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A Survey on the Dietary Life toy Kimchi of Housewives in Wonju Area (김치에 관한 원주지역 주부들의 식생활 실태조사)

  • 노정미
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.319-337
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary life about Kimchi of the housewives. Self-administrated questionnaires were completed by 322 housewives in Wonju area. The results were as follows: In the point of housewives' domestic duties, over 50% of housewives took care of their domestic duties alone, and the rate who learned how to manage domestic duties from their mothers before marriage decreased as the age got younger. 77.6% of housewives responded that both man and woman could manage a dietary life at home in the future, and the rate of such response was higher as their educational careers were higher and they were younger. In the point of housewives' basic situation about Kimchi, the rate of housewives who knew how to prepare kimchi was high as they were older, and the holding rate of a refrigerator for Kimchi was high as much as 72.4%. In the point of preparation for Kimchi, the rate who made Kimchi by themselves was high, but the rate of preparing Kimchi by their parents for them was higher in the twenties. Frequency of making Kimchi, an amount or a kind of Kimchi were notably different according to housewives' age, a type of their family, the number of their family, and their having a job or not. Housewives' opinion of a market kimchi was that it was expensive, and not sanitary, and rate of purchasing Kimchi was also low. In the point of the prepartion method of Kimchi for the winter, the rate who gained Kimchi from their parents was higher as they lived in an apartment, and had a nuclear family, and had the lesser family members. In an amount of Kimchi prepared for the winter, 11∼22 heads were 23.9% and 21∼30 heads were 21.9%. In the point of the method preparing Kimchi in the future, 53.8% of housewives responded that they would make by themselves, and 28.0% answered they would prepare or purchase. 77.4% of housewives answered that they would teach how to make Kimchi to their children. In conclusion, in housewives of Wonju area, wanted to make Kimchi by themselves and wanted their children to learn how to make Kimchi.

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Comparison of Mcrobial and Physicochemical Properties between Pogi Kimchi and Mat Kimchi (포기김치와 맛김치의 미생물학적 및 이화학적 품질 특성 비교)

  • Moon, Eun Woo;Kim, Su-Yeon;Dang, Yun-Mi;Park, Boyeon;Park, Eun Jin;Song, Hye Yeon;Yang, Jisu;Yoon, So Ra;Seo, Hye-Young;Ha, Ji-Hyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to evaluate the characteristic differential between whole cabbage kimchi (pogi kimchi) and sliced cabbage kimchi (mat kimchi) during kimchi fermentation at $6^{\circ}C$. The difference of microbial and physicochemical properties was investigated until 6 weeks. For the changes in the microbial flora, both kimchi samples exhibited a continuous increase in total aerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) population size up to 2 weeks followed by a stationary phase until 5 weeks. Interestingly, the number of LAB of mat kimchi was overall higher than that of pogi kimchi during kimchi fermentation. We speculate that mat kimchi has in a more advantageous growth condition than pogi kimchi for microbial growth because small kimchi cabbage size appropriately derives nutritional supply in order to increase the LAB growth. During lactic fermentation at $6^{\circ}C$, physicochemical changes in the pH, salinity, and titratable acidity was observed to be no significant differences between two types of kimchi. Furthermore the contents of organic acids such as oxalic acid, citric acid, malic acid, lactic acid, fumaric acid, and acetic acid was not significantly different (p>0.05) between both kimchi samples as well as the contents of total free amino acid.

Enhancement of Anticancer Activities of Kimchi by Manipulating Ingredients

  • Kim, Ju-Youn;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Kun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.126-130
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    • 2000
  • To enhance the antitumor activity of Chinese cabbage kimchi, four kinds of kimchi, which ere differently prepared in kinds and levels of sub-ingredients, were fermented at 15$^{\circ}C$ for 1 day and then at 5$^{\circ}C$ up to pH 4.3. The solid tumor formation, hepatic glutathione S-transferase activity and glutathione contents in the liver, and natural killer (NK) cell activity of spleen were determined from the sarcoma-180 cell injected Balb/c mice that were treated with methanol extracts of the kimchi samples. Kimchi IV, prepared with organically cultivated Chinese cabbage, red pepper powder, garlic, Chinese pepper powder mustard leaf and heat processed salt (Gueun salt), reduced the tumor formation by 39.3% compared to the sarcoma-180 cell treated group, resulting in the smallest tumor weight. Methanol extracts of the kimchi III and kimchi IV recovered the activities of hepatic glutathione S-transferase(GST) that was decreased by the transplantation of the sarcoma-180 cells to th mice. The injections of methanol extracts of kimchi II and kimchi IV increased glutathione contents in sarcoma-180 cells treated mice. The methanol extract of kimchi IV increased the natural killer (NK) cell activity of spleen lymphocytes a more effectively (p<0.05) than those the other kimchi samples. These results suggest that the anticancer activities of kimchi can be increased by changing the kinds and levels of sub-ingredients.

