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The present status and future prospects of Kimchi industry in Korea (김치산업의 현황과 발전 방향)

  • Park, Wan-Soo
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.166-182
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    • 2020
  • Kimchi industry in Korea has grown rapidly with the increasing domestic and overseas demand of Kimchi. Currently, there is an increase trend of consuming the commercial Kimchi products, although the Kimchi consumption/adult/year is decreasing (36.6 kg in 2018). The amount of commercial Kimchi consumption in 2018 was 757,000 M/T (metric ton), out of 1,892,000 M/T of the estimated total consumption, and the size of Kimchi market was estimated to be 1,398 billion wons. In 2019, 29,628 M/T of Kimchi was exported to 78 countries, and 306,047 M/T was imported, mainly from China. In the future, for the technological upgrading of Kimchi plants, a large capital investment to the production of commercial Kimchi will be required. The accelerated glocalization of Kimchi will bring a steady increase in Kimchi export. Moreover, with the development of global Kimchi culture, the values and images of Korean national brand can be greatly improved.

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A Survey on Elementary School Children's Perception and Preference of Kimchi (초등학생의 김치 섭취에 대한 의식 및 기호도 조사)

  • Ji, Hyun-Jung;Nam, Eun-Sook;Park, Shin-In
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.572-582
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perception and preference of Kimchi among the elementary school children. The survey was conducted via questionnaire to 439 elementary school children(224 males and 215 females) who lived in Seongnam. 77.2% of the surveyed children had an affirmative opinion of Kimchi intake. Children regarded Kimchi as traditional, nutritious, healthy, fermented and delicious food. It also revealed that the higher grade($4{\sim}6$ grade) students were more awareness in Korean traditional fermented healthy food as for Kimchi than the lower grade($1{\sim}3$ grade) students. They should eat Kimchi mainly because Kimchi is good for health(82.9%), nutritious food(62.9%), our traditional food(58.3%), and delicious food(41.5%). 73.9% of the children responded that the parents influenced on their consumption of Kimchi, but 16.5% of the children answered that their parents did not meddle. 67.3% of the children liked Kimchi, whereas 5.3% of them disliked it. The preference of Kimchi was significantly higher for lower grade students than for higher grade students. The main reason liking Kimchi was hot taste(60.8%) of Kimchi, and then texture of chewing(59.0%), taste of freshness (29.2%), cool taste(28.7%), and peculiar taste(26.9%) of Kimchi in order. The majority reasons for dislike the Kimchi were salty taste, hot taste, not eat oftenly, smell, appearance of Kimchi in order. The hot taste of Kimchi was the number one reason of their diskike of Kimchi, especially for lower grade students and female students, and it was the most important reason for those also like Kimchi. The children preferred the a little hot taste of Kimchi, properly fermented Kimchi, medium amount of seasoning in Kimchi, and any parts of Baechu in Kimchi.

A Survey on Chinese University Students' in Shanghai Perception for Korean Kimchi (중국 상해지역 대학생의 김치에 대한 인식조사)

  • Han, Jae-Sook;Han, Gyeong-Phil;Takahisa, Minamide;Lee, Seung-Eun;Kim, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.701-709
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate Chinese university students' in Shanghai perception for Korean Kimchi. The results were as follows : A questionaire was examined on male 139(49.5%) and female 142(50.5%) college students of residing in Shanghai. Nationality of Kimchi answered Korea 75% of ail the participants, and have eaten Kimchi was 60.9%. Male purchsed commercial Kimchi 42.2% and female restaurant 46.3a(p< .01). The first answered 'it was taste' 51.6% when commercial Kimchi purchsed, and packing size of commercial Kimchi was 200g 56.9%. Among the intake experience have eaten Kimchi was the highest Baechu Kimchi 77.8%, Mu Kimchi 58.5% and Oi Kimchi 35.7%, also preference of Kimchi was Baechu Kimchi 49.7%, Mu Kimchi 26.9% and Oi Kimchi 13.8% in order. After have eaten Kimchi answered good 54.5%(p< .01), Kimchi liked reason were the highest 'refreshing taste' 39.7%, unliked were odor(of garlic, ginger and anchovy juice, etc) and too spicy in order Improvement on consumption extention of Kimchi answered 'not too hot' 30.4%, 'not too salty' 28.6% and 'not over-riped' 21.7%. Perception for Kimchi answered the highest mean 3.51'Kimchi can be preserved for a long time' (p< .05) and 'Kimchi is a good side dish with cooked rice'.

