-speed juicer and was correlated with color change. In addition, the high-speed blender caused an increase juice temperature, but temperature was not changed during use of the low-speed juicer. The noise level of the low-speed juicer was low, but the high-speed blender had high noise intensity comparable to that of railway or aircraft noise. In the sensory evaluation of juice, juice made with the low-speed juicer was preferred over juice made with the high-speed blender. As a result, the overall quality of the juice produced using the low-speed juicer was superior.

Fractionation of Chinese Cabbage Juice

  • Kim, Sang-Hun;Proydak, Nikolai
    • Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2005
  • The fractionation of green juice could be one of the ways to treat the green juice for saving the bio re-sources by using the basic processes of protein coagulation and separating juice coagulation into protein paste and brown juice and storing the final products. The fractionation of Chinese cabbage juice can be accomplished by applying the combine method of the formic acid with rate of 0.3% and the propionic acid with rate of 0.1 % added 4 hours later in the juice with maximum recovery of protein coagulation. The separation of coagulation into the protein paste and the brown juice completed in 6.5 hours by set up method in a special designed storage. The protein paste could be stored safely for 30days in anaerobic condition.

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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Yogurt Supplemented with Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) Juice

  • Nguyen, Linh;Hwang, Eun-Sun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.330-337
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    • 2016
  • We investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of yogurt supplemented with 1%, 2%, and 3% aronia juice and fermented for 24 h at $37^{\circ}C$. The total acidity increased with increasing levels of aronia juice and incubation time. Lightness and yellowness of the yogurt decreased, but redness increased, with increasing aronia juice content and incubation time. The number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) increased with increased incubation time, and yogurt containing 2% and 3% aronia juice showed higher LAB counts than 1% aroinia juice-supplemented yogurt. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents increased proportionally with increasing levels of aronia juice. Antioxidant activity of aronia-containing yogurt was significantly higher than that of the control and increased proportionally with aronia juice concentration. Yogurt with 2% aronia juice had the best taste (P<0.05). Aronia juice may be a useful additive for improving the taste and antioxidant potential of yogurt.

Comparison of antioxidant activity and prevention of lymphocyte DNA damage by fruit and vegetable juices marketed in Korea (시판 천연 과일주스와 채소주스의 항산화능과 임파구 DNA 손상 방지 효능 비교)

  • Cho, Miran;Lee, Hye-Jin;Kang, Myung-Hee;Min, Hyesun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Fruit and vegetable juices are known to be rich sources of antioxidants, which have beneficial effects on diseases caused by oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to directly compare the antioxidant activities of fruit and vegetable juices marketed in Korea. Methods: We analyzed four fruit juices, two vegetable juices, two yellow-green juices, and six mixed vegetable juices. Antioxidant activities were analyzed using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) test, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Protective effects against DNA damage were determined using an ex vivo comet assay with human lymphocytes. Results: DPPH radical scavenging activities were in the following order: blueberry juice > mixed vegetable C juice > kale juice > mixed vegetable P juice > grape juice. ABTS radical scavenging activities were in the following order: blueberry juice > mixed vegetable C juice > grape juice > mixed vegetable P juice > kale juice. Peroxyl radical scavenging activities as assessed by ORAC assay were in the following order: blueberry juice > kale juice > mixed vegetable C juice > grape juice. Grape or blueberry juice showed strong abilities to prevent DNA damage in lymphocytes, and the difference between them was not significant according to the GSTM1/GSTT1 genotype. Conclusion: Antioxidant activities of fruit and vegetable juices and ex vivo DNA protective activity increased in the order of blueberry juice, grape juice, and kale juice, although the rankings were slightly different. Therefore, these juices rich in polyphenols and flavonoids deserve more attention for their high antioxidant capacity.