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Perception and Purchasing Behavior for Kimchi among Chinese Individuals (중국인들의 김치에 대한 인식과 구매행동 조사)

  • Park, Sung-Hee;Lee, Mi-Ai;Seo, Hye-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.176-183
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the state of awareness, consumption, and purchasing behavior of Kimchi among Chinese adults in Beijing and Shanghai. Two-hundred Chinese individuals in Beijing and Shanghai were included as study subjects. The subjects selected "good Kimchi for Chinese taste" as excellent Kimchi; however, only 13% of the subjects selected "Kimchi from Korea is excellent." The first sites of Kimchi consumption in China included "home" (59.0%) and "restaurants" (40.0%) in Beijing and "restaurants" (57.0%) and "home" (32.0%) in Shanghai. Chinese people primarily purchase 400g pouches of Kimchi more than once a month, and the average price of Kimchi is RMB 12.59 in Beijing and RMB 18.32 in Shanghai. These results suggest that the interest in Kimchi varieties and the countries producing it differ among Chinese consumers depending on the region. Therefore, a sensory evaluation of Kimchi is essential to determine the preferred flavor of Kimchi among Chinese individuals and to promote the consumption of traditional Korean Kimchi.

A Survey on Kimchi Utilization in Kyunggi province (경기지역 김치 이용실태에 관한 연구)

  • 문난주;이승교
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1994
  • In order to survey on utilization of Kimchi, fermented vegetable food in korean families, 439 households in Kyunggi province were investigated. The results are as follows ; 1. 99% of housewives served at least 1 or more kinds of Kimchi every meal. 2. 45% of wives answered Kimchi serving was always necessary but same answered children were only 34%. 3. The taste of Kimchi was decided according to husbands(47%) in family. 4. The Kimchi preparing method was learned from their mother(65%). 5. The main kind of Kimchi was chinese cabbage Kimchi all the year round, and 88% of the subjects answered that the variety of Kimchi was different with season. 6. Almost all housewives(99%) prepared Kimchang Kimchi and 97% of subjects made 3 kinds. 7. In quantitative order, the main sorts of Kimchang Kimchi were chinese cabbage Kimchi, Dong chimee, Chonggak Kimchi and baik Kimchi. 8. The period of Kimchang Kimchi use was form Nov. to next year march(36%), and only 11% of them prepared suitable. But the excess amount of Kimchi applied other dishes and 8% of them discarded the remaining. 9. The Kimchang Kimch was kept underground(51%) and laying outdoor using Kimchang jar(32%). It was different with style of shelter.

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Physicochemical Properties of Long-term Fermented Kimchi

  • Nam, Min-Hee;Kong, Chang-Suk;Bak, Soon-Sun;Lee, Yang-Bong;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Kun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 2007
  • Physicochemical properties of commercial long-term fermented kimchies which are widely available in Korea were investigated. The commercial long-term fermented kimchies were fermented almost more than 6 months. Average values for saltiness, pH and acidity of the long-term fermented kimchies were $3.0{\pm}0.5%$, $4.0{\pm}0.2$, and $1.88{\pm}0.76%$, respectively. The long-term fermented kimchi showed similar Leuconostoc sp. and Lactobacillus sp. counts as baechu kimchi ripened properly during fermentation. The amount of Leuconostoc sp. and Lactobacillus sp. of the long-term fermented kimchi were $10^{7\sim8}$ CFU/mL and $10^{4\sim7}$ CFU/mL, respectively. The long-term fermented kimchi showed $0.32{\pm}0.18$ lightness, $1.73{\pm}0.98$ redness, $0.52{\pm}0.31$ yellowness. Long-term fermented kimchi showed higher lightness, redness, yellowness than well-fermented standardized baechu kimchi. Breaking strength of long-term fermented kimchi was higher than that of well-fermented standard baechu kimchi.

