• Title, Summary, Keyword: light curing unit

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Comparison of light transmittance in different thicknesses of zirconia under various light curing units

  • Cekic-Nagas, Isil;Egilmez, Ferhan;Ergun, Gulfem
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2012
  • PURPOSE. The objective of this study was to compare the light transmittance of zirconia in different thicknesses using various light curing units. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 21 disc-shaped zirconia specimens (5 mm in diameter) in different thicknesses (0.3, 0.5 and 0.8 mm) were prepared. The light transmittance of the specimens under three different light-curing units (quartz tungsten halogen, light-emitting diodes and plasma arc) was compared by using a hand-held radiometer. Statistical significance was determined using two-way ANOVA (${\alpha}$=.05). RESULTS. ANOVA revealed that thickness of zirconia and light curing unit had significant effects on light transmittance ($P$ <.001). CONCLUSION. Greater thickness of zirconia results in lower light transmittance. Light-emitting diodes light-curing units might be considered as effective as Plasma arc light-curing units or more effective than Quartz-tungsten-halogen light-curing units for polymerization of the resin-based materials.

Wear Of Resin Composites Polymerized By Conventional Halogen Light Curing And Light Emitting Diodes Curing Units (HALOGEN LIGHT CURING UNIT 과 LIGHT EMITTING DIODES CURING UNIT 을 이용하여 중합되어진 복합레진의 마모 특성 비교)

  • 이권용;김환;박성호;정일영;전승범
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1057-1060
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    • 2004
  • In this study, the wear characteristics of five different dental composite resins cured by conventional halogen light and LED light sources were investigated. Five different dental composite resins of Surefil, Z100, Dyract AP, Fuji II LC and Compoglass were worn against a zirconia ceramic ball using a pin-on-disk type wear tester with 15 N contact force in a reciprocal sliding motion with sliding distance of 10 mm/cycle at 1Hz under the room temperature dry condition. The wear variations of dental composite resins were linearly increased as the number of cycles increased. It was observed that the wear resistances of these specimens were in the order of Dyract AP &gt; Surefil &gt; Compoglass &gt; Z100 &gt; Fuji II LC. On the morphological observations by SEM, the large crack formation on the sliding track of Fuji II LC specimen was the greatest among all resin composites. Dyract AP showed the least wear with few surface damage. There is no significant difference in wear performance between conventional halogen light curing and light emitting diodes curing sources. It indicates that a light emitting diodes (LED) source can replace a halogen light source as a curing unit for composite resin restorations.

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Wear of Resin Composites Polymerized by Conventional Halogen Light Curing and Light Emitting Diodes Curing Units (Halogen Light Curing Unit과 Light Emitting Diodes Curing Unit을 이용하여 중합되어진 복합레진의 마멸 특성 비교)

  • Lee Kwon-Yong;Kim Hwan;Park Sung-Ho;Jung Il-Young;Jeon Seung-Beom
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.268-271
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the wear characteristics of five different dental composite resins cured by conventional halogen light and LED light sources were investigated. Five different dental composite resins of Surefil, Z100, Dyract AP, Fuji II LC and Compoglass were worn against a zirconia ceramic ball using a pin-on-disk type wear tester with 15N contact force in a reciprocal sliding motion of sliding distance of 10mm/cycle at 1Hz under the room temperature dry condition. The wear variations of dental composite resins were linearly increased as the number of cycles increased. It was observed that the wear resistances of these specimens were in the order of Dyract AP > Surefil > Compoglass > Z100 > Fuji II LC. On the morphological observations by SEM, the large crack formation on the sliding track of Fuji II LC specimen was the greatest among all resin composites. Dyract AP showed less wear with few surface damage. There is no significant difference in wear performance between conventional halogen light curing and light emitting diodes curing sources. It indicates that a light emitting diodes (LED) source can replace a halogen light source as curing unit for composite resin restorations.

