• Title, Summary, Keyword: jujube

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Properties of Jujube Pulp Powder and Its Application in Preparing Yakbap, Yakpyon, and Jujube Porridge (대추과육 분말의 특성과 이를 이용한 약밥, 약편, 대추죽의 조리법 연구)

  • Kim, Su Jeong;Kim, Hyang Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to enhance the applications of dates as a food material that can be utilized and stored easily by improving the inefficient process of the traditional cooking procedure. To this end, this study investigated the physico-chemical and nutritional properties of jujube pulp powder, and compared the traditional and newly developed methods of making yakbap, yakpyon, and jujube porridge. According to the analysis of physical and chemical properties, the jujube pulp powder contained 5.4% moisture, 2.6% crude ash, 6.6% crude protein, 0.35% crude fat, and 4.7% crude fiber. The water activity was 0.95% in jujube pulp while it was 0.24% in jujube pulp powder. In addition, the jujube pulp powder had a total sugar content of 70.4% and reducing sugar content of 6.3%. The vitamin C was content was estimated to be 68.5 mg/100 g in the jujube pulp powder and the jujube pulp contained 6.2 g/100 g of dietary fiber. Major minerals were K, Mg, and Ca. After appointing jujube pulp powder (new method) to a test group and jujube pulp (traditional method) to a control group, the sensory evaluation and acceptance testing were conducted for yakbap, yakpyon, and jujube porridge. As a result, there was no significant difference in any sensory factors tested (p<0.05). It was found that making and storing jujube pulp powder by drying jujube pulp is a useful way of utilizing jujube because Yakbab, Yakpyun and jujube porridge were found to have a relatively good appearance, color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptance.

Quality Characteristics of Daechupyun by the Addition of Jujube Paste (대추고 첨가량을 달리한 대추편의 품질특성)

  • 홍진숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.677-683
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    • 2002
  • This study was aimed to find an optimum amount of jujube paste to ice flour for the preparation of Daechupyun(jujube rice cake). The moisture content of Daechupyun added with jujube paste was 40∼42%. The more jujube paste was added, the L-value and b-value were decreased, and a-value of Daechupyun was increased. In the mechanical evaluation of Dachupyun, the hardness was the lowest in the samples with 12% jujube paste after 12-hour storage. The adhesiveness and springiness were not significantly different by adding jujube paste after 24-hour storage. The cohesiveness was increased with the increase of added jujube paste at 12, 36 and 48 hours of storage. The gumminess was the lowest in the samples with 12% jujube paste during storage. In the sensory evaluation of Daechupyun, the acceptance for the softness and chewiness war the best in the samples with 12% jujube paste. Daechupyun with 12-16% of jujube paste to rice flour was found to be the best recipe based on the sensory qualities of softness, chewiness and overall acceptability.

Antioxidant Activity of Jujube and Curd Yogurt Addition to Jujube (대추 추출물과 이를 첨가한 호상 요구르트의 항산화능)

  • Kim, An-Na;Park, Suk-Hyeon;Jung, Hyeon-A
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the jujube hot-water extraction and antioxidant. After extraction of hot-water jujube, general composition analysis and functional tests were performed. The results of general composition analysis showed 22.33% of moisture content, 0.71% of crude lipid, 5.21% of crude protein, and 3.87% of ash. From DPPH test results, in concentrations of $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ of jujube extracts, electron donating ability was shown with 68.24%. The SOD ability in concentrations of $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ was 13.12%. The nitrite scavenging ability of jujube extracts was 11.79% at $1,000{\mu}g/mL$. The yogurt with 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4% of jujube extracts was made, and the general composition analysis and the functional tests were performed. The results of the general composition analysis of jujube yogurt, showed 74.71~76.56% of moisture contents, 1.31~3.38% of crude lipid, 2.13~3.40% of crude protein, and 1.18~1.28% of ash. The DPPH test results showed 46.33% for 1% added jujube extract, 53.78% for 2% added jujube extract, 90.87% for 3% added jujube extract, and 89.58% for 4% added jujube extract. The SOD ability showed 4.93% for 1% added jujube extract, 7.28% for 2% added jujube extract, 11.38% for 3% added jujube extract, and 11.50% for 4% added jujube extract.