An Activation plan of Korea Kimchi distribution Industry in the Chinese Kimchi Market

  • Kim, Soonja;Bae, Kihyung;Lee, Jaeeun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - To active the Korea kimchi distribution, this study aims to investigate the effect of Korea national image and kimchi image on kimchi purchase intention. this study suggest the strategies for kimchi export to China by examining how the Chinese perceptions of Korean kimchi. Research design, data, and methodology - For this study, empirical analysis was conducted based on survey results. A questionnaire was distributed to a total of 400 Chinese consumers. Of these, 280 were collected and 278 were used for statistical processing, excluding 2 that were found to be unsuitable for analysis. This study was performed by the regression analysis using the spss24 statistical program. Results - As a results, It was not significant that the Chinese consumers' familiarity on the Korea image will have a positive effect on their kimchi purchase intention. On the other hand, the kimchi/Korean food image of Chinese consumers' will increase their kimchi consumption experience. Conclusions - The Chinese consumers' positive image on kimchi/Korean food in terms of the unique characteristics of kimchi, health aspects and preference of kimchi is positively influenced when they have higher image on Korea related to its national characteristics, and that of the higher image for Korea has a positive effect on kimchi purchase intention.

The Effect of Storage Method and Duration on the Physicochemical Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance of Kimchi (저장 방법 및 기간을 달리한 김장 김치의 이화학적 특성 및 소비자 기호도)

  • Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.638-645
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality characteristics and consumer acceptance of the Kimchi affected by the storage method and the duration. The characteristics of Kimchi fermented and stored in the traditional method, such as cave facility or pit storage on the shore were compared to the Kimchi which was stored in the Kimchi refrigerator using the physicochemical and sensory evaluation. The quality of Kimchi stored by the Kimchi refrigerator was most acceptable with 3 month storage, while that of Kimchi stored by the storage facility under the ground on the shore was 1 month storage. Shelf life of Kimchi was extended up to 5 month stored by Kimchi refrigerator, and 3 month for the Kimchi stored under the ground on the shore.

Fermentation Properties and In vitro Anticancer Effect of Kimchi Prepared with Potato (감자를 첨가한 김치의 발효 특성 및 항암효과)

  • Chang, Sang-Keun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2007
  • Potato kimchi, fermentation was carried out at $10^{\circ}$C for 15 days using various ratios of potato to kimchi (2.5%, 5%, 10%). The samples were determined according to the fermentation time, pH, acidity and growth of lactic acid bacteria in potato kimchi. The addition ratio of potato to kimchi had little effect on the pH, acidity or growth of lactic acid bacteria in potato kimchi. In comparison to baechu kimchi and mul-kimchi, the pH, acidity and growth of lactic acid bacteria was better in potato kimchi than in the other kimchi samples. The in vitro anticancer effect of potato kimchi was investigated using human cancer cells, AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells and HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. MTT assay revealed that the methanol extract of potato kimchi showed the highest anticarcinogenic effects.

A Study on Overgrown Antler Kimchi (녹각김치에 관한 연구)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2003
  • Kimchi made with the addition of 2 percent of boiled overgrown antler, raw overgrown antler, overgrown antler treated with lactic acid(acid treated overgrown antler) has been fermented for 15 days at 11 $^{\circ}C$. After 15 days of fermentation, the results show that pH of boiled overgrown antler Kimchi was 3.82, that of raw overgrown antler Kimchi was 4.07, acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi was 3.98 control Kimchi was 3.86, and acidity of boiled overgrown antler Kimchi was 7.2 that of raw overgrown antler Kimchi was 10.1, that of acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi was 8.6, control Kimchi was 6.9, respectively. After 15 days, total sugar content was 1.20% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.46% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.15% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.46 % in control Kimchi, and reducing sugar was 0.47% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.09% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.58% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi and 0.39% in control Kimchi, respectively. Amino acid content was 16.35${\mu}$mol/m1 in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 20.83${\mu}$mol/ml in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 15.06${\mu}$mol/m1 in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 17.60${\mu}$mol/m1 in control Kimchi, and protein was 1.830% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 2.011% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 2.101% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi and 2.011% in control Kimchi, respectively. Lactic acid content was 2.036% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.485% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.954% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 1,200% in control Kimchi, and the content of succinic acid and acetic acid was highest in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, and the result was 0.1531% and 0.188%, respectively. The number of microorganism was 0.96${\times}$10$\^$8/g∼3.05${\times}$10$\^$8/g. The number of microorganism was highest in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, and followed by acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, control Kimchi, and boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, respectively, The results of test of the saltness, sour, aroma, color, texture through sensory evaluation reveal that boiled overgrown antler Kimchi and raw overgrown antler Kimchi has the excellent taste, and followed by control Kimchi, acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, respectively.