• Title, Summary, Keyword: kwamaegi drying

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Changes in Compositions of Pacific Saury(Cololabis seira) Flesh during Drying for Production of Kwamaegi 1. Changes in General Composition and Lipid Components (과메기 제조시 건조조건에 따른 꽁치(Cololabis seira) 근육의 성분 변화 1. 일반성분 및 지질조성 변화)

  • 최경호;오승희;김덕진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.386-392
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    • 1998
  • Experiments were carried out to establish an effective artificial drying method of Pacific saury (Cololabis seira) to kwamaegi. Raw fish containing 67% moisture were dried up to containing less than 40% moisture by drying for 15 days. The fish lost moisture more rapidly during first 3 days of natural drying than artificial drying. Total lipid content increased from 16.1% to 30.3 and 29.8% by 15 days of natural and artificial drying, respectively. Neutral lipid occupying 91.63% of total lipid increased to 92~94% during 15 days of drying, while content of phospholipid and glycolipid decreased slightly. The values of peroxide and thiobarbituric acid increased up to 6 days of drying and then did not change. Peroxide levels were lower in artifically dried fish than in naturally dried ones.

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Change of Nucleotides, Free Amino Acids in Kwamaegi Flesh by Different Drying for Pacific saury, Cololabis saira (건조조건에 따른 꽁치과메기의 핵산류, 유리아미노산의 변화)

  • 오승희;김덕진
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 1998
  • New drying method was tested comparison with a traditional one used for production of Kwamaegi, semi dry pacific saury in east coast area of Kyungbuk province. During 15 days of total drying period, change in nucleotides and free amino acids were measured in edible portion of pacific saury from different dry methods, natural(traditional) and artificial method. ADP and AMP detected in raw fish were decrease while IMP, inosine, hypoxanthine increased during drying period. K1 values expressed as(Hx+HxR$\times$100/Hx+HxR+IMP) increased gradually throughout drying period, indicating the decline of freshness by drying. Freshness judged by change in nucleotides and related compounds was better in samples from artificial drying than from natural one. Special flavors of Kwamaegi were regarded to be synergistic actions of IMP and some amino acids. Content of total free amino acids of raw fish comprised 2.9g by weight(100g) and sum of glutamic acid, aspartic acid and histidine was over 34% of total amino acid content. Glutamic acid content. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid contents were reduced rapidly from 3rd to 9th day more decrease by artifical drying than by natural drying. Lysine content were gradually increased under two different drying conditions and threonine didn't change by two drying conditions.

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Quality Characteristics of Chitosan-ascorbate Treated Kwamaegi Prepared by Vacuum Drying, and Lowering Effect of Serum Lipids in Rats Fed High Fat Diets (Chitosan-ascorbate 처리 감압건조 과메기의 품질특성과 고지방식이 흰쥐의 혈청지질에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Kyung-Ok;Oh, Seung-Hee;Kim, Sood-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.669-675
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    • 2007
  • Quality characteristics of Kwamaegi (semi-dried saury) prepared by treatment of chitosan-ascorbate (CA) and vacuum drying at $40{\sim}60^{\circ}C$(VDK), and the effect of the Kwamaegi on serum lipid profiles and anti-oxidation-related enzyme activity in rats fed high fat diets were investigated. The preparation periods were $4.5{\sim}8.3$ hr in VDK, while naturally dried Kwamaegi (NDK) took 360480 hr. Total microbe contents of VDK and NDK were $0.2{\sim}0.5$ and 8.2 log CFU/g, respectively. There was no significant difference in amino-nitrogen content. Compared with NDK, the acid and peroxide value, and fishy flavor of VDK40 (dried at $40^{\circ}C$) were significantly lower, and the texture, color and overall acceptability were higher. In animal experiments, weight gain, content of LDL-cholesterol and lipid peroxide, activities of total (T) and O type (O) xanthine oxidase, and the O/T ratio (%) were significantly lower in the VDK40 diet group than in the NDK diet group. The content of HDL-cholesterol in the VDK40 diet group was higher than in the NDK diet group. These results suggest that preparing CA-treated Kwamaegi with vacuum-drying at $40^{\circ}C$ can be applied throughout the year, and may shorten preparation time and improve its microbiological safety and nutritional values.

Changes in Cholesterol Contents of Kwamaegi Flesh by Drying Methods of Pacific saury, Cololabis saira (건조조건에 따른 꽁치과메기의 콜레스테롤 함량 변화)

  • O, Seung-Hui;Ha, Tae-Ik;Jang, Myeong-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.271-274
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    • 1996
  • New drying method was tested for the Quality control for Kwamegl, dry Pacific saucy(Cololahis saira) In east coast area of Kyungbuk province, Korea. Cholesterol content of raw fish was 56% on dry basis, and decreased to 50.82 mg% rapidly the first 3 day and then, it was almost unchanged. However, the cholesterol content decreased slowly to 52.3 mg% during 15 days in new artificial drying.

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Antibacterial effects of Chitosanon-ascorbate Treated Kwamaegi Prepared on Microorganism Contamination (Chitosan-ascorbate 처리 과메기에 있어서 오염미생물에 대한 저해효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;oh, Seung-Hee;Kim, Soon-Dong
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.156-162
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    • 2009
  • We examined saury, herring, gizzard shad kwamaegi to measure of microbic contamination rate of kwamegi that are sold in the market now. In the total bacteria, staphylococcus, peroxide value, and microorganisms is inhibited that from sample that we treated a substance with chitosan-ascorbate (CA) and other orders deep water (DW), ginseng steamed red and wine (GRW), NT (not treated). When we compared between SGRW and SNT, SCA show us more inhibition effect 0.22-0.49 log cycle in the total aerobacter. When we compared between HDW and HNT, HCA restraint 0.05-0.45log cycle, and when we compared between GDW and GNT, GCA inhibited 0.45 log cycle. In the coliform and E. coli, growths of microorganisms were inhibited followed order by treatment of CA, NT, and DW. GDW, HCA and HNT checked enough amount of water from the moisture measurement; but SGW, GCA, HEW and SCA showed 7-15% lack of moisture, and SNT and GNT have 10% more moisture. Peroxide value is changed to 41-51meq/kg when we did treat CA in there and a side that didn't add antimicrobial expressed the result numerically that 56-58meq/kg. In the sensory evaluation, customer gave preference to followed by Saury kwamaegi, herring, and gizzard shad kwamaegi. We have a point of view when kwamaeki manufactured if we add natural antibiotic and it uses to vacuum drying, we would inhibited of multiplication of microorganism, and of peroxides.