Quality Characteristics of Doenjang prepared with Yuza Juice (유자즙 첨가 된장의 품질 특성)

  • Shin, Jung-Hye;Choi, Duck-Joo;Kwen, O-Chen
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.198-205
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    • 2008
  • The influence of the yuza juice addition on quality of the doenjang was investigated by analyzing their chemical properties. The 80 days pre-fermented(PFD) and non-fermented(NFD) doenjangs used in the present study were mixed with yuza juice designed at different ratio (0, 1, 3, 5% (w/w)), These doenjangs were fermented for 60 days and then analyzed chemical properties, respectively. The moisture content was higher in yuza juice added groups than control group. But Ash, crude lipid and crude protein contents were higher in control than yuza juice added groups. The pH and formol-N were higher in yuza juice added NFD groups however, acidity was reversed. Among the free sugars, glucose contents was the highest. And, free sugars contents were higher in yuza juice added PFD groups than control group. Five kinds organic acids were detected, and succinic acid content was the highest. The organic acid contents were higher in proportion to adding volume of yuza juice, in all groups. The contents of Free amino acids were higher in yuza juice added PFD groups and among these, 1% yuza juice added PFD group(3970.0 mg%) was the highest. Hunter L value was lower by yuza juice added volume and higher in PFD groups. Hunter a and b values were non-significantly difference in PFD and NFD, respectively.

Effect of Wild Grape Juice on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidaive Activity in Rat Fed High Oxidized Lipid (산화된 지방식이를 급여한 흰쥐에서의 머루즙 투여가 지질대사와 항산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Hyang-Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2009
  • This study is to find out the antioxidative effect and serum and liver lipid composition of wild grape juice in vivo. Forty 6-week-old white Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups such as normal lipid group, normal lipid group with wild grape juice, oxidized lipid (basic diet plus 10% of oxidative lipid) group and oxidized lipid group with wild grape juice, and 2ml juice was provided everyday. After 4 weeks of feeding with experimental diet each groups were examined for the antioxidant enzyme activity in blood and liver microsome and their serum and liver lipid composition. Glutanthione peroxidase activity in blood was significantly higher in oxidized lipid group with wild grape juice than in oxidized lipid group. Glutanthione peroxidase activity showed no difference depending on wild grape juice supplementation. Glutanthione peroxidase activity in liver was significantly higher in the groups with wild grape juice than in the groups supplemented only with oxidized lipid. Glutanthione reductase activity showed no difference depending on the supplementation of wild grape juice. Serum triglyceride level in the group supplemented with oxidized lipid diet and wild grape juice showed similar value to the normal lipid group and the normal lipid group with wild grape juiceoxidized fa6. Liver total lipid in the group supplemented with oxidized lipid and wild grape juice showed similar value to the normal lipid group and the group supplemented with normal lipid and wild grape juice. And it was lower than that of oxidative lipid group without juice. The liver triglyceride level in the group supplemented with normal lipid and wild grape juice was lower than that in the oxidative lipid group, but it was as low as in the group supplemented only with normal lipid.

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Effect of Carrot Juice on Enzymatic Browning of Potato Juice (당근 쥬스가 감자 쥬스의 효소적 갈변 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미정;이창용
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1993
  • Potato and carrot are the main sourses of vitamin C and vitamin A each. As a folk ramedy, potato-carrot mixtures have been used to cure a stomach ulcer in Korea. To investigate the effects of carrot juice on the browning of potato juice, we examined the brewing in various ratio of two juices. We also investigated the role of potato juice in the carotene oxidation of carrot juice. Delta "L" values of potato juice were abruptly decreased after 5 min. reaction and they were very different from the juice mixture of potato and carrot. Those containing higher ratio of potato were decreased greatly. In blanching treatment to eliminate the effect of the enzymes in potato and carrot, delta "L" values of cooked potato were decreased a little but those of cooked carrot were decreased greatly. To investigate the fact that the inhibitory effect of carrot juice in potato browning was due to the dilution of polyphenolics of potato juices by carrot juice mixing, we added H20 equivalent to carrot water content to potato juice. The diluted sample showed less decreasing pattern than nondiluted sample. We also added appropriate amount of ${\beta}$-carotene to the same samples. Delta "L" values of with added B-carotene were more slowly decreased than those of without added B-carotene.

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