COMPARISON OF THE DECREE OF CONVERSION IN LIGHT-CURED COMPOSITE RESIN CURED BY HALOGEN AND PLASMA XENON ARC LAMP CURING UNIT (Halogen lamp 광조사기와 Plasma xenon arc lamp 광조사기에 의한 광중합 복합레진의 중합률 비교)

  • Lee, Young-Jun;Jeong, Byung-Cho;Choi, Nam-Ki;Yang, Kyu-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.328-336
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    • 2002
  • Recently, new light curing unit utilizing the plasma xenon arc lamp is introduced. This curing unit is operated at relatively high intensity, so shortening the curing time significantly. The aim of this experiment was to estimate curing capability of plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit compared to traditional halogen lamp curing unit. Degree of conversion was evaluated by Raman spectroscopy after irradiation of specimens with halogen lamp curing unit(Optilux 150, Demetron, USA) for 20s, 40s, 60s and plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit(flipo, Lokki, France) for 2s, 3s, 6s. The results showed that strong light intensity of plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit did not compensate for short exposure time completely. So, Multi-layered curing within 2mm thickness and additional exposure time is recommanded when light-cured composite resin is polymerized with plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit.

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COMPARISON OF LINEAR POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE IN COMPOSITES AND COMPOMER POLYMERIZED BY PLASMA ARC OR CONVENTIONAL VISIBLE LIGHT CURING (리노미터를 이용한 할로겐 가시광선 광조사기와 플라즈마 아크 광조사기의 복합레진 및 컴포머의 광중합 양상 비교)

  • Lee, Jae-Ik;Park, Sung-Ho
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.488-492
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of plasma arc curing (PAC) unit for composite and compomer curing. To compare its effectiveness with conventional quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) light curing unit, the polymerization shrinkage rates and amounts of three composites (Z100, Z250, Synergy Duo Shade) and one compomer, that had been light cured by PAC unit or QTH unit, was compared using a custome made linometer. The measurement of polymerization shrinkage was peformed after polymerization with either QTH unit or PAC unit. In case of curing with the PAC unit, the composite was light cured with Apollo 95E for 6s, the power density of which was recorded as 1350 mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$ by Coltolux Light Meter. For light curing with QTH unit, the composite was light cured for 30s with the XL2500, the power density of which was recorded as 800 mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$ by Coltolux Light Meter. The amount of linear polymerization shrinkage was recorded in the computer every 0.5s for 60s. Ten measurements were made for each material. The amount of linear polymerization shrinkage for each material in 10s and 60s which were cured with PAC or QTH unit were compared with t test. The amount of polymerization shrinkage in the tested materials were compared with 1way ANOVA with Duncan's multiple range test. As for the amounts of polymerization shrinkage in 60s, there was no difference between PAC unit and QTH unit in Z250 and Synergy Duo Shade. In Z100 and Dyract AP, it was lower when it was cured with PAC unit than when it was cured with QTH unit (p<0.05). As for the amounts of polymerization shrinkage in 10s, there was no difference between PAC unit and QTH unit in Z100 and Dyract AP. The amounts of polymerization shrinkage was significantly higher when it was cured with PAC unit in Z250 and Synergy Duo Shade (p<0.05). The amounts of polymerization shrinkage in the tested materials when they were cured with QTH unit were Z250 (6.6um) < Z100 (9.3um), Dyract AP (9.7um) < Synergy Duo Shade (11.2um) (p<0.05). The amount of polymerization shrinkage when the materials were cured with PAC unit were Dyract AP (5.6um) < Z100 (8.1um), Z250(7.0um) < Synergy Duo Shade (11.2um) (p<0.05).

