• Title, Summary, Keyword: lactic acid bacteria

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Lactic held Bacteria for the Preservation of Fruit and Vegetables (과실 및 채소류의 저장에 있어서 Lactic Acid Bacteria의 이용)

  • 김건희;배은경
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.245-254
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    • 1999
  • Traditionally, lactic acid bacteria(LAB) is microorganism that has been used for food fermentation. Bacteriocinogenic culture and by-products of lactic acid bacteria have the antimicrobial effect. The antimicrobial effect of lactic acid bacteria enable to extend the shelf life of many foods through fermentation processes. Therefore, a lot of investigation of antimicrobial compounds from LAB have been studied on the effect of foods preservation of fish, meat, dairy product, refreserated nonfermentive food and so on. However a little research on the effects of LAB in fruit and vegetables preservation has been reported. In this study, effectiveness of LAB as a quality preservative in fruit and vegetables storage were reviewed.

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Some Probiotic Properties of Some Lactic Acid Bacteria and Yeasts Isolated from Jeot-gal. (젓갈 프로바이오틱 생균의 내산성 및 내담즙 특성)

  • 이나경;김현욱;최신양;백현동
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.297-300
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    • 2003
  • In order to select probiotics with a high survival rate in gut and the growth inhibition of virulent pathogens to human beings or animals, we have screened lactic acid bacteria and yeasts from Jeot-gal to assess resistance against the artificial gastric acid and bile juice. Lactic acid bacteria and yeasts isolated were incubated for 24 h in artificial bile juice after incubation for 2 h in artificial gastric acid. Especially, strain HW 161 and strain NK 181 showed the higher survival for 2 h incubation in artificial gastric acid. All of 3 strains of lactic acid bacteria and 2 strains of yeast were showed higher growth rate than the control in artificial bile. The antimicrobial activity of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts was also investigated to prove efficacy as probiotic organisms. Lactic acid bacteria were shown the inhibition of Gram positive and negative bacteria, but yeasts narrow inhibition.

Antimutagenic Activities of Cell Wall and Cytosol Fractions of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi

  • Park, Kun-Young;Kim, So-Hee;Son, Tae-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.329-333
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    • 1998
  • Cell wall (lactic acid bacteria-sonicated precipitate ; LAB-SP) and cytosoll(lactic acid bacteria-sonicated supernatant ; LAB-SS) fractions were prepared from kimchi fermenting lactic acid bacteria such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus fermentum , Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici, with Lactobacillus acidophillus isolated from yogurt. Using the Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chormotest system, the antimutagenic acitivity of those cell fractions was studied . One hundered eighty $\mu$l of LAB-SP from lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi, excepting Pediococcus acidilactici, supressed the mutagenicity of 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide(4-NQO) in Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chromotes system , by above 90% and 60% , respectively. LAB-SP from lactic acid bacteria also inhibited the mutagenicity mediated by 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2). Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus acidphillus had higher antimutagenicity against Trp-P-2). Lactobacillus fermentum , Lactobacillus plantarum , and Lactobacillus acidphillus had higher antimutagenicity against Trp-P-2 than the other lactic acid bacteria. However, LAB-SS of lactic acid bacteria did not show any mutagenic activity against 4-NQO in Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chromotest systems. On the mutagenicity of MEIQ and Trp-P-2 , LAB-SS of lactic acid bacteria from kimchi or dairy products exhibited a weaker inhibitory effect than LAB-SP of those bacteria. These results represent that, whether the lactic acid bacteria from kimchi are viable or nonviable, antimutagenic acitivity was still effective. We suggest that the strong, antimutaganic activity of lactic acid bacteria might be found in the cell wall fraction , rather than in the cytosol fraction.

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Free Fatty Acid Accumulation by Mesophilic Lactic Acid Bacteria in Cold-Stored Milk

  • Coskun, Hayri;Ondul, Eda
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2004
  • This study was aimed to determine the accumulation of free fatty acid by mesophilic lactic acid bac-teria (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis 1471, Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris 1000 and Lactobacillus casei 111) in cold-stored milk. According to the results, all cold-stored milks had higher acid degree val-ues than those of fresh milk. This phenomenon showed that a slight increase occurred in the accumulation of free fatty acids as a result of spontaneous lipolysis during cold storage. All lactic acid bacteria showed good performance in production of titratable acidity, which increased during fermentation of the milk (fresh and stored milks). Moreover, as the storage time was prolonged, more free fatty acid accumulation was obtained from the fermentation of the cold-stored milk by the investigated lactic acid bacteria. The control milk, which was without lactic acid bacteria, showed no change in the accumulation of free fatty acid during fermentation. From this result, it can be suggested that longer cold-storage time can induce higher free fatty acid accumulation in milk by lactic acid bacteria.

