• Title, Summary, Keyword: kaolinite

Search Result 490, Processing Time 0.033 seconds

Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Jido kaolin deposits (지도 도석광상에 대한 광물학적 및 지구화학적 연구)

  • Park, Young Seog;Kim, Jin
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.80-93
    • /
    • 1993
  • Jido kaolin deposits developed in the rhyolitic tuff of Cretaceous are located in the western part of Sinan-gun, Jeonranam-do. Jido kaolin deposits is predominantly composed of pyrophyllite, kaolinite and illite. On the basis of mineral assemblage Jido kaolin deposits can be divided into three alteraion zone from the center of alteration to the margin; kaolinite, kaolinite-pyrophyillite and pyrophyillite zones. Discriminant analysis show that $Al_2O_3$, $K_2O$, $Na_2O$, CaO of major elements are discriminant elements classifying kaolinite, kaolinite-pyrophyllite and pyrophyllite zones, while in case of trace elements Cr, Ni, Sc, Zn, and Zr are discriminant elements. Kaolin deposits has been formed by the hydrothermal alterations of the volcano rocks such as rhyolitic tuff and lapilli tuff, in late cretaceous. On the basis of the results of X-ray diffraction analysis, the deposits can be classified into three types of minerals assemblages; kaolinite, kaolinite-pyrophyllite and pyrophyllite zones. All the assemblages contain quartz and muscovite, but the kaolinite zone contains kaolinite, illite and chlorite, the kaolinite-pyrophyllite zone contains kaolinite, pyrophyllite and the pyrophyllite zone contains illite and pyrite.

  • PDF

The Synthesis of Kaolinitic Clay Minerals from Domestic Diatomite by Hydrothermal Process (국내산 규조토의 수열반응에 의한 Kaolinite질 인공점토의 합성에 관한 연구)

  • 김남일;박계혁;정창주
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.31 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1401-1413
    • /
    • 1994
  • The synthesis of kaolinite mineral from domestic diatomite for silica resource, commercial vailable gibbsite or alumina for alumina resource were made under various hydrothermal treatment, and the sythetic effect of acidic mineralizers, temperature treatment with time duration, particle size of alumina on formation of kaolinite mineral and the plastic properties of synthesized kaolinite were investigated. The various acidic mineralizers which are HCl, HNO3, H2SO4 and Oxalic acid were employed for hydrothermal reaction in the range of 0.01 mol/ι to 2 mol/ι concentration of each mineralizers. It was found that HCl in the level of 1 mol/ι solution produced highly yields of well-crystallized and platy form kaolinite mineral and gave the most effective extraction of iron oxide, compared to that of others, that HNO3 produced highly yield of kaolinite but lower extraction of iron oxide, that H2SO4 produced low yield of kaolinite and formed alunite mineral, and that oxialic acid formed spherical crystalline kaolinite and gave low extraction of iron oxide. Moreover, it showed that kaolinite minerals were well synthesized in a wide range of less than 2 mol/ι acids, but were poorly synthesized at more than 2 mol/ι acids. However, boehmite and kaolinite were coexistently formed in the temperature range of 18$0^{\circ}C$ and 20$0^{\circ}C$ when the calcined diatomite and gibbsite were involved. The well-ordered kaolinite mineral as a platy form was highly synthesized in the temperature range of 220 and 24$0^{\circ}C$, when the same marterials as above were used with treatment of 1 mol/ι HCl solution. The results also revealed that the size of crystalline platy form kaolinite, synthesized from alumina and calcined diatomite with treatment in 1 mol/ιHCl solution at 24$0^{\circ}C$, was much larger than that of gibbsite and calcined diatomite shown previously, and that kaolinite and corundum minerals were coexistently formed under any hydrothermal treatment conditions. The plasticity of synthesized kaolinite from under 2 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ alumina and calcined diatomite was very poor, and that of the synthesized kaolinite from raw diatomite and gibbsite gave higher than that of calcined diatomite and gibbsite.