A Convergence Study on Comparison of the Difference in the Blue-Light Transmittance by Goggles and Dental Curing Light Unit Tips (청색광이 광중합기용 팁과 보안경에 따라 투과되는 투과율 차이 비교의 융합적 연구)

  • Lee, Sook-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of blocking of blue light of the tips and goggles of the curing light during the dental treatment using the blue light of the light curing. The light curing tips and goggles were placed on a UV-Vis spectrometer and the results of light transmission were analyzed. Comparative analysis. As a result, all four types of light curing tips used in the analysis showed excellent blue light blocking effect. In the case of safety goggles, red-type goggles showed blue light transmittance similar to those of light curing than yellow-type goggles. As a result, it is recommended that the attachment of the light curing with high degree of blue light blocking and the wearing of safety glasses are necessary to protect the eyes. This behavior is thought to reduce persistent irritation and fatigue in the eyes.

Effect of infection control barrier thickness on light curing units (감염 조절용 차단막의 두께가 광중합기의 중합광에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Hoon-Sang;Lee, Seok-Ryun;Hong, Sung-Ok;Ryu, Hyun-Wook;Song, Chang-Kyu;Min, Kyung-San
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.368-373
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study investigated the effect of infection control barrier thickness on power density, wavelength, and light diffusion of light curing units. Materials and Methods: Infection control barrier (Cleanwrap) in one-fold, two-fold, four-fold, and eightfold, and a halogen light curing unit (Optilux 360) and a light emitting diode (LED) light curing unit (Elipar FreeLight 2) were used in this study. Power density of light curing units with infection control barriers covering the fiberoptic bundle was measured with a hand held dental radiometer (Cure Rite). Wavelength of light curing units fixed on a custom made optical breadboard was measured with a portable spectroradiometer (CS-1000). Light diffusion of light curing units was photographed with DSLR (Nikon D70s) as above. Results: Power density decreased significantly as the layer thickness of the infection control barrier increased, except the one-fold and two-fold in halogen light curing unit. Especially, when the barrier was four-fold and more in the halogen light curing unit, the decrease of power density was more prominent. The wavelength of light curing units was not affected by the barriers and almost no change was detected in the peak wavelength. Light diffusion of LED light curing unit was not affected by barriers, however, halogen light curing unit showed decrease in light diffusion angle when the barrier was four-fold and statistically different decrease when the barrier was eight-fold (p < 0.05). Conclusions: It could be assumed that the infection control barriers should be used as two-fold rather than one-fold to prevent tearing of the barriers and subsequent cross contamination between the patients.

A STUDY ON THE TENSILE BOND STRENGTH TO TOOTH STRUCTURE OF TOOTH COLORED MATERIALS ACCORDING TO FILLING METHODS AND LIGHT CURING UNITS (심미수복재의 수복방법과 광조사기기에 따른 치질과의 인장결합강도에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Ho-Keel;Kim, Young-Kwan;Oh, Haeng-Jin
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.652-663
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tensile bond strength to tooth structure of composite resin and glass ionomer cement according to filling methods and light curing units. In this study, two class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of each tooth of 140 extracted human molars, and they were randomly assigned into 3 experimental groups with 40 teeth and control group with 20 teeth. And then, each experimental groups subdivided into 2 groups(A,B) according to light curing units. The cavities of each group were filled with the CLEARFIL FII self curing resin(Control Group), Z-100 light curing resin(Group 1), Vitremer$^{TM}$ light curing glass ionomer cement(Group 2) and Z-100 light curing resin over the Vitrebond$^{TM}$ liner(Group 3). And subdivided A Group used Argon Laser(SPECTRUM$^{TM}$, U.S.A.), B Group used XL 1,000 curing light (3M, U.S.A.). The specimens underwent temperature changed from $5^{\circ}C$ to $55^{\circ}C$ five hundred times. After thermocycling, specimens were stored in 100% relative humidity at $37^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours. And then, the tensile bond strength of specimens were calculated with Universal Testing Machine(AGS-100A, Japan). The results were as follows : 1. Among the experimental groups, the group 2-B showed the highest tensile bond strength ($18.89{\pm}7.80$) and the group 1-A showed the lowest tensile bond strength ($11.68{\pm}2.28$). There was significant difference between group 2-B and group 1-A(p<0.01). 2. Between the light curing units, the XL 1,000 unit showed higher tensile bond strength ($16.63{\pm}3.20$) than that of the Argon Laser unit ($13.73{\pm}2.30$). There was significant difference between XL 1,000 and Argon Laser(p<0.01). 3. About filling methods and materials, the group 2 showed the highest tensile bond strength ($17.56{\pm}1.89$) and the group 1 showed the lowest tensile bond strength($13.03{\pm}1.90$). There was significant difference between group 2 and group 1,3(p<0.01). In conclusion, the results showed that the glass-ionomer cement that cured by XL 1,000 light curing unit demonstrated significantly higher tensile bond strength than other curing unit and filling methods.