Hepatoprotective Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria

  • BAN SONG-VI;HUH CHUL-SUNG;AHN YOUNG-TAE;LIM KWANG-SEI;BAEK YOUNG-JIN;KIM DONG-HYUN
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.887-890
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    • 2005
  • To evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of lactic acid bacteria, their effects on tert-butylperoxide (t-BHP)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice were measured. When lactic acid bacteria at doses of 0.5 and 2 g (wet weight)/kg were orally administered to mice with t-BHP-induced liver injury, these bacteria significantly inhibited the increase of plasma alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities by $17-57\%$ and $57-66\%$ of the t-BHP control group, respectively. However, these lactic acid bacteria did not protect cytotoxicity induced by t-BHP against HepG2 cells. The inhibitory effects of these lactic acid bacteria at a dose of 15 g/kg were comparable with that of diphenyl dimethyl bicarboxylate at a dose of 0.2 g/kg, which has been used as a commercial hepatoprotective agent. Among these lactic acid Jacteria, Bifidobacterium longum HY8001 exhibited the most potent hepatoprotective effect. These orally administered lactic acid bacteria inhibited liver lipid peroxidation on t-BHP-induced hepatotoxicity of mice. We suggest that lactic acid bacteria may be an effective agent against liver injury.

Effect of Lentinus edodes on the Growth of Intestinal Lactic Acid Bacteria

  • Bae, Eun-Ah;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Han, Myung-Joo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.443-447
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    • 1997
  • As the growth factor of lactic acid bacteria, LD (trehalose) was isolated from Lentinus edode5 by using silica gel column chromatography. LD induced the growth of Bifidobacteria breve and Lactobacillus brevis, which were isolated from human feces. LD selectively induced the growth of lactic acid bacteria among total microflora. When total intestinal microflora were cultured in the medium containing LD, it stimulated the growth of lactic acid bacteria and inhibited harmful enzymes, ${\beta}$-glucosidase, ${\beta}$-glucuronidase, and tryptophanase, of intestinal bacteria. LM, which was a monosaccharide from L. edooles, induced the growth of lactic acid bacteria but it seems to be invaluable in vivo. LH isolated from L. edodes by Sephadex G-100 column chromatography was not effective for the growth of lactic acid bacteria.

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Hepatoprotective Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria, Inhibitors of $\beta$-Glucuronidase Production Against Intestinal Microflora

  • Han Song Yi;Huh Chul Sung;Ahn Young Tae;Lim Kwang Sei;Baek Young Jin;Kim Dong Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.325-329
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    • 2005
  • The hepatoprotective activity of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus brevis HY7401, Lactobacillus acidophilus CSG and Bifidobacterium longum HY8001), which inhibited $\beta$-glucuronidase productivity of intestinal microflora, on t-BHP- or CCl$_4$-induced hepatotoxicity of mice were evaluated. These oral administration of lactic acid bacteria lowered $\beta$-glucuronidase production of intestinal microflora as well as Escherichia coli HGU-3. When lactic acid bacteria at a dose of 0.5 or 2 g (wet weight)/kg was orally administered on CCl$_4$-induced liver injury in mice, these bacteria significantly inhibited the increase of plasma alanine transferase and aspartate transferase activities by $17-57\%$ and $57-66\%$ of the $CCI_4$ control group, respectively. These lactic acid bacteria also showed the potent hepatoprotective effect against t-BHP-induced liver injury in mice. The inhibitory effects of these lactic acid bacteria were more potent than that of dimethyl diphenyl bicarboxylate (DDB), which have been used as a commercial hepatoprotective agent. Among these lactic acid bacteria, L. acidophilus CSG exhibited the most potent hepatoprotective effect. Based on these findings, we insist that an inhibitor of $\beta$-glucuronidase production in intestine, such as lactic acid bacteria, may be hepatoprotective.

Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Regulation of Blood Glucose Level in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats

  • Yeo, Moon-Hwan;Seo, Jae-Gu;Chung, Myung-Jun;Lee, Hyun-Gi
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 2010
  • To identify the treatment effect of lactic acid bacteria for diabetes, the treatment effects of a single administration of acarbose (a diabetes treatment drug) or lactic acid bacteria, and the mixture of acarbose and lactic acid bacteria on diabetes in a type 1 diabetes animal model, were studied. In this study, streptozotocin was inoculated into a Sprague-Dawley rat to induce diabetes, and sham control (Sham), diabetic control (STZ), STZ and composition with live cell, STZ and composition with heat killed cell, STZ and composition with drugs (acarbose) were orally administered. Then the treatment effect on diabetes was observed by measuring the body weight, blood glucose, and serum lipid. For the histopathological examination of the pancreas, the Langerhans islet of the pancreas was observed using hematoxylin and eosin staining, and the renal cortex, outer medullar, and inner medullar were also observed. The induced diabetes decreased the body weight, and the fasting blood glucose level decreased in the lactic-acid-bacteria-administered group and the mixture-administered group. In addition, the probiotic resulted in the greatest decrease in the serum cholesterol level, which is closely related to diabetes. Also, the hematoxylin and eosin staining of the Langerhans islet showed that the reduction in the size of the Langerhans islet slowed in the lactic-acid-bacteria-administered group. The histopathological examination confirmed that the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy decreased in the group to which viable bacteria and acarbose were administered, unlike in the group to which dead bacteria was administered. The mixture of lactic acid bacteria and acarbose and the single administration of lactic acid bacteria or acarbose had treatment effects on the size of the Langerhans islet and of the kidney histopathology. Thus, it is believed that lactic acid bacteria have treatment effects on diabetes and can be used as supplements for the treatment of diabetes.

A survey of research papers on the health benefits of kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria (김치 및 김치 유래 유산균의 건강 기능성에 대한 연구 동향 조사)

  • Kim, Bohkyung;Mun, Eun-Gyung;Kim, Doyeon;Kim, Young;Park, Yongsoon;Lee, Hae-Jeung;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This review article provides an overview of the trends of research papers on the health benefits of kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria published from 1995 to 2017. Methods: All publications from 1995 to 2017 regarding kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria were collected, reviewed, and classified. This review article covers the publications of the health benefits of kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria on experimental, clinical trials, and epidemiology studies. Results: The number of publications on kimchi over the period were 590: 385 publications in Korean and 205 publications in English. The number of publications on the health benefits of kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria were 95 in Korean and 54 in English. The number of publications on kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria were 84 and 38, respectively, in the experimental models. Ten research papers on kimchi in clinical trials and 7 publications in epidemiology were found. Kimchi or kimchi lactic acid bacteria had protective effects against oxidative stress, mutagenicity, toxicity, cancer, dyslipidemia, hypertension, immunity, and inflammation in in vitro, cellular, and in vivo animal models. Moreover, kimchi had effects on the serum lipids, intestinal microbiota, iron status, obesity, and metabolic parameters in human clinical trials. In epidemiology, kimchi had effects on hypertension, asthma, atopic dermatitis, rhinitis, cholesterol levels, and free radicals. Conclusion: This review focused on the publications regarding the health benefits of kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria, suggesting the future directions of studies about kimchi and kimchi lactic acid bacteria by producing a database for an evaluation of the health benefits of kimchi.

Hygienic Superiority of Kimchi (김치의 위생학적 우수성)

  • Kim, Yong-Suk;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2008
  • Kimchi is a representative traditional food in Korea and a type of vegetable product that is the unique complex lactic acid fermentation in the world. It can be considered as a unique fermented food generated by various flavors, which are not included in raw materials, that can be generated by mixing and fermenting various spices and seasonings, such as red pepper powder, garlic, ginger, and salted fish, added to Chinese cabbages. Functionalities in Kimchi have been approved through several studies and the probiotic function that is mainly based on lactic acid bacteria including their physical functions in its contents has also verified. Studies on the verification of the safety of Kimchi including its physiological functions have been conducted. In particular, the function of lactic acid bacteria, which is a caused of the fermentation of Kimchi. Although the lactic acid bacteria contributed to the fermentation of Kimchi is generated from raw and sub-materials, the lactic acid bacteria attached on Chinese cabbages has a major role in the process in which the fermentation temperature and dominant bacteria are also related to the process. The salt used in a salt pickling process inhibits the growth of the putrefactive and food poisoning bacteria included in the fermentation process of Kimchi and of other bacteria except for such lactic acid bacteria due to the lactic acid and several antimicrobial substances generated in the fermentation process, such as bacteriocin and hydrogen peroxide. In addition, the carbon dioxide gas caused by heterolactic acid bacteria contributes to the inhibition of aerobic bacteria. Furthermore, special ingredients included in sub-materials, such as garlic, ginger, and red pepper powder, contribute to the inhibition of putrefactive and food poisoning bacteria. The induction of the change in the intestinal bacteria as taking Kimchi have already verified. In conclusion, Kimchi has been approved as a safety food due to the fact that the inhibition of food poisoning bacteria occurs in the fermentation process of Kimchi and the extinction of such bacteria.