Consumption Pattern of Kimchi in Seoul Area (서울지역의 김치섭취에 관한 실태조사)

  • 강선이;한명주
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.684-691
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    • 2002
  • The objectives of this study were to determine the consumption pattern and importance of Kimchi in our meals, and the preference of Kimchi. The 77.0% of the housewife respondents were preparing Kimchi at home. The reasons for not making Kimchi were ‘don't have time’(39.4%), ‘don't know how to make Kimchi’(18.2%) and ‘don't eat much’(18.2%). The amounts of daily Kimchi intake of the respondents were ‘less than 50g’(42.3%) or ‘50-100g’(29.8%). They are Kimchi because it was ‘delicious’(48.4%) or ‘habitual’(39.5%). The 70.0% of the respondents answered that Kimchi was important in each meal. The most respondents favored ‘moderate’ in the degree of fermentation(48.1%), hot taste(65.0%) and salty taste(72.4%). As the age of the respondents increased, they favored less sour, less hot and less salty taste. Baechu Kimchi(4.15), Chonggak Kimchi(3.89), Dongchimi(3.85), Kkaktugi(3.74), water Kimchi(3.67) were preferred by the respondents. The 73.97% of the respondents preferred Kimchi Jjigye. The 10- to 19-years old respondents preferred Kimchi Jjigye(52.8%), Kimchi pan cake(24.5%) and fried rice with Kimchi(17.0%).

Standardization of Kimchi and Related Products (3) (김치류 및 절임류의 표준화에 관한 조사연구(調査硏究)(3))

  • Choi, Sun-Kyoo;Hwang, Seong-Yun;Jo, Jae-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.531-548
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the standardization of kimchi and related products. There are about 339 kinds of kimchi and related products in Korea. Half of those various kimchi was 50% of the total products, and the other groups are in the order of Jangachi (high salted vegetable pickles, Saengchae (a salad type kimchi), Kakduki(reddish kimchi), Keotjulyi(nonfemented kimchi), Pickles, Seobakji (kimchi based on raddish, fish and other ingredients) and Shickgae (lactic fermented fish products). About 200 ingredients (chinese cabbage, raddish, cucumber, other vegetables, fruits, seaweeds, fish, meat etc.) were used for those products. Tongbaechu kimchi (whole headded chinese cabbage kimchi) and Possam kimchi (wraped kimchi with chinese cabbage leaves) were made by about 30 ingredients, respectively. Kakduki, Oyster-kakduki, Chonkak kimchi (kimchi based on small raddish with leaves) and Tongchimi (raddish kimchi with brine soup) were made by raddish and more than 10 ingredients, but the subsidiary ingerdients were less than that of chinese cabbage kimchi. Other products such as Yulmu kimchi and Oisobaki (a cucmber kimchi) were also dicussed.

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Seoul Area Elementary School Students' Perception of Kimchi (서울지역 초등학생의 김치에 때한 인식도)

  • Paek, Tae-Hee;Han, Myung-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.378-388
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the preference, intake condition and awareness of Kimchi of 660 elementary students in the Seoul area surveyed during June, 2008. The preference test was performed by using 5-point hedonic scale (1=dislike very much, 5=like very much). The most preferred types of Kimchi were Baechukimchi (4.32), Bossamkimchi (4.08) and Kkakdugi (4,01). The most preferred foods prepared with Kimchi were Kimchi jjige (4.59), Kimchi bokkeumbap (4.47), fried Kimchi (4.35), Kimchi pancake (4,31), Kimchi mandu (4.20) and Kimchi kimbap (4.06). Kimchi pizza (2.88), Kimchi hamburger (2.85) and Kimchi spaghetti (2.81) were not preferred. Most students (62.7%) ate Kimchi at almost every meal. The main reason for eating Kimchi was its delicious taste (50.3%). Concerning intake of Kimchi provided at school lunch, 48.4% of students ate some, 45.9% ate all and 5.8% ate none. Various kinds of Kimchi should be developed for elementary school students to meet their taste.

Changes in quality characteristics of salted Kimchi cabbage and kimchi paste during storage (절임배추 및 김치 양념의 저장기간 중 품질 특성 변화)

  • Song, Hye-Yeon;Cheon, Seon-Hwa;Yoo, SeungRan;Chung, Young Bae;Seo, Hye-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.459-470
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to determine the potential use for salted Kimchi cabbage and kimchi paste by analyzing the quality characteristic of kimchi prepared with stored them. Salted Kimchi cabbages were packed with the 2% brine and kimchi paste were stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 8 weeks, respectively. Kimchi prepared at 0 day and kimchi prepared with stored salted Kimchi cabbage and kimchi paste every week were stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 8 weeks. The salinity and titratable acidity of salted Kimchi cabbage packed with the brine was lower than control. The results of salinity, pH and moisture contents of kimchi paste did not show any significant differences during storage, however, the titratable acidity was increased. In sensory evaluation, salted Kimchi cabbage packed with the brine showed higher score in overall preference than control. Kimchi paste showed 4.9~6.1 score in overall preference during storage. The titratable acidity of kimchi prepared with stored salted Kimchi cabbage and kimchi paste was lower than control. But, the results of sensory evaluation did not show significant difference among treatments. The study suggested that the use of 2% brine is an effective way for extending shelf-life of salted Kimchi cabbage and Kimchi prepared with stored salted Kimchi cabbage and kimchi paste every week is effective to delay the fermentation but no difference in sensory evaluation.