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AN ACCELERATED TEST FOR COLOR STABILITY AND OPACITY CHANGE OF LIGHT CURING COMPOSITE RESINS (광중합 복합레진의 색안정성 및 투명도 변화에 관한 가속시험)

  • Hwang, Inn-Nam;Oh, Won-Mann
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.215-226
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    • 1993
  • Color stability of tooth colored restorative resins is an important factor, particularly in anterior teeth restoration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the color stability and opacity change of several light curing composite resins. Specimens of eight composite resins(Prisma AP. H., Brilliant Enamel, Charisma, Durafil, Helio Progress, Herculite XR, P-50 and Silux Plus) were divided into two groups : In Group 1, the specimens were polymerized by visible light curing unit for 60 seconds on both sides and in Group 2, the post-cured specimens were heat tempered by light/heat curing unit for 45 units(about 18 min.). All specimens were stored in distilled water at $60^{\circ}C$ for 30 days. The color characteristics($L^*,a^*,b^*$) and opacity of the specimens before and after immersion were measured by spectrocolorimetry and the total color difference(${\Delta}E^*$) and opacity change (${\Delta}Y%$) were computed. The results obtained were as follows : 1. SP and APH in both groups, DF, HP and HXR in Group 1 showed ${\Delta}E^*$-value above 2.0. 2. DF, HP, SP and HXR in Group 1 showed higher ${\Delta}E^*$-value than in Group 2, but the others had no significant difference. 3. The opacity of CH and HXR in Group 1, and of CH and BE in Group 2 decreased after immersion, while that of the others increased. 4. Opacity change of BE, P50 and HXR was significantly different between Group 1 and 2. These results suggest that color change in the post-cure heat tempered specimens by light/heat curing unit was smaller than that of the specimens polymerized by visible light curing unit. No clinically detectable opacity changes were noted for any materials in either goup.

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Comparison of the bonding strengths of second- and third-generation light-emitting diode light-curing units

  • Lee, Hee-Min;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Kang, Kyung-Hwa;Chang, Na-Young
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2016
  • Objective: With the introduction of third-generation light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in dental practice, it is necessary to compare their bracket-bonding effects, safety, and efficacy with those of the second-generation units. Methods: In this study, 80 extracted human premolars were randomly divided into eight groups of 10 samples each. Metal or polycrystalline ceramic brackets were bonded on the teeth using second- or third-generation LED light-curing units (LCUs), according to the manufacturers' instructions. The shear bond strengths were measured using the universal testing machine, and the adhesive remnant index (ARI) was scored by assessing the residual resin on the surfaces of debonded teeth using a scanning electron microscope. In addition, curing times were also measured. Results: The shear bond strengths in all experimental groups were higher than the acceptable clinical shear bond strengths, regardless of the curing unit used. In both LED LCU groups, all ceramic bracket groups showed significantly higher shear bond strengths than did the metal bracket groups except the plasma emulation group which showed no significant difference. When comparing units within the same bracket type, no differences in shear bond strength were observed between the second- and third-generation unit groups. Additionally, no significant differences were observed among the groups for the ARI. Conclusions: The bracket-bonding effects and ARIs of second- and third-generation LED LCUs showed few differences, and most were without statistical significance; however, the curing time was shorter for the second-generation unit.