Quality Characteristics of Jeolpyeon with Addition of Jujube Concentrate (대추농축액을 첨가한 절편의 품질특성)

  • Chae, Kyung-Yeon;Choi, Eun-Jeong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2010
  • The aim this study was to determine the optimum amount of jujube concentrate to add to rice flour in the preparation of Jeolpyeon (jujube rice cakes). According to the results, the moisture contents of Jeolpyeon with jujube concentrate were 50~53%. The L-value decreased with increasing addition of jujube concentrate, whereas the a-value increased, and the b-value did not differ by the addition of jujube concentrate except for the 0% sample. According to the results of mechanical evaluation, hardness decreased with increasing amounts of added jujube concentrate, whereas cohesiveness and springiness increased. Chewiness did not differ significantly as a result of addition of jujube concentrate, and gumminess and adhesiveness did not differ significantly (16% at most). The 12% jujube concentrate sample received the highest overall-acceptability scores from sensory evaluation results. In conclusion, according to its sensory and mechanical qualities, the optimal Jeolpyeon formulation consisted of 12% jujube concentrate added to rice flour.

Quality Characteristics of Yakbab Prepared with Jujube(Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao) Paste (대추 페이스트를 첨가한 약밥 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Duck-Hee
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2008
  • This study investigates the effects of cooking utensils and jujube(Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao) paste on the quality characteristics of yakbab. Yakbab samples prepared with jujube paste were divided into a control(yakbab with 0% of jujube paste) and the groups with jujube paste added. The samples prepared with jujube paste were divided into JY1(yakbab with 2.60% of jujube paste), JY2(yakbab with 4.27% of jujube paste), JY3(yakbab with 5.88% of jujube paste), JY4(yakbab with 7.43% of jujube paste) and JY5(yakbab with 8.94% of jujube paste). The moisture content and the color score of pressure cooker treatment have higher than those of the pot. The moisture contents of JY2 and JY5 samples increased as compared to the other samples. The L(lightness) value scores of all samples with jujube paste added were higher than those of the others. Hardness, springiness and cohesiveness of JY4 sample showed higher than those of the control. Higher scores for color, moistness, mouth feel, sweet taste and overall taste were found in JY4 products as compared to the other samples.

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Sugars in Korean Jujube Fruit and Jujube Fruit Drink (한국산 대추 및 대추음료의 당에 관한 연구)

  • 안용근;김승겸;신철승
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.314-319
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    • 1997
  • Sugars in Korean jujube fruit and jujube fruit drinks were studied. The sugars in Korean jujube fruit were extracted by boiling with water for 30min and stirring for 1 hour at 7$0^{\circ}C$ after soaking in the water for 24 hours at 4$^{\circ}C$ followed by crushing. Korean jujube fruit was found to contain 25% of sucrose, 21.2% of fructose and 20.7% of glucose. Korean jujube fruit drinks of V company and H company were found sugar composition of 5.9% and 6.9% of sucrose, 2.2% and 2.1% of fructose and 2.4% and 2.4% of glucose, respectively. No other mono- and oligosaccharides were detected in the test of TLC and HPLC. A viscous material in jujube fruit and jujube fruit drinks was separated by ethanol fractionation, and identified as pectin by 1H-NMR and carbazole analysis. Pectin of Korean jujube fruit, jujube drink of V company and jujube drink of H company was found to contain 61, 58 and 55% of galacturonic acid, respectively.

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Effects of Formulation Variables and Drinking Temperature on Acceptability of Jujube Tea Products (배합비와 음용 온도가 대추차의 기호도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최광수;임무혁;최종동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.827-830
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    • 1997
  • Sensory evaluation method was used to develop a type jujube tea the organoleptic properties were evaluated with regard to the optimum sugar content, clarity, drinking temperature and fruit pulp content of the jujube tea. Clarified jujube tea extracted from 25% by weight of dry jujube fruits and 75% water was preferred to those from 15%, 20% and 30% jujube fruites although those from 20% and 30% were not significantly different at 5%level. In spite of the average acceptability score of cloudy jujube tea with 5% of added fruit pulp was not significantly different from that of clarified one, the more fruit pulp in the tea products the worse its acceptability. Cold jujube tea was preferred to warm and hot ones, but these were not significantly different.