  • PDF

Cation Exchange Capacity and Zeta Potential Characteristics of Kaolinite Contaminated with Lead (납으로 오염된 카올리나이트의 양이온교환능력 및 계면동전위 특성)

  • 장경수;강병희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.38-43
    • /
    • 2002
  • A series of tests were performed to investigate the effects of pH and contamination level on cation exchange capacity and zeta potential in kaolinite loaded with lead. Test results show that cation exchange capacity of kaolinite is found to be in the range from 4 to 20meq/100g and it increased with increasing pH up to the converged number about 20meq/100g over pH 8. And then CEC has a tendency to reduce and converge to zero with increasing the concentration of Pb in the kaolinite surface. Moreover, zeta potential of kaolinite contaminated with lead is found to be in the range from -10 to 5mV, and zero point of charge is measured at about pH 3.5. Zeta potential of kaolinite contaminated with lead decreases with increasing pH values and decreasing Pb concentration of kaolinite.

  • PDF

Bacteriophage removal in various clay minerals and clay-amended soils

  • Park, Jeong-Ann;Kang, Jin-Kyu;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Song-Bae;Yu, Seungho;Kim, Tae-Hun
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.133-140
    • /
    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the bacteriophage removal in various clay minerals and clay-amended soils. Batch experiments in kaolinite, montmorillonite, and bentonite showed that kaolinite was far more effective at the MS2 removal than montmorillonite and bentonite. In kaolinite, the log removal increased from 0.046 to 2.18, with an increase in the adsorbent dose from 0.3 to $50g\;L^{-1}$, whereas the log removals in montmorillonite and bentonite increased from 0.007 to 0.40 and from 0.012 to 0.59, respectively. The MS2 removal in kaolinite-amended silt loam soils was examined at three different soil-to-solution (STS) ratios. Results indicated that the log removal of MS2 increased with an increase in the kaolinite content and the STS ratio. At the STS ratio of 1:10, the log removal of MS2 increased from 2.33 to 2.80 with an increase in the kaolinite content from 0% to 10% in kaolinite-amended soils. The log removals of MS2 at the STS ratios of 1:2 and 1:1 increased from 2.84 to 3.47 and from 3.46 to 4.76, respectively, with an increase in the kaolinite content from 0% to 10%. Results also indicated that the log removals of PhiX174 and $Q{\beta}$ in kaolinite-amended soils were similar to each other, but they were far lower than those of MS2 at all the kaolinite contents. The log removal of PhiX174 increased from 0.16 to 0.32, whereas the log removal of $Q{\beta}$ changed from 0.17 to 0.22 with an increase in the kaolinite content from 0% to 10%.

Synthesis of Kaolinite and Transformation of Halloysite byHydrothermal Reaction (열수반응에 의한 Kaolinite의 합성 및 Halloysite의 개질)

  • 김성규;이화영;오종기
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-45
    • /
    • 1993
  • synthesis of artificial kaolinite and the transformation of domestic halloysite have been attempted by means of the hydrothermal treatment. The hydrothermal reaction of the mixtures of gibbsite and amorphous silica was conducted for the synthesis of kaolinite under the pressure of 125MPa at 30$0^{\circ}C$ and especially the seed of kaolinite was added so as to facilitate the synthesis reaction. Domestic pink kaolin of B-grade was hydrothermally treated, in a similar way, for the transformation of crystalline form of it. Boehmite and the artificial kaolinite less than 0.4${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ could be obtained through the hydrothermal reaction. It could also be found that the majority of hyalloysite was transformed into the plate-type kaolinite through the recrystallization by treating hydrothermally for a long time.