Value recognition and eating patterns of Kimchi in female middle school students and their mothers

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Min-June;Yoon, In-Kyung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.150-157
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    • 2007
  • This study analyzed Kimchi eating culture in 178 households with female middle school children located in Incheon and Seosan areas, investigated the Kimchi eating patterns of female middle school students, and also analyzed the differences in value recognition for Kimchi between mothers and their female middle school students. Results showed that 23.0% of subject households answered eat Kimchi at every meal and the main reason for eating Kimchi in most households was good for taste. Most households made their own Kimchi, and only 12.3% of households bought Kimchi. Subject households preferred hot and spicy taste (34.8%) and pleasing taste (20.2%), and 44.4% of middle school children answered as eating Kimchi at every meal, and the source for information on Kimchi was home in 51.6% and mass media in 33.7%, suggesting the lack of school education. Both mothers and their female middle school students placed high value on Kimchi for its nutritional aspect and on Kimchi from the market for its convenience. Mothers showed significantly higher value (p<0.05) on the storage aspect of Kimchi compared to their middle school students, and female middle school students showed significantly higher value (p<0.05) on the value recognition for Kimchi as an international food compared to their mothers. Also, the value for hot pepper powder was high among other additional ingredients, and both mothers and middle school students had high values for Kimchi stew among other food dishes using Kimchi, and middle school students showed higher values (p<0.001) on foreign dishes using Kimchi such as Kimchi pizza and Kimchi spaghetti compared to the mothers group. Therefore, based on these results, the development of educational programs on Kimchi is needed not only at home but also at schools, by re-emphasizing the importance of value recognition for Klmchi in our food culture.

Intake Patterns and Preference for Kimchi Among Middle School Students in Masan (마산지역 일부 중학생의 김치 섭취실태 및 선호도)

  • Kang, Min-Ae;Kim, Jeong-Jin;Kang, Ok-Ju;Cheong, Hyo-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.291-301
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study was to examine intake patterns and preferences for Kimchi in middle school students. The subjects included 361 male and 325 female students in Masan City. For the frequency of Kimchi intake, the largest group consisted of students who ate Kimchi at every meal, with 51.6%, and the majority of them had seven or more pieces of Kimchi per meal. In addition, 50.4% viewed Kimchi as an indispensable dish; and of those who consumed Kimchi at every meal, two kinds of Kimchi would be served. Ggodeulppaegi-Kimchi and Yangbachu-Kimchi were the least preferred types, while Baechu-Kimchi was most preferred, followed by Kakduki and Dongchimi. Furthermore, ripe Kimchi was considered more preferred by 44.9% of the students, and the males had greater preferences for fresh Kimchi (36.0%) as compared to the females (26.8%). Regarding their favorite portion of the Kimchi, students who ate Kimchi at every meal were fond of every part; while 36.6% of the males preferred the top portion and 42.5% of the females preferred the whole portion of Kimchi. The degree of ripeness (39.9%) was selected as the most crucial factor in determining taste, and 49.1% of the subjects preferred a spicy taste. The students who ate Kimchi at every meal liked properly seasoned Kimchi (56.6%), of which 79.4% preferred spicy Kimchi; although they did not like excessively hot Kimchi products. Finally, 37.5% of the subjects identified salted shrimp as their favorite fish sauce.

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A Study on Kimchi Consumption Pattern and Consumer's Perception about the Functional Kimchi in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do Areas (김치 소비 패턴 및 기능성 김치에 관한 소비자 인식)

  • Kim, Juhyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.480-487
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    • 2013
  • This study is conducted to investigate to the consumption pattern of Kimchi and perception about the functional Kimchi of consumer. The survey was done between October 1 to October 15, 2011 among 294 male and female adults aged 19 and over in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do areas. The gender distribution of subjects was 33.3% males and 66.7% females. 64.3% of subjects prepared Kimchi by themselves, 23.5% of subjects received Kimchi from relatives and 12.2% of subjects purchased Kimchi from the market. In addition, the rate of preparing Kimchi at home is highest in those aged fifty or over. Only 41.8% of subjects knew how to make Kimchi. 72.1% of subjects responded that they ate Kimchi one or more a day. 46.6% of subjects have purchased commercial Chinese cabbage Kimchi. The amount of one-time purchase of commercial Kimchi were investigated; 45.2% of subjects have been buying 500-1 kg, 34.4% of the subjects bought less than 500 g, and 11.2% of subjects bought 1-3 kg. 28.2% of subjects buy Kimchi at the supermarket and warehouse market. With regard to the evaluation of Kimchi taste, most consumers were not satisfied with the sweetness of Kimchi. In this result, the perception about functional Kimchi was very low. Consumer's demands were as follows: nutrient enhancement, strengthening of biologically active substances, lactic acid bacteria enhancement in order. Small sales units were preferred by the consumers, and complementation of sweetness of kimchi was required. Various Kimchi including functional Kimchi must be developed to meet the needs of consumers.