• Title, Summary, Keyword: leaf lettuce

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Effect of Microorganism, Vitabio on Growth and Quality of Leaf Lettuce (Vitabio 土壤微生物劑 處理가 葉상치 收量 및 品贊에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung-Je;Lee, Byung-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of soil-born microorganism, vitabio on growth of leaf lettuce in the vinyl house. Total weights of leaf lettuce treated with vitabio showed difference compared with untreated leaf lettuce. Sugar content was also increased. Mineral contents of leaf lettuce showed no difference between treated with vitabio and untreated with vitabio. Exchange Capacity (EC) and Organic Matter (OM) in chemical properties of soil treated with vitabio showed higher than soil in untreated vitabio. Vitabio treated soil contained much more microorganisms such as Bacteria, Actinomycetes, Hyphomycetes, Bacillus sp. Pseudomonas sp. after harvest.

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Effects of Storage Temperature and Packaging Treatment on the Quality of Leaf Lettuce (상추 저장에 미치는 온도, 포장재료 및 유공 필름 영향)

  • Lee Jung-Soo;Chung Dae-Sung;Choi Ji-Weon;Jo Mi-Ae;Lee Youn-Suk;Chun Chang-Hoo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2006
  • The effects of packaging treatments with either low density polyethylene (LDPE) or polypropylene (PP) films on the quality of leaf lettuce were evaluated. It was also stored within a plastic bag (LDPE and PP films) with 4 pelf orated holes (6mm diameter). Changes in weight loss, color difference, anthocyanin, chlorophyll, water content, and general appearance (shape of lettuce) ware investigated Total weight of leaf lettuce packaged within non-pelf orated films decreased slowly over the storage periods at 5 and $20^{\circ}C$. The weight loss of leaf lettuce showed no significant difference between non-pelf orated and perforated films at $20^{\circ}C$. General appearance in leaf lettuce stored at $20^{\circ}C$ was not significantly affected by packaging treatments with LDPE and PP films. The shelf life of non-packaged leaf lettuce at $5^{\circ}C$ was 8 days, whereas packaging treatments with LDPE and PP films showed freshness in leaf lettuce for 30 days of storage. Total chlorophyll and water contents of leaf lettuce packaged within pelf orated and non-pelf orated films decreased gradually during storage. However, no remarkable changes in color difference, levels of chlorophyll and anthocyanin, and water contents were observed in leaf lettuce packaged within perforated and non-pelf orated films. In this experiment, leaf lettuce packaged within LDPE or PP films without any punching holes at $5^{\circ}C$ was the most desirable for extending the quality. These results suggest that non-pelf orated packaging treatment in combination with low storage temperature could be effective in prolonging the shelf life of leaf lettuce

Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Leaf Lettuce (잎상치의 MA 포장)

  • Hong, Seok-In;Kim, Yun-Ji;Park, Noh-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.270-276
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    • 1993
  • Leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., var. crispa) packed in $20{\mu}m$ LDPE (perforated), $20{\mu}m$ LDPE, $30{\mu}m$ HDPE, and $40{\mu}m$ LDPE pouches was stored at $4^{\circ}C,\;10^{\circ}C\;and\;20^{\circ}C$. The quality of leaf lettuce during the storage was investigated in terms of weight loss, color, soluble solids content, texture and sensory properties. Leaf lettuce exhibited the highest storage stability at $4^{\circ}C$. Shelf-life of the packed leaf lettuce was prolonged approximately $10{\sim}15$ times in comparision with that of the unpacked under all temperature conditions. Among the packed leaf lettuce, self-life in $20{\mu}m$ LDPE (perforated) and $20{\mu}m$ LDPE pouches was relatively short mainly due to discoloration and deterioration. On the other hand, the quality of the leaf lettuce packed in $30{\mu}m$ HDPE and $40{\mu}m$ LDPE pouches was kept well during the storage. Particularly, $40{\mu}m$ LDPE pouches conferred the shelf-life superior to other film pouches.

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Hydroponic Culture of Leaf Lettuce Using Mixtures of Fish Meal, Bone Meal, Crab Shell and the Pig Slurry Leachate of Woodchip Trickling Filter (목편살수여상 침출액비와 어분, 골분, 게껍질 혼합액을 이용한 상추의 수경재배)