  • PDF

Comparative Study of $Cu^{2+}$ Adsorption of Goethite, Hematite and Kaolinite : Mechanistic Modeling Approach

  • 정진호;조영환;한필수
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.324-327
    • /
    • 1998
  • The mechanisms of Cu2+ adsorption onto goethite, hematite and kaolinite are different. Goethite and hematite showed a similar adsorption behavior (ionic-strength independent), but kaolinite gave somewhat different result (ionic-strength dependent). These experimenal results were successfully simulated using a surface complexation model, TLM, which defines the inner- or outer-sphere complex. The chemical nature of Cu2+ adsorption onto kaolinite was qualitatively identified by EPR spectroscopy.

  • PDF

The evaluation of correction methods and effect of kaolinite on quantitative analysis of quartz in respirable dust by FTIR direct-on-filter method (직접필터법을 이용한 석영 분석시 고령석의 영향 및 보정방법 평가)

  • Phee, Young Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2009
  • To establish the Fourier-Transform Infra-Red spectrophotometry(FTIR) Direct-On-Filter(DOF) technique as a useful analytical method for quartz in respirable dust samples, an influence of the kaolinite should be corrected. Respirable dust, created in a dust chamber containing the standard material of quartz and kaolinite were collected using a cyclone equipped with a 25 mm, $0.8\;{\mu}m$ pore size DM filter as a collection medium. This study was designed to compare three methods of correction for kaolinite when quantifying the content of quartz, including the least square, the optimum choice and the spectral subtraction methods. The content of quartz in the respirable dust samples was overestimated by 6.2% when mixed with kaolinite(35.5% by weight). The content of quartz containing kaolinite(72.8% by weight) were overestimated by 32%. The spectral subtraction method underestimated the quartz content by 1.5%, while the other two correction methods, the optimum choice and the least square method, overestimated the quartz content by 1.9% to 6.4% and 0.04 to 1.1%, respectively. The results of this study are suggested that, when correcting for effects of kaolinite on quantitative analysis of quartz in respirable dust by FTIR direct-on-filter method, the least square method produce the most unbiased results be compared with those of other correction methods.

Influence of Kaolinite Clay Supplementation on Growth Performance and Digestive Function in Finishing Calf-fed Holstein Steers

  • Ortiz, Jose;Montano, Martin;Plascencia, Alejandro;Salinas, Jaime;Torrentera, Noemi;Zinn, Richard A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1569-1575
    • /
    • 2016
  • Two experiments were conducted to examine the influence of kaolinite clay supplementation (0%, 1%, or 2% diet dry matter [DM] basis) on characteristics of digestion (Trial 1) and growth performance (Trial 2) in calf-fed Holstein steers fed a finishing diet. In Trial 1, 6 Holstein steers ($539{\pm}15kg$) with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used to evaluate treatment effects on characteristics of digestion. Kaolinite clay supplementation decreased total tract DM digestion (linear effect, p<0.01) without effects ($p{\geq}0.10$) on site and extent of digestion of organic matter, neutral detergent fiber, starch and N, or ruminal microbial efficiency. There were no treatment effects on ruminal pH, volatile fatty acids molar proportions or estimated methane production. In Trial 2, 108 Holstein steers ($132.4{\pm}5.6kg$) were used in a 308-d study to evaluate growth performance and carcass characteristics. There were no treatment effects (p>0.10) on average daily gain (ADG) and gain efficiency (ADG/dry matter intake). Kaolinite supplementation tended (linear effect, p = 0.08) to increase dietary net energy (NE) during the initial 112-d period. However, the overall (308-d) effect of supplementation dietary NE was not appreciable (p>0.20). However, due to the inertness of kaolinite, itself, the ratio of observed-to-expected dietary NE increased with kaolinite supplementation. This effect was more pronounced (linear effect, $p{\leq}0.03$) during the initial 224 d of the study. Overall (308 d), kaolinite supplementation tended to increase (linear effect, p = 0.07) dietary NE by 3% over expected. Kaolinite supplementation did not affect carcass weight, yield grade, longissimus area, kidney, pelvic and heart fat, and quality grade, but decreased (linear effect, p = 0.01) dressing percentage. It is concluded that kaolinite supplementation up to 2% of diet DM may enhance energetic efficiency of calf-fed Holstein steers in a manner independent of changes in characteristics of ruminal and total tract digestion.