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Quality Characteristics of Yakpyun by the Addition of Jujube Powder (대추가루 첨가 비율에 따른 약편의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Seung-Min;Yoo, Seung-Seok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated yakpyun processing using jujube powder. The yakpyun was prepared with rice, jujube powder, makkolli, sugar, and salt. The yakpyun is made with various amounts (0, 2, 4, 6, 8%) of jujube powder. The effect of adding jujube powder on the quality characteristics of yakpyun were examined through SEM, mechanical tests, and sensory evaluation. The moisture contents of yakpyun were significantly reduced with increasing amounts of jujube powder. As the content of jujube powder increased, the lightness (L) decreased while redness (a) and yellowness (b) increased significantly (p<0.05). In texture profile analysis, hardness increased with increasing jujube powder content from initial production to three days of storage. In the structure of yakpyun examined through SEM, when more jujube powder was added, rougher surfaces were found more often (bigger holes between granules). The results of the sensory evaluation showed that the highest scores for overall acceptability were highest scores for yakpyun containing 6% level jujube powder. In conclusion, an addition of 6% jujube powder was optimal.

Quality Characteristics of Jujube Wines Produced from Various Fruits (다양한 과일을 이용한 대추와인의 품질 특성)

  • Park, Jung-Mi;Choi, Wonil;Park, Hyejin;Han, Bongtae;Noh, Jaegwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.696-702
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of jujube wines produced from various fruits (Campbell Early, aronia, apply). Before the preparation of jujube wine, jujube juice was extracted using hot water ($100^{\circ}C$, 2 hr). Different blends of jujube wines were produced by blending jujube juice with various fruits using Saccharomyces cerevisiae. After 18 days of fermentation, the alcohol content of jujube wines ranged between 11.5~12.7%. The pH of the wine ranged from 3.31 to 3.53 and the total acid content from 0.47 to 0.68%. The hue value of jujube wines ranged from 0.88 to 2.21 and the color intensity ranged from 0.93 to 6.29. The brightness of jujube wines ranged from 32.35 to 92.47, the redness from 0.85 to 59.05, and the yellowness from 17.35 to 51.02. By combining aronia with jujube juice, a significant increase in the total polyphenol content and the antioxidant activity (the DPPH radical scavenging activity) of the wine was observed. The total polyphenol content (401.77 mg%) and the antioxidant activity (76.29%) were the highest in the jujube wine blended with aronia. The total anthocyanin content of jujube wines ranged from 81.66 to 135.98 mg% and the tannic acid content from 42.48 to 316.36 mg%. Based on the results of the present study, we suggest that jujube wine produced by blending jujube juice with aronia had excellent quality as well as quality characteristics of the wine.

Quality Characteristics of Curd Yogurt Supplemented with Jujube Hot-water Extracts (대추 열수 추출물을 첨가한 호상 요구르트의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, An-Na;Jung, Hyeon-A
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2013
  • Jujube is a functional food, containing medicinal ingredients without side effects. Jujube can relieve digestive upset, inhibit tumor growth and protect the liver. It includes sterols, alkaloids, saponins, vitamins, organic acids, and amino acids. Jujube has also received attention as an anticancer agent and as a diet food. However, it is rare to find yogurt made with jujube, so we considered adding jujube powder to yogurt to popularize it as a new health food. We made yogurt with jujube powder at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4%. We measured pH, acidity, color properties (brightness, redness, yellowness), viscosity, sensory qualities (color, flavor, taste, overall quality). We also experimented with storage stability at intervals of 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 days. The results showed that pH increased significantly (p<0.001) with increasing amounts of added jujube powder. The pH also rose significantly with longer storage, but tended to decrease after 20 days. Acidity was reduced during the storage period. Viscosity was highest with 1% added jujube powder (p<0.001) on day 5 of storage (p<0.001). The L color value decreased as the amount of added jujube powder increased, whereas the a-value (redness) and b-value (yellowness) increased (p<0.001). In an sensory test, color in samples with 0, 1, and 2% jujube powder exhibited the highest values (p<0.01), but no significant differences in flavor or texture were observed. Sweetness and sourness were highest in the yogurt with 3% jujube powder (p<0.05). Overall quality tended to be higher for yogurt with 3% jujube powder, but the difference was in significant. Taken together, our results indicate that yogurt with 3% jujube powder may the most suitable for manufacturing purposes.