  • Ryoo, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.215-226
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    • 2010
  • The pig slurry leachate was dark brown-colored solution that leaches out of woodchip trickling filter. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of pig slurry leachate and byproduct on growth characteristics of leaf lettuce in hydroponics culture. The effects of addition of fish meal, bone meal and crab shell for the growth of leaf lettuce were investigated. Leaf lettuce were grown in each of six combination treatment solutions; slurry leachate, slurry leachate + fish meal, slurry leachate+bone meal, slurry leachate + crab shell and chemical hydroponic solution for lettuce based on EC content. The chemical nutrient solution was the solution of National Horticulture Research Station for the growth of lettuce. The all of nutrient solution was adjusted 1.5 mS/cm in EC in hydroponics culture. 1. The pH level of leachate of trickling filter was increased and EC decreased gradually during treatment. Pig slurry leachate was low in suspended solids (SS), phosphorus (P), but rich in potassium (K). 2. The plot of slurry leachate (SL) was lowest in the growth characteristics of lettuce. The leaf length and width of lettuce treated with mixture plot of slurry leachate and fish meal (SL + FM) was higher compared with plot in slurry leachate. The chlorophyll reading was reduced in plot treated with slurry leachate, but that in plot of SL+FM was similar compared with control plot. 3. The fresh weight of lettuce showed lowest in the plot treated with slurry leachate. The addition of fish meal increased the yield of comparing plot of slurry leachate, but plots of bone meal and crab shell addition were not significantly difference. The fresh weight of leaf lettuce in plot of SL+FM was 87% as 400.0g compared with control. In conclusion, the mixture solution of pig slurry leachate and fish meal could be used as a nutrition solution of organic lettuce hydroponics.

Comparison of Pesticide Residues in Perilla Leaf, Lettuce and Kale by Morphological Characteristics of Plant (형태적 특성이 다른 들깻잎, 상추, 케일 중 농약 잔류량 비교)

  • Son, Kyeong-Ae;Im, Geon-Jae;Hong, Su-Myeong;Kim, Jin Bae;Ihm, Yang Bin;Ko, Hyeon Seok;Kim, Jang Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out in order to compare the residue levels of pesticides among lettuce, kale and perilla leaf depending on the morphological characteristics of plant. Residue levels were investigated at the zero, second, fifth days after last application, 9 species of systemic or non-systemic pesticide were twice applied with 7 days interval by knapsack power sprayer with 2 heads fan shape nozzle. Ratios of leaf area to weight ($cm^2$ $g^{-1}$) were 58 of perilla leaf, 27 of lettuce and 23 of kale. Ratios of leaf area to weight of perilla leaf was 2.1 times higher than that of lettuce. Residue levels of perilla leaf were 1.3 to 2.3 times higher than those of lettuce at the day of spraying and 1.3 to 3.3 times higher at the fifth day. Therefore the differences of pesticide residues between perilla leaf and lettuce were affected by the ratio of leaf area to weight. Residue levels in lettuce were 2.4 to 7.3 times higher than those in kale at the day of spraying because the adhesive effect of pesticide particles on kale leaf was low.

Phytoplasma-associated Shoot Proliferation and Leaf Yellowing in Lettuce

  • Chung, Bong-Nam;Kim, Jeong-Soo;Cheong, Seung-Ryong
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 2007
  • Phytoplasma was identified from leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa) cultivated in commercial green-house in Korea. Diseased leaf lettuce revealed proliferation of shoots, and yellowing and shrinking of leaves (lettuce proliferation-K). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with universal primer pair P1/P6, and aster yellows (AY) specific primer pair R16F1/R1 amplified 1.5kb and 1.1kb length of DNA fragments, respectively. Nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA gene were determined (Gen Bank accession no EF489024). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA showed the closest relationship with AY phytoplasma (GenBank accession no. AY389822 and AY389826), indicating that lettuce proliferation-K is a member of AY. Phytoplasma bodies were detected in phloem sieve tubes of diseased lettuce by transmission electron microscopy. The structures had round or pleomorphic shapes with a diameter of 130-300nm. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene, microscopic observation of phytoplasma bodies and symptomatology indicated that lettuce proliferation-K is caused by phytoplasma in the AY group. This is the first report of phytoplasma disease in lettuce in Korea.

Growth of Leaf Lettuce as Affected by Light Quality of LED in Closed-Type Plant Factory System (완전제어형 식물공장시스템에서 LED 광질에 대한 잎상추의 생육)