A Study on Adsorption of Lead(II) in Wastewater Using Natural Kaolinite (천연 고령토의 폐수 중 납 흡착에 관한 연구)

  • 이종은
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.77-86
    • /
    • 1995
  • Lead(II) removal efficiency by natural kaolinite was investigated through laboratory experiments. This study was conducted in two phases-sorption and desorption. In the adsorption study, the influence of sorption kinetics and sorption isotherm and various parameters such as pH, temperature, coexisting other heavy metal ions on the lead adsorption was investigated. And desorption study was carried out in order to find the re-usability of kaolinite as an adsorbent. The results of the study are as follows. 1. Sorption kinetics was investigated under the condition of 2.5 mg/l adsorbent concentration, pH 6.5$\pm$0.05, temperature $30\pm 0.5\circ$C, initial lead(II) concentration 25 mg/l. Adsorption rate was initially rapid and the extent of adsorption arrived at adsorption equilibrium with 73% adsorption efficiency in an hour. 2. The sorption isotherm experiment was made with different initial lead(II) concentration. A linearized Freundlich equation was used to fit the acquired experimental data. As a result, Freundlich constants, the sorption intensity (1/n) was 0.47 and the measure of sorption (k) was 2.44. So, it was concluded that sorption of lead(II) by kaolinite is effective. 3. The effect of pH on lead(II) sorption by kaolinite shows that at a pH of 3, only 6% of the total lead(II) was adsorbed and at a pH 9, 97% of the lead(II) was removed. And the effect of temperature on lead(II) sorption by kaolinite shows that as the temperature increased, the amount of lead(II) sorption per unit weight of kaolinite increased. But the effect was minor (p<0.05). 4. Sorption isotherm of lead coexisting cadmium (II) or zinc (II) was lower than that of lead itself. It was caused by the result of competitive sorption to adsorption site. And there was no difference between the sorption isotherm of cadmium and zinc. 5. In desorption studies, only 5.12% desorption took place in distilled water, while 52.08% in 0.1 N hydrochloric acid. Consequently used kaolinite could be regenerated by hydrochoric acid.

  • PDF

Electrochemical Properties of Kaolinite in Aqueous Suspension (수용액중(水溶液中)에서의 Kaolinite 입자(粒子)의 전기화학적(電氣化學的) 성질(性質))

  • Lim, Hyung-Sik;Baham, J.;Volk, V.V.
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.318-324
    • /
    • 1983
  • Electrochemical properties of Georgia kaolinite in aqueous suspension were studied by ion adsorption, potentiometric titration, and electrophoretic mobility measurements. Kaolinite in 0.001 M and 0.1 M NaCl solution showed qualitatively both pH independent and pH depender negative and positive charges through pH range 2.5-11.0 when dissolved aluminum ions from kaolinite were considered as well as $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ as index ions. Electrophoretic mobilities (EM) of 0.02 wt. % kaolinite suspension in distilled water and 0.001 M NaCl solution were approximately constant against mobility measuring time consumed in the electrophoresis cell at different pH values, and isoelectric points(IEP) were around pH 4.7. EM values in 0.1 M NaCl solution were positive and constant against mobility measuring time below pH 4; but above pH 4, EM values were negative for the first 10 seconds followed by positive values which became approximately constant through stepped changes after 10 minutes. Hydrated cations may bind to the six- member oxygen ring sites having multiple partial negative charges on the exterior tetrahedral layer surface by both electrostatic and hydrogen bonding force while hydrated anions bind to the partially positively charged hydrogen atoms on the exterior octahedral layer surface. Parts of the aluminol groups on the exterior octahedral layer surface as well as edge faces may be involved in complex reactions and have both anion and cation exchange capacities in the electrolyte solution above pH 4.

  • PDF