  • Cha, Mi-Kyung;Cho, Ju-Hyun;Cho, Young-Yeol
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to know the growth response and light use efficiency of leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) 'Yorum Cheongchukmyeon' (green leaf lettuce) and 'Hongyom Jeokchukmyeon' (red leaf lettuce) under different RGB (Red:Green:Blue) ratio in a closed-type plant factory system. The plants were hydroponically cultured with a 12-h photoperiod at $20{\sim}25^{\circ}C$, 60~70% RH and 600~900 ${\mu}mol{\cdot}mol^{-1}$ $CO_2$. The light treatments were combined in three colors LEDs (red, blue, and white) and RGB ratios (1 : 4 : 5, 5 : 0 : 5, 5 : 2 : 3, 7 : 0 : 3, 7 : 1 : 2, and 8 : 1 : 1), however, as the light intensities of treatments were different. Growth characteristic response in both lettuces were significantly as affected by interaction between cultivar and light quality, when they were grown under different light quality conditions. Plant heights of green and red leaf lettuce were the lowest in 1 : 4 : 5 and 8 : 1 : 1, respectively. The highest length and number of leaf were showed 8 : 1 : 1 and 7 : 0 : 3 for the green and 5 : 2 : 3 and 8 : 1 : 1 for the red, respectively. Shoot dry weights of green and red leaf lettuce were the heaviest in 7 : 0 : 3 and 8 : 1 : 1, respectively. Leaf width and leaf shape index were significant about cultivar and light quality. Leaf widths of green and red leaf lettuce were the largest in 8 : 1 : 1 and 5 : 2 : 3, respectively. Leaf shape index of green and red leaf lettuce were the largest in 1 : 4 : 5 and 1 : 4 : 5, respectively. Shoot fresh weight and light use efficiency were significant about cultivar and light quality. Shoot fresh weights of green and red leaf lettuce were the heaviest in 7 : 0 : 3 and 8 : 1 : 1, respectively. Light use efficiencies of green and red leaf lettuce were the highest in 7 : 0 : 3 and 5 : 0 : 5, respectively. These results suggested that the ratio of RGB was 5~7 : 0~2 : 1~3 to cultivate leaf lettuce in a plant factory system.

Effects of Organic Matters Decomposed by Microbial Activity on Yield of Leaf Lettuce Under Protected Cultivation (미생물 유기질비료의 시용이 상추의 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • 김경제;김석균
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of microbial fertilizers on the yields of Leaf lettuce, chemical components of soil, and the microbial floras. Six micriobial fertilizers, MPK+Husk+Palma, Husk+Palma, MPK+Compost, Compost, Bio livestock cattle system(BLCS) cattle dropping, and Tomi, were used. All of the microbial fertilizers were tend to increase yields of Leaf lettuce, especially MPK+Husk+Palma treatment was most effective. In a chemical components of soil, concentrations of K, Mg were increased with Tomi treatment, however, the other concentrations of soil chemical components were not different. In a microbial floras of soil, Tomi, Husk+Palma, and MPK+Husk+Palma treated plots increased in numbers of total bacteria and bacillus. Tomi treated plot increased in numbers of actinomycetes and fungi, also. The other microbial floras of soil were not different, however. The microbial fertilizers may affect the useful microbial floras, therefore, it would be increase yield of Leaf lettuce treated with them.

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Effect of Microbial Product on Microorganisms in Soil and the Growth of Leaf Lettuce (EM 활성액, 키토산 및 목초액 처리가 토양 미생물상의 변화 및 잎 상추의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Seok, Woon-Young;Oh, Ju-Sung;Kim, Doh-Hoon;Chung, Won-Bok;Jeong, Soon-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.427-436
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of microbial product on microorganisms in soil and the growth of leaf lettuce. The test material were treated with chitosan, wood vinegar and EM activity liquid, and treatment concentration was 50 times solution and 100 times solution level with foliar application. The results were summarized as follows : Among foliar application of microorganisms treatments diluted by chitosan 100 times solution level was effective considering growth of leaf lettuce as compared other dilutions and control plot. Change of microorganism number in the soil for cultivation of chinese cabbages and leaf lettuce was increased with microorganism treatment plot as compared with control plot. Specially chitosan 100 times solution level showes the most significant effect.

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Effect of Temperture and Light on Growth of Leaf Lettuce(Lactuca sativa L. var. crispa cv. Cheongchima) in Hydroponics (배양액 온도 및 차광정도가 청치마 상추의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 남상용;권용웅
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.270-276
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was conducted to develop a practical method to growth in hydroponics conditions. For this purpose, leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., cv. 'Cheongchima') was cultivated under different temperature and light conditions in experimental fields of Sahmyook university from March, 1991 to May, 1996. The visual quality score(VQS), a quantitative parameter to evaluate harvested leaf lettuce quality. The leaf lettuce cultivated at $25^{\circ}C$ solution temperature showed the highest fresh weight pe, plant (59.7g/plant), but lowest visual quality score (5.2), while leaf lettuce cultivated at 15$^{\circ}C$ solution temperature showed lower fresh weight per plant (25.2g/plant) but highest visual quality score (7.2). In general, growth of leaf lettuce was retarded by low solution temperature, but quality was higher than those of other solution temperature. Different day/night temperature of nutrient solutions 20/2$0^{\circ}C$ and 25/2$0^{\circ}C$ was highest in yield, but leaf type was grow longer, and visual quality are inferior to low temperature. Yield was decreased as 10 and 25% at 60 and 80% shading treatment, respectively. Chlorophyll content was decreased by shading. but plant height and root length were increased of leaf lettuce growth with hydroponics.

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